Abstract

We demonstrate generation of the shortest reported 11fs dark pulses using the coherent absorption process on a plasmonic absorber with a gating pulse. The dark pulses appear as a power dip on the envelope of a long carrier pulse and are characterized using the cross-correlation technique. The principal difference and advantage of our approach in comparison with previously developed laser sources of dark pulses is that, in principle, it allows transferring arbitrary pattern of bright pulses into a pattern of dark pulses in another optical signal channel.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Hasegawa and F. Tappert, “Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dispersive dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(3), 142–144 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. Krökel, N. J. Halas, G. Giuliani, and D. Grischkowsky, “Dark-Pulse Propagation in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(1), 29–32 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. S. Kivshar and B. Luther-Davies, “Dark optical solitons: physics and applications,” Phys. Rep. 298(2-3), 81–197 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. J. Frantzeskakis, “Dark solitons in atomic Bose–Einstein condensates: from theory to experiments,” J. Phys. A 43(21), 213001 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Feng, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, and S. T. Cundiff, “Dark pulse quantum dot diode laser,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13385–13395 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. H. Liu and K. K. Chow, “Dark pulse generation in fiber lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29708–29713 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, and E. M. Kirschner, “Temporal and spectral self-shifts of dark optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 868–870 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  14. X. Li, S. Zhang, Y. Meng, and Y. Hao, “Harmonic mode locking counterparts of dark pulse and dark-bright pulse pairs,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8409–8416 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  16. W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent Perfect Absorbers: Time-Reversed Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  19. M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(7), e18 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. L. F. Mollenauer and K. Smith, “Demonstration of soliton transmission over more than 4000 km in fiber with loss periodically compensated by Raman gain,” Opt. Lett. 13(8), 675–677 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  23. W. Zhao and E. Bourkoff, “Propagation properties of dark solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(13), 703–705 (1989).
    [Crossref]

2016 (2)

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

W. Liu, L. Pang, H. Han, W. Tian, H. Chen, M. Lei, P. Yan, and Z. Wei, “Generation of dark solitons in erbium-doped fiber lasers based Sb2Te3 saturable absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26023–26031 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(7), e18 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

M. Feng, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, and S. T. Cundiff, “Dark pulse quantum dot diode laser,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13385–13395 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent Perfect Absorbers: Time-Reversed Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. J. Frantzeskakis, “Dark solitons in atomic Bose–Einstein condensates: from theory to experiments,” J. Phys. A 43(21), 213001 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

Y. S. Kivshar and B. Luther-Davies, “Dark optical solitons: physics and applications,” Phys. Rep. 298(2-3), 81–197 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[Crossref]

1989 (2)

1988 (3)

L. F. Mollenauer and K. Smith, “Demonstration of soliton transmission over more than 4000 km in fiber with loss periodically compensated by Raman gain,” Opt. Lett. 13(8), 675–677 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. Krökel, N. J. Halas, G. Giuliani, and D. Grischkowsky, “Dark-Pulse Propagation in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(1), 29–32 (1988).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

A. Hasegawa and F. Tappert, “Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dispersive dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(3), 142–144 (1973).
[Crossref]

Abstreiter, G.

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

Amann, M.-C.

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

Arzberger, M.

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

Böhm, G.

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bourkoff, E.

Cao, H.

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent Perfect Absorbers: Time-Reversed Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chattopadhyay, S.

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, S.

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chong, H. H. W.

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chong, Y. D.

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent Perfect Absorbers: Time-Reversed Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chow, K. K.

Cundiff, S. T.

M. Feng, K. L. Silverman, R. P. Mirin, and S. T. Cundiff, “Dark pulse quantum dot diode laser,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13385–13395 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

Feldmann, J.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

Feng, M.

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Frantzeskakis, D. J.

D. J. Frantzeskakis, “Dark solitons in atomic Bose–Einstein condensates: from theory to experiments,” J. Phys. A 43(21), 213001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Franzl, T.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ge, L.

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent Perfect Absorbers: Time-Reversed Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Giuliani, G.

D. Krökel, N. J. Halas, G. Giuliani, and D. Grischkowsky, “Dark-Pulse Propagation in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(1), 29–32 (1988).
[Crossref]

Glover, T. E.

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Krökel, N. J. Halas, G. Giuliani, and D. Grischkowsky, “Dark-Pulse Propagation in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(1), 29–32 (1988).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

D. Krökel, N. J. Halas, G. Giuliani, and D. Grischkowsky, “Dark-Pulse Propagation in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(1), 29–32 (1988).
[Crossref]

Han, H.

Han, M.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hao, Y.

Hasegawa, A.

A. Hasegawa and F. Tappert, “Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dispersive dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(3), 142–144 (1973).
[Crossref]

Hawkins, R. J.

A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, and E. M. Kirschner, “Temporal and spectral self-shifts of dark optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 868–870 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
[Crossref]

Heimann, P. A.

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Heritage, J. P.

A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, and E. M. Kirschner, “Temporal and spectral self-shifts of dark optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 868–870 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kastel, J.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kirschner, E. M.

A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, and E. M. Kirschner, “Temporal and spectral self-shifts of dark optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 868–870 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Y. S. Kivshar and B. Luther-Davies, “Dark optical solitons: physics and applications,” Phys. Rep. 298(2-3), 81–197 (1998).
[Crossref]

Krökel, D.

D. Krökel, N. J. Halas, G. Giuliani, and D. Grischkowsky, “Dark-Pulse Propagation in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(1), 29–32 (1988).
[Crossref]

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Leaird, D. E.

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, and E. M. Kirschner, “Temporal and spectral self-shifts of dark optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 868–870 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lei, M.

Li, X.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Li, S. Zhang, Y. Meng, and Y. Hao, “Harmonic mode locking counterparts of dark pulse and dark-bright pulse pairs,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8409–8416 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. H.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luther-Davies, B.

Y. S. Kivshar and B. Luther-Davies, “Dark optical solitons: physics and applications,” Phys. Rep. 298(2-3), 81–197 (1998).
[Crossref]

MacDonald, K. F.

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(7), e18 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meng, Y.

Meshulach, D.

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mirin, R. P.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Mulvaney, P.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pang, L.

Pang, Z.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
[Crossref]

Papaioannou, M.

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Plum, E.

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qi, M.

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rogers, E. T. F.

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schoenlein, R. W.

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shank, C. V.

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
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Silberberg, Y.

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
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Silverman, K. L.

Smith, K.

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
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Stone, A. D.

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent Perfect Absorbers: Time-Reversed Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
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Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
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Tappert, F.

A. Hasegawa and F. Tappert, “Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dispersive dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(3), 142–144 (1973).
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Thurston, R. N.

A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, and E. M. Kirschner, “Temporal and spectral self-shifts of dark optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 868–870 (1989).
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A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
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Tian, W.

Tomlinson, W. J.

A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, and E. M. Kirschner, “Temporal and spectral self-shifts of dark optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 868–870 (1989).
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A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
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Valente, J.

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
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von Plessen, G.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
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J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
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Wang, J.

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
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Wang, P.-H.

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
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Wei, Z.

Weiner, A. M.

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
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A. M. Weiner, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, and E. M. Kirschner, “Temporal and spectral self-shifts of dark optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(16), 868–870 (1989).
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A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
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Weiss, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wilk, T.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wilson, O.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
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Wu, X.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
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X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
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X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
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Yan, P.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
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Yang, Z.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(7), e18 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
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X. Li, S. Zhang, Y. Meng, and Y. Hao, “Harmonic mode locking counterparts of dark pulse and dark-bright pulse pairs,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8409–8416 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

Zheludev, N. I.

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(7), e18 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zholents, A. A.

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zimmermann, J.

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zolotorev, M. S.

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Hasegawa and F. Tappert, “Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dispersive dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(3), 142–144 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Zimmermann, S. T. Cundiff, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, M. Arzberger, G. Böhm, M.-C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Dark pulse formation in a quantum-dot laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(1), 18–20 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. A (1)

D. J. Frantzeskakis, “Dark solitons in atomic Bose–Einstein condensates: from theory to experiments,” J. Phys. A 43(21), 213001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (2)

M. Papaioannou, E. Plum, J. Valente, E. T. F. Rogers, and N. I. Zheludev, “Two-dimensional control of light with light on metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(4), e16070 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, “Controlling light-with-light without nonlinearity,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(7), e18 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

X. Xue, Y. Xuan, Y. Liu, P.-H. Wang, S. Chen, J. Wang, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Mode-locked dark pulse Kerr combs in normal-dispersion microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 9(9), 594–600 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rep. (1)

Y. S. Kivshar and B. Luther-Davies, “Dark optical solitons: physics and applications,” Phys. Rep. 298(2-3), 81–197 (1998).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Dark pulse emission of a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 80(4), 045803 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

D. Krökel, N. J. Halas, G. Giuliani, and D. Grischkowsky, “Dark-Pulse Propagation in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60(1), 29–32 (1988).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, R. J. Hawkins, R. N. Thurston, E. M. Kirschner, D. E. Leaird, and W. J. Tomlinson, “Experimental Observation of the Fundamental Dark Soliton in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(21), 2445–2448 (1988).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent Perfect Absorbers: Time-Reversed Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, “Drastic Reduction of Plasmon Damping in Gold Nanorods,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 077402 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

J. Liu, X. Li, S. Zhang, H. Zhang, P. Yan, M. Han, Z. Pang, and Z. Yang, “Polarization domain wall pulses in a microfiber-based topological insulator fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 29128 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

R. W. Schoenlein, S. Chattopadhyay, H. H. W. Chong, T. E. Glover, P. A. Heimann, C. V. Shank, A. A. Zholents, and M. S. Zolotorev, “Generation of Femtosecond Pulses of Synchrotron Radiation,” Science 287(5461), 2237–2240 (2000).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Femtosecond “Dark pulse” generation via coherent perfect absorption in plasmonic metamaterial. (a) To generate a dip in the profile of “carrier” pulse, a metamaterial absorber is placed in the standing wave formed by the “carrier” and “gate” pulses. M-mirror, FM-focusing mirror, BS-beam splitter, HWP- half wave plate, LP- linear polarizer, DCM-dispersion compensated mirrors, BPF-band pass filter, PD- photo diode. (b) Single unit cell of metamaterial absorber. (c) Absorption spectra of the free-standing metamaterial absorber, A(λ0) = 47% is absorption at 800 nm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spectral profiles of gate, carrier and dark pulse, (a-c) experimental spectra, (d-f) simulated spectra. Red: 11fs gate pulse, green: 70fs carrier pulse and blue: dark pulse when sample is at anti-node (perfect coherent absorption).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated dark pulse in the envelope of carrier pulse. (a-c) Electric fields of 11fs gate pulse, 70fs carrier pulse and dark pulse respectively; (d) Autocorrelation function of the 11fs gate pulse; (e-f) First order electric field cross-correlation function of the 11fs gate pulse with 70fs carrier pulse and dark pulse respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental data on the generation of dark pulse in the envelope of carrier pulse. (a) First order electric field auto-correlation function of the 11fs gate pulse; (b) cross-correlation function 70fs carrier pulse with gate pulse; (c) cross-correlation function of the dark pulse with gate pulse. Experimental data presented here is after subtracting the constant background. Dashed black lines are envelopes of simulated cross-correlation functions taken form Fig. 3.
FIG. 5
FIG. 5 Interaction with short pulses with thin absorber in the standing wave regime. Standing wave absorption as measured on plasmonic metamaterial at different pulse excitations

Equations (1)

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( E dark pulse1 ( λ ) E dark pulse2 ( λ ) )=( s( λ ) ( s( λ )+1 ) s( λ )+1 s( λ ) )( E gate ( λ ) E carrier ( λ ) )

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