Abstract

Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces has been recognized as a promising alternative to the conventional dye colorants, though the color brightness and polarization tolerance are still a great challenge for practical applications. In this work, we report a novel plasmonic metasurface for subtractive color printing employing the ultrathin hexagonal nanodisk-nanohole hybrid structure arrays. Through both the experimental and numerical investigations, the subtractive color thus generated taking advantages of extraordinary low transmission (ELT) exhibits high brightness, polarization independence and wide color tunability by varying key geometrical parameters. In addition, other regular patterns including square, pentagonal and circular shapes are also surveyed, and reveal a high color brightness, wide gamut and polarization independence as well. These results indicate that the demonstrated plasmonic metasurface has various potential applications in high-definition displays, high-density optical data storage, imaging and filtering technologies.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2017 (1)

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

B. R. Lu, C. Xu, J. Liao, J. Liu, and Y. Chen, “High-resolution plasmonic structural colors from nanohole arrays with bottom metal disks,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1400–1403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Cheng, J. Gao, L. Stan, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, and X. Yang, “Aluminum plasmonic metamaterials for structural color printing,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14552–14560 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Lesina, A. Vaccari, P. Berini, and L. Ramunno, “On the convergence and accuracy of the FDTD method for nanoplasmonics,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10481–10497 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, R. S. Hegde, I. Y. Phang, H. K. Lee, and X. Y. Ling, “Encoding molecular information in plasmonic nanostructures for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 6(1), 282–288 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. K. R. Wu, A. E. Hollowell, C. Zhang, and L. J. Guo, “Angle-insensitive structural colours based on metallic nanocavities and coloured pixels beyond the diffraction limit,” Sci. Rep. 3(6119), 1194 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

Q. Gan, W. Bai, S. Jiang, Y. Gao, W. Li, W. Wu, and F. J. Bartoli, “Short-range surface plasmon polaritons for extraordinary low transmission through ultra-thin metal films with nanopatterns,” Plasmonics 7(1), 47–52 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Reibold, F. Shao, A. Erdmann, and U. Peschel, “Extraordinary low transmission effects for ultra-thin patterned metal films,” Opt. Express 17(2), 544–551 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

1998 (2)

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Albrektsen, O.

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, W.

Q. Gan, W. Bai, S. Jiang, Y. Gao, W. Li, W. Wu, and F. J. Bartoli, “Short-range surface plasmon polaritons for extraordinary low transmission through ultra-thin metal films with nanopatterns,” Plasmonics 7(1), 47–52 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bartoli, F. J.

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, W. Bai, S. Jiang, Y. Gao, W. Li, W. Wu, and F. J. Bartoli, “Short-range surface plasmon polaritons for extraordinary low transmission through ultra-thin metal films with nanopatterns,” Plasmonics 7(1), 47–52 (2012).
[Crossref]

Berini, P.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bravo-Abad, J.

Chen, W. T.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. R. Lu, C. Xu, J. Liao, J. Liu, and Y. Chen, “High-resolution plasmonic structural colors from nanohole arrays with bottom metal disks,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1400–1403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, F.

Christiansen, A. B.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clark, A. W.

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clausen, J. S.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cooper, J. M.

Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crozier, K. B.

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, R. S. Hegde, I. Y. Phang, H. K. Lee, and X. Y. Ling, “Encoding molecular information in plasmonic nanostructures for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 6(1), 282–288 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Czaplewski, D.

Dai, P.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Danner, A. J.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Léon-Pérez, F.

Degiron, A.

Diest, K.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dionne, J. A.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, H.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T.

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ellenbogen, T.

T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erdmann, A.

Fecht, H. J.

L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujikawa, H.

D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gan, Q.

Q. Gan, W. Bai, S. Jiang, Y. Gao, W. Li, W. Wu, and F. J. Bartoli, “Short-range surface plasmon polaritons for extraordinary low transmission through ultra-thin metal films with nanopatterns,” Plasmonics 7(1), 47–52 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gao, J.

Gao, Y.

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, W. Bai, S. Jiang, Y. Gao, W. Li, W. Wu, and F. J. Bartoli, “Short-range surface plasmon polaritons for extraordinary low transmission through ultra-thin metal films with nanopatterns,” Plasmonics 7(1), 47–52 (2012).
[Crossref]

García-Vidal, F. J.

Genet, C.

Ghaemi, H. F.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Goh, X. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grajower, M.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grupp, D. E.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gu, Y.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, L. J.

Y. K. R. Wu, A. E. Hollowell, C. Zhang, and L. J. Guo, “Angle-insensitive structural colours based on metallic nanocavities and coloured pixels beyond the diffraction limit,” Sci. Rep. 3(6119), 1194 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hegde, R. S.

Y. Cui, R. S. Hegde, I. Y. Phang, H. K. Lee, and X. Y. Ling, “Encoding molecular information in plasmonic nanostructures for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 6(1), 282–288 (2014).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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Y. K. R. Wu, A. E. Hollowell, C. Zhang, and L. J. Guo, “Angle-insensitive structural colours based on metallic nanocavities and coloured pixels beyond the diffraction limit,” Sci. Rep. 3(6119), 1194 (2013).
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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
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D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
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D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
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L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
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Jiang, S.

Q. Gan, W. Bai, S. Jiang, Y. Gao, W. Li, W. Wu, and F. J. Bartoli, “Short-range surface plasmon polaritons for extraordinary low transmission through ultra-thin metal films with nanopatterns,” Plasmonics 7(1), 47–52 (2012).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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Koide, Y.

D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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Kumar, K.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
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J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
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Y. Cui, R. S. Hegde, I. Y. Phang, H. K. Lee, and X. Y. Ling, “Encoding molecular information in plasmonic nanostructures for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 6(1), 282–288 (2014).
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Levy, U.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
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H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
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J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
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J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
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Li, W.

Q. Gan, W. Bai, S. Jiang, Y. Gao, W. Li, W. Wu, and F. J. Bartoli, “Short-range surface plasmon polaritons for extraordinary low transmission through ultra-thin metal films with nanopatterns,” Plasmonics 7(1), 47–52 (2012).
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Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
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Ling, X. Y.

Y. Cui, R. S. Hegde, I. Y. Phang, H. K. Lee, and X. Y. Ling, “Encoding molecular information in plasmonic nanostructures for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 6(1), 282–288 (2014).
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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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Liu, Y. J.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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Lu, M.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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Miura, A.

D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
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Mortensen, N. A.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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Nomura, T.

D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
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Phang, I. Y.

Y. Cui, R. S. Hegde, I. Y. Phang, H. K. Lee, and X. Y. Ling, “Encoding molecular information in plasmonic nanostructures for anti-counterfeiting applications,” Nanoscale 6(1), 282–288 (2014).
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A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
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Qiu, C. W.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
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Reibold, D.

Roberts, A. S.

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength plasmonic color printing protected for ambient use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
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Sato, K.

D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
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T. Ellenbogen, K. Seo, and K. B. Crozier, “Chromatic plasmonic polarizers for active visible color filtering and polarimetry,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 1026–1031 (2012).
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J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
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Sugimoto, Y.

D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
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Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
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L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
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J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
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L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
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X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[Crossref]

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Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
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Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Wang, C. M.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L. S.

L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X. H.

J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, J. N.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.

J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. C.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, W.

Q. Gan, W. Bai, S. Jiang, Y. Gao, W. Li, W. Wu, and F. J. Bartoli, “Short-range surface plasmon polaritons for extraordinary low transmission through ultra-thin metal films with nanopatterns,” Plasmonics 7(1), 47–52 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. K. R.

Y. K. R. Wu, A. E. Hollowell, C. Zhang, and L. J. Guo, “Angle-insensitive structural colours based on metallic nanocavities and coloured pixels beyond the diffraction limit,” Sci. Rep. 3(6119), 1194 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiang, N.

G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

Xue, J.

J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K. W.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S. M.

L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

Yang, Z.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yazdi, S.

J. S. Clausen, E. Højlund-Nielsen, A. B. Christiansen, S. Yazdi, M. Grajower, H. Taha, U. Levy, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for coloration of plastic consumer products,” Nano Lett. 14(8), 4499–4504 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeo, S. P.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, B.

L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
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B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 2840 (2013).
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Zhang, C.

Y. K. R. Wu, A. E. Hollowell, C. Zhang, and L. J. Guo, “Angle-insensitive structural colours based on metallic nanocavities and coloured pixels beyond the diffraction limit,” Sci. Rep. 3(6119), 1194 (2013).
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Zhang, D. X.

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Zhang, L.

Y. Gu, L. Zhang, J. K. Yang, S. P. Yeo, and C. W. Qiu, “Color generation via subwavelength plasmonic nanostructures,” Nanoscale 7(15), 6409–6419 (2015).
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S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
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X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
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Zhang, T.

J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
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Zhang, Z.

Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
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G. Si, Y. Zhao, J. Lv, M. Lu, F. Wang, H. Liu, N. Xiang, T. J. Huang, A. J. Danner, J. Teng, and Y. J. Liu, “Reflective plasmonic color filters based on lithographically patterned silver nanorod arrays,” Nanoscale 5(14), 6243–6248 (2013).
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Zheng, Y.

X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
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Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z. K.

J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
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Z. Li, A. W. Clark, and J. M. Cooper, “Dual color plasmonic pixels create a polarization controlled nano color palette,” ACS Nano 10(1), 492–498 (2016).
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Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

Z. Yang, Y. Zhou, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, P. Dai, Z. Zhang, and H. Duan, “Reflective color filters and monolithic color printing based on asymmetric fabry-perot cavities using nickel as a broadband absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1196–1202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Zhou, Y. Wang, P. Dai, X. Zhu, and H. Duan, “Microscopic Interference Full-Color Printing Using Grayscale-Patterned Fabry–Perot Resonance Cavities,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(10), 1700029 (2017).
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D. Inoue, A. Miura, T. Nomura, H. Fujikawa, K. Sato, N. Ikeda, D. Tsuya, Y. Sugimoto, and Y. Koide, “Polarization independent visible color filter comprising an aluminum film with surface-plasmon enhanced transmission through a subwavelength array of holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093113 (2011).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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L. B. Sun, X. L. Hu, B. Zeng, L. S. Wang, S. M. Yang, R. Z. Tai, H. J. Fecht, D. X. Zhang, and J. Z. Jiang, “Effect of relative nanohole position on colour purity of ultrathin plasmonic subtractive colour filters,” Nanotechnology 26(30), 305204 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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X. M. Goh, Y. Zheng, S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, K. Kumar, C. W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full colour,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5361 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xue, Z. K. Zhou, Z. Wei, R. Su, J. Lai, J. Li, C. Li, T. Zhang, and X. H. Wang, “Scalable, full-colour and controllable chromotropic plasmonic printing,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8906 (2015).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustrations of the hexagonal nanodisk-nanohole hybrid structure array on quartz, (a) an overall view and (b) the cross section of one nanopillar

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The schematics of the fabrication process for the designed nanostructures. (b) SEM images of the nanostructure arrays with the period of 410 nm and side length of 130 nm. The inset gives an enlarged view. The scale bars are 2 μm (left) and 200 nm (right), respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The color palette of experimentally transmitted subtractive colors is revealed, with a square size of 10 μm in the array under the unpolarized white light illumination, as the period changing from 110 nm to 410 nm in a 10 nm increment and the side length changing from 40 nm to 130 nm also in a 10 nm increment. The inset gives the enlarged SEM image of the nanostructure arrays with the period of 300 nm and side length of 100 nm. (b) CIE1931 chromaticity diagram overlaid with the points corresponding to the colors in (a). Experimental (c) and simulated (d) transmission spectra of the structure arrays with different geometrical parameters. For example, ‘80-240’ means a = 80 nm, P = 240 nm. (e) Comparison of transmission valley positions obtained by simulation (red circle) and experiment (green triangle). (f) Contour map of the experimental transmission spectra as a function of the incident wavelength and period. The white dots refer to the valleys’ positions (λmin). The white solid line refers to the fitted straight line with the corresponding valleys.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) FDTD simulation model of the hexagonal nanodisk-nanohole hybrid structure array. (b) Simulated spectral results of the light transmission varying with different polarization degrees for the structure array with a = 80 nm, P = 240 nm. For clarity, the spectral curves are shifted in the transmission axis.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross sections (y = 0) showing the simulated electric intensity distribution illuminated by the wavelengths of transmission valleys for the hexagonal (a) nanodisk, (b) nanohole, (c) nanodisk-nanohole hybrid structure arrays with side a = 100 nm, and P = 300 nm. The white dashed lines are the boundaries of the structures. The structural illustration is at the bottom right corner of each figure.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SEM images and experimental spectra of (a1,a2) square, (b1,b2) pentagonal and (c1,c2) circular nanodisk-nanohole hybrid structure arrays, respectively. The colors on the right side of (a2)-(c2) are corresponding to the spectra from top to bottom, respectively. Simulated spectral results for (a3) square, (b3) pentagonal, and (c3) circular nanodisk-nanohole hybrid structure arrays all with the side length a = 80 nm (for circular, a is radius) and period P = 240 nm of the light transmission varying with different polarization degrees. For clarity, the spectral curves are shifted in the transmission axis. The scale bars in (a1)-(c1) are all 200 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental spectral results demonstrate the transmission for square, pentagonal, hexagonal, circular nanodisk-nanohole hybrid structure arrays in the case of the same tranmissive area and structural period.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Colorful image of the NPU university logo with the size of 400 μm × 400 μm printed by the hexagonal nanodisk-nanohole hybrid structure arrays. (a,b) SEM images of the regions outlined in (c). The scale bars in (a)-(c) are 1 μm, 2 μm, 100 μm, respectively. (Logo printed with the permission from Northwestern Polytechnical University. Copyright 2017 Northwestern Polytechnical University.)

Equations (1)

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λ min = P 4 3 ( i 2 +ij+ j 2 ) ε m (λ) ε d ε m (λ)+ ε d