Abstract

The refractive index sensing characteristics of the side-polished photonic crystal fiber (PCF) surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor are detailed investigated in this paper. We used the finite element method (FEM) to study the influences of the side-polished depth, air hole size, lattice constant, and the refractive index (RI) of the PCF material on sensing performance. The simulation results show that the side-polished depth, air hole size, lattice pitch have significant influence on the coupling strength between core mode and surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), but have little influence on sensitivity; the coupling strength and sensitivity will significant increase with the decrease of RI of the PCF material. The sensitivity of the D-shaped PCF sensor is obtained to be as high as 21700 nm/RIU in the refractive index environment of 1.33-1.34, when the RI of the PCF material is controlled at 1.36. It revealed a new method of making ultra-high sensitivity SPR fiber sensor. Then we experimental demonstrated a SPR refractive sensor based on the side-polished single mode PCF and investigated the sensing performance. The experimental results of the plasmon resonance wavelength sensitivity agree well with the theoretical results. The presented gold-coated D-shaped PCF SPR sensor could be used as a simple, cost-effective, high sensitivity device in bio-chemical detection.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
D-shaped photonic crystal fiber refractive index sensor based on surface plasmon resonance

Guowen An, Xiaopeng Hao, Shuguang Li, Xin Yan, and Xuenan Zhang
Appl. Opt. 56(24) 6988-6992 (2017)

Recent advances in plasmonic photonic crystal fibers: design, fabrication and applications

Dora Juan Juan Hu and Ho Pui Ho
Adv. Opt. Photon. 9(2) 257-314 (2017)

Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature based on SPR in D-shaped MOF

Xianchao Yang, Ying Lu, Baolin Liu, and Jianquan Yao
Appl. Opt. 56(15) 4369-4374 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Hassani and M. Skorobogatiy, “Design criteria for microstructured-optical-fiber-based surface plasmon resonance sensors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1423–1429 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 12(3), 213–220 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. Slavík, J. Homola, and J. Čtyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1), 74–79 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. F. Santos, A. Guerreiro, and J. M. Baptista, “SPR microstructured D-type optical fiber sensor configuration for refraction index measurement,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(10), 5472–5476 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(3), 209–221 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Kondoh, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and H. Suzuki, “Effects of gold film thickness on spectrum profile and sensitivity of a multimode-optical-fiber SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 26–33 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  7. Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  8. Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refraction index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fibber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. Luan, R. Wang, W. Lv, and J. Yao, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with hollow core,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8576–8582 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. H. Chiu, S. F. Wang, and R. S. Chang, “D-type fiber biosensor based on surface-plasmon resonance technology and heterodyne interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 233–235 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Z. Tan, X. Hao, Y. Shao, Y. Chen, X. Li, and P. Fan, “Phase modulation and structural effects in a D-shaped all-solid photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Opt. Express 22(12), 15049–15063 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. A. Patnaik, K. Senthilnathan, and R. Jha, “Graphene-based conducting metal oxide coated D-shaped optical fiber SPR sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2437–2440 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. J. He, “Novel D-shape LSPR fiber sensor based on nano-metal strips,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23498–23510 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. B. Spacková and J. Homola, “Theoretical analysis of a fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23254–23264 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Zhao, Z. Q. Deng, and J. Li, “Photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance chemical sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202, 557–567 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. Q. L. Xie, Y. Z. Chen, X. J. Li, Z. Yin, L. L. Wang, Y. F. Geng, and X. M. Hong, “Characteristics of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors with different side-polished lengths,” Appl. Opt. 56(5), 1550–1554 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. Z. Tan, “Determination of refractive index of silica glass for infrared wavelengths by IR spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 223(1-2), 158–163 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  23. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  24. T. Wu, Y. Liu, Z. Yu, Y. Peng, C. Shu, and H. Ye, “The sensing characteristics of plasmonic waveguide with a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7669–7677 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. H. L. Chen, S. G. Li, M. J. Ma, Z. K. Fan, and Y. D. Wu, “Ultrabroad bandwidth polarization filter based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1239–1242 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, and A. Aggoun, “A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 6801711 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  27. R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, and S. Haxha, “Multi-channel SPR biosensor based on PCF for multi-analyte sensing applications,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15716–15727 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  29. X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

Q. L. Xie, Y. Z. Chen, X. J. Li, Z. Yin, L. L. Wang, Y. F. Geng, and X. M. Hong, “Characteristics of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors with different side-polished lengths,” Appl. Opt. 56(5), 1550–1554 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (8)

Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Santos, A. Guerreiro, and J. M. Baptista, “SPR microstructured D-type optical fiber sensor configuration for refraction index measurement,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(10), 5472–5476 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Luan, R. Wang, W. Lv, and J. Yao, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with hollow core,” Opt. Express 23(7), 8576–8582 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Patnaik, K. Senthilnathan, and R. Jha, “Graphene-based conducting metal oxide coated D-shaped optical fiber SPR sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2437–2440 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, and S. Haxha, “Multi-channel SPR biosensor based on PCF for multi-analyte sensing applications,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15716–15727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. L. Chen, S. G. Li, M. J. Ma, Z. K. Fan, and Y. D. Wu, “Ultrabroad bandwidth polarization filter based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1239–1242 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, and A. Aggoun, “A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 6801711 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Tan, X. Hao, Y. Shao, Y. Chen, X. Li, and P. Fan, “Phase modulation and structural effects in a D-shaped all-solid photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Opt. Express 22(12), 15049–15063 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, Z. Q. Deng, and J. Li, “Photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance chemical sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202, 557–567 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Wu, Y. Liu, Z. Yu, Y. Peng, C. Shu, and H. Ye, “The sensing characteristics of plasmonic waveguide with a ring resonator,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7669–7677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fibber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(3), 209–221 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Spacková and J. Homola, “Theoretical analysis of a fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23254–23264 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

J. Kondoh, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and H. Suzuki, “Effects of gold film thickness on spectrum profile and sensitivity of a multimode-optical-fiber SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 26–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refraction index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

1999 (1)

R. Slavík, J. Homola, and J. Čtyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1), 74–79 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

C. Z. Tan, “Determination of refractive index of silica glass for infrared wavelengths by IR spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 223(1-2), 158–163 (1998).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 12(3), 213–220 (1993).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Ademgil, H.

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, and A. Aggoun, “A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 6801711 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aggoun, A.

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, and A. Aggoun, “A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 6801711 (2014).
[Crossref]

Akowuah, E. K.

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, and S. Haxha, “Multi-channel SPR biosensor based on PCF for multi-analyte sensing applications,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15716–15727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, and A. Aggoun, “A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 6801711 (2014).
[Crossref]

An, G. W.

H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baptista, J. M.

D. F. Santos, A. Guerreiro, and J. M. Baptista, “SPR microstructured D-type optical fiber sensor configuration for refraction index measurement,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(10), 5472–5476 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, S. Q.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chang, R. S.

Chen, H. L.

H. L. Chen, S. G. Li, M. J. Ma, Z. K. Fan, and Y. D. Wu, “Ultrabroad bandwidth polarization filter based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1239–1242 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fibber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Y. Z.

Q. L. Xie, Y. Z. Chen, X. J. Li, Z. Yin, L. L. Wang, Y. F. Geng, and X. M. Hong, “Characteristics of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors with different side-polished lengths,” Appl. Opt. 56(5), 1550–1554 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chiu, M. H.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Ctyroký, J.

R. Slavík, J. Homola, and J. Čtyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1), 74–79 (1999).
[Crossref]

Deng, Z. Q.

Y. Zhao, Z. Q. Deng, and J. Li, “Photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance chemical sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202, 557–567 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, P.

Fan, Z. K.

H. L. Chen, S. G. Li, M. J. Ma, Z. K. Fan, and Y. D. Wu, “Ultrabroad bandwidth polarization filter based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1239–1242 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fang, J. B.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Feng, X. J.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fu, C. L.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ge, S.

L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

Geng, Y. F.

Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Xie, Y. Z. Chen, X. J. Li, Z. Yin, L. L. Wang, Y. F. Geng, and X. M. Hong, “Characteristics of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors with different side-polished lengths,” Appl. Opt. 56(5), 1550–1554 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guan, H. Y.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guerreiro, A.

D. F. Santos, A. Guerreiro, and J. M. Baptista, “SPR microstructured D-type optical fiber sensor configuration for refraction index measurement,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(10), 5472–5476 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, Y.

H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hao, X.

Hassani, A.

Haxha, S.

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, and S. Haxha, “Multi-channel SPR biosensor based on PCF for multi-analyte sensing applications,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15716–15727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, and A. Aggoun, “A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 6801711 (2014).
[Crossref]

He, Y. J.

Homola, J.

B. Spacková and J. Homola, “Theoretical analysis of a fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23254–23264 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, J. Homola, and J. Čtyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1), 74–79 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hong, X. M.

Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Xie, Y. Z. Chen, X. J. Li, Z. Yin, L. L. Wang, Y. F. Geng, and X. M. Hong, “Characteristics of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors with different side-polished lengths,” Appl. Opt. 56(5), 1550–1554 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hou, Z. Y.

L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jha, R.

A. Patnaik, K. Senthilnathan, and R. Jha, “Graphene-based conducting metal oxide coated D-shaped optical fiber SPR sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2437–2440 (2015).
[Crossref]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Jorgenson, R. C.

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 12(3), 213–220 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kondoh, J.

J. Kondoh, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and H. Suzuki, “Effects of gold film thickness on spectrum profile and sensitivity of a multimode-optical-fiber SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 26–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(3), 209–221 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Y. Zhao, Z. Q. Deng, and J. Li, “Photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance chemical sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202, 557–567 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, J. S.

H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, S. G.

H. L. Chen, S. G. Li, M. J. Ma, Z. K. Fan, and Y. D. Wu, “Ultrabroad bandwidth polarization filter based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1239–1242 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, S. Q.

H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Li, X. J.

Q. L. Xie, Y. Z. Chen, X. J. Li, Z. Yin, L. L. Wang, Y. F. Geng, and X. M. Hong, “Characteristics of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors with different side-polished lengths,” Appl. Opt. 56(5), 1550–1554 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lian, J. R.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liao, C. R.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. Y.

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fibber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

Liu, Z. H.

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, H. H.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fibber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luan, N.

Luo, Y. H.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lv, C.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fibber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lv, W.

Ma, M. J.

H. L. Chen, S. G. Li, M. J. Ma, Z. K. Fan, and Y. D. Wu, “Ultrabroad bandwidth polarization filter based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1239–1242 (2015).
[Crossref]

Matsui, Y.

J. Kondoh, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and H. Suzuki, “Effects of gold film thickness on spectrum profile and sensitivity of a multimode-optical-fiber SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 26–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Monzón-Hernández, D.

D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refraction index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
[Crossref]

Otupiri, R.

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, and S. Haxha, “Multi-channel SPR biosensor based on PCF for multi-analyte sensing applications,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15716–15727 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, and A. Aggoun, “A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 6801711 (2014).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(3), 209–221 (2009).
[Crossref]

Patnaik, A.

A. Patnaik, K. Senthilnathan, and R. Jha, “Graphene-based conducting metal oxide coated D-shaped optical fiber SPR sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2437–2440 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, L.

L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

Peng, Y.

Roh, S.

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(3), 209–221 (2009).
[Crossref]

Santos, D. F.

D. F. Santos, A. Guerreiro, and J. M. Baptista, “SPR microstructured D-type optical fiber sensor configuration for refraction index measurement,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(10), 5472–5476 (2015).
[Crossref]

Senthilnathan, K.

A. Patnaik, K. Senthilnathan, and R. Jha, “Graphene-based conducting metal oxide coated D-shaped optical fiber SPR sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2437–2440 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

Shi, F. K.

L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shu, C.

Skorobogatiy, M.

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, J. Homola, and J. Čtyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1), 74–79 (1999).
[Crossref]

Spacková, B.

Sugimoto, M.

J. Kondoh, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and H. Suzuki, “Effects of gold film thickness on spectrum profile and sensitivity of a multimode-optical-fiber SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 26–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, H.

J. Kondoh, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and H. Suzuki, “Effects of gold film thickness on spectrum profile and sensitivity of a multimode-optical-fiber SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 26–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tan, C. Z.

C. Z. Tan, “Determination of refractive index of silica glass for infrared wavelengths by IR spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 223(1-2), 158–163 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tan, Z.

Tang, J. Y.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tian, M.

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fibber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Villatoro, J.

D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refraction index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. J.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. L.

Wang, R.

Wang, S. F.

Wang, Y.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. P.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wei, Y.

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, T.

Wu, Y. D.

H. L. Chen, S. G. Li, M. J. Ma, Z. K. Fan, and Y. D. Wu, “Ultrabroad bandwidth polarization filter based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1239–1242 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xia, C. M.

L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, Q. L.

Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Xie, Y. Z. Chen, X. J. Li, Z. Yin, L. L. Wang, Y. F. Geng, and X. M. Hong, “Characteristics of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors with different side-polished lengths,” Appl. Opt. 56(5), 1550–1554 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, G. W.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. Z.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, E. Zhao, J. Yang, and L. Yuan, “Twin-core fiber SPR sensor,” Opt. Lett. 40(12), 2826–2829 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, M.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

Ye, H.

Yee, S. S.

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 12(3), 213–220 (1993).
[Crossref]

Yin, Z.

Yu, J. H.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

Yuan, L.

Yuan, L. B.

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Y. X.

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, E.

Zhao, E. M.

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, Z. Q. Deng, and J. Li, “Photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance chemical sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202, 557–567 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G. Y.

L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H. S.

Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. D.

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

L. Peng, F. K. Shi, G. Y. Zhou, S. Ge, Z. Y. Hou, and C. M. Xia, “A surface plasmon biosensor based on a D-shaped microstructured optical fiber with rectangular lattice,” IEEE Photonics J. 7(5), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Otupiri, E. K. Akowuah, S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, and A. Aggoun, “A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 6801711 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Patnaik, K. Senthilnathan, and R. Jha, “Graphene-based conducting metal oxide coated D-shaped optical fiber SPR sensor,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2437–2440 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

D. F. Santos, A. Guerreiro, and J. M. Baptista, “SPR microstructured D-type optical fiber sensor configuration for refraction index measurement,” IEEE Sens. J. 15(10), 5472–5476 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

C. Z. Tan, “Determination of refractive index of silica glass for infrared wavelengths by IR spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 223(1-2), 158–163 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Z. Chen, Q. L. Xie, X. J. Li, H. S. Zhou, X. M. Hong, and Y. F. Geng, “Experimental realization of D-shaped photonic crystal fiber SPR sensor,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(2), 025101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Z. H. Liu, Y. Wei, Y. Zhang, Z. D. Zhu, E. M. Zhao, Y. X. Zhang, J. Yang, C. Y. Liu, and L. B. Yuan, “Reflective-distributed SPR sensor based on twin-core fiber,” Opt. Commun. 366, 107–111 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Tian, P. Lu, L. Chen, C. Lv, and D. Liu, “All-solid D-shaped photonic fibber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1550–1554 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

B. Lee, S. Roh, and J. Park, “Current status of micro- and nano-structured optical fiber sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(3), 209–221 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. J. Feng, M. Yang, Y. H. Luo, J. Y. Tang, H. Y. Guan, J. B. Fang, H. H. Lu, J. H. Yu, J. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Long range surface plasmon resonance sensor based on side polished fiber with the buffer layer of magnesium fluoride,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 49(4), 147 (2017).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Plasmonics (2)

H. L. Chen, S. G. Li, M. J. Ma, Z. K. Fan, and Y. D. Wu, “Ultrabroad bandwidth polarization filter based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(5), 1239–1242 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. L. Chen, S. Q. Li, G. W. An, J. S. Li, Z. K. Fan, and Y. Han, “Polarization splitter based on d-shaped dual-core photonic crystal fibers with gold film,” Plasmonics 10(1), 57–61 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (6)

D. Monzón-Hernández and J. Villatoro, “High-resolution refraction index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 115(1), 227–231 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Kondoh, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsui, and H. Suzuki, “Effects of gold film thickness on spectrum profile and sensitivity of a multimode-optical-fiber SPR sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 132(1), 26–33 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 12(3), 213–220 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. Slavík, J. Homola, and J. Čtyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1), 74–79 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Z. Q. Deng, and J. Li, “Photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance chemical sensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202, 557–567 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S. Q. Cao, C. R. Liao, Y. Wang, G. J. Wang, X. Z. Xu, C. L. Fu, G. W. Xu, J. R. Lian, and Y. P. Wang, “Surface plasmon resonance refractive sensor based on silver-coated side-polished fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 230, 206–211 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the SPR sensor based on D-shaped photonic crystal fiber in 3D model. The PCF polished surface is perpendicular to the y axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a). Real part of effective refractive index of the y-polarized fiber core mode and SPP mode, and the loss spectra of the D-shaped PCF SPR sensor with Ʌ = 7.8 um, d = 3.6 um, h = 0.4Ʌ, and na = 1.33. (b) Electric field distributions of the y-polarized care modes at λ = 520 nm, λ = 602 nm (phase matching point), and the SPP mode at λ = 540 nm along the y axis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Loss spectra of the y-polarized core mode with analyte na at 1.33 and 1.34 when Ʌ = 7.9 um, d = 3.6 um, and h = 0.4Ʌ. (b) Loss spectra of the y-polarized core mode for different values of the h with na = 1.33.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The Re(neff) of the y-polarized core mode at the phase matching point and the peak loss of the y-polarized core mode for various values of (a) duty ratio with Ʌ = 7.9 um, and h = 0.4Ʌ, (b) lattice pitch with d = h = 0.5Ʌ.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Loss spectra of the y-polarized core mode with the RI of PCF material at 1.44, 1.43, 1.42, and 1.41 when Ʌ = 7.9 um, d = 3.6 um, h = 0.5Ʌ, and analyte na = 1.33. (b) Wavelength sensitivity and peak loss of the y-polarized core mode for various values of the RI of PCF material.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Optical fiber side-polised system. (b) SEM image of the PDF before polishing. (C) The cross section of the D-shaped PCF with gold-coated. (d) The side-polished surface of the D-shaped PCF with gold-coated.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Schematic diagram of the real-time online measurement system, insertion is the structure diagram of the D-shaped PCF sensor.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Experimental normalized transmission spectra of the D-shaped PCF-SPR sensor testing in different RI. (b) Experimental and theoretical values for the wavelength sensitivity.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Wavelength sensitivities ( S λ ) of the D-shaped PCF SPR sensor with different h.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Wavelength sensitivities ( S λ ) of the D-shaped PCF SPR sensor with different duty ratios.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Wavelength sensitivities ( S λ ) of the sensor with different lattice pitches of PCF

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S λ = Δ λ res / Δ n α ,
α=8.686 k 0 Im[ n eff ](dB/m),

Metrics