Abstract

Experimental amplification of 10-ns pulses to an energy of 12.2 J at the repetition rate of 1-10 Hz is reported from a diode-pumped room-temperature distributed active mirror amplifier chain (DAMAC) based on Nd:YAG slabs. Efficient power scaling at the optical-optical efficiency of 20.6% was achieved by suppressing the transverse parasitic oscillation with ASE absorbers. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG active-mirror laser with nanosecond pulse energy beyond 10 joules. The verified DAMAC concept holds the promise of scaling the energy to a 50 J level and higher by adding 10-12 more pieces of active mirror in the chain.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

X. Fu, Q. Liu, P. Li, Z. Sui, T. Liu, and M. Gong, “High-efficiency 2 J, 20 Hz diode-pumped Nd:YAG active-mirror MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. Express 8, 092702 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

D. Brown, “Heat, fluorescence, and stimulated-emission power densities and fractions in Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(3), 560–572 (1998).
[Crossref]

Albach, D.

Armstrong, P.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Arzakantsyan, M.

Ault, E.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Banerjee, S.

Bayramian, A.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Beach, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bibeau, C.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brown, D.

D. Brown, “Heat, fluorescence, and stimulated-emission power densities and fractions in Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(3), 560–572 (1998).
[Crossref]

Butcher, T.

Caird, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Campbell, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chai, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chanteloup, J. C.

Collier, J.

Dawson, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Divoky, M.

Ebbers, C.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Edwards, C.

Erlandson, A.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ertel, K.

Fei, Y.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Freitas, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fu, X.

Gonçalvès-Novo, T.

Gong, M.

Hanus, M.

Hariri, A.

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

Ikegawa, T.

Izawa, Y.

Kan, H.

Kanabe, T.

Kawanaka, J.

Kawashima, T.

Kent, R.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kurita, T.

Ladran, T.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

LeTouzé, G.

Li, P.

Liao, Z.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q.

Liu, T.

Q. Liu, M. Gong, T. Liu, Z. Sui, and X. Fu, “Efficient sub-joule energy extraction from a diode-pumped Nd:LuAG amplifier seeded by a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5322–5325 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fu, Q. Liu, P. Li, Z. Sui, T. Liu, and M. Gong, “High-efficiency 2 J, 20 Hz diode-pumped Nd:YAG active-mirror MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. Express 8, 092702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lucianetti, A.

Mason, P.

Matsumoto, O.

Menapace, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, M.

Miyanaga, N.

Mocek, T.

Molander, B.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nakatsuka, M.

Payne, S.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Peterson, N.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phillips, J.

Pilar, J.

Randles, M.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sarikhani, S.

Schaffers, K.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sekine, T.

Smith, J.

Sui, Z.

Q. Liu, M. Gong, T. Liu, Z. Sui, and X. Fu, “Efficient sub-joule energy extraction from a diode-pumped Nd:LuAG amplifier seeded by a Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5322–5325 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Fu, Q. Liu, P. Li, Z. Sui, T. Liu, and M. Gong, “High-efficiency 2 J, 20 Hz diode-pumped Nd:YAG active-mirror MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. Express 8, 092702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sutton, S.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tassano, J.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Telford, S.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Utterback, E.

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vido, M.

Vincent, B.

Yasuhara, R.

Yoshida, H.

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

X. Fu, Q. Liu, P. Li, Z. Sui, T. Liu, and M. Gong, “High-efficiency 2 J, 20 Hz diode-pumped Nd:YAG active-mirror MOPA system,” Appl. Phys. Express 8, 092702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fus. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Bayramian, P. Armstrong, E. Ault, R. Beach, C. Bibeau, J. Caird, R. Campbell, B. Chai, J. Dawson, C. Ebbers, A. Erlandson, Y. Fei, B. Freitas, R. Kent, Z. Liao, T. Ladran, J. Menapace, B. Molander, S. Payne, N. Peterson, M. Randles, K. Schaffers, S. Sutton, J. Tassano, S. Telford, and E. Utterback, “The Mercury project: a high average power, gas-cooled laser for inertial fusion energy development,” Fus. Sci. Technol. 52(3), 383–387 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Brown, “Heat, fluorescence, and stimulated-emission power densities and fractions in Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(3), 560–572 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (1)

Other (1)

T. Gonçalvès-Novo, B. Vincent, and J. Chanteloup, “From 10 to 30 joules with the Lucia laser system: update on current performance and cryogenic amplifier development,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (OSA, 2013), paper ATu3A.19.
[Crossref]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental layout of diode-pumped DAMAC. FI, Faraday isolator; HR, high-reflection mirror; PBS, polarization beam splitter; QWP, quarter-wave plate; HWP, half-wave plate; TS, telescope; SA, serrated aperture. Inset: detailed layout of the single gain module.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Photo of 45-kW laser diode array.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated temperature distribution at the front surface of Nd:YAG AM.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measured temperature distribution at the front surface of Nd:YAG AM under different pump condition.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Scaling performance of single-pass and double-pass DAMAC: (a) comparison between the cases with and without the adoption of ASE absorbers; (b) comparison between the predicted and measured results.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Photo of Nd:YAG slab and ASE absorber; (b) working principle of the ASE absorber.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Simulated scaling performance of single gain module with and without ASE absorber, varying with different pump energy.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Near-field beam profile at 10 J, 10 Hz.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Output energy versus seed energy with different pump power: (a) single- and double-pass main amplifier with one piece of AM; (b) double-pass main amplifier with all four pieces of AM.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Output energy of DAMAC under different pulse repetition rates.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Predicted output curves of DAMAC at 50 J level, where δs is the single-pass passive loss per piece of AM, and βa is the pump absorption efficiency of each AM gain module.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters comparison of nanosecond laser systems in repetitive operation with output energy beyond 10 joules (RT, room-temperature operation; CR, cryogenically-cooled operation; PA, preamplifier; MA, main amplifier)

Equations (4)

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g 0 a p p r o x = m + 1 + r L z
I A S E ( z ) = γ ( z t h ) I s ν 0 ϕ [ e m ( z z t h ) 1 ]
I s ν 0 = h ν 0 σ τ f
g = g 0 1 + [ I A S E ( c Δ t / n ) + I l a s e r ( t ) ] / I s ν 0

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