Abstract

The use of spectrally shaped amplified spontaneous emission noise (SS-ASE) as a method for emulating interfering channels in optical fibre transmission systems has been studied. It is shown that the use of SS-ASE leads to a slightly pessimistic performance relative to the use of conventionally modulated interfering channels in the nonlinear regime. The additional nonlinear interference noise (on the channel under test), due to the Gaussian nature of SS-ASE, has been calculated using a combination of the Gaussian noise (GN) and enhanced GN (EGN) models for the entire C-band (4.5 THz) and experimentally shown to provide a lower bound for transmission performance.

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  1. R. Maher, A. Alvarado, D. Lavery, and P. Bayvel, “Increasing the information rates of optical communications via coded modulation: a study of transceiver performance,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21278 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).
  4. M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S.T Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P.5.7 (2014).
  5. D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, R Maher, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, and P. Bayvel, “High spectral density transmission emulation using amplified spontaneous emission noise,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 68–71 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. Zhang, H. G. Batshon, C. R. Davidson, D. Foursa, and A. Pilipetskii, “Multi-dimensional coded modulation in long-haul fiber optic transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(13), 2876–2883 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  7. L. Galdino, D. Semrau, D. Lavery, G. Saavedra, C. B. Czegledi, E. Agrell, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “On the limits of digital back-propagation in the presence of transceiver noise,” Opt. Express 25(4), 4564–4578 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).
  9. G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).
  10. P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Mecozzi and R. Essiambre, “Nonlinear shannon limit in pseudolinear coherent systems,” J. Lightwave Technol,  30(12), 2011–2024 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16335–16362 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. P. Serena and A. Bononi, “On the accuracy of the gaussian nonlinear model for dispersion-unmanaged coherent Links,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), Th.1.D.3, ECOC (2013).
  14. L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).
  15. P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  16. G. Khanna, B. Spinnler, S. Calabr, and E.D. Man, “A memory polynomial based digital pre-distorter for high power transmitter components,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M2C.4 (2017).

2017 (1)

2016 (3)

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, A. Alvarado, D. Lavery, and P. Bayvel, “Increasing the information rates of optical communications via coded modulation: a study of transceiver performance,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21278 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, R Maher, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, and P. Bayvel, “High spectral density transmission emulation using amplified spontaneous emission noise,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 68–71 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

H. Zhang, H. G. Batshon, C. R. Davidson, D. Foursa, and A. Pilipetskii, “Multi-dimensional coded modulation in long-haul fiber optic transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(13), 2876–2883 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16335–16362 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

A. Mecozzi and R. Essiambre, “Nonlinear shannon limit in pseudolinear coherent systems,” J. Lightwave Technol,  30(12), 2011–2024 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adamiecki, A.

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

Agrell, E.

Alvarado, A.

R. Maher, A. Alvarado, D. Lavery, and P. Bayvel, “Increasing the information rates of optical communications via coded modulation: a study of transceiver performance,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21278 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

Batshon, H. G.

Bayvel, P.

L. Galdino, D. Semrau, D. Lavery, G. Saavedra, C. B. Czegledi, E. Agrell, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “On the limits of digital back-propagation in the presence of transceiver noise,” Opt. Express 25(4), 4564–4578 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, R Maher, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, and P. Bayvel, “High spectral density transmission emulation using amplified spontaneous emission noise,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 68–71 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, A. Alvarado, D. Lavery, and P. Bayvel, “Increasing the information rates of optical communications via coded modulation: a study of transceiver performance,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21278 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Berenguer, P. W.

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bononi, A.

P. Serena and A. Bononi, “On the accuracy of the gaussian nonlinear model for dispersion-unmanaged coherent Links,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), Th.1.D.3, ECOC (2013).

Bosco, G.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16335–16362 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
[Crossref]

Burrows, E.

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

Calabr, S.

G. Khanna, B. Spinnler, S. Calabr, and E.D. Man, “A memory polynomial based digital pre-distorter for high power transmitter components,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M2C.4 (2017).

Carena, A.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16335–16362 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandrasekhar, S.

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

Chen, X.

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

Cho, J.

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

Curri, V.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16335–16362 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Czegledi, C. B.

Dar, R.

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

Davidson, C. R.

Ellis, A. D.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S.T Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P.5.7 (2014).

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Elson, D. J.

D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, R Maher, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, and P. Bayvel, “High spectral density transmission emulation using amplified spontaneous emission noise,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 68–71 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Erklinç, M. S.

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

Essiambre, R.

A. Mecozzi and R. Essiambre, “Nonlinear shannon limit in pseudolinear coherent systems,” J. Lightwave Technol,  30(12), 2011–2024 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fischer, J. K.

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

Forghieri, F.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16335–16362 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
[Crossref]

Foursa, D.

Galdino, L.

L. Galdino, D. Semrau, D. Lavery, G. Saavedra, C. B. Czegledi, E. Agrell, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “On the limits of digital back-propagation in the presence of transceiver noise,” Opt. Express 25(4), 4564–4578 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, R Maher, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, and P. Bayvel, “High spectral density transmission emulation using amplified spontaneous emission noise,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 68–71 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

Harper, P.

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S.T Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P.5.7 (2014).

Iqbal, Md. A.

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Ives, D.

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

Jiang, Y.

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16335–16362 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
[Crossref]

Khanna, G.

G. Khanna, B. Spinnler, S. Calabr, and E.D. Man, “A memory polynomial based digital pre-distorter for high power transmitter components,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M2C.4 (2017).

Killey, R.

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

Killey, R. I.

L. Galdino, D. Semrau, D. Lavery, G. Saavedra, C. B. Czegledi, E. Agrell, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “On the limits of digital back-propagation in the presence of transceiver noise,” Opt. Express 25(4), 4564–4578 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, R Maher, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, and P. Bayvel, “High spectral density transmission emulation using amplified spontaneous emission noise,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 68–71 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Koike-Akino, T.

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

Kojima, K.

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

Lavery, D.

L. Galdino, D. Semrau, D. Lavery, G. Saavedra, C. B. Czegledi, E. Agrell, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “On the limits of digital back-propagation in the presence of transceiver noise,” Opt. Express 25(4), 4564–4578 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, A. Alvarado, D. Lavery, and P. Bayvel, “Increasing the information rates of optical communications via coded modulation: a study of transceiver performance,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21278 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Le, S.T

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S.T Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P.5.7 (2014).

Liga, G.

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

Mac Suibhne, N.

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Maher, R

Maher, R.

R. Maher, A. Alvarado, D. Lavery, and P. Bayvel, “Increasing the information rates of optical communications via coded modulation: a study of transceiver performance,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21278 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

Man, E.D.

G. Khanna, B. Spinnler, S. Calabr, and E.D. Man, “A memory polynomial based digital pre-distorter for high power transmitter components,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M2C.4 (2017).

McCarthy, M. E.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S.T Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P.5.7 (2014).

Mecozzi, A.

A. Mecozzi and R. Essiambre, “Nonlinear shannon limit in pseudolinear coherent systems,” J. Lightwave Technol,  30(12), 2011–2024 (2012).
[Crossref]

Millar, D. S.

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

Molle, L.

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

Napoli, A.

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nöller, M.

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pajovic, M.

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

Parsons, K.

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

Phillips, I.D.

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Pilipetskii, A.

Poggiolini, P.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Carena, G. Bosco, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “EGN model of non-linear fiber propagation,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16335–16362 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raman, T.

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

Saavedra, G.

L. Galdino, D. Semrau, D. Lavery, G. Saavedra, C. B. Czegledi, E. Agrell, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “On the limits of digital back-propagation in the presence of transceiver noise,” Opt. Express 25(4), 4564–4578 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

Sato, M.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savory, S.

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

Savory, S. J.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmalen, L.

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

Schubert, C.

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

Semrau, D.

L. Galdino, D. Semrau, D. Lavery, G. Saavedra, C. B. Czegledi, E. Agrell, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “On the limits of digital back-propagation in the presence of transceiver noise,” Opt. Express 25(4), 4564–4578 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Serena, P.

P. Serena and A. Bononi, “On the accuracy of the gaussian nonlinear model for dispersion-unmanaged coherent Links,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), Th.1.D.3, ECOC (2013).

Shi, K.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

Sillekens, E.

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

Spinnler, B.

G. Khanna, B. Spinnler, S. Calabr, and E.D. Man, “A memory polynomial based digital pre-distorter for high power transmitter components,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M2C.4 (2017).

Suibhne, N. M.

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S.T Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P.5.7 (2014).

Tan, M.

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Thomsen, B. C.

D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, R Maher, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, and P. Bayvel, “High spectral density transmission emulation using amplified spontaneous emission noise,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 68–71 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

Xu, T.

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

J. Lightwave Technol (3)

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, Y. Jiang, and F. Forghieri, “The GN-model of fiber non-linear propagation and its applications,” J. Lightwave Technol,  32(4), 694–721 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi and R. Essiambre, “Nonlinear shannon limit in pseudolinear coherent systems,” J. Lightwave Technol,  30(12), 2011–2024 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. W. Berenguer, M. Nöller, L. Molle, T. Raman, A. Napoli, C. Schubert, and J. K. Fischer, “Nonlinear digital pre-distortion of transmitter components,” J. Lightwave Technol, Vol.  34, No. 8, pp. 1739–1745 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep. (2)

R. Maher, A. Alvarado, D. Lavery, and P. Bayvel, “Increasing the information rates of optical communications via coded modulation: a study of transceiver performance,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21278 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Maher, T. Xu, L. Galdino, M. Sato, A. Alvarado, K. Shi, S. J. Savory, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Spectrally shaped DP-16QAM super-channel transmission with multi-channel digital back-propagation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (7)

D. S. Millar, L. Galdino, R. Maher, M. Pajovic, T. Koike-Akino, G. Saavedra, D. J. Elson, D. Lavery, K. Shi, M. S. Erklinç, E. Sillekens, R. I. Killey, B. C. Thomsen, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, and P. Bayvel, “A simplified dual-carrier DP-64QAM 1 Tb/s transceiver,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M3D.2 (2017).

M. E. McCarthy, N. M. Suibhne, S.T Le, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “High spectral efficiency transmission emulation for non-linear transmission performance estimation for high order modulation formats,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P.5.7 (2014).

J. Cho, X. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, R. Dar, L. Schmalen, E. Burrows, and A. Adamiecki, “Trans-atlantic field trial using probabilistically shaped 64-QAM at high spectral efficiencies and single-carrier real-time 250-Gb/s 16-QAM,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Th5B.3 (2017).

G. Saavedra, M. Tan, D. J. Elson, L. Galdino, D. Semrau, Md. A. Iqbal, I.D. Phillips, P. Harper, N. Mac Suibhne, A. D. Ellis, D. Lavery, B. C. Thomsen, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinear distortions in ultra-wideband transmission systems,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), W1G.1 (2017).

P. Serena and A. Bononi, “On the accuracy of the gaussian nonlinear model for dispersion-unmanaged coherent Links,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), Th.1.D.3, ECOC (2013).

L. Galdino, G. Liga, G. Saavedra, D. Ives, R. Maher, A. Alvarado, S. Savory, R. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Experimental demonstration of modulation-dependent nonlinear interference in optical fibre communication,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), P950 (2016).

G. Khanna, B. Spinnler, S. Calabr, and E.D. Man, “A memory polynomial based digital pre-distorter for high power transmitter components,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), M2C.4 (2017).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Diagrammatic setup showing the optical spectra for two different interfering schemes for the channel under test (CUT). Top, 6 channels carrying modulated data and bottom, spectrally shaped ASE with the same occupied bandwidth
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental Setup, showing the SS-ASE source constructed from an ASE source, high power (HP) EDFA, variable optical attenutator and wavelength selective switch (WSS), the digital transmitter using external cavity lasers (ECLs), polarisaiton multiplexer (Pol. Mux.) and IQ modulators (IQ Mod.), and a recirculating loop using acousto-optic modulators(AOMs), polarisation scrambler (PS) and WSS for gain flattening and a band pass filter just before the coherent receiver. Inset, optical spectrum showing one channel with 240 GHz of SS-ASE.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) SNR as a function of launch power for just channel interferers and 1 channel with SS-ASE taken at 2048 km. Crosses are experimental points and solid lines are the model b) Histogram of SNR of the CUT over time for channel interferers and SS-ASE for 4QAM at a fixed launch power of 1 dBm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 a) SNR as a function of launch power for just channel interferers and 1 channel with SS-ASE taken at 2048 km. b) Histogram of SNR of the CUT over time for channel interferers and SS-ASE for 64QAM at a fixed launch power of 1 dBm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Mutual information (MI) shown as a function of distance for both schemes. Markers are experimental points taken at a fixed launch power and lines are from the model. a) channel interferers (orange) and SS-ASE (purple). b) shows the difference in MI between channel interferers and SS-ASE as a function of distance
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Difference in peak SNR between channel interferers and SS-ASE as a function of bandwidth for different number of channel interferers at optimum launch power. For a transceiver with a maximum SNR of 20.1 dB at 2000 km. The marker is the experimental work conducted in this paper.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S N R = P η P 3 + κ P + N P ASE ,
η chans = η S C I G N + η S C I c o r r + η X C I G N + η X C I c o r r + η M C I G N + η M C I c o r r ,
η SS-ASE = η S C I G N + η S C I c o r r + η X C I G N + η M C I G N ,

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