Abstract

The emergence of space division multiplexing (SDM) for ultrahigh capacity networks has heralded pioneering Petabit-class optical transmission systems. In parallel to novel SDM fibers, a new class of components to enable scalable, low-loss schemes for unlocking fiber capacity is being developed. In this work, an all-fiber mode selective photonic lantern mode multiplexer designed for launching into few-mode multicore fibers is demonstrated. This device is capable of selectively exciting LP01, LP11a and LP11b modes in a seven-core configuration, resulting in 21 spatial channels, with less than 38 dB core-to-core crosstalk and insertion loss below 0.4 dB. The multicore photonic lantern multiplexer is scalable to larger number of cores and modes per core, and can be easily integrated with emerging ultra-high bandwidth few-mode multicore optical communication systems.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2017 (1)

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Photonic lantern as mode multiplexer for multimode optical communications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 35, 46–55 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

2015 (4)

2014 (5)

2013 (3)

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2(5-6), 429–440 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27123–27132 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2005 (1)

Achten, F.

Alam, S. U.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Alvarado, J. C.

Alvarado-Zacarías, J. C.

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Amezcua-Correa, A.

Amezcua-Correa, R.

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Photonic lantern as mode multiplexer for multimode optical communications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 35, 46–55 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Sillard, D. Molin, M. Bigot-Astruc, K. De Jongh, F. Achten, A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, R. Amezcua-Correa, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Low-Differential-Mode-Group-Delay 9-LP-Mode Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 425–430 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. C. Alvarado, G. Lopez-Galmiche, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. Hernández-Cordero, J. Sanchez-Mondragon, P. Sillard, C. M. Okonkwo, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Six mode selective fiber optic spatial multiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1663–1666 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. van Weerdenburg, A. Velàzquez-Benitez, R. van Uden, P. Sillard, D. Molin, A. Amezcua-Correa, E. Antonio-Lopez, M. Kuschnerov, F. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, T. Koonen, R. Amezcua-Correa, and C. Okonkwo, “10 Spatial mode transmission using low differential mode delay 6-LP fiber using all-fiber photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24759–24769 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Amma, Y.

Antonio-Lopez, E.

J. van Weerdenburg, A. Velàzquez-Benitez, R. van Uden, P. Sillard, D. Molin, A. Amezcua-Correa, E. Antonio-Lopez, M. Kuschnerov, F. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, T. Koonen, R. Amezcua-Correa, and C. Okonkwo, “10 Spatial mode transmission using low differential mode delay 6-LP fiber using all-fiber photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24759–24769 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Antonio-Lopez, J. E.

Antonio-López, J. E.

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Argyros, A.

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2(5-6), 429–440 (2013).
[Crossref]

Arrioja, D. M.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bai, N.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bigot-Astruc, M.

Birks, T. A.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Chen, H.

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(26), 31582–31594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Correa, R. A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

De Jongh, K.

de Waardt, H.

J. van Weerdenburg, A. Velàzquez-Benitez, R. van Uden, P. Sillard, D. Molin, A. Amezcua-Correa, E. Antonio-Lopez, M. Kuschnerov, F. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, T. Koonen, R. Amezcua-Correa, and C. Okonkwo, “10 Spatial mode transmission using low differential mode delay 6-LP fiber using all-fiber photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24759–24769 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Englund, M.

Ercan, B.

Essiambre, R. J.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Fontaine, N. K.

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Photonic lantern as mode multiplexer for multimode optical communications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 35, 46–55 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23(1), 224–234 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1036–1044 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27123–27132 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Foschini, G. J.

Gnauck, A. H.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Goebel, B.

Gris-Sánchez, I.

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Yerolatsitis, I. Gris-Sánchez, and T. A. Birks, “Adiabatically-tapered fiber mode multiplexers,” Opt. Express 22(1), 608–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Guan, B.

Hayashi, T.

Hernández-Cordero, J.

Huang, B.

Huijskens, F.

Huijskens, F. M.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jensen, R. V.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Jung, Y.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Kang, Q.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Koonen, A. M. J.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koonen, T.

Kramer, G.

Kuschnerov, M.

J. van Weerdenburg, A. Velàzquez-Benitez, R. van Uden, P. Sillard, D. Molin, A. Amezcua-Correa, E. Antonio-Lopez, M. Kuschnerov, F. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, T. Koonen, R. Amezcua-Correa, and C. Okonkwo, “10 Spatial mode transmission using low differential mode delay 6-LP fiber using all-fiber photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24759–24769 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, G.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23(1), 224–234 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Linares, J.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lingle, R.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23(1), 224–234 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Lopez, E. A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Galmiche, G.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. C. Alvarado, G. Lopez-Galmiche, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. Hernández-Cordero, J. Sanchez-Mondragon, P. Sillard, C. M. Okonkwo, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Six mode selective fiber optic spatial multiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1663–1666 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Mateo, E.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Matsui, T.

Matsuo, S.

Miyamoto, Y.

Mizuno, T.

Molin, D.

Monberg, E. M.

Montero, C.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Morioka, T.

Nakajima, K.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, P.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Okonkwo, C.

Okonkwo, C. M.

P. Sillard, D. Molin, M. Bigot-Astruc, K. De Jongh, F. Achten, A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, R. Amezcua-Correa, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Low-Differential-Mode-Group-Delay 9-LP-Mode Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 425–430 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. C. Alvarado, G. Lopez-Galmiche, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. Hernández-Cordero, J. Sanchez-Mondragon, P. Sillard, C. M. Okonkwo, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Six mode selective fiber optic spatial multiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1663–1666 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Raz, O.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Richardson, M.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23(1), 224–234 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1036–1044 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27123–27132 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Sahu, J. K.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Saito, S.

Saitoh, K.

Salazar-Gil, J. R.

Sanchez-Mondragon, J.

Sano, A.

Sasaki, T.

Sasaki, Y.

Sasaoka, E.

Schulzgen, A.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schülzgen, A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shibahara, K.

Shimakawa, O.

Shubochkin, R.

Sillard, P.

Sleiffer, V.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Snyder, B.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23(1), 224–234 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, A. H. Gnauck, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “72-Tb/s transmission over 179-km all-fiber 6-mode span with two cladding pumped in-line amplifiers,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Takara, H.

Takenaga, K.

Taru, T.

Taunay, T. F.

Thomson, R. R.

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

Van Ras, D.

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

van Uden, R.

van Uden, R. G. H.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

van Weerdenburg, J.

Velazquez-Benitez, A. M.

Velázquez-Benítez, A. M.

P. Sillard, D. Molin, M. Bigot-Astruc, K. De Jongh, F. Achten, A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, R. Amezcua-Correa, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Low-Differential-Mode-Group-Delay 9-LP-Mode Fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 425–430 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
[Crossref]

Velàzquez-Benitez, A.

Winzer, P. J.

Xia, C.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yan, M. F.

Yerolatsitis, S.

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Yerolatsitis, I. Gris-Sánchez, and T. A. Birks, “Adiabatically-tapered fiber mode multiplexers,” Opt. Express 22(1), 608–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, B.

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Xia, R. Amezcua-Correa, N. Bai, E. Antonio-Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhou, and G. Li, “Hole-Assisted Few-Mode Multicore Fiber for High-Density Space-Division Multiplexing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. van Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a Photonic Integrated Mode Coupler With MDM and WDM Transmission,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Nanophotonics (1)

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2(5-6), 429–440 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, M. Fishteyn, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Seven-core multicore fiber transmissions for passive optical network,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11117–11122 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Design and fabrication of ultra-low crosstalk and low-loss multi-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16576–16592 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27123–27132 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yerolatsitis, I. Gris-Sánchez, and T. A. Birks, “Adiabatically-tapered fiber mode multiplexers,” Opt. Express 22(1), 608–617 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1036–1044 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(26), 31582–31594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23(1), 224–234 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. van Weerdenburg, A. Velàzquez-Benitez, R. van Uden, P. Sillard, D. Molin, A. Amezcua-Correa, E. Antonio-Lopez, M. Kuschnerov, F. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, T. Koonen, R. Amezcua-Correa, and C. Okonkwo, “10 Spatial mode transmission using low differential mode delay 6-LP fiber using all-fiber photonic lanterns,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24759–24769 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Photonic lantern as mode multiplexer for multimode optical communications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 35, 46–55 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (9)

A. M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. E. Antonio-López, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarías, G. Lopez-Galmiche, P. Sillard, D. Van Ras, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Scaling the fabrication of higher order photonic lanterns using microstructured preforms,” in 2015 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2015), 1–3.
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N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30×30 MIMO Transmission over 15 Spatial Modes,” in (OSA, 2015), p. Th5C.1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Microscope image of the cross section of the capillary template consisting of 7 fluorine doped tubes in a hexagonal array with an OD of 2 mm. (b) Cross section image of one fluorine-doped capillary with ID = 275 μm, filled with 3 graded-index fibers of two different core sizes of 13 μm and 11 μm designed to selectively excite LP01 and LP11a, b modes, respectively. (c) Illustration of the 3-mode 7-core multiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic cross section of the few-mode multicore photonic lantern (Λ: core-to-core distance, a: core diameter, d: cladding diameter). (b) Microscope image of the end-facet of the fabricated device. (c) Device combining 21 input fibers with the FM-MCF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Near filed intensity profiles of the excited modes in all seven cores. (b) Sample intensity profiles of individual modes in core # 7.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured insertion loss for LP01 and LP11a, b modes for each core.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Mode dependent core-to-core crosstalk as a function of wavelength when launching all (a) LP01, (b) LP11a and (c) LP11b modes into the central core. (d) Near field intensity profiles at the output of the photonic lantern when all seven cores are simultaneously excited with LP01, LP11a and LP11b modes. The white circles indicate the edge of the lantern.

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