Abstract

The high performance of a light-emitting diode (LED) with the total p-type thickness as small as 38 nm is demonstrated. By increasing the Mg doping concentration in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer through an Mg pre-flow process, the hole injection efficiency can be significantly enhanced. Based on this technique, the high LED performance can be maintained when the p-type layer thickness is significantly reduced. Then, the surface plasmon coupling effects, including the enhancement of internal quantum efficiency, increase in output intensity, reduction of efficiency droop, and increase of modulation bandwidth, among the thin p-type LED samples of different p-type thicknesses that are compared. These advantageous effects are stronger as the p-type layer becomes thinner. However, the dependencies of these effects on p-type layer thickness are different. With a circular mesa size of 10 μm in radius, through surface plasmon coupling, we achieve the record-high modulation bandwidth of 625.6 MHz among c-plane GaN-based LEDs.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Shen, C. Lee, T. K. Ng, S. Nakamura, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, A. Y. Alyamani, M. M. El-Desouki, and B. S. Ooi, “High-speed 405-nm superluminescent diode (SLD) with 807-MHz modulation bandwidth,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20281–20286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

2014 (3)

2013 (4)

H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, S. Watson, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, A. Cogman, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “1.5 Gbit/s multi-channel visible light communications using CMOS-controlled GaN-based LEDs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1211–1216 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: Theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a CMOS-controlled micro-light-emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(11), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, W. L. Chung, H. T. Chen, W. Cao, W. M. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. F. Yao, S. Y. Ting, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and X. Hu, “Effects of overgrown p-layer on the emission characteristics of the InGaN/GaN quantum wells in a high-indium light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11321–11335 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

H. Y. Ryu, H. S. Kim, and J. I. Shim, “Rate equation analysis of efficiency droop in InGaN light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081114 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Y. T. Moon, Y. Fu, F. Yun, S. Dogan, M. Mikkelson, D. Johnstone, and H. Morkoç, “A study of GaN regrowth on the micro-facetted GaN template formed by in-situ thermal etching,” Phys. Status Solidi 202(5), 718–721 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
[Crossref]

1946 (1)

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).

Alyamani, A. Y.

Bowers, J. E.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Byeon, C. C.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

Chang, W. M.

Chang, W. Y.

Chen, C. H.

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. P.

H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

Chen, H. L.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. S.

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1), A155–A166 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, Y. Kuo, H. S. Chen, P. Y. Shih, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, C. H. Lai, G. R. He, J. H. Yeh, and T. C. Hsu, “Efficiency improvement of a vertical light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling and grating scattering,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A842–A856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, W. L. Chung, H. T. Chen, W. Cao, W. M. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. F. Yao, S. Y. Ting, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and X. Hu, “Effects of overgrown p-layer on the emission characteristics of the InGaN/GaN quantum wells in a high-indium light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11321–11335 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274–32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1), A155–A166 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, W. L. Chung, H. T. Chen, W. Cao, W. M. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. F. Yao, S. Y. Ting, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and X. Hu, “Effects of overgrown p-layer on the emission characteristics of the InGaN/GaN quantum wells in a high-indium light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11321–11335 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S. H.

Chen, W.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cho, C. Y.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cho, Y. H.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chou, W. H.

H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chuang, W. H.

Chung, W. L.

Cogman, A.

Dawson, M. D.

DenBaars, S. P.

Dogan, S.

Y. T. Moon, Y. Fu, F. Yun, S. Dogan, M. Mikkelson, D. Johnstone, and H. Morkoç, “A study of GaN regrowth on the micro-facetted GaN template formed by in-situ thermal etching,” Phys. Status Solidi 202(5), 718–721 (2005).
[Crossref]

El-Desouki, M. M.

Everitt, H. O.

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

Y. T. Moon, Y. Fu, F. Yun, S. Dogan, M. Mikkelson, D. Johnstone, and H. Morkoç, “A study of GaN regrowth on the micro-facetted GaN template formed by in-situ thermal etching,” Phys. Status Solidi 202(5), 718–721 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gaponenko, S. V.

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: Theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

Glukhov, Y. F.

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: Theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gong, Z.

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Green, R. P.

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C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
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C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
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Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A914–A929 (2011).
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Hu, X.

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K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
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Johnstone, D.

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H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
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Kiang, Y. W.

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C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
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C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
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C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, Y. Kuo, H. S. Chen, P. Y. Shih, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, C. H. Lai, G. R. He, J. H. Yeh, and T. C. Hsu, “Efficiency improvement of a vertical light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling and grating scattering,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A842–A856 (2014).
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Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1), A155–A166 (2014).
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C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
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H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
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C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, W. L. Chung, H. T. Chen, W. Cao, W. M. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. F. Yao, S. Y. Ting, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and X. Hu, “Effects of overgrown p-layer on the emission characteristics of the InGaN/GaN quantum wells in a high-indium light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11321–11335 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A914–A929 (2011).
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K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
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M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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Kim, J. Y.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
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C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, Y. Kuo, H. S. Chen, P. Y. Shih, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, C. H. Lai, G. R. He, J. H. Yeh, and T. C. Hsu, “Efficiency improvement of a vertical light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling and grating scattering,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A842–A856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1), A155–A166 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A914–A929 (2011).
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A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
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M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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Lee, C.

Lee, C. W.

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
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C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
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C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
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Li, Y. L.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
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Lin, C. H.

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274–32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, Y. Kuo, H. S. Chen, P. Y. Shih, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, C. H. Lai, G. R. He, J. H. Yeh, and T. C. Hsu, “Efficiency improvement of a vertical light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling and grating scattering,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A842–A856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. L.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. W.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
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Liu, W. H.

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
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Lu, C. F.

Lu, Y. C.

Lunevich, A. Y.

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: Theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
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Massoubre, D.

McKendry, J. J. D.

Mikkelson, M.

Y. T. Moon, Y. Fu, F. Yun, S. Dogan, M. Mikkelson, D. Johnstone, and H. Morkoç, “A study of GaN regrowth on the micro-facetted GaN template formed by in-situ thermal etching,” Phys. Status Solidi 202(5), 718–721 (2005).
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Moon, Y. T.

Y. T. Moon, Y. Fu, F. Yun, S. Dogan, M. Mikkelson, D. Johnstone, and H. Morkoç, “A study of GaN regrowth on the micro-facetted GaN template formed by in-situ thermal etching,” Phys. Status Solidi 202(5), 718–721 (2005).
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Morkoç, H.

Y. T. Moon, Y. Fu, F. Yun, S. Dogan, M. Mikkelson, D. Johnstone, and H. Morkoç, “A study of GaN regrowth on the micro-facetted GaN template formed by in-situ thermal etching,” Phys. Status Solidi 202(5), 718–721 (2005).
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Najda, S. P.

Nakamura, S.

Neogi, A.

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
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Ng, T. K.

Ooi, B. S.

Park, I. K.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

Park, S. J.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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Purcell, E. M.

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).

Rae, B. R.

Ryu, H. Y.

H. Y. Ryu, H. S. Kim, and J. I. Shim, “Rate equation analysis of efficiency droop in InGaN light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081114 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shen, C.

Shen, C. H.

H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shen, K. C.

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A914–A929 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sheu, J. K.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, J. W.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shih, P. Y.

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, Y. Kuo, H. S. Chen, P. Y. Shih, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, C. H. Lai, G. R. He, J. H. Yeh, and T. C. Hsu, “Efficiency improvement of a vertical light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling and grating scattering,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A842–A856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shim, J. I.

H. Y. Ryu, H. S. Kim, and J. I. Shim, “Rate equation analysis of efficiency droop in InGaN light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081114 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, J. H.

C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
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Speck, J. S.

Stankevich, V. V.

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: Theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

Su, C. Y.

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274–32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Su, M. Y.

Tackeuchi, A.

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tan, M.

Targowski, G.

Ting, S. Y.

Tsai, M. C.

Tu, C. G.

Vaschenko, S. V.

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: Theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vinogradov, J.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

Watson, S.

Weng, C. M.

Wu, S. S.

Wu, Y. R.

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wun, J. M.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yablonvitch, E.

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. C.

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274–32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1), A155–A166 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, Y. Kuo, H. S. Chen, P. Y. Shih, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, C. H. Lai, G. R. He, J. H. Yeh, and T. C. Hsu, “Efficiency improvement of a vertical light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling and grating scattering,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A842–A856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, W. L. Chung, H. T. Chen, W. Cao, W. M. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. F. Yao, S. Y. Ting, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and X. Hu, “Effects of overgrown p-layer on the emission characteristics of the InGaN/GaN quantum wells in a high-indium light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11321–11335 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A914–A929 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

Yang, Y. J.

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y. F.

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274–32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, W. L. Chung, H. T. Chen, W. Cao, W. M. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. F. Yao, S. Y. Ting, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and X. Hu, “Effects of overgrown p-layer on the emission characteristics of the InGaN/GaN quantum wells in a high-indium light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11321–11335 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeh, D. M.

Yeh, J. H.

Yun, F.

Y. T. Moon, Y. Fu, F. Yun, S. Dogan, M. Mikkelson, D. Johnstone, and H. Morkoç, “A study of GaN regrowth on the micro-facetted GaN template formed by in-situ thermal etching,” Phys. Status Solidi 202(5), 718–721 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhu, E.

Ziemann, O.

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[Crossref]

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C. Y. Cho, S. J. Lee, J. H. Song, S. H. Hong, S. M. Lee, Y. H. Cho, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced optical output power of green light-emitting diodes by surface plasmon of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(5), 051106 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. C. Shen, C. Y. Chen, H. L. Chen, C. F. Huang, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and Y. J. Yang, “Enhanced and partially polarized output of a light-emitting diode with its InGaN/GaN quantum well coupled with surface plasmons on a metal grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(23), 231111 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Ryu, H. S. Kim, and J. I. Shim, “Rate equation analysis of efficiency droop in InGaN light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(8), 081114 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, Y. Kuo, C. H. Chen, Y. F. Yao, P. Y. Shih, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Further reduction of efficiency droop effect by adding a lower-index dielectric interlayer in a surface plasmon coupled blue light-emitting diode with surface metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(10), 101106 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, C. P. Chen, Y. Kuo, W. H. Chou, C. H. Shen, Y. L. Jung, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode with metal protrusions into p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 041108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuo, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with a radiating dipole near an Ag nanoparticle embedded in GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161103 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

J. M. Wun, C. W. Lin, W. Chen, J. K. Sheu, C. L. Lin, Y. L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J. W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. (2)

C. H. Lin, C. G. Tu, Y. F. Yao, S. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “High modulation bandwidth of a light-emitting diode with surface plasmon coupling,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 63(10), 3989–3995 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Y. Su, C. G. Tu, W. H. Liu, C. H. Lin, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. R. Wu, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Enhancing the hole injection efficiency of a light-emitting diode by increasing Mg doping in the p-AlGaN electron blocking layer,” IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 64(8), 3226–3233 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

D. V. Guzatov, S. V. Vaschenko, V. V. Stankevich, A. Y. Lunevich, Y. F. Glukhov, and S. V. Gaponenko, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence near silver nanoparticles: Theory, modeling, and experiment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 116(19), 10723–10733 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Y. Kuo, H. T. Chen, W. Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Enhancements of the emission and light extraction of a radiating dipole coupled with localized surface plasmon induced on a surface metal nanoparticle in a light-emitting device,” Opt. Express 22(S1), A155–A166 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kuo, S. Y. Ting, C. H. Liao, J. J. Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, Y. C. Lu, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Shen, C. F. Lu, D. M. Yeh, J. Y. Wang, W. H. Chuang, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupling with radiating dipole for enhancing the emission efficiency of a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A914–A929 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Shen, C. Lee, T. K. Ng, S. Nakamura, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, A. Y. Alyamani, M. M. El-Desouki, and B. S. Ooi, “High-speed 405-nm superluminescent diode (SLD) with 807-MHz modulation bandwidth,” Opt. Express 24(18), 20281–20286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Chen, C. Hsieh, C. H. Liao, W. L. Chung, H. T. Chen, W. Cao, W. M. Chang, H. S. Chen, Y. F. Yao, S. Y. Ting, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, and X. Hu, “Effects of overgrown p-layer on the emission characteristics of the InGaN/GaN quantum wells in a high-indium light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11321–11335 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Yao, C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, S. Yang, C. M. Weng, M. Y. Su, M. C. Tsai, S. S. Wu, S. H. Chen, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Multi-mechanism efficiency enhancement in growing Ga-doped ZnO as the transparent conductor on a light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(25), 32274–32288 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Y. Su, E. Zhu, Y. F. Yao, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Modulation behaviors of surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode,” Opt. Express 23(6), 8150–8161 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Lin, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, Y. Kuo, H. S. Chen, P. Y. Shih, C. H. Liao, Y. W. Kiang, C. C. Yang, C. H. Lai, G. R. He, J. H. Yeh, and T. C. Hsu, “Efficiency improvement of a vertical light-emitting diode through surface plasmon coupling and grating scattering,” Opt. Express 22(S3Suppl 3), A842–A856 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Neogi, C. W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, “Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling,” Phys. Rev. B 66(15), 153305 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

Y. T. Moon, Y. Fu, F. Yun, S. Dogan, M. Mikkelson, D. Johnstone, and H. Morkoç, “A study of GaN regrowth on the micro-facetted GaN template formed by in-situ thermal etching,” Phys. Status Solidi 202(5), 718–721 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Y. Kuo, C. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, C. Hsieh, C. G. Tu, P. Y. Shih, C. H. Chen, C. H. Liao, C. Y. Su, Y. F. Yao, H. T. Chen, Y. W. Kiang, and C. C. Yang, “Surface plasmon coupled light-emitting diode – experimental and numerical studies,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 54(2S), 02BD01 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) and (b): Schematic demonstrations of the LED structures of the reference samples (A-R, B-R, and C-R) and SP-coupling samples (A-SP, B-SP, and C-SP), respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM image of the surface Ag NPs on the LED samples with SP coupling.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Transmission spectra of samples A-SP, B-SP, and C-SP. The vertical dashed line indicates the QW emission wavelength around 465 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 PL decay profiles of the six samples under study based on TRPL measurement.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Normalized output intensity versus injected current density of each LED sample. All the output intensities are normalized with respect to that of sample A-R at 3.185 kA/cm2 in injected current density.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Relative wall-plug efficiencies as functions of injected current density of the six LED samples. All the efficiency values are normalized with respect to the maximum level of sample C-SP.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 I-V curves of the six LED samples under study. The insert shows the magnified I-V curves in the voltage range between 2 and 4 V.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Variations of modulation bandwidth with injected current density in the six LED samples under study.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Structures and the performances of the LED samples under study.

Metrics