Abstract

The availability of the underwater wireless optical communication (UWOC) based on red (R), green (G) and blue (B) lights makes the realization of the RGB wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) UWOC system possible. By properly mixing RGB lights to form white light, the WDM UWOC system has prominent potentiality for simultaneous underwater illumination and high-speed communication. In this work, for the first time, we experimentally demonstrate a 9.51-Gb/s WDM UWOC system using a red-emitting laser diode (LD), a single-mode pigtailed green-emitting LD and a multi-mode pigtailed blue-emitting LD. By employing 32-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation in the demonstration, the red-light, the green-light and the blue-light LDs successfully transmit signals with the data rates of 4.17 Gb/s, 4.17 Gb/s and 1.17 Gb/s, respectively, over a 10-m underwater channel. The corresponding bit error rates (BERs) are 2.2 × 10−3, 2.0 × 10−3 and 2.3 × 10−3, respectively, which are below the forward error correction (FEC) threshold of 3.8 × 10−3.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (1)

T. C. Wu, Y. C. Chi, H. Y. Wang, C. T. Tsai, and G. R. Lin, “Blue laser diode enables underwater communication at 12.4 Gbps,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (6)

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, Y. Song, X. Yu, A. Lin, M. Kong, J. Han, and N. Deng, “Underwater wireless transmission of high-speed QAM-OFDM signals using a compact red-light laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8097–8109 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Baghdady, K. Miller, K. Morgan, M. Byrd, S. Osler, R. Ragusa, W. Li, B. M. Cochenour, and E. G. Johnson, “Multi-gigabit/s underwater optical communication link using orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9794–9805 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Shen, Y. Guo, H. M. Oubei, T. K. Ng, G. Liu, K. H. Park, K. T. Ho, M. S. Alouini, and B. S. Ooi, “20-meter underwater wireless optical communication link with 1.5 Gbps data rate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25502–25509 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (6)

2014 (3)

C. Y. Lin, Y. P. Lin, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Chen, T. W. Jhang, and M. C. Chen, “Optical free-space wavelength-division-multiplexing transport system,” Opt. Lett. 39(2), 315–318 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Chi, Y. Q. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. X. Huang, and X. Y. Lu, “Ultra-high-speed single red-green-blue light-emitting diode-based visible light communication system utilizing advanced modulation formats,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(1), 22–25 (2014).

M. Joncic, R. Kruglov, M. Haupt, R. Caspary, J. Vinogradov, and U. H. P. Fischer, “Four-channel WDM transmission over 50-m SI-POF at 14.77 Gb/s using DMT modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1328–1331 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

W. Y. Lin, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lu, C. H. Chang, Y. P. Lin, H. C. Lin, and H. W. Wu, “10m/500 Mbps WDM visible light communication systems,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9919–9924 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, and C. A. Bunge, “10.7-Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF based on WDM technology,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1632–1634 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Alouini, M. S.

Baghdady, J.

Brueck, S. R. J.

Bunge, C. A.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, and C. A. Bunge, “10.7-Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF based on WDM technology,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1632–1634 (2012).
[Crossref]

Byrd, M.

Caspary, R.

M. Joncic, R. Kruglov, M. Haupt, R. Caspary, J. Vinogradov, and U. H. P. Fischer, “Four-channel WDM transmission over 50-m SI-POF at 14.77 Gb/s using DMT modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1328–1331 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Chang, C. H.

Chen, C. W.

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

Chen, M. C.

Chen, Z. Y.

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chi, N.

Y. Wang, X. Huang, L. Tao, J. Shi, and N. Chi, “4.5-Gb/s RGB-LED based WDM visible light communication system employing CAP modulation and RLS based adaptive equalization,” Opt. Express 23(10), 13626–13633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Chi, Y. Q. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. X. Huang, and X. Y. Lu, “Ultra-high-speed single red-green-blue light-emitting diode-based visible light communication system utilizing advanced modulation formats,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(1), 22–25 (2014).

Chi, S.

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y. C.

Cochenour, B. M.

Czernecki, R.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Davis, W.

Deng, N.

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, Y. Song, X. Yu, A. Lin, M. Kong, J. Han, and N. Deng, “Underwater wireless transmission of high-speed QAM-OFDM signals using a compact red-light laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8097–8109 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Duran, J. R.

Durán Retamal, J. R.

Fischer, U. H. P.

M. Joncic, R. Kruglov, M. Haupt, R. Caspary, J. Vinogradov, and U. H. P. Fischer, “Four-channel WDM transmission over 50-m SI-POF at 14.77 Gb/s using DMT modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1328–1331 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

Haas, H.

Han, J.

J. Xu, Y. Song, X. Yu, A. Lin, M. Kong, J. Han, and N. Deng, “Underwater wireless transmission of high-speed QAM-OFDM signals using a compact red-light laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8097–8109 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hanawa, M.

Haupt, M.

M. Joncic, R. Kruglov, M. Haupt, R. Caspary, J. Vinogradov, and U. H. P. Fischer, “Four-channel WDM transmission over 50-m SI-POF at 14.77 Gb/s using DMT modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1328–1331 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

He, J. H.

Hirchert, U. F.

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Ho, K. T.

Huang, H. T.

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, X.

Huang, X. X.

N. Chi, Y. Q. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. X. Huang, and X. Y. Lu, “Ultra-high-speed single red-green-blue light-emitting diode-based visible light communication system utilizing advanced modulation formats,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(1), 22–25 (2014).

Janjua, B.

Jhang, T. W.

Jia, W.

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

Johannes, H. H.

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Johnson, E. G.

Joncic, M.

M. Joncic, R. Kruglov, M. Haupt, R. Caspary, J. Vinogradov, and U. H. P. Fischer, “Four-channel WDM transmission over 50-m SI-POF at 14.77 Gb/s using DMT modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1328–1331 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Kelly, A. E.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kong, M.

Kong, M. W.

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kowalsky, W.

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Kruglov, R.

M. Joncic, R. Kruglov, M. Haupt, R. Caspary, J. Vinogradov, and U. H. P. Fischer, “Four-channel WDM transmission over 50-m SI-POF at 14.77 Gb/s using DMT modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1328–1331 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, and C. A. Bunge, “10.7-Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF based on WDM technology,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1632–1634 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Kucharski, R.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kuo, H. C.

Leszczynski, M.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, W.

Lin, A.

Lin, A. B.

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. T.

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. Y.

Lin, G. R.

Lin, H. C.

Lin, W. Y.

Lin, Y. P.

Liu, G.

Loquai, S.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, and C. A. Bunge, “10.7-Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF based on WDM technology,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1632–1634 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, H. H.

Lu, X. Y.

N. Chi, Y. Q. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. X. Huang, and X. Y. Lu, “Ultra-high-speed single red-green-blue light-emitting diode-based visible light communication system utilizing advanced modulation formats,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(1), 22–25 (2014).

Marona, L.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Miller, K.

Mizukoshi, I.

Morgan, K.

Najda, S. P.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, K.

Neumann, A.

Ng, T. K.

Ohno, Y.

Ooi, B. S.

Osler, S.

Oubei, H. M.

Park, K. H.

Perlin, P.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qu, F. Z.

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ragusa, R.

Shen, C.

Shi, J.

Song, Y.

Song, Y. H.

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Suski, T.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tao, L.

Targowski, G.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsai, C. T.

Tsao, J. Y.

Tsonev, D.

Videv, S.

Vinogradov, J.

M. Joncic, R. Kruglov, M. Haupt, R. Caspary, J. Vinogradov, and U. H. P. Fischer, “Four-channel WDM transmission over 50-m SI-POF at 14.77 Gb/s using DMT modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1328–1331 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, and C. A. Bunge, “10.7-Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF based on WDM technology,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1632–1634 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

Wang, H. Y.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. G.

N. Chi, Y. Q. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. X. Huang, and X. Y. Lu, “Ultra-high-speed single red-green-blue light-emitting diode-based visible light communication system utilizing advanced modulation formats,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(1), 22–25 (2014).

Wang, Y. Q.

N. Chi, Y. Q. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. X. Huang, and X. Y. Lu, “Ultra-high-speed single red-green-blue light-emitting diode-based visible light communication system utilizing advanced modulation formats,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(1), 22–25 (2014).

Watson, M. A.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Watson, S.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wei, C. C.

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

White, H.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wierer, J. J.

Wisniewski, P.

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, F. M.

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, H. W.

Wu, T. C.

T. C. Wu, Y. C. Chi, H. Y. Wang, C. T. Tsai, and G. R. Lin, “Blue laser diode enables underwater communication at 12.4 Gbps,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, Y. Song, X. Yu, A. Lin, M. Kong, J. Han, and N. Deng, “Underwater wireless transmission of high-speed QAM-OFDM signals using a compact red-light laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8097–8109 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Yu, X. Y.

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ziemann, O.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, and C. A. Bunge, “10.7-Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF based on WDM technology,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1632–1634 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

N. Chi, Y. Q. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. X. Huang, and X. Y. Lu, “Ultra-high-speed single red-green-blue light-emitting diode-based visible light communication system utilizing advanced modulation formats,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(1), 22–25 (2014).

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, C. C. Wei, C. W. Chen, Z. Y. Chen, H. T. Huang, and S. Chi, “Performance comparison of OFDM signal and CAP signal over high capacity RGB-LED-based WDM visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(4), 7901507 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Xu, A. B. Lin, X. Y. Yu, M. W. Kong, Y. H. Song, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, W. Jia, and N. Deng, “High-speed underwater wireless optical communication using a compact OFDM-modulated green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2133–2136 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, and C. A. Bunge, “10.7-Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 50-m SI-POF based on WDM technology,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(18), 1632–1634 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Joncic, R. Kruglov, M. Haupt, R. Caspary, J. Vinogradov, and U. H. P. Fischer, “Four-channel WDM transmission over 50-m SI-POF at 14.77 Gb/s using DMT modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1328–1331 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Xu, M. W. Kong, A. B. Lin, Y. H. Song, X. Y. Yu, F. Z. Qu, J. Han, and N. Deng, “OFDM-based broadband underwater wireless optical communication system using a compact blue LED,” Opt. Commun. 369, 100–105 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, T. Suski, L. Marona, M. Leszczyński, P. Wisniewski, R. Czernecki, R. Kucharski, G. Targowski, M. A. Watson, H. White, S. Watson, and A. E. Kelly, “AlGaInN laser diode technology for GHz high-speed visible light communication through plastic optical fiber and water,” Opt. Eng. 55(2), 026112 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (11)

J. Baghdady, K. Miller, K. Morgan, M. Byrd, S. Osler, R. Ragusa, W. Li, B. M. Cochenour, and E. G. Johnson, “Multi-gigabit/s underwater optical communication link using orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9794–9805 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Shen, Y. Guo, H. M. Oubei, T. K. Ng, G. Liu, K. H. Park, K. T. Ho, M. S. Alouini, and B. S. Ooi, “20-meter underwater wireless optical communication link with 1.5 Gbps data rate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25502–25509 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Nakamura, I. Mizukoshi, and M. Hanawa, “Optical wireless transmission of 405 nm, 1.45 Gbit/s optical IM/DD-OFDM signals through a 4.8 m underwater channel,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1558–1566 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. M. Oubei, J. R. Duran, B. Janjua, H. Y. Wang, C. T. Tsai, Y. C. Chi, T. K. Ng, H. C. Kuo, J. H. He, M. S. Alouini, G. R. Lin, and B. S. Ooi, “4.8 Gbit/s 16-QAM-OFDM transmission based on compact 450-nm laser for underwater wireless optical communication,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23302–23309 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Neumann, J. J. Wierer, W. Davis, Y. Ohno, S. R. J. Brueck, and J. Y. Tsao, “Four-color laser white illuminant demonstrating high color-rendering quality,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A982–A990 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Y. Lin, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lu, C. H. Chang, Y. P. Lin, H. C. Lin, and H. W. Wu, “10m/500 Mbps WDM visible light communication systems,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9919–9924 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. M. Oubei, C. Li, K. H. Park, T. K. Ng, M. S. Alouini, and B. S. Ooi, “2.3 Gbit/s underwater wireless optical communications using directly modulated 520 nm laser diode,” Opt. Express 23(16), 20743–20748 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Xu, Y. Song, X. Yu, A. Lin, M. Kong, J. Han, and N. Deng, “Underwater wireless transmission of high-speed QAM-OFDM signals using a compact red-light laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8097–8109 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, X. Huang, L. Tao, J. Shi, and N. Chi, “4.5-Gb/s RGB-LED based WDM visible light communication system employing CAP modulation and RLS based adaptive equalization,” Opt. Express 23(10), 13626–13633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Janjua, H. M. Oubei, J. R. Durán Retamal, T. K. Ng, C. T. Tsai, H. Y. Wang, Y. C. Chi, H. C. Kuo, G. R. Lin, J. H. He, and B. S. Ooi, “Going beyond 4 Gbps data rate by employing RGB laser diodes for visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18746–18753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

T. C. Wu, Y. C. Chi, H. Y. Wang, C. T. Tsai, and G. R. Lin, “Blue laser diode enables underwater communication at 12.4 Gbps,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40480 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

C. Ho, C. Lu, H. Lu, S. Huang, M. Cheng, Z. Yang, and X. Lin, “A 10m/10Gbps Underwater Wireless Laser Transmission System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th3C.3.
[Crossref]

B. Zhuang, C. Li, N. Wu, and Z. Xu, “First Demonstration of 400Mb/s PAM4 Signal Transmission Over 10-meter Underwater Channel Using a Blue LED and a Digital Linear Pre-Equalizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper STh3O.3.
[Crossref]

P. Wang, C. Li, B. Wang, and Z. Xu, “Real-Time 25Mb/s Data Transmission for Underwater Optical Wireless Communication Using a Commercial Blue LED and APD Detection,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2016, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper AS2C.
[Crossref]

Y. Ren, L. Li, Z. Zhao, G. Xie, Z. Wang, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, A. Willner, Y. Cao, C. Liu, N. Ashrafi, S. Ashrafi, M. Tur, and A. Willner, “4 Gbit/s Underwater Transmission Using OAM Multiplexing and Directly Modulated Green Laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (2016) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper SW1F.
[Crossref]

R. Caspary, M. Joncic, M. Haupt, U. F. Hirchert, R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, H. H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, “High speed WDM transmission on standard polymer optical fibers,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–4.
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The experimental setup of the proposed RGB LDs-based WDM UWOC system. Inset: (a) the transmitter module, (b) the receiver module, and (c) the water tank.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The optical spectra of (a) the red-light LD, (b) the green-light LD and (c) the blue-light LD.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The P-I characteristics of (a) the red-light LD, (b) the green-light LD and (c) the blue-light LD.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The spectra of the OFDM signals over the 10-m underwater channel using (a) the red-emitting LD at 4.17 Gb/s, (b) the green-emitting LD at 4.17 Gb/s and (c) the blue-emitting LD at 1.17 Gb/s.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The constellation maps of the 32-QAM OFDM signals over the 10-m underwater channel using (a) the red-emitting LD at 4.17 Gb/s, (b) the green-emitting LD at 4.17 Gb/s and (c) the blue-emitting LD at 1.17 Gb/s.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BERs (a) and EVMs (b) of the OFDM signals transmitted by the red-light, green-light and blue-light LDs for the different subcarriers after 10-m underwater transmission.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameter values of OFDM 1 and OFDM 2

Metrics