Abstract

In this work, Na+ ions doping into the Yb-doped fiber is proposed to improve the photo-darkening resistance. The results show that the photo-darkening induced excess loss at equilibrium state at 633nm, 702 nm, 810 nm, and 1041 nm is 115.54dB/m, 86.87dB/m, 25.51 dB/m, 2.92 dB/m, respectively, when co-doping with Na+ ions. More than 30% excess loss is reduced comparing to the Yb-doped fiber without Na+ ions. The mechanism of Na+ ions doping to mitigate the PD excess loss is discussed. Besides, we measured the laser efficiency of Yb/Al/Na co-doped fiber to be 76.1%. This result remains almost the same with Yb-doped fiber and proves that the addition of Na+ ions do not deteriorate the fiber slope efficiency. The background loss of the two fibers also stays close. The results indicate this method is promising in high power fiber laser development.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (1)

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Fujimoto, M. Masuda, N. Miyanaga, and H. Nakano, “Suppression of photo-darkening effect in Yb-doped silica glass fiber by co-doping of group 2 element,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 85–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and M. Jäger, “Role of Ce in Yb/Al laser fibers: prevention of photodarkening and thermal effects,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13009–13022 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

J. Nilsson and D. N. Payne, “Physics. High-power fiber lasers,” Science 332(6032), 921–922 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

2009 (6)

S. Jetschke and U. Röpke, “Power-law dependence of the photodarkening rate constant on the inversion in Yb doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 109–111 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engholm, P. Jelger, F. Laurell, and L. Norin, “Improved photodarkening resistivity in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers by cerium codoping,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1285–1287 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Söderlund, J. J. Montiel i Ponsoda, J. P. Koplow, and S. Honkanen, “Thermal bleaching of photodarkening-induced loss in ytterbium-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2637–2639 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Characterization of photodarkening processes in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952B (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “The role of charge transfer processes for the induced optical losses in ytterbium doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950T (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Reduction of photodarkening in Yb/Al-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731E (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

M. A. Mel’kumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Alam, S. A.

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Barber, P. R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Basu, C.

Boyland, A. J.

Brand, T.

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

M. A. Mel’kumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Burov, E.

Cadier, B.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Caplen, J. E.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cavani, O.

Chai, L.

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chartier, T.

Clarkson, W. A.

Clausnitzer, T.

Dai, N.

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, N. L.

Das, S.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dhar, A.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

M. A. Mel’kumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dutta, D.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Engholm, M.

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “The role of charge transfer processes for the induced optical losses in ytterbium doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950T (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm, P. Jelger, F. Laurell, and L. Norin, “Improved photodarkening resistivity in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers by cerium codoping,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1285–1287 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Reduction of photodarkening in Yb/Al-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731E (2008).
[Crossref]

Fang, X. H.

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fu, L. B.

Fuchs, H.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Fujimoto, M. Masuda, N. Miyanaga, and H. Nakano, “Suppression of photo-darkening effect in Yb-doped silica glass fiber by co-doping of group 2 element,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 85–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gebavi, H.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1286–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gonnet, C.

Grudinin, A. B.

Guzman Chávez, A. D.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Handa, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hideur, A.

Hoffman, H. J.

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Honkanen, S.

Hu, M. L.

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

Il’ichev, N. N.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ishii, Y.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Jacquier, B.

Jäger, M.

Jang, J. N.

Jelger, P.

Jetschke, S.

Jurdyc, A. M.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kirchhof, J.

S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Characterization of photodarkening processes in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kley, E.

Klotzbach, U.

Koplow, J. P.

Koponen, J. J.

Kravtsov, K. S.

M. A. Mel’kumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Lablonde, L.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Landais, D.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laurell, F.

Le Goffic, O.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leich, M.

Li, H.

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, H. Q.

Li, J.

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J. M.

Li, J. Y.

Liao, L.

Limpert, J.

Liu, B. W.

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

Masuda, M.

Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Fujimoto, M. Masuda, N. Miyanaga, and H. Nakano, “Suppression of photo-darkening effect in Yb-doped silica glass fiber by co-doping of group 2 element,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 85–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Méchin, D.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mel’kumov, M. A.

M. A. Mel’kumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Milanese, D.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miyanaga, N.

Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Fujimoto, M. Masuda, N. Miyanaga, and H. Nakano, “Suppression of photo-darkening effect in Yb-doped silica glass fiber by co-doping of group 2 element,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 85–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Monteville, A.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1286–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Montiel i Ponsoda, J. J.

Moore, J.

Nakano, H.

Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Fujimoto, M. Masuda, N. Miyanaga, and H. Nakano, “Suppression of photo-darkening effect in Yb-doped silica glass fiber by co-doping of group 2 element,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 85–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

Norin, L.

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “The role of charge transfer processes for the induced optical losses in ytterbium doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950T (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm, P. Jelger, F. Laurell, and L. Norin, “Improved photodarkening resistivity in ytterbium-doped fiber lasers by cerium codoping,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1285–1287 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Reduction of photodarkening in Yb/Al-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731E (2008).
[Crossref]

Özkul, C.

Pal, M.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pastouret, A.

Paul, M. C.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Payne, D.

Payne, D. N.

J. Nilsson and D. N. Payne, “Physics. High-power fiber lasers,” Science 332(6032), 921–922 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, J.

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peng, J. G.

Peretti, R.

Piccoli, R.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reddy, P. H.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Reichel, V.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Robin, T.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1286–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Röpke, U.

Sahu, J. K.

Sakaguchi, Y.

Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Fujimoto, M. Masuda, N. Miyanaga, and H. Nakano, “Suppression of photo-darkening effect in Yb-doped silica glass fiber by co-doping of group 2 element,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 85–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, F.

Scheffel, A.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, T.

Schwuchow, A.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and M. Jäger, “Role of Ce in Yb/Al laser fibers: prevention of photodarkening and thermal effects,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13009–13022 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

Selves, R.

Shubin, A. V.

M. A. Mel’kumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Siddiki, S. H.

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Söderlund, M. J.

Sones, C.

Song, Y. J.

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

Taccheo, S.

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Gebavi, S. Taccheo, D. Tregoat, A. Monteville, and T. Robin, “Photobleaching of photodarkening in ytterbium doped aluminosilicate fibers with 633 nm irradiation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(9), 1286–1291 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tammela, S. K.

Tregoat, D.

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Turner, P. W.

Unger, S.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and M. Jäger, “Role of Ce in Yb/Al laser fibers: prevention of photodarkening and thermal effects,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13009–13022 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Characterization of photodarkening processes in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952B (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C. Y.

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. B.

Wu, Y. Z.

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xing, Y. B.

Yang, L.

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, L. Y.

Ylä-Jarkko, K. H.

Yoo, S.

Zellmer, H.

Zhao, N.

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Zhao, Y. B. Xing, J. M. Li, L. Liao, Y. B. Wang, J. G. Peng, L. Y. Yang, N. L. Dai, H. Q. Li, and J. Y. Li, “793 nm pump induced photo-bleaching of photo-darkened Yb3+-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25272–25278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zöllner, K.

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

N. Zhao, Y. Wang, J. Li, C. Liu, J. Peng, H. Li, N. Dai, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Investigation of cerium influence on photo-darkening and photo-bleaching in Yb-doped fibers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 122(2), 1–5 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Piccoli, H. Gebavi, L. Lablonde, B. Cadier, T. Robin, A. Monteville, O. Le Goffic, D. Landais, D. Méchin, D. Milanese, T. Brand, and S. Taccheo, “Evidence of photodarkening mitigation in Yb-doped fiber lasers by low power 405 nm radiation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 50–53 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Fujimoto, M. Masuda, N. Miyanaga, and H. Nakano, “Suppression of photo-darkening effect in Yb-doped silica glass fiber by co-doping of group 2 element,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 440, 85–89 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

B. W. Liu, M. L. Hu, X. H. Fang, Y. Z. Wu, Y. J. Song, L. Chai, C. Y. Wang, and A. M. Zheltikov, “High-power wavelength-tunable photonic-crystal-fiber-based oscillator-amplifier-frequency-shifter femtosecond laser system and its applications for material microprocessing,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(1), 44–48 (2009).
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A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kir’yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Il’ichev, “Reversible photo-darkening and resonant photo-bleaching of Ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136(5–6), 375–378 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, T. Clausnitzer, K. Zöllner, H. Fuchs, E. Kley, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “High-power femtosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 10(14), 628–638 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Peretti, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, C. Gonnet, A. Pastouret, E. Burov, and O. Cavani, “How do traces of thulium explain photodarkening in Yb doped fibers?” Opt. Express 18(19), 20455–20460 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Zhao, Y. B. Xing, J. M. Li, L. Liao, Y. B. Wang, J. G. Peng, L. Y. Yang, N. L. Dai, H. Q. Li, and J. Y. Li, “793 nm pump induced photo-bleaching of photo-darkened Yb3+-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25272–25278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Piccoli, T. Robin, T. Brand, U. Klotzbach, and S. Taccheo, “Effective photodarkening suppression in Yb-doped fiber lasers by visible light injection,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7638–7643 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and M. Jäger, “Role of Ce in Yb/Al laser fibers: prevention of photodarkening and thermal effects,” Opt. Express 24(12), 13009–13022 (2016).
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J. J. Koponen, M. J. Söderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11539–11544 (2006).
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S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. (1)

A. Dhar, S. Das, P. H. Reddy, S. H. Siddiki, D. Dutta, M. Pal, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. C. Paul, “Multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) fiber for moderate-power laser application with enhanced photodarkening resistivity,” Phys. Status Solidi., A Appl. Mater. Sci. 214(6), 1600655 (2017).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (4)

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 689016 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Reduction of photodarkening in Yb/Al-doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 68731E (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Engholm and L. Norin, “The role of charge transfer processes for the induced optical losses in ytterbium doped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71950T (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Jetschke, U. Röpke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Characterization of photodarkening processes in Yb doped fibers,” Proc. SPIE 7195, 71952B (2009).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

M. A. Mel’kumov, I. A. Bufetov, K. S. Kravtsov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Lasing parameters of ytterbium-doped fibres doped with P2O5 and Al2O3,” Quantum Electron. 34(9), 843–848 (2004).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. Nilsson and D. N. Payne, “Physics. High-power fiber lasers,” Science 332(6032), 921–922 (2011).
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Other (2)

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A. V. Shubin, M. V. Yashkov, M. A. Melkumov, S. A. Smirnov, I. A. Bufetov, and E. M. Dianov, “Photodarkening of alumosilicate and phosphosilicate Yb-doped fibers,” in 2007 European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2007), paper CJ3.
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Index profile of (a) Yb/Al co-doped fiber preform; (b) Yb/Al/Na co-doped fiber preform.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of the experimental setup for PD loss measurement.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 PD excess loss and fitting curve at 633 nm, 702 nm, 810 nm, and 1041 nm of (a) Yb/Al co-doped fiber; (b) Yb/Al/Na co-doped fiber.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup for laser efficiency measurement.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Laser output power dependence on absorbed pump power of (a) Yb/Al co-doped fiber; (b) Yb/Al/Na co-doped fiber.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Preform and fiber samples.

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