Abstract

A compact and high sensitivity sensor with a fiber-tip structure is proposed and demonstrated for simultaneously liquid refractive index (RI) and temperature sensing. The device is fabricated by inserting a tiny segment of capillary tube between single-mode fibers (SMFs) to form two cascaded Fabry-Perot interferometers (FPIs). The theoretical and experimental results demonstrate that the ambient liquid RI and temperature can be simultaneously determined by the intensity and shift of the resonant wavelength in the reflection spectrum. Our proposed device has the highest RI sensitivity of ~216.37 dB/RIU at the RI value of 1.30; a high spatial resolution owing to its compact size (with dimension <400 μm) makes it promising for high precision bio/chemical sensing applications.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  33. W. Dong, J. Wei, X. Wang, Z. Kang, and X. Xu, “Liquid refractive index sensor based on polymer fiber with micro-holes created by femtosecond laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(9), 090601 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  34. Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

2017 (2)

Y. Wang, S. Wang, L. Jiang, H. Huang, L. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Temperature-insensitive refractive index sensor based on Mach-Zehnder interferometer with two microcavities,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(2), 020603 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, X. Liu, R. Lv, and Q. Wang, “Simultaneous measurement of RI and temperature based on the combination of Sagnac loop mirror and balloon-like interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 243(5), 800–805 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

R. Oliveira, J. H. Osório, S. Aristilde, L. Bilro, R. N. Nogueira, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Simultaneous measurement of strain, temperature and refractive index based on multimode interference, fiber tapering and fiber Bragg gratings,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 075107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

Y. Zhao, F. Xia, and J. Li, “Sensitivity-enhanced photonic crystal fiber refractive index sensor with two waist-broadened tapers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(4), 1373–1379 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Tao, H. Wei, and W. Feng, “Photonic crystal fiber in-line Mach-Zehnder interferometer for explosive detection,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2806–2817 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. R. Heidemann, J. C. Pereira, I. Chiamenti, M. M. Oliveira, M. Muller, and J. L. Fabris, “Matching long-period grating modes and localized plasmon resonances: effect on the sensitivity of the grating to the surrounding refractive index,” Appl. Opt. 55(32), 8979–8985 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

2014 (10)

W. Dong, J. Wei, X. Wang, Z. Kang, and X. Xu, “Liquid refractive index sensor based on polymer fiber with micro-holes created by femtosecond laser,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(9), 090601 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, Z. Liu, A. P. Zhang, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “In-line open-cavity Fabry-Pérot interferometer formed by C-shaped fiber fortemperature-insensitive refractive index sensing,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21757–21766 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zhang, M. Yang, and Y. Dai, “Fabry-Perot fiber tip sensor based on an inner air-cavity for refractive index sensing,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(s1), S11202 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. L. Tan, Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, Y. L. Deng, Z. Yin, and R. Gao, “UV-curable polymer microhemisphere-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 7800208 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Yang, X. G. Qiao, I. M. Rajibul, K. S. Lim, and H. Ahmad, “Simultaneous measurement of aliphatic alcohol concentration and temperature based on etched taper FBG,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202(10), 959–963 (2014).

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. K. Yadav, R. Narayanaswamy, M. H. Abu Bakar, Y. M. Kamil, and M. A. Mahdi, “Single mode tapered fiber-optic interferometer based refractive index sensor and its application to protein sensing,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22802–22807 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive index and temperature sensor based on fiber ring laser with STCS fiber structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

Y. Tan, L. P. Sun, L. Jin, J. Li, and B. O. Guan, “Microfiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on long period grating for sensing applications,” Opt. Express 21(1), 154–164 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. Zhao, “Refractive index sensor based on S-tapered photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(4), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Xue, H. Meng, W. Wang, R. Xiong, Q. Yao, and B. Huang, “Single-mode-multimode fiber structure based sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Sens. J. 13(11), 4220–4223 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, C. Chen, Y. Xue, X. L. Zhang, J. C. Guo, C. Wang, F. Zhu, B. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “S-tapered fiber sensors for highly sensitive measurement of refractive index and axial strain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3126–3132 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Li, L. Xia, Z. Xie, and D. Liu, “All-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometers for sensing applications,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11109–11120 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kuczkowski, C. Ying, X. Q. Dinh, P. P. Shu, K. A. Rutkowska, and T. R. Wolinski, “Microfiber Sagnac interferometer for sensing applications,” Photonics Lett. Pol. 4(4), 134–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Xu, Y. Li, X. Y. Dong, S. Z. Jin, and Z. X. Zhang, “Highly sensitive refractive index sensor based on a cladding-etched thin-core fiber sandwiched between two single-mode fibers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(9), 094203 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

M. I. Zibaii, A. Kazemi, H. Latifi, M. K. Azar, S. M. Hosseini, and M. H. Ghezelaiagh, “Measuring bacterial growth by refractive index tapered fiber optic biosensor,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 101(3), 313–320 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensor based on periodic focusing effect of graded-index multimode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1708–1710 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, D. W. Duan, and T. Zhu, “In-line fiber Fabry-Perot refractive-index tip sensor based on endlessly photonic crystal fiber,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 148(1), 33–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, and Q. J. Mo, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a single ultralong-period fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2700–2702 (2005).
[Crossref]

Abu Bakar, M. H.

Ahmad, H.

H. Z. Yang, X. G. Qiao, I. M. Rajibul, K. S. Lim, and H. Ahmad, “Simultaneous measurement of aliphatic alcohol concentration and temperature based on etched taper FBG,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202(10), 959–963 (2014).

Allil, R.

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aristilde, S.

R. Oliveira, J. H. Osório, S. Aristilde, L. Bilro, R. N. Nogueira, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Simultaneous measurement of strain, temperature and refractive index based on multimode interference, fiber tapering and fiber Bragg gratings,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 075107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Azar, M. K.

M. I. Zibaii, A. Kazemi, H. Latifi, M. K. Azar, S. M. Hosseini, and M. H. Ghezelaiagh, “Measuring bacterial growth by refractive index tapered fiber optic biosensor,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 101(3), 313–320 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, Y.

Bilro, L.

R. Oliveira, J. H. Osório, S. Aristilde, L. Bilro, R. N. Nogueira, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Simultaneous measurement of strain, temperature and refractive index based on multimode interference, fiber tapering and fiber Bragg gratings,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 075107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cano-Contreras, M.

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

Chen, C.

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, C. Chen, Y. Xue, X. L. Zhang, J. C. Guo, C. Wang, F. Zhu, B. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “S-tapered fiber sensors for highly sensitive measurement of refractive index and axial strain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3126–3132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q. D.

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, C. Chen, Y. Xue, X. L. Zhang, J. C. Guo, C. Wang, F. Zhu, B. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “S-tapered fiber sensors for highly sensitive measurement of refractive index and axial strain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3126–3132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chiamenti, I.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

R. Oliveira, J. H. Osório, S. Aristilde, L. Bilro, R. N. Nogueira, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Simultaneous measurement of strain, temperature and refractive index based on multimode interference, fiber tapering and fiber Bragg gratings,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 075107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y.

G. Zhang, M. Yang, and Y. Dai, “Fabry-Perot fiber tip sensor based on an inner air-cavity for refractive index sensing,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(s1), S11202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dang, Y.

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Deng, M.

Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, D. W. Duan, and T. Zhu, “In-line fiber Fabry-Perot refractive-index tip sensor based on endlessly photonic crystal fiber,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 148(1), 33–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

Deng, Y. L.

X. L. Tan, Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, Y. L. Deng, Z. Yin, and R. Gao, “UV-curable polymer microhemisphere-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 7800208 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dinh, X. Q.

M. Kuczkowski, C. Ying, X. Q. Dinh, P. P. Shu, K. A. Rutkowska, and T. R. Wolinski, “Microfiber Sagnac interferometer for sensing applications,” Photonics Lett. Pol. 4(4), 134–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dong, W.

Dong, X. Y.

B. Xu, Y. Li, X. Y. Dong, S. Z. Jin, and Z. X. Zhang, “Highly sensitive refractive index sensor based on a cladding-etched thin-core fiber sandwiched between two single-mode fibers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(9), 094203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Duan, D. W.

Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, D. W. Duan, and T. Zhu, “In-line fiber Fabry-Perot refractive-index tip sensor based on endlessly photonic crystal fiber,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 148(1), 33–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fabris, J. L.

Farrell, G.

Feng, W.

Gallegos-Arellano, E.

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

Gao, R.

X. L. Tan, Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, Y. L. Deng, Z. Yin, and R. Gao, “UV-curable polymer microhemisphere-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 7800208 (2014).
[Crossref]

Geng, Y. F.

X. L. Tan, Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, Y. L. Deng, Z. Yin, and R. Gao, “UV-curable polymer microhemisphere-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 7800208 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ghezelaiagh, M. H.

M. I. Zibaii, A. Kazemi, H. Latifi, M. K. Azar, S. M. Hosseini, and M. H. Ghezelaiagh, “Measuring bacterial growth by refractive index tapered fiber optic biosensor,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 101(3), 313–320 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Y.

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensor based on periodic focusing effect of graded-index multimode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1708–1710 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guan, B. O.

Guo, J. C.

Guo, Y.

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensor based on periodic focusing effect of graded-index multimode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1708–1710 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guzman-Chavez, A. D.

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

He, J.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heidemann, B. R.

Hosseini, S. M.

M. I. Zibaii, A. Kazemi, H. Latifi, M. K. Azar, S. M. Hosseini, and M. H. Ghezelaiagh, “Measuring bacterial growth by refractive index tapered fiber optic biosensor,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 101(3), 313–320 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, H.

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, B.

H. Xue, H. Meng, W. Wang, R. Xiong, Q. Yao, and B. Huang, “Single-mode-multimode fiber structure based sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Sens. J. 13(11), 4220–4223 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

Huang, Y.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jauregui-Vazquez, D.

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

Jian, S.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive index and temperature sensor based on fiber ring laser with STCS fiber structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
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Jiang, L.

Jin, L.

Jin, S. Z.

B. Xu, Y. Li, X. Y. Dong, S. Z. Jin, and Z. X. Zhang, “Highly sensitive refractive index sensor based on a cladding-etched thin-core fiber sandwiched between two single-mode fibers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(9), 094203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kamil, Y. M.

Kang, Z.

Kazemi, A.

M. I. Zibaii, A. Kazemi, H. Latifi, M. K. Azar, S. M. Hosseini, and M. H. Ghezelaiagh, “Measuring bacterial growth by refractive index tapered fiber optic biosensor,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 101(3), 313–320 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, L.

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

Kuczkowski, M.

M. Kuczkowski, C. Ying, X. Q. Dinh, P. P. Shu, K. A. Rutkowska, and T. R. Wolinski, “Microfiber Sagnac interferometer for sensing applications,” Photonics Lett. Pol. 4(4), 134–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Latifi, H.

M. I. Zibaii, A. Kazemi, H. Latifi, M. K. Azar, S. M. Hosseini, and M. H. Ghezelaiagh, “Measuring bacterial growth by refractive index tapered fiber optic biosensor,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 101(3), 313–320 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, R. K.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[Crossref]

Leung, A.

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Li, J.

Li, L.

Li, X. J.

X. L. Tan, Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, Y. L. Deng, Z. Yin, and R. Gao, “UV-curable polymer microhemisphere-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 7800208 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

B. Xu, Y. Li, X. Y. Dong, S. Z. Jin, and Z. X. Zhang, “Highly sensitive refractive index sensor based on a cladding-etched thin-core fiber sandwiched between two single-mode fibers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(9), 094203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, L.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive index and temperature sensor based on fiber ring laser with STCS fiber structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, W.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive index and temperature sensor based on fiber ring laser with STCS fiber structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liao, C.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lim, K. S.

H. Z. Yang, X. G. Qiao, I. M. Rajibul, K. S. Lim, and H. Ahmad, “Simultaneous measurement of aliphatic alcohol concentration and temperature based on etched taper FBG,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202(10), 959–963 (2014).

Lin, J.

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

Liu, S.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Y. Zhao, X. Liu, R. Lv, and Q. Wang, “Simultaneous measurement of RI and temperature based on the combination of Sagnac loop mirror and balloon-like interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 243(5), 800–805 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Liu, Z. B.

Lu, Y.

Lv, R.

Y. Zhao, X. Liu, R. Lv, and Q. Wang, “Simultaneous measurement of RI and temperature based on the combination of Sagnac loop mirror and balloon-like interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 243(5), 800–805 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mahdi, M. A.

Mata-Chavez, R. I.

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

Meng, H.

H. Xue, H. Meng, W. Wang, R. Xiong, Q. Yao, and B. Huang, “Single-mode-multimode fiber structure based sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Sens. J. 13(11), 4220–4223 (2013).
[Crossref]

Miguel, M.

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mo, Q. J.

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, and Q. J. Mo, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a single ultralong-period fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2700–2702 (2005).
[Crossref]

Muller, M.

Mutharasan, R.

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Narayanaswamy, R.

Nogueira, R. N.

R. Oliveira, J. H. Osório, S. Aristilde, L. Bilro, R. N. Nogueira, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Simultaneous measurement of strain, temperature and refractive index based on multimode interference, fiber tapering and fiber Bragg gratings,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 075107 (2016).
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Oliveira, M. M.

Oliveira, R.

R. Oliveira, J. H. Osório, S. Aristilde, L. Bilro, R. N. Nogueira, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Simultaneous measurement of strain, temperature and refractive index based on multimode interference, fiber tapering and fiber Bragg gratings,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 075107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Osório, J. H.

R. Oliveira, J. H. Osório, S. Aristilde, L. Bilro, R. N. Nogueira, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Simultaneous measurement of strain, temperature and refractive index based on multimode interference, fiber tapering and fiber Bragg gratings,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 075107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peixoto, R.

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, W.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive index and temperature sensor based on fiber ring laser with STCS fiber structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pereira, J. C.

Qiao, X. G.

H. Z. Yang, X. G. Qiao, I. M. Rajibul, K. S. Lim, and H. Ahmad, “Simultaneous measurement of aliphatic alcohol concentration and temperature based on etched taper FBG,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202(10), 959–963 (2014).

Queiroz, V.

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rajibul, I. M.

H. Z. Yang, X. G. Qiao, I. M. Rajibul, K. S. Lim, and H. Ahmad, “Simultaneous measurement of aliphatic alcohol concentration and temperature based on etched taper FBG,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202(10), 959–963 (2014).

Rao, Y. J.

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensor based on periodic focusing effect of graded-index multimode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1708–1710 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, D. W. Duan, and T. Zhu, “In-line fiber Fabry-Perot refractive-index tip sensor based on endlessly photonic crystal fiber,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 148(1), 33–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, and Q. J. Mo, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a single ultralong-period fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2700–2702 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ren, G.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive index and temperature sensor based on fiber ring laser with STCS fiber structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rodrigues, D.

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rojas-Laguna, R.

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

Rutkowska, K. A.

M. Kuczkowski, C. Ying, X. Q. Dinh, P. P. Shu, K. A. Rutkowska, and T. R. Wolinski, “Microfiber Sagnac interferometer for sensing applications,” Photonics Lett. Pol. 4(4), 134–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Semenova, Y.

Shankar, P. M.

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shi, F.

F. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. Zhao, “Refractive index sensor based on S-tapered photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(4), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shu, P. P.

M. Kuczkowski, C. Ying, X. Q. Dinh, P. P. Shu, K. A. Rutkowska, and T. R. Wolinski, “Microfiber Sagnac interferometer for sensing applications,” Photonics Lett. Pol. 4(4), 134–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, H. B.

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, C. Chen, Y. Xue, X. L. Zhang, J. C. Guo, C. Wang, F. Zhu, B. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “S-tapered fiber sensors for highly sensitive measurement of refractive index and axial strain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3126–3132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, L. P.

Tam, H. Y.

Tan, X. L.

X. L. Tan, Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, Y. L. Deng, Z. Yin, and R. Gao, “UV-curable polymer microhemisphere-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 7800208 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tan, Y.

Tan, Z.

Tao, C.

Torres-Cisneros, M.

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

Tsai, H.

Vargas-Rodriguez, E.

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

Wandermur, G.

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Wang, G.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

F. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. Zhao, “Refractive index sensor based on S-tapered photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(4), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Y. Zhao, X. Liu, R. Lv, and Q. Wang, “Simultaneous measurement of RI and temperature based on the combination of Sagnac loop mirror and balloon-like interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 243(5), 800–805 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Wang, W.

H. Xue, H. Meng, W. Wang, R. Xiong, Q. Yao, and B. Huang, “Single-mode-multimode fiber structure based sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Sens. J. 13(11), 4220–4223 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, L. Jiang, H. Huang, L. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Temperature-insensitive refractive index sensor based on Mach-Zehnder interferometer with two microcavities,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(2), 020603 (2017).
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J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wei, H.

Wei, J.

Werneck, M.

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolinski, T. R.

M. Kuczkowski, C. Ying, X. Q. Dinh, P. P. Shu, K. A. Rutkowska, and T. R. Wolinski, “Microfiber Sagnac interferometer for sensing applications,” Photonics Lett. Pol. 4(4), 134–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

Wu, Q.

Wu, Y.

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensor based on periodic focusing effect of graded-index multimode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1708–1710 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xia, F.

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, F. Xia, and J. Li, “Sensitivity-enhanced photonic crystal fiber refractive index sensor with two waist-broadened tapers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(4), 1373–1379 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xia, L.

Xia, Y.

F. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. Zhao, “Refractive index sensor based on S-tapered photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(4), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.

Xie, Z.

Xiong, R.

H. Xue, H. Meng, W. Wang, R. Xiong, Q. Yao, and B. Huang, “Single-mode-multimode fiber structure based sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Sens. J. 13(11), 4220–4223 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

B. Xu, Y. Li, X. Y. Dong, S. Z. Jin, and Z. X. Zhang, “Highly sensitive refractive index sensor based on a cladding-etched thin-core fiber sandwiched between two single-mode fibers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(9), 094203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

Xu, Y.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[Crossref]

Xue, H.

H. Xue, H. Meng, W. Wang, R. Xiong, Q. Yao, and B. Huang, “Single-mode-multimode fiber structure based sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Sens. J. 13(11), 4220–4223 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xue, Y.

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, C. Chen, Y. Xue, X. L. Zhang, J. C. Guo, C. Wang, F. Zhu, B. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “S-tapered fiber sensors for highly sensitive measurement of refractive index and axial strain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3126–3132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yadav, T. K.

Yang, H. Z.

H. Z. Yang, X. G. Qiao, I. M. Rajibul, K. S. Lim, and H. Ahmad, “Simultaneous measurement of aliphatic alcohol concentration and temperature based on etched taper FBG,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202(10), 959–963 (2014).

Yang, J.

Yang, M.

G. Zhang, M. Yang, and Y. Dai, “Fabry-Perot fiber tip sensor based on an inner air-cavity for refractive index sensing,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(s1), S11202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, R.

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, C. Chen, Y. Xue, X. L. Zhang, J. C. Guo, C. Wang, F. Zhu, B. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “S-tapered fiber sensors for highly sensitive measurement of refractive index and axial strain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3126–3132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, Q.

H. Xue, H. Meng, W. Wang, R. Xiong, Q. Yao, and B. Huang, “Single-mode-multimode fiber structure based sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Sens. J. 13(11), 4220–4223 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yin, B.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive index and temperature sensor based on fiber ring laser with STCS fiber structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, G.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yin, Z.

X. L. Tan, Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, Y. L. Deng, Z. Yin, and R. Gao, “UV-curable polymer microhemisphere-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 7800208 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ying, C.

M. Kuczkowski, C. Ying, X. Q. Dinh, P. P. Shu, K. A. Rutkowska, and T. R. Wolinski, “Microfiber Sagnac interferometer for sensing applications,” Photonics Lett. Pol. 4(4), 134–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y. S.

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yang, Y. S. Yu, C. Chen, Y. Xue, X. L. Zhang, J. C. Guo, C. Wang, F. Zhu, B. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “S-tapered fiber sensors for highly sensitive measurement of refractive index and axial strain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(19), 3126–3132 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A. P.

Zhang, B. L.

Zhang, G.

G. Zhang, M. Yang, and Y. Dai, “Fabry-Perot fiber tip sensor based on an inner air-cavity for refractive index sensing,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(s1), S11202 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X. L.

Zhang, X. Y.

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

F. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. Zhao, “Refractive index sensor based on S-tapered photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(4), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. X.

B. Xu, Y. Li, X. Y. Dong, S. Z. Jin, and Z. X. Zhang, “Highly sensitive refractive index sensor based on a cladding-etched thin-core fiber sandwiched between two single-mode fibers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(9), 094203 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.

F. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. Zhao, “Refractive index sensor based on S-tapered photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(4), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, T.

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensor based on periodic focusing effect of graded-index multimode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1708–1710 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, X. Liu, R. Lv, and Q. Wang, “Simultaneous measurement of RI and temperature based on the combination of Sagnac loop mirror and balloon-like interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 243(5), 800–805 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, F. Xia, and J. Li, “Sensitivity-enhanced photonic crystal fiber refractive index sensor with two waist-broadened tapers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(4), 1373–1379 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhong, X.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, C. C.

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, F.

Zhu, T.

Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, D. W. Duan, and T. Zhu, “In-line fiber Fabry-Perot refractive-index tip sensor based on endlessly photonic crystal fiber,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 148(1), 33–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, and Q. J. Mo, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a single ultralong-period fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2700–2702 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zibaii, M. I.

M. I. Zibaii, A. Kazemi, H. Latifi, M. K. Azar, S. M. Hosseini, and M. H. Ghezelaiagh, “Measuring bacterial growth by refractive index tapered fiber optic biosensor,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 101(3), 313–320 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151122 (2005).
[Crossref]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

G. Wandermur, D. Rodrigues, R. Allil, V. Queiroz, R. Peixoto, M. Werneck, and M. Miguel, “Plastic optical fiber-based biosensor platform for rapid cell detection,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 54(12), 661–666 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (3)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Xu, Y. Li, X. Y. Dong, S. Z. Jin, and Z. X. Zhang, “Highly sensitive refractive index sensor based on a cladding-etched thin-core fiber sandwiched between two single-mode fibers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 29(9), 094203 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

X. L. Tan, Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, Y. L. Deng, Z. Yin, and R. Gao, “UV-curable polymer microhemisphere-based fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(4), 7800208 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, and Q. J. Mo, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using a single ultralong-period fiber grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(12), 2700–2702 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Xia, and L. Zhao, “Refractive index sensor based on S-tapered photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(4), 344–347 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Zhang, Y. S. Yu, C. C. Zhu, C. Chen, R. Yang, Y. Xue, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, “Miniature end-capped fiber sensor for refractive index and temperature measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(1), 7–10 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive index and temperature sensor based on fiber ring laser with STCS fiber structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, “Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot sensor based on periodic focusing effect of graded-index multimode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1708–1710 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

H. Xue, H. Meng, W. Wang, R. Xiong, Q. Yao, and B. Huang, “Single-mode-multimode fiber structure based sensor for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Sens. J. 13(11), 4220–4223 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid (1)

M. Cano-Contreras, A. D. Guzman-Chavez, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, E. Gallegos-Arellano, D. Jauregui-Vazquez, R. I. Mata-Chavez, M. Torres-Cisneros, and R. Rojas-Laguna, “Refractive index sensing setup based on a taper and an intrinsic micro Fabry-Perot interferometer,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc-Rapid 10, 15039 (2015).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Photochem. Photobiol. B (1)

M. I. Zibaii, A. Kazemi, H. Latifi, M. K. Azar, S. M. Hosseini, and M. H. Ghezelaiagh, “Measuring bacterial growth by refractive index tapered fiber optic biosensor,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. B 101(3), 313–320 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

R. Oliveira, J. H. Osório, S. Aristilde, L. Bilro, R. N. Nogueira, and C. M. B. Cordeiro, “Simultaneous measurement of strain, temperature and refractive index based on multimode interference, fiber tapering and fiber Bragg gratings,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 27(7), 075107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

Q. Wu, Y. Semenova, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, “High sensitivity SMS fiber structure based refractometer--analysis and experiment,” Opt. Express 19(9), 7937–7944 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, L. P. Sun, L. Jin, J. Li, and B. O. Guan, “Microfiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on long period grating for sensing applications,” Opt. Express 21(1), 154–164 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. B. Liu, Z. Tan, B. Yin, Y. Bai, and S. Jian, “Refractive index sensing characterization of a singlemode-claddingless-singlemode fiber structure based fiber ring cavity laser,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5037–5042 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, L. Xia, Z. Xie, and D. Liu, “All-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometers for sensing applications,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11109–11120 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wu, Z. Liu, A. P. Zhang, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “In-line open-cavity Fabry-Pérot interferometer formed by C-shaped fiber fortemperature-insensitive refractive index sensing,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21757–21766 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. K. Yadav, R. Narayanaswamy, M. H. Abu Bakar, Y. M. Kamil, and M. A. Mahdi, “Single mode tapered fiber-optic interferometer based refractive index sensor and its application to protein sensing,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22802–22807 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Tao, H. Wei, and W. Feng, “Photonic crystal fiber in-line Mach-Zehnder interferometer for explosive detection,” Opt. Express 24(3), 2806–2817 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Photonics Lett. Pol. (1)

M. Kuczkowski, C. Ying, X. Q. Dinh, P. P. Shu, K. A. Rutkowska, and T. R. Wolinski, “Microfiber Sagnac interferometer for sensing applications,” Photonics Lett. Pol. 4(4), 134–136 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, D. W. Duan, and T. Zhu, “In-line fiber Fabry-Perot refractive-index tip sensor based on endlessly photonic crystal fiber,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 148(1), 33–38 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (5)

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 208(3), 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, X. Liu, R. Lv, and Q. Wang, “Simultaneous measurement of RI and temperature based on the combination of Sagnac loop mirror and balloon-like interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 243(5), 800–805 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 125(2), 688–703 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Yang, X. G. Qiao, I. M. Rajibul, K. S. Lim, and H. Ahmad, “Simultaneous measurement of aliphatic alcohol concentration and temperature based on etched taper FBG,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 202(10), 959–963 (2014).

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. (1)

Q. Wang, L. Kong, Y. Dang, F. Xia, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Hu, and J. Lin, “High sensitivity refractive index sensor based on splicing points tapered SMF-PCF-SMF structure Mach-Zehnder mode interferometer,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 225(3), 213–220 (2016).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured reflection spectrum of the sensor S1 in pure water with RI of 1.333 and (b) the corresponding FFT results.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Calculated reflection spectra when nliq is within the range of 1.30 to 1.432 and (b) lowest dip intensity vs surrounding RI with different losses of the narrow air-cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for liquid RI sensing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Response of the sensor to surrounding RI for S1 at 25°C. (a) Reflection spectra of the sensor under different surrounding RIs. Reflection of lowest dip vs RI within the range of (b) 1.30-1.432 and (c) 1.333-1.347.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Response of the sensor to temperature in water with RI of 1.333.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Response of the sensor to surrounding RI for S1 and S2.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Response of the sensor to NaCl diffusion. (a) Reflection spectra of the sensor versus time at a fixed immersion length and (b) Reflection dip intensity vs time.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Response of the sensor to salt water with gradually varied concentration. (a) Reflection spectra of the sensor with different immersion lengths and (b) Relationship between the dip intensity and immersion length.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Response of the sensor to BSA solution with different concentrations. (b) Power stability of the light source.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main fusion splicing parameters used in the experiments.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Various intensity-modulated optical fiber RI sensors and their sensitivities.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I= R 1 + ( 1 α 1 ) 2 ( 1 R 1 ) 2 R 2 + ( 1 α 1 ) 2 ( 1 α 2 ) 2 ( 1 R 1 ) 2 ( 1 R 2 ) 2 R 3 + 2 R 1 R 3 ( 1 α 1 )( 1 α 2 )( 1 R 1 )( 1 R 2 )COS[ 2( ϕ 1 + ϕ 2 ) ]+ 2 R 2 R 3 ( 1 α 1 ) 2 ( 1 α 2 ) ( 1 R 1 ) 2 ( 1 R 2 )COS( 2 ϕ 2 )+ 2 R 1 R 2 ( 1 α 1 )( 1 R 1 )COS( 2 ϕ 1 )
I= R 1 + ( 1 α 1 ) 2 ( 1 R 1 ) 2 R 2 + ( 1 α 1 ) 2 ( 1 α 2 ) 2 ( 1 R 1 ) 2 ( 1 R 2 ) 2 R 3 + 2 R 1 R 3 ( 1 α 1 )( 1 α 2 )( 1 R 1 )( 1 R 2 )COS[ 2( ϕ 1 + ϕ 2 ) ]+ 2 R 2 R 3 ( 1 α 1 ) 2 ( 1 α 2 ) ( 1 R 1 ) 2 ( 1 R 2 )COS( 2 ϕ 2 )

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