Abstract

In this manuscript we report on a near field study of two-dimensional plasmonic gold nano-triangles using electron energy loss spectroscopy in combination with scanning transmission electron microscopy, as well as discontinuous Galerkin time-domain computations. With increasing nano-triangle size, we observe a transition from localized surface plasmons on small nano-triangles to non-resonant propagating surface plasmon polaritons on large nano-triangles. Furthermore we demonstrate that nano-triangles with a groove cut can support localized as well as propagating plasmons in the same energy range.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  9. G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. D. Rossouw, M. Couillard, J. Vickery, E. Kumacheva, and G. A. Botton, “Multipolar Plasmonic Resonances in Silver Nanowire Antennas Imaged with a Subnanometer Electron Probe,” Nano Lett. 11, 1499–1504 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. D. T. Schoen, A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, J. A. Dionne, and M. L. Brongersma, “Probing Complex Reflection Coefficients in One-Dimensional Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides and Cavities Using STEM EELS,” Nano Lett. 15, 120–126 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  26. F. J. García de Abajo and M. Kociak, “Probing the Photonic Local Density of States with Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 106804 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical excitations in electron microscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 209–275,(2010).
    [Crossref]
  28. U. Hohenester, H. Ditlbacher, and J. R. Krenn, “Electron-Energy-Loss Spectra of Plasmonic Nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 106801 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. K. Busch, M. König, and J. Niegemann, “Discontinuous Galerkin methods in nanophotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 773–809 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  30. C. Matyssek, J. Niegemann, W. Hergert, and K. Busch, “Computing electron energy loss spectra with the Discontinuous Galerkin Time-Domain method,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 367–373 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  31. R. H. Ritchie, “Plasma Losses by Fast Electrons in Thin Metal Films,” Phys. Rev. 106, 874–881 (1957).
    [Crossref]
  32. F. P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, A. Trügler, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmon modes of a silver thin film taper probed with STEM-EELS,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5670–5673 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

S. V. Yalunin, B. Schröder, and C. Ropers, “Theory of electron energy loss near plasmonic wires, nanorods, and cones,” Phys. Rev. B 93, 115408 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

D. T. Schoen, A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, J. A. Dionne, and M. L. Brongersma, “Probing Complex Reflection Coefficients in One-Dimensional Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides and Cavities Using STEM EELS,” Nano Lett. 15, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, A. Trügler, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Plasmon modes of a silver thin film taper probed with STEM-EELS,” Opt. Lett. 40, 5670–5673 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

G. Herink, D. R. Solli, M. Gulde, and C. Ropers, “Field-driven photoemission from nanostructures quenches the quiver motion,” Nature 483, 190–193 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

M. Krüger, M. Schenk, and P. Hommelhoff, “Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip,” Nature 475, 78–81 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Rossouw, M. Couillard, J. Vickery, E. Kumacheva, and G. A. Botton, “Multipolar Plasmonic Resonances in Silver Nanowire Antennas Imaged with a Subnanometer Electron Probe,” Nano Lett. 11, 1499–1504 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Busch, M. König, and J. Niegemann, “Discontinuous Galerkin methods in nanophotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 773–809 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Matyssek, J. Niegemann, W. Hergert, and K. Busch, “Computing electron energy loss spectra with the Discontinuous Galerkin Time-Domain method,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 367–373 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (6)

F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical excitations in electron microscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 209–275,(2010).
[Crossref]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: A nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10, 592–596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu, “Transition from Isolated to Collective Modes in Plasmonic Oligomers,” Nano Lett. 10, 2721–2726 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Chu, M. G. Banaee, and K. B. Crozier, “Double-Resonance Plasmon Substrates for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering with Enhancement at Excitation and Stokes Frequencies,” ACS Nano 4, 2804–2810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

U. Hohenester, H. Ditlbacher, and J. R. Krenn, “Electron-Energy-Loss Spectra of Plasmonic Nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 106801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

F. J. García de Abajo and M. Kociak, “Probing the Photonic Local Density of States with Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 106804 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Bosman, V. J. Keast, M. Watanabe, A. I. Maaroof, and M. B. Cortie, “Mapping surface plasmons at the nanometre scale with an electron beam,” Nanotechnology 18, 165505 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes: Experiment and numerical calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

F. Keilmann and R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 362, 787–805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of Optical Energy in Tapered Plasmonic Waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, “High-resolution near-field Raman microscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

K. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of a surface polariton in a wedge-like structure,” Phys. Lett. A 237, 103–105 (1997).
[Crossref]

1957 (1)

R. H. Ritchie, “Plasma Losses by Fast Electrons in Thin Metal Films,” Phys. Rev. 106, 874–881 (1957).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu, “Transition from Isolated to Collective Modes in Plasmonic Oligomers,” Nano Lett. 10, 2721–2726 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amenabar, I.

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atre, A. C.

D. T. Schoen, A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, J. A. Dionne, and M. L. Brongersma, “Probing Complex Reflection Coefficients in One-Dimensional Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides and Cavities Using STEM EELS,” Nano Lett. 15, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Banaee, M. G.

Y. Chu, M. G. Banaee, and K. B. Crozier, “Double-Resonance Plasmon Substrates for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering with Enhancement at Excitation and Stokes Frequencies,” ACS Nano 4, 2804–2810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, S. F.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berweger, S.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: A nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10, 592–596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bosman, M.

M. Bosman, V. J. Keast, M. Watanabe, A. I. Maaroof, and M. B. Cortie, “Mapping surface plasmons at the nanometre scale with an electron beam,” Nanotechnology 18, 165505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Botton, G. A.

D. Rossouw, M. Couillard, J. Vickery, E. Kumacheva, and G. A. Botton, “Multipolar Plasmonic Resonances in Silver Nanowire Antennas Imaged with a Subnanometer Electron Probe,” Nano Lett. 11, 1499–1504 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boudarham, G.

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

D. T. Schoen, A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, J. A. Dionne, and M. L. Brongersma, “Probing Complex Reflection Coefficients in One-Dimensional Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides and Cavities Using STEM EELS,” Nano Lett. 15, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Busch, K.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Busch, M. König, and J. Niegemann, “Discontinuous Galerkin methods in nanophotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 773–809 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Matyssek, J. Niegemann, W. Hergert, and K. Busch, “Computing electron energy loss spectra with the Discontinuous Galerkin Time-Domain method,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 367–373 (2011).
[Crossref]

Christ, A.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes: Experiment and numerical calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chu, Y.

Y. Chu, M. G. Banaee, and K. B. Crozier, “Double-Resonance Plasmon Substrates for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering with Enhancement at Excitation and Stokes Frequencies,” ACS Nano 4, 2804–2810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chuvilin, A.

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cohen, H.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

Colliex, C.

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cortie, M. B.

M. Bosman, V. J. Keast, M. Watanabe, A. I. Maaroof, and M. B. Cortie, “Mapping surface plasmons at the nanometre scale with an electron beam,” Nanotechnology 18, 165505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Couillard, M.

D. Rossouw, M. Couillard, J. Vickery, E. Kumacheva, and G. A. Botton, “Multipolar Plasmonic Resonances in Silver Nanowire Antennas Imaged with a Subnanometer Electron Probe,” Nano Lett. 11, 1499–1504 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crozier, K. B.

Y. Chu, M. G. Banaee, and K. B. Crozier, “Double-Resonance Plasmon Substrates for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering with Enhancement at Excitation and Stokes Frequencies,” ACS Nano 4, 2804–2810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diehl, R.

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dionne, J. A.

D. T. Schoen, A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, J. A. Dionne, and M. L. Brongersma, “Probing Complex Reflection Coefficients in One-Dimensional Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides and Cavities Using STEM EELS,” Nano Lett. 15, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ditlbacher, H.

Eisler, H.-J.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esmann, M.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feth, N.

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fritz, S.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

García de Abajo, F. J.

F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical excitations in electron microscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 209–275,(2010).
[Crossref]

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. J. García de Abajo and M. Kociak, “Probing the Photonic Local Density of States with Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 106804 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

García-Etxarri, A.

D. T. Schoen, A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, J. A. Dionne, and M. L. Brongersma, “Probing Complex Reflection Coefficients in One-Dimensional Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides and Cavities Using STEM EELS,” Nano Lett. 15, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gerthsen, D.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu, “Transition from Isolated to Collective Modes in Plasmonic Oligomers,” Nano Lett. 10, 2721–2726 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes: Experiment and numerical calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gippius, N. A.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes: Experiment and numerical calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gulde, M.

G. Herink, D. R. Solli, M. Gulde, and C. Ropers, “Field-driven photoemission from nanostructures quenches the quiver motion,” Nature 483, 190–193 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, S.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartschuh, A.

A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, “High-resolution near-field Raman microscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hecht, B.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henrard, L.

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu, “Transition from Isolated to Collective Modes in Plasmonic Oligomers,” Nano Lett. 10, 2721–2726 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hergert, W.

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Matyssek, J. Niegemann, W. Hergert, and K. Busch, “Computing electron energy loss spectra with the Discontinuous Galerkin Time-Domain method,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 367–373 (2011).
[Crossref]

Herink, G.

G. Herink, D. R. Solli, M. Gulde, and C. Ropers, “Field-driven photoemission from nanostructures quenches the quiver motion,” Nature 483, 190–193 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hillenbrand, R.

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Keilmann and R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 362, 787–805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofer, F.

Hohenau, A.

Hohenester, U.

Hommelhoff, P.

M. Krüger, M. Schenk, and P. Hommelhoff, “Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip,” Nature 475, 78–81 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huth, F.

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Irsen, S.

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

Keast, V. J.

M. Bosman, V. J. Keast, M. Watanabe, A. I. Maaroof, and M. B. Cortie, “Mapping surface plasmons at the nanometre scale with an electron beam,” Nanotechnology 18, 165505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Keilmann, F.

F. Keilmann and R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 362, 787–805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiel, T.

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kociak, M.

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. J. García de Abajo and M. Kociak, “Probing the Photonic Local Density of States with Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 106804 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

König, M.

K. Busch, M. König, and J. Niegemann, “Discontinuous Galerkin methods in nanophotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 773–809 (2011).
[Crossref]

Krenn, J. R.

Krüger, M.

M. Krüger, M. Schenk, and P. Hommelhoff, “Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip,” Nature 475, 78–81 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krutokhvostov, R.

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuhl, J.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes: Experiment and numerical calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kumacheva, E.

D. Rossouw, M. Couillard, J. Vickery, E. Kumacheva, and G. A. Botton, “Multipolar Plasmonic Resonances in Silver Nanowire Antennas Imaged with a Subnanometer Electron Probe,” Nano Lett. 11, 1499–1504 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lienau, C.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linden, S.

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu, “Transition from Isolated to Collective Modes in Plasmonic Oligomers,” Nano Lett. 10, 2721–2726 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liz-Marzán, L. M.

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lopatin, S.

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maaroof, A. I.

M. Bosman, V. J. Keast, M. Watanabe, A. I. Maaroof, and M. B. Cortie, “Mapping surface plasmons at the nanometre scale with an electron beam,” Nanotechnology 18, 165505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

Maniv, T.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

Martin, O. J. F.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matyssek, C.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Matyssek, J. Niegemann, W. Hergert, and K. Busch, “Computing electron energy loss spectra with the Discontinuous Galerkin Time-Domain method,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 367–373 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mühlschlegel, P.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, E.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

Myroshnychenko, V.

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

Neacsu, C. C.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: A nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10, 592–596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelayah, J.

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nerkararyan, K.

K. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of a surface polariton in a wedge-like structure,” Phys. Lett. A 237, 103–105 (1997).
[Crossref]

Niegemann, J.

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Matyssek, J. Niegemann, W. Hergert, and K. Busch, “Computing electron energy loss spectra with the Discontinuous Galerkin Time-Domain method,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 367–373 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Busch, M. König, and J. Niegemann, “Discontinuous Galerkin methods in nanophotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 773–809 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

Novotny, L.

A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, “High-resolution near-field Raman microscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olmon, R. L.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: A nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10, 592–596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pastoriza-Santos, I.

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pohl, D. W.

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raschke, M. B.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: A nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10, 592–596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richter, G.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ritchie, R. H.

R. H. Ritchie, “Plasma Losses by Fast Electrons in Thin Metal Films,” Phys. Rev. 106, 874–881 (1957).
[Crossref]

Ropers, C.

S. V. Yalunin, B. Schröder, and C. Ropers, “Theory of electron energy loss near plasmonic wires, nanorods, and cones,” Phys. Rev. B 93, 115408 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Herink, D. R. Solli, M. Gulde, and C. Ropers, “Field-driven photoemission from nanostructures quenches the quiver motion,” Nature 483, 190–193 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: A nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10, 592–596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rossouw, D.

D. Rossouw, M. Couillard, J. Vickery, E. Kumacheva, and G. A. Botton, “Multipolar Plasmonic Resonances in Silver Nanowire Antennas Imaged with a Subnanometer Electron Probe,” Nano Lett. 11, 1499–1504 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saliba, M.

M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu, “Transition from Isolated to Collective Modes in Plasmonic Oligomers,” Nano Lett. 10, 2721–2726 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sánchez, E. J.

A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, “High-resolution near-field Raman microscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saraf, L. V.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: A nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10, 592–596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schäfer, S.

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schenk, M.

M. Krüger, M. Schenk, and P. Hommelhoff, “Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip,” Nature 475, 78–81 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, F. P.

Schneider, R.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schnell, M.

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schoen, D. T.

D. T. Schoen, A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, J. A. Dionne, and M. L. Brongersma, “Probing Complex Reflection Coefficients in One-Dimensional Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides and Cavities Using STEM EELS,” Nano Lett. 15, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schröder, B.

S. V. Yalunin, B. Schröder, and C. Ropers, “Theory of electron energy loss near plasmonic wires, nanorods, and cones,” Phys. Rev. B 93, 115408 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sigle, W.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sivis, M.

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

Solli, D. R.

G. Herink, D. R. Solli, M. Gulde, and C. Ropers, “Field-driven photoemission from nanostructures quenches the quiver motion,” Nature 483, 190–193 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stéphan, O.

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stockman, M.

M. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of Optical Energy in Tapered Plasmonic Waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Talebi, N.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taverna, D.

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tencé, M.

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tikhodeev, S. G.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes: Experiment and numerical calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[Crossref]

Trügler, A.

van Aken, P. A.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vickery, J.

D. Rossouw, M. Couillard, J. Vickery, E. Kumacheva, and G. A. Botton, “Multipolar Plasmonic Resonances in Silver Nanowire Antennas Imaged with a Subnanometer Electron Probe,” Nano Lett. 11, 1499–1504 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogelgesang, R.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu, “Transition from Isolated to Collective Modes in Plasmonic Oligomers,” Nano Lett. 10, 2721–2726 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Cube, F.

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

Walther, R.

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, M.

M. Bosman, V. J. Keast, M. Watanabe, A. I. Maaroof, and M. B. Cortie, “Mapping surface plasmons at the nanometre scale with an electron beam,” Nanotechnology 18, 165505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Weber, T.

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, X. S.

A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, “High-resolution near-field Raman microscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yalunin, S. V.

S. V. Yalunin, B. Schröder, and C. Ropers, “Theory of electron energy loss near plasmonic wires, nanorods, and cones,” Phys. Rev. B 93, 115408 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes: Experiment and numerical calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

Y. Chu, M. G. Banaee, and K. B. Crozier, “Double-Resonance Plasmon Substrates for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering with Enhancement at Excitation and Stokes Frequencies,” ACS Nano 4, 2804–2810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

R. Walther, S. Fritz, E. Müller, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, W. Sigle, T. Maniv, H. Cohen, C. Matyssek, and K. Busch, “Coupling of Surface-Plasmon-Polariton-Hybridized Cavity Modes between Submicron Slits in a Thin Gold Film,” ACS Photonics 3, 836–843 (2016).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

K. Busch, M. König, and J. Niegemann, “Discontinuous Galerkin methods in nanophotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 773–809 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (8)

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, R. Diehl, J. Niegemann, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “From Isolated Metaatoms to Photonic Metamaterials: Evolution of the Plasmonic Near-Field,” Nano Lett. 13, 703–708 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Huth, A. Chuvilin, M. Schnell, I. Amenabar, R. Krutokhvostov, S. Lopatin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Resonant Antenna Probes for Tip-Enhanced Infrared Near-Field Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 1065–1072 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. T. Schoen, A. C. Atre, A. García-Etxarri, J. A. Dionne, and M. L. Brongersma, “Probing Complex Reflection Coefficients in One-Dimensional Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides and Cavities Using STEM EELS,” Nano Lett. 15, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Rossouw, M. Couillard, J. Vickery, E. Kumacheva, and G. A. Botton, “Multipolar Plasmonic Resonances in Silver Nanowire Antennas Imaged with a Subnanometer Electron Probe,” Nano Lett. 11, 1499–1504 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared Perfect Absorber and Its Application As Plasmonic Sensor,” Nano Lett. 10, 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Guo, N. Talebi, W. Sigle, R. Vogelgesang, G. Richter, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Reflection and Phase Matching in Plasmonic Gold Tapers,” Nano Lett. 16, 6137–6144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: A nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10, 592–596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, R. Vogelgesang, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu, “Transition from Isolated to Collective Modes in Plasmonic Oligomers,” Nano Lett. 10, 2721–2726 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

M. Bosman, V. J. Keast, M. Watanabe, A. I. Maaroof, and M. B. Cortie, “Mapping surface plasmons at the nanometre scale with an electron beam,” Nanotechnology 18, 165505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

M. Krüger, M. Schenk, and P. Hommelhoff, “Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip,” Nature 475, 78–81 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Herink, D. R. Solli, M. Gulde, and C. Ropers, “Field-driven photoemission from nanostructures quenches the quiver motion,” Nature 483, 190–193 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature Phys. (1)

J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nature Phys. 3, 348–353 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

F. von Cube, S. Irsen, J. Niegemann, C. Matyssek, W. Hergert, K. Busch, and S. Linden, “Spatio-spectral characterization of photonic meta-atoms with electron energy-loss spectroscopy [ Invited ],” Opt. Mater. 1, 1009–1018 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A (1)

F. Keilmann and R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 362, 787–805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

C. Matyssek, J. Niegemann, W. Hergert, and K. Busch, “Computing electron energy loss spectra with the Discontinuous Galerkin Time-Domain method,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 9, 367–373 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

K. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of a surface polariton in a wedge-like structure,” Phys. Lett. A 237, 103–105 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. H. Ritchie, “Plasma Losses by Fast Electrons in Thin Metal Films,” Phys. Rev. 106, 874–881 (1957).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

B. Schröder, T. Weber, S. V. Yalunin, T. Kiel, C. Matyssek, M. Sivis, S. Schäfer, F. von Cube, S. Irsen, K. Busch, C. Ropers, and S. Linden, “Real-space imaging of nanotip plasmons using electron energy loss spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 085411 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. V. Yalunin, B. Schröder, and C. Ropers, “Theory of electron energy loss near plasmonic wires, nanorods, and cones,” Phys. Rev. B 93, 115408 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, “Controlling the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon modes: Experiment and numerical calculations,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

M. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of Optical Energy in Tapered Plasmonic Waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, “High-resolution near-field Raman microscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Boudarham, N. Feth, V. Myroshnychenko, S. Linden, F. J. García de Abajo, M. Wegener, and M. Kociak, “Spectral Imaging of Individual Split-Ring Resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 255501 (2010).
[Crossref]

U. Hohenester, H. Ditlbacher, and J. R. Krenn, “Electron-Energy-Loss Spectra of Plasmonic Nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 106801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. J. García de Abajo and M. Kociak, “Probing the Photonic Local Density of States with Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 106804 (2008).
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Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical excitations in electron microscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 209–275,(2010).
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Science (1)

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
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Other (1)

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Dark field micrograph of an investigated nano-triangle. (b) Detail of the mesh used for computing the data shown in Fig. 3. The mesh’s dimensions are read out from (a).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) – (d): EEL maps of a 600 nm long gold nano-triangle for electron loss energies of 0.5 eV, 1.0 eV, 1.35 eV, and 1.73 eV. (e): HAADF micrograph of the investigated structure. The blue box indicates the area where the EELP data in (f) has been recorded. Red doted lines in (f) indicate the apex of the nano-triangle and the energies of the shown EEL maps.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Relative EELP near a 600 nm long nano-triangle color coded as a function of distance from the apex and energy loss obtained from DGTD computations. The EELP is recorded along the upper edge of the nano-triangle.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) – (d): EEL maps of a 15 μm long gold nano-triangle for electron loss energies of 0.5 eV, 1.0 eV, 1.35 eV, and 1.73 eV. (e): HAADF micrograph of the front section of the investigated structure. The blue box indicates the area where the EELP data in (f) has been recorded. Red doted lines in (f) indicate the apex of the nano-triangle and the energies of the shown EEL maps.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Measured dispersion relation E(k) of the edge mode near a corner on a trapezoidal nanos-structure. Inset: Micrograph of the used trapezoidal nano-structure. Scale bar is 500 nm. (b) EELP measured for a loss energy of 1 eV along the edge of the trapezoidal nano-structure (see blue box in inset in (a)).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) HAADF micrograph of a 2.0 μm long nano-triangle. (b) Relative EELP recorded along the edge of the 2.0 μm long nano-triangle (see blue box in the micrograph). (c) HAADF micrograph of a 2.5 μm long nano-triangle. (d) Relative EELP recorded along the edge of the 2.5 μm long nano-triangle (see blue box in the micrograph).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) – (d): EEL maps of a 15 μm long gold nano-triangle with grooves for electron loss energies of 0.5 eV, 1.0 eV, 1.35 eV, and 1.73 eV. (e): HAADF micrograph of the investigated area of the structure. The blue box indicates the area where the EELP data in (f) has been recorded. Red doted lines in (f) indicate the position of the grooves and the energies of the shown EEL maps.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a): Mesh of the grooved nano-triangle used for DGTD method computations. (b): computed relative EELP color coded in dependence of distance to apex and energy loss.

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