Abstract

Data communication based on white light generated using a near-ultraviolet (NUV) laser diode (LD) pumping red-, green-, and blue-emitting (RGB) phosphors was demonstrated for the first time. A III-nitride laser diode (LD) on a semipolar (2021¯)  substrate emitting at 410 nm was used for the transmitter. The measured modulation bandwidth of the LD was 1 GHz, which was limited by the avalanche photodetector. The emission from the NUV LD and the RGB phosphor combination measured a color rendering index (CRI) of 79 and correlated color temperature (CCT) of 4050 K, indicating promise of this approach for creating high quality white lighting. Using this configuration, data was successfully transmitted at a rate of more than 1 Gbps. This NUV laser-based system is expected to have lower background noise from sunlight at the LD emission wavelength than a system that uses a blue LD due to the rapid fall off in intensity of the solar spectrum in the NUV spectral region.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (1)

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (9)

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. H. Oh, B. P. Yonkee, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Semipolar III–nitride light-emitting diodes with negligible efficiency droop up to ∼1 W,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(10), 102102 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. V. Dinh, Z. Quan, B. Roycroft, P. J. Parbrook, and B. Corbett, “GHz bandwidth semipolar (112¯2)  InGaN/GaN light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Lett. 41(24), 5752–5755 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cantore, N. Pfaff, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “High luminous flux from single crystal phosphor-converted laser-based white lighting system,” Opt. Express 24(2), A215–A221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Shen, Y. Guo, H. M. Oubei, T. K. Ng, G. Liu, K.-H. Park, K.-T. Ho, M.-S. Alouini, and B. S. Ooi, “20-meter underwater wireless optical communication link with 1.5 Gbps data rate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25502–25509 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-Y. Lin, H.-Y. Chen, C.-Y. Huang, J.-H. He, B. Ooi, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “Phosphorous diffuser diverged blue laser diode for indoor lighting and communication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Shen, H. M. Oubei, M. Cantore, B. Janjua, T. K. Ng, R. M. Farrell, M. M. El-Desouki, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, B. S. Ooi, and S. P. DenBaars, “2 Gbit/s data transmission from an unfiltered laser-based phosphor-converted white lighting communication system,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29779–29787 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. D. Retamal, H. M. Oubei, B. Janjua, Y.-C. Chi, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, T. K. Ng, D.-H. Hsieh, H.-C. Kuo, M.-S. Alouini, J.-H. He, G.-R. Lin, and B. S. Ooi, “4-Gbit/s visible light communication link based on 16-QAM OFDM transmission over remote phosphor-film converted white light by using blue laser diode,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33656–33666 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Chen, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “450-nm GaN laser diode enables high-speed visible light communication with 9-Gbps QAM-OFDM,” Opt. Express 23(10), 13051–13059 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Janjua, H. M. Oubei, J. R. Durán Retamal, T. K. Ng, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-R. Lin, J.-H. He, and B. S. Ooi, “Going beyond 4 Gbps data rate by employing RGB laser diodes for visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18746–18753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a cmos-controlled micro-light- emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Abdelhady, A. L.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alias, M. S.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alouini, M.-S.

Alyami, N.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aragon, A.

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bakr, O. M.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Becerra, D. L.

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brady, M. J.

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bunge, C.-A.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cantore, M.

Chen, H.-Y.

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Chen, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “450-nm GaN laser diode enables high-speed visible light communication with 9-Gbps QAM-OFDM,” Opt. Express 23(10), 13051–13059 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-Y. Lin, H.-Y. Chen, C.-Y. Huang, J.-H. He, B. Ooi, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “Phosphorous diffuser diverged blue laser diode for indoor lighting and communication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chi, Y.-C.

Chun, H.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

Corbett, B.

Cozzan, C.

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Craford, M. G.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dawson, M. D.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a cmos-controlled micro-light- emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Denault, K. A.

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Cantore, N. Pfaff, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “High luminous flux from single crystal phosphor-converted laser-based white lighting system,” Opt. Express 24(2), A215–A221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. H. Oh, B. P. Yonkee, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Semipolar III–nitride light-emitting diodes with negligible efficiency droop up to ∼1 W,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(10), 102102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-Y. Lin, H.-Y. Chen, C.-Y. Huang, J.-H. He, B. Ooi, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “Phosphorous diffuser diverged blue laser diode for indoor lighting and communication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Shen, H. M. Oubei, M. Cantore, B. Janjua, T. K. Ng, R. M. Farrell, M. M. El-Desouki, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, B. S. Ooi, and S. P. DenBaars, “2 Gbit/s data transmission from an unfiltered laser-based phosphor-converted white lighting communication system,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29779–29787 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dinh, D. V.

Durán Retamal, J. R.

Dursun, I.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

El-Desouki, M. M.

Farrell, R.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Farrell, R. M.

Faulkner, G.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feezell, D.

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
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S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferreira, R. X. G.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Forman, C. A.

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gong, Z.

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Green, R. P.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a cmos-controlled micro-light- emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grzanka, S.

Gu, E.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a cmos-controlled micro-light- emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guilhabert, B.

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

Haas, H.

D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Haji, M.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Harbers, G.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

He, J.-H.

Henderson, R. K.

Ho, K.-T.

Hsieh, D.-H.

Huang, C.-Y.

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-Y. Lin, H.-Y. Chen, C.-Y. Huang, J.-H. He, B. Ooi, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “Phosphorous diffuser diverged blue laser diode for indoor lighting and communication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iza, M.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Janjua, B.

Jung, D.

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kelchner, K.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Keller, S.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kelly, A. E.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a cmos-controlled micro-light- emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krames, M. R.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kruglov, R.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuo, H.-C.

Lee, C.

Lee, K.

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Leszczynski, M.

Levin, E. E.

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.-L.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-L.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-W.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-Y.

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-Y. Lin, H.-Y. Chen, C.-Y. Huang, J.-H. He, B. Ooi, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “Phosphorous diffuser diverged blue laser diode for indoor lighting and communication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, G.-R.

Liu, G.

Liu, J.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Loquai, S.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

Manousiadis, P.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

Margalith, T.

Massoubre, D.

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a cmos-controlled micro-light- emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

McKendry, J. J. D.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, B. R. Rae, R. P. Green, E. Gu, R. K. Henderson, A. E. Kelly, and M. D. Dawson, “Visible-light communications using a cmos-controlled micro-light- emitting-diode array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(1), 61–67 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Minh, H.

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, S.

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mishra, U.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mohammed, O. F.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Monavarian, M.

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
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Mueller, G. O.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mueller-Mach, R.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Muller, J.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

Najda, S. P.

Nakamura, S.

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Cantore, N. Pfaff, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “High luminous flux from single crystal phosphor-converted laser-based white lighting system,” Opt. Express 24(2), A215–A221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. H. Oh, B. P. Yonkee, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Semipolar III–nitride light-emitting diodes with negligible efficiency droop up to ∼1 W,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(10), 102102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-Y. Lin, H.-Y. Chen, C.-Y. Huang, J.-H. He, B. Ooi, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “Phosphorous diffuser diverged blue laser diode for indoor lighting and communication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Shen, H. M. Oubei, M. Cantore, B. Janjua, T. K. Ng, R. M. Farrell, M. M. El-Desouki, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, B. S. Ooi, and S. P. DenBaars, “2 Gbit/s data transmission from an unfiltered laser-based phosphor-converted white lighting communication system,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29779–29787 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nami, M.

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ng, T. K.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Shen, Y. Guo, H. M. Oubei, T. K. Ng, G. Liu, K.-H. Park, K.-T. Ho, M.-S. Alouini, and B. S. Ooi, “20-meter underwater wireless optical communication link with 1.5 Gbps data rate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25502–25509 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Shen, H. M. Oubei, M. Cantore, B. Janjua, T. K. Ng, R. M. Farrell, M. M. El-Desouki, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, B. S. Ooi, and S. P. DenBaars, “2 Gbit/s data transmission from an unfiltered laser-based phosphor-converted white lighting communication system,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29779–29787 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. D. Retamal, H. M. Oubei, B. Janjua, Y.-C. Chi, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, T. K. Ng, D.-H. Hsieh, H.-C. Kuo, M.-S. Alouini, J.-H. He, G.-R. Lin, and B. S. Ooi, “4-Gbit/s visible light communication link based on 16-QAM OFDM transmission over remote phosphor-film converted white light by using blue laser diode,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33656–33666 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Janjua, H. M. Oubei, J. R. Durán Retamal, T. K. Ng, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-R. Lin, J.-H. He, and B. S. Ooi, “Going beyond 4 Gbps data rate by employing RGB laser diodes for visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18746–18753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Brien, D.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, D. C.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

O’Dea, N.

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Oh, S. H.

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. H. Oh, B. P. Yonkee, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Semipolar III–nitride light-emitting diodes with negligible efficiency droop up to ∼1 W,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(10), 102102 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, Y.

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

Okur, S.

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ooi, B.

Y.-C. Chi, D.-H. Hsieh, C.-Y. Lin, H.-Y. Chen, C.-Y. Huang, J.-H. He, B. Ooi, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, H.-C. Kuo, and G.-R. Lin, “Phosphorous diffuser diverged blue laser diode for indoor lighting and communication,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ooi, B. S.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Shen, Y. Guo, H. M. Oubei, T. K. Ng, G. Liu, K.-H. Park, K.-T. Ho, M.-S. Alouini, and B. S. Ooi, “20-meter underwater wireless optical communication link with 1.5 Gbps data rate,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25502–25509 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. D. Retamal, H. M. Oubei, B. Janjua, Y.-C. Chi, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, T. K. Ng, D.-H. Hsieh, H.-C. Kuo, M.-S. Alouini, J.-H. He, G.-R. Lin, and B. S. Ooi, “4-Gbit/s visible light communication link based on 16-QAM OFDM transmission over remote phosphor-film converted white light by using blue laser diode,” Opt. Express 23(26), 33656–33666 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Shen, H. M. Oubei, M. Cantore, B. Janjua, T. K. Ng, R. M. Farrell, M. M. El-Desouki, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, B. S. Ooi, and S. P. DenBaars, “2 Gbit/s data transmission from an unfiltered laser-based phosphor-converted white lighting communication system,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29779–29787 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Janjua, H. M. Oubei, J. R. Durán Retamal, T. K. Ng, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-R. Lin, J.-H. He, and B. S. Ooi, “Going beyond 4 Gbps data rate by employing RGB laser diodes for visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18746–18753 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oubei, H. M.

Pan, C.-C.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pan, J.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Parbrook, P. J.

Parida, M. R.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Park, K.-H.

Penty, R. V.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Perlin, P.

Pfaff, N.

M. Cantore, N. Pfaff, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “High luminous flux from single crystal phosphor-converted laser-based white lighting system,” Opt. Express 24(2), A215–A221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pimputkar, S.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Priante, D.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Quan, Z.

Rae, B. R.

Rajbhandari, S.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rashidi, A.

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
[Crossref]

Retamal, J. R. D.

Rishinaramangalam, A.

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
[Crossref]

Roycroft, B.

Saidaminov, M. I.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Samuel, I. D. W.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sarmah, S. P.

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Seshadri, R.

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shchekin, O. B.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shen, C.

Sheu, J.-K.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.-W.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sizov, D. S.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Speck, J. S.

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. H. Oh, B. P. Yonkee, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Semipolar III–nitride light-emitting diodes with negligible efficiency droop up to ∼1 W,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(10), 102102 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Cantore, N. Pfaff, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “High luminous flux from single crystal phosphor-converted laser-based white lighting system,” Opt. Express 24(2), A215–A221 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Shen, H. M. Oubei, M. Cantore, B. Janjua, T. K. Ng, R. M. Farrell, M. M. El-Desouki, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, B. S. Ooi, and S. P. DenBaars, “2 Gbit/s data transmission from an unfiltered laser-based phosphor-converted white lighting communication system,” Opt. Express 23(23), 29779–29787 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–182 (2009).
[Crossref]

Strauss, U.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tan, M.

Tanaka, S.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Targowski, G.

Tsai, C.-T.

Tsao, J. Y.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsonev, D.

D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Turnbull, G. A.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

Videv, S.

D. Tsonev, S. Videv, and H. Haas, “Towards a 100 Gb/s visible light wireless access network,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1627–1637 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vinogradov, J.

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vithanage, D. A.

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.-Y.

Watson, S.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, I. H.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wierer, J. J.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Won, E.

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, F.

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wun, J.-M.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xie, E.

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yen, C.-C.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yonkee, B. P.

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. H. Oh, B. P. Yonkee, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Semipolar III–nitride light-emitting diodes with negligible efficiency droop up to ∼1 W,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(10), 102102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Young, E. C.

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, L.

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

Zhao, Y.

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ziemann, O.

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

I. Dursun, C. Shen, M. R. Parida, J. Pan, S. P. Sarmah, D. Priante, N. Alyami, J. Liu, M. I. Saidaminov, M. S. Alias, A. L. Abdelhady, T. K. Ng, O. F. Mohammed, B. S. Ooi, and O. M. Bakr, “Perovskite Nanocrystals as a Color Converter for Visible Light Communication,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1150–1156 (2016).
[Crossref]

Acta Mater. (1)

S. P. DenBaars, D. Feezell, K. Kelchner, S. Pimputkar, C.-C. Pan, C.-C. Yen, S. Tanaka, Y. Zhao, N. Pfaff, R. Farrell, M. Iza, S. Keller, U. Mishra, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Development of gallium-nitride-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes for energy-efficient lighting and displays,” Acta Mater. 61(3), 945–951 (2013).
[Crossref]

AIP Adv. (2)

K. A. Denault, M. Cantore, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Efficient and stable laser-driven white lighting,” AIP Adv. 3(7), 072107 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Cozzan, M. J. Brady, N. O’Dea, E. E. Levin, S. Nakamura, S. P. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Monolithic translucent BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ phosphors for laser-driven solid state lighting,” AIP Adv. 6(10), 105005 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (2)

E. C. Young, B. P. Yonkee, F. Wu, S. H. Oh, S. P. DenBaars, S. Nakamura, and J. S. Speck, “Hybrid tunnel junction contacts to III–nitride light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022102 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. H. Oh, B. P. Yonkee, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Semipolar III–nitride light-emitting diodes with negligible efficiency droop up to ∼1 W,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(10), 102102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Lee, C. Zhang, D. L. Becerra, S. Lee, C. A. Forman, S. H. Oh, R. M. Farrell, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “Dynamic characteristics of 410 nm semipolar (2021¯) III-nitride laser diodes with a modulation bandwidth of over 5 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(10), 101104 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

J.-M. Wun, C.-W. Lin, W. Chen, J.-K. Sheu, C.-L. Lin, Y.-L. Li, J. E. Bowers, J.-W. Shi, J. Vinogradov, R. Kruglov, and O. Ziemann, “GaN-based miniaturized cyan light-emitting diodes on a patterned sapphire substrate with improved fiber coupling for very high-speed plastic optical fiber communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1520–1529 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (7)

H. Chun, P. Manousiadis, S. Rajbhandari, D. A. Vithanage, G. Faulkner, D. Tsonev, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Xie, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, G. A. Turnbull, I. D. W. Samuel, and D. C. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using a blue GaN μLED and fluorescent polymer color converter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(20), 2035–2038 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC Link using a gallium nitride μLED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. X. G. Ferreira, E. Xie, J. J. D. McKendry, S. Rajbhandari, H. Chun, G. Faulkner, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. C. O’Brien, and M. D. Dawson, “High bandwidth GaN-based micro-LEDs for Multi-Gb/s visible light communications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2023–2026 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Minh, D. O’Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, and E. Won, “100-Mb/s NRZ Visible Light Communications Using a Postequalized White LED,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1063–1065 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Rashidi, M. Monavarian, A. Aragon, S. Okur, M. Nami, A. Rishinaramangalam, S. Mishkat-Ul-Masabih, and D. Feezell, “High-Speed Nonpolar InGaN/GaN LEDs for Visible-Light Communication,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(4), 381–384 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Kruglov, J. Vinogradov, O. Ziemann, S. Loquai, J. Muller, U. Strauss, and C.-A. Bunge, “Eye-safe data transmission of 1.25 Gbit/s Over 100-m SI-POF using green laser diode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(3), 167–169 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Mueller-Mach, G. O. Mueller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and Future of High-Power Light-Emitting Diodes for Solid-State Lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), 963–993 (2013).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

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Opt. Express (8)

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Sci. Rep. (1)

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Other (2)

Intematix corporation, (2014). [Online]. Available: http://www.intematix.com/technology/chromalit-technology

H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, D. Tsonev, G. Faulkner, H. Haas, and D. O’Brien, “Visible light communication using laser diode based remote phosphor technique,” in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Communication Workshop (ICCW) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1392–1397.
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the NUV laser-based white light communication system with RGB phosphors for color conversion, a diffuser to improve the uniformity of the phosphor emission, transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) lenses to collimate the light, and a 1 GHz avalanche photodetector (APD) to collect the transmitted light. (b) Photograph of the setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) L-I-V characteristics of the LD under CW operation at 15 °C. (b) Small signal response of the LD with increasing driving current from 360 mA to 600 mA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plots of excitation (dotted lines) and emission (solid lines) for (a) blue-, (b) green-, and (c) red-emitting phosphors used in this work, with (d) overlapping spectra of the three phosphors shown. (e) CIE diagram showing the chromaticity coordinates of the three phosphors and the LD-VLC RGB mixture. The chromaticity coordinates for the phosphors create a large triangle within the CIE diagram of potential colors that can be achieved from mixing the phosphors. The CIE coordinates of the LD-VLC RGB mixture for different laser currents lies just beneath the Planckian locus and shifts red (decreasing coordinated color temperature) to warmer white light as the laser current increases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of the laser-based white emission using the RGB phosphor mixture for increasing currents from 100 mA to 500 mA are shown. The ASTM G173-03 AM1.5G solar spectrum is also shown for comparison.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Dependence of BER on received optical power characteristics of the laser-based white light communication link at different data rates with the FEC criteria shown as a grey dashed line. (b) The eye diagram of the laser-based white emission.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Summary of reported laser-based white light communication using phosphors

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