Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate the polarization manipulation with mode profile maintenance for LP01, LP11a, and LP11b modes, with the help of elliptical-core few-mode fiber (e-FMF) based traditional polarization controller (PC) configuration. By manually adjusting the PC, we can successfully realize polarization conversion between horizontal and vertical linear polarizations, while individual mode profiles can be maintained without distortion. More than 30 dB of polarization extinction ratio (PER) can be achieved over the C-band, with little insertion loss of 0.2dB. The proposed all-fiber configuration is helpful to manage the polarization of high-order LP modes.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2016 (3)

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

S. Golowich, N. Bozinovic, P. Kristensen, and S. Ramachandran, “Complex mode amplitude measurement for a six-mode optical fiber,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4931–4944 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

2001 (1)

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, and H. A. El-Mikati, “Beam propagation modeling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 681–683 (2001).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

F. Heismann and R. W. Smith, “High-speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 311–318 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, “A new short and low-loss passive polarization converter on InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(1), 32–34 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

F. Heismann, “Analysis of a reset-free polarization controller for fast automatic polarization stabilization in fiber-optic transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(4), 690–699 (1994).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

H. C. Lefevre, “Single-mode fibre fractional wave devices and polarisation controllers,” Electron. Lett. 16(20), 778–780 (1980).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

Barwicz, T.

Bennion, I.

Bozinovic, N.

Chen, X.

Dai, D.

El-Mikati, H. A.

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, and H. A. El-Mikati, “Beam propagation modeling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 681–683 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fu, S.

Golowich, S.

Grattan, K. T. V.

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, and H. A. El-Mikati, “Beam propagation modeling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 681–683 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hakimzadeh, F.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, “A new short and low-loss passive polarization converter on InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(1), 32–34 (1995).
[Crossref]

Heismann, F.

F. Heismann and R. W. Smith, “High-speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 311–318 (1996).
[Crossref]

F. Heismann, “Analysis of a reset-free polarization controller for fast automatic polarization stabilization in fiber-optic transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(4), 690–699 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hong, Z.

Johannisson, P.

Karlsson, M.

Kristensen, P.

LaRochelle, S.

Lefevre, H. C.

H. C. Lefevre, “Single-mode fibre fractional wave devices and polarisation controllers,” Electron. Lett. 16(20), 778–780 (1980).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, “A new short and low-loss passive polarization converter on InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(1), 32–34 (1995).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.

Liu, D.

Mo, Q.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Obayya, S. S. A.

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, and H. A. El-Mikati, “Beam propagation modeling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 681–683 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pedersen, J. W.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, “A new short and low-loss passive polarization converter on InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(1), 32–34 (1995).
[Crossref]

Poon, J. K. S.

Rahman, B. M. A.

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, and H. A. El-Mikati, “Beam propagation modeling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 681–683 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ramachandran, S.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sacher, W. D.

Shum, P.

Sima, C.

Simpson, G.

Sjödin, M.

Smith, R. W.

F. Heismann and R. W. Smith, “High-speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 311–318 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tang, M.

Taylor, B. J. F.

van Brug, H.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, “A new short and low-loss passive polarization converter on InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(1), 32–34 (1995).
[Crossref]

van der Tol, J. J. G. M.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, “A new short and low-loss passive polarization converter on InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(1), 32–34 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wang, Z.

Wymeersch, H.

Yu, D.

Zhang, L.

Zhou, K.

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. C. Lefevre, “Single-mode fibre fractional wave devices and polarisation controllers,” Electron. Lett. 16(20), 778–780 (1980).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Heismann and R. W. Smith, “High-speed polarization scrambler with adjustable phase chirp,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(2), 311–318 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Z. Hong, S. Fu, D. Yu, M. Tang, and D. Liu, “All-Fiber Tunable LP11 Mode Rotator With 360° Range,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, and H. A. El-Mikati, “Beam propagation modeling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13(7), 681–683 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, “A new short and low-loss passive polarization converter on InP,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7(1), 32–34 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

F. Heismann, “Analysis of a reset-free polarization controller for fast automatic polarization stabilization in fiber-optic transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12(4), 690–699 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

P. Sillard, “Few-Mode Fibers for Space Division Multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper Th1J.1.
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic definition of polarization manipulation for LP11 mode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup. (a) RI profile of e-FMF. (b) e-FMF based PC. (c) Individual characterization of mode profile and optical power.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 SOP of LP11a mode at the e-FMF output (a) without and, (b) with adjusting the e-FMF based PC.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Mode profile at different positions for 3 LP modes.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 PER and correlation coefficient of LP11a mode.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Theoretical calculations. (a) Effective RI Δneff for three LP modes. (b) δn of each spatial modes.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Phase retardance for three spatial modes with different loops over the C-band, under the condition of R = 28.5 mm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 PER and polarization orientation for 3 LP modes at 1550 nm

Equations (2)

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η= | s u 1 (x,y) u 2 (x,y) * dxdy | 2 s | u 1 (x,y) | 2 dxdy s | u 2 (x,y) | 2 dxdy .
N= λ m| δn |2πR(m,n) .

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