Abstract

Manipulating the polarization states of electromagnetic waves, a fundamental issue in optics, has attracted intense attention. However, most of the reported devices are either so bulky or with specific functionalities. Here we propose a conceptually new approach to design an ultra-thin meta-waveplate (MWP) with anomalous functionalities. By elaborately designing the structural units of the metasurface, the incident right circular polarized (CP) light carrying spin angular momentum can be coupled into two surface plasmon modes with opposite orbital angular momenta which interaction with each other in the near-field, degenerating to a linear polarized (LP) light in the far-filed. The incoming spin angular momentum is annihilated and the designed MWP can function as a quarter-waveplate. However, compared with the conventional quarter-waveplates, our designed MWP owns the unidirectional function (only converting CP light to LP light) with a certain output polarization angle, which provides an extra degree of freedoms in controlling the polarization. Moreover, the designed MWP can function as a chiral material and exhibiting optical rotation properties within a broad bandwidth.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (7)

Z. Li, J. Hao, L. Huang, H. Li, H. Xu, Y. Sun, and N. Dai, “Manipulating the wavefront of light by plasmonic metasurfaces operating in high order modes,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8788–8796 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Specular optical activity of achiral metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141905 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Zhan, S. Colburn, R. Trivedi, T. K. Fryett, C. M. Dodson, and A. Majumdar, “Low-contrast dielectric metasurface optics,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 209–214 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Super-Dispersive Off-Axis Meta-Lenses for Compact High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3732–3737 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (8)

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-Thick Lenses with High Numerical Apertures and Large Efficiency Based on High-Contrast Transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. Ke, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Higher-order laser mode converters with dielectric metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5506–5509 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Hu, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, and J. Zhang, “Broadband spin-controlled surface plasmon polariton launching and radiation via L-shaped optical slot nanoantennas,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(4), 590–595 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

X. J. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), 72–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 829–834 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Tailoring the dispersion of plasmonic nanorods to realize broadband optical meta-waveplates,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 1086–1091 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Manipulating light polarization with ultrathin plasmonic metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205428 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterials: optical activity without chirality,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abdulrahman, N.

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aieta, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Tailoring the dispersion of plasmonic nanorods to realize broadband optical meta-waveplates,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 1086–1091 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Manipulating light polarization with ultrathin plasmonic metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Arbabi, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-Thick Lenses with High Numerical Apertures and Large Efficiency Based on High-Contrast Transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagheri, M.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-Thick Lenses with High Numerical Apertures and Large Efficiency Based on High-Contrast Transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ball, A. J.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-Thick Lenses with High Numerical Apertures and Large Efficiency Based on High-Contrast Transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barron, L. D.

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berini, P.

Boltasseva, A.

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 829–834 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butun, S.

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Super-Dispersive Off-Axis Meta-Lenses for Compact High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3732–3737 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, C. T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, M.

X. Z. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W. T.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Super-Dispersive Off-Axis Meta-Lenses for Compact High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3732–3737 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X. Z.

X. Z. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterials: optical activity without chirality,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, H.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choudhury, S.

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, D. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colburn, S.

A. Zhan, S. Colburn, R. Trivedi, T. K. Fryett, C. M. Dodson, and A. Majumdar, “Low-contrast dielectric metasurface optics,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 209–214 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, N.

Dalvit, D. A. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeVault, C.

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Devlin, R. C.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, F.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dodson, C. M.

A. Zhan, S. Colburn, R. Trivedi, T. K. Fryett, C. M. Dodson, and A. Majumdar, “Low-contrast dielectric metasurface optics,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 209–214 (2016).
[Crossref]

Eriksen, R. L.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 829–834 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, P.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faraon, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-Thick Lenses with High Numerical Apertures and Large Efficiency Based on High-Contrast Transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Specular optical activity of achiral metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141905 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterials: optical activity without chirality,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fryett, T. K.

A. Zhan, S. Colburn, R. Trivedi, T. K. Fryett, C. M. Dodson, and A. Majumdar, “Low-contrast dielectric metasurface optics,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 209–214 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gadegaard, N.

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genevet, P.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Y.

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grady, N. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, C.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gu, Y.

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, G. Y.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

Z. Li, J. Hao, L. Huang, H. Li, H. Xu, Y. Sun, and N. Dai, “Manipulating the wavefront of light by plasmonic metasurfaces operating in high order modes,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8788–8796 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hasman, E.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, Q.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, S.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, Y.

Heyes, J. E.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, M.

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horie, Y.

A. Arbabi, Y. Horie, A. J. Ball, M. Bagheri, and A. Faraon, “Subwavelength-Thick Lenses with High Numerical Apertures and Large Efficiency Based on High-Contrast Transmitarrays,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7069 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, C.

J. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Hu, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, and J. Zhang, “Broadband spin-controlled surface plasmon polariton launching and radiation via L-shaped optical slot nanoantennas,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(4), 590–595 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, C. B.

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J. S.

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

Z. Li, J. Hao, L. Huang, H. Li, H. Xu, Y. Sun, and N. Dai, “Manipulating the wavefront of light by plasmonic metasurfaces operating in high order modes,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8788–8796 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ino, Y.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishii, S.

X. J. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), 72–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jack, C.

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jefimovs, K.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jian, L.

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, T.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, G.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juan, T. K.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kadodwala, M.

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karimullah, A.

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kats, M. A.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kauranen, M.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ke, Y.

Khorasaninejad, M.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Super-Dispersive Off-Axis Meta-Lenses for Compact High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3732–3737 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. J. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), 72–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, J. A.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kravchenko, I. I.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
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Kung, W. T.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lesina, A. C.

Li, G.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

Li, J.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, J. Hao, L. Huang, H. Li, H. Xu, Y. Sun, and N. Dai, “Manipulating the wavefront of light by plasmonic metasurfaces operating in high order modes,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8788–8796 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
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Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6763–6766 (2014).
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S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
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D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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Liu, W.

Liu, X. X.

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterials: optical activity without chirality,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113902 (2009).
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Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
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Y. He, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. Ke, H. Luo, and S. Wen, “Higher-order laser mode converters with dielectric metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(23), 5506–5509 (2015).
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Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6763–6766 (2014).
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Luo, H.

Majumdar, A.

A. Zhan, S. Colburn, R. Trivedi, T. K. Fryett, C. M. Dodson, and A. Majumdar, “Low-contrast dielectric metasurface optics,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 209–214 (2016).
[Crossref]

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D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
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X. J. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), 72–77 (2013).
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A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 829–834 (2013).
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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Super-Dispersive Off-Axis Meta-Lenses for Compact High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3732–3737 (2016).
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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
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Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pandey, A.

M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plum, E.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Specular optical activity of achiral metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141905 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterials: optical activity without chirality,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 829–834 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C. W.

X. Z. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
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Ran, L.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
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M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shalaev, M. I.

M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. J. Ni, S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Ultra-thin, planar, Babinet-inverted plasmonic metalenses,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(4), 72–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, A.

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

Svirko, Y.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
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Syme, C. D.

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
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L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, C.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetienne, J. P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, J.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trivedi, R.

A. Zhan, S. Colburn, R. Trivedi, T. K. Fryett, C. M. Dodson, and A. Majumdar, “Low-contrast dielectric metasurface optics,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 209–214 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterials: optical activity without chirality,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, W. Y.

W. Y. Tsai, J. S. Huang, and C. B. Huang, “Selective trapping or rotation of isotropic dielectric microparticles by optical near field in a plasmonic archimedes spiral,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 547–552 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. I. Shalaev, J. Sun, A. Tsukernik, A. Pandey, K. Nikolskiy, and N. M. Litchinitser, “High-efficiency all-dielectric metasurfaces for ultracompact beam manipulation in transmission mode,” Nano Lett. 15(9), 6261–6266 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turunen, J.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vallius, T.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, “Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 227401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Venkatesan, T.

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C. M.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, D.

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, D. D.

X. Z. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Xia, J.

Xiao, S.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, X.

J. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Hu, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, and J. Zhang, “Broadband spin-controlled surface plasmon polariton launching and radiation via L-shaped optical slot nanoantennas,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(4), 590–595 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

Xu, Q.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Hu, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, and J. Zhang, “Broadband spin-controlled surface plasmon polariton launching and radiation via L-shaped optical slot nanoantennas,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(4), 590–595 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. Y.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

P. Yu, J. Li, C. Tang, H. Cheng, Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Controllable optical activity with non-chiral plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(7), e16096 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, P. Yu, J. Xia, and J. Tian, “Fully interferometric controllable anomalous refraction efficiency using cross modulation with plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6763–6766 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, Y.

J. Hao, Y. Yuan, L. Ran, T. Jiang, J. A. Kong, C. T. Chan, and L. Zhou, “Manipulating electromagnetic wave polarizations by anisotropic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063908 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, F. Y.

X. Z. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhan, A.

A. Zhan, S. Colburn, R. Trivedi, T. K. Fryett, C. M. Dodson, and A. Majumdar, “Low-contrast dielectric metasurface optics,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 209–214 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Hu, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, and J. Zhang, “Broadband spin-controlled surface plasmon polariton launching and radiation via L-shaped optical slot nanoantennas,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(4), 590–595 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

D. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Gu, M. Q. Mehmood, Y. Gong, A. Srivastava, L. Jian, T. Venkatesan, C. W. Qiu, and M. Hong, “Switchable ultrathin quarter-wave plate in terahertz using active phase-change metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15020 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

X. Z. Chen, M. Chen, M. Q. Mehmood, D. D. Wen, F. Y. Yue, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Longitudinal multifoci metalens for circularly polarized light,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(9), 1201–1206 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Dispersionless phase discontinuities for controlling light propagation,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5750–5755 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

J. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Hu, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, and J. Zhang, “Broadband spin-controlled surface plasmon polariton launching and radiation via L-shaped optical slot nanoantennas,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(4), 590–595 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Tailoring the dispersion of plasmonic nanorods to realize broadband optical meta-waveplates,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 1086–1091 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Manipulating light polarization with ultrathin plasmonic metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Specular optical activity of achiral metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141905 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Plum, X. X. Liu, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterials: optical activity without chirality,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, L.

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
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ACS Nano (2)

J. Kim, S. Choudhury, C. DeVault, Y. Zhao, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, A. Alù, and A. Boltasseva, “Controlling the Polarization State of Light with Plasmonic Metal Oxide Metasurface,” ACS Nano 10(10), 9326–9333 (2016).
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F. Ding, Z. Wang, S. He, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Broadband high-efficiency half-wave plate: a supercell-based plasmonic metasurface approach,” ACS Nano 9(4), 4111–4119 (2015).
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ACS Photonics (1)

A. Zhan, S. Colburn, R. Trivedi, T. K. Fryett, C. M. Dodson, and A. Majumdar, “Low-contrast dielectric metasurface optics,” ACS Photonics 3(2), 209–214 (2016).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, and N. I. Zheludev, “Specular optical activity of achiral metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(14), 141905 (2016).
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Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

J. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Hu, W. Zhang, X. Xiao, and J. Zhang, “Broadband spin-controlled surface plasmon polariton launching and radiation via L-shaped optical slot nanoantennas,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(4), 590–595 (2014).
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S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
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Z. Li, E. Palacios, S. Butun, and K. Aydin, “Visible-frequency metasurfaces for broadband anomalous reflection and high-efficiency spectrum splitting,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 1615–1621 (2015).
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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Super-Dispersive Off-Axis Meta-Lenses for Compact High Resolution Spectroscopy,” Nano Lett. 16(6), 3732–3737 (2016).
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Nanoscale (1)

N. Abdulrahman, C. D. Syme, C. Jack, A. Karimullah, L. D. Barron, N. Gadegaard, and M. Kadodwala, “The origin of off-resonance non-linear optical activity of a gold chiral nanomaterial,” Nanoscale 5(24), 12651–12657 (2013).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

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M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
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M. A. Parker, Physics of Optoelectronics (Chemical Rubber Company, Florida, 2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Simulated Ez-field distribution of the nanoapertures under normal incident RCP light. (a) ‘ + ’-shaped aperture, (b) L-shaped aperture, (c) ‘ + ’-shaped and L-shaped apertures with a separated distance 0.31μm. The detail parameters of the two apertures are L1 = 200nm, L2 = 190nm and W = 40nm, which are optimized by using the three-dimensional finite difference time domain (FDTD) method in the results and discussion part. For these simulations, perfectly matched layers (PML) is applied along the three axis. (d) The corresponding schematic of the polarization conversion process.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of the designed MWP for polarization manipulation. The dashed line in the inset is the unit cell of MWP with L1 and L2 to be the lengths of the L-shaped and ‘ + ’-shaped apertures. All the apertures have the same width W = 40nm and the thickness of the gold film is 200nm. The center to center distance between the apertures is set as 310nm, which is optimized in the results and discussion part.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Normalized transmission T for the L-shaped aperture as a function of L1 and P1. (b) Normalized transmission T for the ‘ + ’-shaped aperture as a function of L2 and P2. (c) Ellipticity for the L-shaped aperture as a function of L1 and P1. For (a)-(c), the incident light is RCP with a wavelength λ = 720nm. (d) The corresponding phase φx of the two selected apertures on the dependence of wavelength λ. The black dashed line corresponds to the wavelength of λ = 720nm. The thickness of the gold film is 200nm and the width of the apertures is W = 40nm. For these simulations, periodic boundary conditions are applied along the x and y axis and perfectly matched layer is applied along the z axis.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Degree of linear polarization (DoLP) as a function of the wavelength for RCP incident light. (b) Normalized transmission for the designed MWP. (c) The phase profile in the x-y plane along the x-direction (φx = angle(Ex)) at the wavelength of 720nm. (d) The phase profile in the x-y plane along the y-direction (φy = angle(Ey)) at the wavelength of 720nm. The phase profiles are simulated at 5μm from the gold surface.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulated DoLP and angle of linear polarization (AoLP) of the proposed MWP for LP light with different incident polarization angle θin; (a) θin = 45°, (b) θin = −45°, (c) θin = 0°, (d) θin = 90° . The black arrows represent the incident polarization directions.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulated DoLP and polarization rotation angle of the proposed MWP at the designed wavelength λ = 720nm. The incident light is LP with the incident polarization angles θin range from 0° to 150° with a step angle of 30°.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

|J=[ cosθ sinθ ]
| J L = 1 2 (| J x +i| J y )= 1 2 [ 1 i ],| J R = 1 2 (| J x i| J y )= 1 2 [ 1 i ]
U ^ | J R = U ^ 1 | J R + U ^ 2 | J R
U ^ | J R = a 1 e i φ 1 | J L + a 2 e i φ 2 | J R
U ^ | J R = 2 a 1 [ cos(Δφ/2) sin(Δφ/2) ] e i 2 ( φ 1 + φ 2 )

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