Abstract

A microring modulator array coupled to a common bus waveguide can be used to construct low power, compact and flexible wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) transmitters. However, due to extremely small working bandwidths of the rings, it is challenging to find the right resonant wavelength setting and locking the resonance to an external laser. In the paper, we propose a novel technique enabling simultaneous wavelength locking of a microring modulator array with a single monitor, together with automatically optimizing the wavelength setting. We experimentally demonstrate locking three rings over a temperature range >40 °C at 3x20 Gb/s on-off-keying (OOK) modulation and ~3x75 Gb/s discrete multi-tone (DMT) modulation.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2016 (2)

2015 (6)

Y. Li and A. W. Poon, “Active resonance wavelength stabilization for silicon microring resonators with an in-resonator defect-state-absorption-based photodetector,” Opt. Express 23(1), 360–372 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-H. Chen, M. Ashkan Seyedi, M. Fiorentino, D. Livshits, A. Gubenko, S. Mikhrin, V. Mikhrin, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A comb laser-driven DWDM silicon photonic transmitter based on microring modulators,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21541–21548 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, M. Á. Guillén-Torres, M. Caverley, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, and S. Shekhar, “Wavelength tuning and stabilization of microring-based filters using silicon in-resonator photoconductive heaters,” Opt. Express 23(19), 25084–25097 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. C. Mak, W. D. Sacher, T. Xue, J. C. Mikkelsen, Z. Yong, and J. K. S. Poon, “Automatic resonance alignment of high-order microring filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 51(11), 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

2013 (2)

W. A. Zortman, A. L. Lentine, D. C. Trotter, and M. R. Watts, “Bit-error-rate monitoring for active wavelength control of resonant modulators,” IEEE Micro 33(1), 42–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Padmaraju, D. F. Logan, X. Zhu, J. J. Ackert, A. P. Knights, and K. Bergman, “Integrated thermal stabilization of a microring modulator,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14342–14350 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

J. Duchi, E. Hazan, and Y. Singer, “Adaptive subgradient methods for online learning and stochastic optimization,” J. Mach. Learn. Res. 12, 2121–2159 (2011).

2010 (1)

2006 (1)

Absil, P.

Ackert, J. J.

Alloatti, L.

Amberg, P.

Annoni, A.

Asghari, M.

Ashkan Seyedi, M.

Azadeh, S. S.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Baehr-Jones, T.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

Bai, R.

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Beausoleil, R. G.

C.-H. Chen, M. Ashkan Seyedi, M. Fiorentino, D. Livshits, A. Gubenko, S. Mikhrin, V. Mikhrin, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A comb laser-driven DWDM silicon photonic transmitter based on microring modulators,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21541–21548 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

Bogaerts, W.

Bovington, J.

Carminati, M.

Caverley, M.

Chan, J.

Chang, E.

Chen, C. H.

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-H.

Chen, L.

Chiang, P.

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chiang, P. Y.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chimot, N.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Chrostowski, L.

Ciccarella, P.

Cunningham, J. E.

Ding, R.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Djordjevic, S. S.

Dong, P.

Duchi, J.

J. Duchi, E. Hazan, and Y. Singer, “Adaptive subgradient methods for online learning and stochastic optimization,” J. Mach. Learn. Res. 12, 2121–2159 (2011).

Feng, D.

Ferrari, G.

Fiorentino, M.

C.-H. Chen, M. Ashkan Seyedi, M. Fiorentino, D. Livshits, A. Gubenko, S. Mikhrin, V. Mikhrin, and R. G. Beausoleil, “A comb laser-driven DWDM silicon photonic transmitter based on microring modulators,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21541–21548 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grillanda, S.

Gubenko, A.

Guillén-Torres, M. Á.

Hauck, J.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Hazan, E.

J. Duchi, E. Hazan, and Y. Singer, “Adaptive subgradient methods for online learning and stochastic optimization,” J. Mach. Learn. Res. 12, 2121–2159 (2011).

Hillerkuss, D.

Ho, R.

Hochberg, M.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, R.

Huang, C.

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Islamova, E.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Jaeger, N. A. F.

Jayatilleka, H.

Joshi, S.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Knights, A. P.

Komorowska, K.

Korn, D.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Lee, D. Y.

Lee, J.-H.

Lelarge, F.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Lentine, A. L.

W. A. Zortman, A. L. Lentine, D. C. Trotter, and M. R. Watts, “Bit-error-rate monitoring for active wavelength control of resonant modulators,” IEEE Micro 33(1), 42–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lepage, G.

Leuthold, J.

Lexau, J.

Li, C.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

Li, H.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Liang, H.

Lin, S.

Lipson, M.

Liu, F.

Liu, Y.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Livshits, D.

Logan, D. F.

Luo, Y.

Ma, C.

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mak, J. C. C.

J. C. C. Mak, W. D. Sacher, T. Xue, J. C. Mikkelsen, Z. Yong, and J. K. S. Poon, “Automatic resonance alignment of high-order microring filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 51(11), 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Melloni, A.

Merget, F.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Mikhrin, S.

Mikhrin, V.

Mikkelsen, J. C.

J. C. C. Mak, W. D. Sacher, T. Xue, J. C. Mikkelsen, Z. Yong, and J. K. S. Poon, “Automatic resonance alignment of high-order microring filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 51(11), 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Morichetti, F.

Moscoso-Martir, A.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Muller, J.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Murray, K.

Padmaraju, K.

Palermo, S.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pantouvaki, M.

Peng, Z.

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Poon, A. W.

Poon, J. K. S.

J. C. C. Mak, W. D. Sacher, T. Xue, J. C. Mikkelsen, Z. Yong, and J. K. S. Poon, “Automatic resonance alignment of high-order microring filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 51(11), 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qi, N.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qian, W.

Raj, K.

Romero-Garcia, S.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Sacher, W. D.

J. C. C. Mak, W. D. Sacher, T. Xue, J. C. Mikkelsen, Z. Yong, and J. K. S. Poon, “Automatic resonance alignment of high-order microring filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 51(11), 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sampietro, M.

Schmidt, B.

Shafiiha, R.

Shafik, A.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shakya, J.

Shekhar, S.

Shen, B.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Shiraishi, T.

Shu, C.

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shubin, I.

Singer, Y.

J. Duchi, E. Hazan, and Y. Singer, “Adaptive subgradient methods for online learning and stochastic optimization,” J. Mach. Learn. Res. 12, 2121–2159 (2011).

Sorel, M.

Strain, M.

Tabasy, E. Z.

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, G.

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Thacker, H.

Titriku, A.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Trotter, D. C.

W. A. Zortman, A. L. Lentine, D. C. Trotter, and M. R. Watts, “Bit-error-rate monitoring for active wavelength control of resonant modulators,” IEEE Micro 33(1), 42–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsang, H. K.

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Van Campenhout, J.

Verheyen, P.

Wang, B.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

Watts, M. R.

W. A. Zortman, A. L. Lentine, D. C. Trotter, and M. R. Watts, “Bit-error-rate monitoring for active wavelength control of resonant modulators,” IEEE Micro 33(1), 42–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

Witzens, J.

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

Wu, X. R.

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, K.

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

Xuan, Z.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xue, T.

J. C. C. Mak, W. D. Sacher, T. Xue, J. C. Mikkelsen, Z. Yong, and J. K. S. Poon, “Automatic resonance alignment of high-order microring filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 51(11), 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

Yong, Z.

J. C. C. Mak, W. D. Sacher, T. Xue, J. C. Mikkelsen, Z. Yong, and J. K. S. Poon, “Automatic resonance alignment of high-order microring filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 51(11), 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

Yu, K.

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

Zhu, X.

Zortman, W. A.

W. A. Zortman, A. L. Lentine, D. C. Trotter, and M. R. Watts, “Bit-error-rate monitoring for active wavelength control of resonant modulators,” IEEE Micro 33(1), 42–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Technol. (1)

J. Muller, J. Hauck, B. Shen, S. Romero-Garcia, E. Islamova, S. S. Azadeh, S. Joshi, N. Chimot, A. Moscoso-Martir, F. Merget, F. Lelarge, and J. Witzens, “Silicon photonics WDM transmitter with single section semiconductor mode-locked laser,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 4(2), 119–145 (2015).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. C. C. Mak, W. D. Sacher, T. Xue, J. C. Mikkelsen, Z. Yong, and J. K. S. Poon, “Automatic resonance alignment of high-order microring filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 51(11), 1–11 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (2)

H. Li, Z. Xuan, A. Titriku, C. Li, K. Yu, B. Wang, A. Shafik, N. Qi, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Fiorentino, M. Hochberg, S. Palermo, and P. Y. Chiang, “A 25 Gb/s, 4.4 V-Swing, AC-coupled ring modulator-based WDM transmitter with wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 50(12), 3145–3159 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Li, R. Bai, A. Shafik, E. Z. Tabasy, B. Wang, G. Tang, C. Ma, C. H. Chen, Z. Peng, M. Fiorentino, R. G. Beausoleil, P. Chiang, and S. Palermo, “Silicon photonic transceiver circuits with microring resonator bias-based wavelength stabilization in 65 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 49(6), 1419–1436 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Micro (1)

W. A. Zortman, A. L. Lentine, D. C. Trotter, and M. R. Watts, “Bit-error-rate monitoring for active wavelength control of resonant modulators,” IEEE Micro 33(1), 42–52 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

X. R. Wu, C. Huang, K. Xu, C. Shu, and H. K. Tsang, “128-Gb/s line rate OFDM signal modulation using an integrated silicon microring modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(19), 2058–2061 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mach. Learn. Res. (1)

J. Duchi, E. Hazan, and Y. Singer, “Adaptive subgradient methods for online learning and stochastic optimization,” J. Mach. Learn. Res. 12, 2121–2159 (2011).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Proposed closed-loop control of a modulator array with the detection of RF power in the through port. MPD: monitor photo detector. In this paper, we use an external MPD and RF power detector.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spectra of the silicon photonic chip under test with a temperature of 25 °C and 70 °C. The inset shows a picture of the device packaged with RF and DC boards.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a-d) Optical eye diagrams with increasing monitor RF power. (e) Detected RF power as a function of number of rings locked to show incoherent summation of RF power among different channels. (f) Change in RF power for each ring as a function of their respective heater power biases.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Temperature cycle during active locking. (b)-(d) Eye diagrams of three channels during the temperature cycle shown in (a), while the rings are simultaneously locked to the input wavelengths. (e) Locked modulation spectrum.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 BERs during the temperature cycles for (a) ring 1, (b) ring 2, and (c) ring 3. Different curves represent the cases with different launching power to the optical receiver before BER tester. The launching powers for ring 1 are −11 dBm (red), −10 dBm (green), and −8 dBm (blue). For ring 2 they are −12 dBm (red), −10 dBm (green), and −9 dBm (blue). For ring 3 they are −13 dBm (red), −11.5 dBm (green), and −10.5 dBm (blue).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BERs for DMT modulation while three rings are wavelength-locked.

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