Abstract

In this article, a novel metamaterial is designed aimed at generating a single electromagnetic hot spot, in order to realize the localization of the incident electromagnetic field at terahertz band, and this kind of metastructure is an ideal candidate for many research fields such as spintronics, nonlinear magnetic response, near-field optics, and optical antenna, etc. The specially tailored metamaterial takes the shape of diabolo with a metal triangle pair connected by a cubic gallium arsenide (GaAs) gap. We demonstrated by simulation that both electric- and magnetic-field of incident THz pulse can be confined in the small GaAs gap when a synchronized femtosecond laser pulse is illuminated. The numerical simulation results show that 2 orders of magnitude of field enhancement can be obtained for a 1-by-1 μm GaAs gap, and the field enhancement factor can also be further improved by tailoring the GaAs gap down to nanometer scale.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2013 (4)

K. Yamaguchi, T. Kurihara, Y. Minami, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “Terahertz time-domain observation of spin reorientation in orthoferrite ErFeO3 through magnetic free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 137204 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Rahm, J. S. Li, and W. J. Padilla, “THz Wave Modulators: A Brief Review on Different Modulation Techniques,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(1), 1–27 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Ho, Y. Lee, E. Maeda, and J. J. Delaunay, “Coupling of localized surface plasmons to U-shaped cavities for high-sensitivity and miniaturized detectors,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1531–1540 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Gao, L. F. Shen, E. P. Li, L. L. Xu, and Z. Y. Wang, “Cross-diabolo nanoantenna for localizing and enhancing magnetic field with Arbitrary Polarization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(6), 829–833 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. THz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).

2008 (3)

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, R. G. Baraniuk, and D. M. Mittleman, “A single–pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121105 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, X. Kou, Z. Yang, W. Ni, and J. Wang, “Shape- and Size-Dependent Refractive Index Sensitivity of Gold Nanoparticles,” Langmuir 24(10), 5233–5237 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (5)

B. J. Wiley, Y. Chen, J. M. McLellan, Y. Xiong, Z. Y. Li, D. Ginger, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanobars and nanorice,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1032–1036 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Yu and J. Irudayaraj, “Multiplex biosensor using gold nanorods,” Anal. Chem. 79(2), 572–579 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting–edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, J. Yang, X. Wu, and Q. Gong, “Electric field enhancing properties of the V-shaped optical resonant antennas,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16852–16859 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

H. Wang, D. W. Brandl, F. Le, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanorice: a hybrid plasmonic nanostructure,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 827–832 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

B. Ferguson and X. C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 26–33 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(40), 8410–8426 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

W. J. Moore and R. T. Holm, “Infrared dielectric constant of gallium arsenide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(12), 6939–6942 (1996).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and C. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” JOSA B 7(10), 2006–2015 (1990).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

M. Moskovits, “Surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 57(3), 783–826 (1985).
[Crossref]

Andrews, S. R.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Awschalom, D. D.

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baida, F. I.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baraniuk, R. G.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, R. G. Baraniuk, and D. M. Mittleman, “A single–pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brandl, D. W.

H. Wang, D. W. Brandl, F. Le, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanorice: a hybrid plasmonic nanostructure,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 827–832 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buhrman, R. A.

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burr, G. W.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

Chan, W. L.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, R. G. Baraniuk, and D. M. Mittleman, “A single–pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Charan, K.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, R. G. Baraniuk, and D. M. Mittleman, “A single–pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, X. Kou, Z. Yang, W. Ni, and J. Wang, “Shape- and Size-Dependent Refractive Index Sensitivity of Gold Nanoparticles,” Langmuir 24(10), 5233–5237 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

B. J. Wiley, Y. Chen, J. M. McLellan, Y. Xiong, Z. Y. Li, D. Ginger, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanobars and nanorice,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1032–1036 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chtchelkanova, A. Y.

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cluff, J. A.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Daughton, J. M.

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delaunay, J. J.

El-Sayed, M. A.

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(40), 8410–8426 (1999).
[Crossref]

Fattinger, C.

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and C. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” JOSA B 7(10), 2006–2015 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X. C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 26–33 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, U. C.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fromm, D. P.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gao, Z.

Ginger, D.

B. J. Wiley, Y. Chen, J. M. McLellan, Y. Xiong, Z. Y. Li, D. Ginger, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanobars and nanorice,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1032–1036 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Q.

Gossard, A. C.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and C. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” JOSA B 7(10), 2006–2015 (1990).
[Crossref]

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T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Wei, G. Song, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. F. O’Hara, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active metasurface terahertz deflector with phase discontinuities,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27152–27158 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, D. W. Brandl, F. Le, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanorice: a hybrid plasmonic nanostructure,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 827–832 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Wei, G. Song, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. F. O’Hara, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active metasurface terahertz deflector with phase discontinuities,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27152–27158 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Highstrete, C.

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, Y. L.

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

Holm, R. T.

W. J. Moore and R. T. Holm, “Infrared dielectric constant of gallium arsenide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(12), 6939–6942 (1996).
[Crossref]

Huggard, P. G.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
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C. Yu and J. Irudayaraj, “Multiplex biosensor using gold nanorods,” Anal. Chem. 79(2), 572–579 (2007).
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Ju, G.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kampfrath, T.

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kashuba, A. B.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keiding, S.

D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and C. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” JOSA B 7(10), 2006–2015 (1990).
[Crossref]

Keiding, S. R.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kelly, K. F.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, R. G. Baraniuk, and D. M. Mittleman, “A single–pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121105 (2008).
[Crossref]

King, F.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kino, G.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kou, X.

H. Chen, X. Kou, Z. Yang, W. Ni, and J. Wang, “Shape- and Size-Dependent Refractive Index Sensitivity of Gold Nanoparticles,” Langmuir 24(10), 5233–5237 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurihara, T.

K. Yamaguchi, T. Kurihara, Y. Minami, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “Terahertz time-domain observation of spin reorientation in orthoferrite ErFeO3 through magnetic free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 137204 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lal, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

Le, F.

H. Wang, D. W. Brandl, F. Le, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanorice: a hybrid plasmonic nanostructure,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 827–832 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, M.

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

Li, E. P.

Li, J. S.

M. Rahm, J. S. Li, and W. J. Padilla, “THz Wave Modulators: A Brief Review on Different Modulation Techniques,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(1), 1–27 (2013).
[Crossref]

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B. J. Wiley, Y. Chen, J. M. McLellan, Y. Xiong, Z. Y. Li, D. Ginger, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanobars and nanorice,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1032–1036 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
[Crossref]

Link, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Spectral properties and relaxation dynamics of surface plasmon electronic oscillations in gold and silver nanodots and nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(40), 8410–8426 (1999).
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J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, B.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maeda, E.

Maier, S. A.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McLellan, J. M.

B. J. Wiley, Y. Chen, J. M. McLellan, Y. Xiong, Z. Y. Li, D. Ginger, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanobars and nanorice,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1032–1036 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minami, Y.

K. Yamaguchi, T. Kurihara, Y. Minami, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “Terahertz time-domain observation of spin reorientation in orthoferrite ErFeO3 through magnetic free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 137204 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mittleman, D. M.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, R. G. Baraniuk, and D. M. Mittleman, “A single–pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mivelle, M.

T. Grosjean, M. Mivelle, F. I. Baida, G. W. Burr, and U. C. Fischer, “Diabolo nanoantenna for enhancing and confining the magnetic optical field,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1009–1013 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moerner, W. E.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Moore, G. P.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
[Crossref]

Moore, W. J.

W. J. Moore and R. T. Holm, “Infrared dielectric constant of gallium arsenide,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(12), 6939–6942 (1996).
[Crossref]

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M. Moskovits, “Surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 57(3), 783–826 (1985).
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Nagatsuma, T.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. THz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).

Nakajima, M.

K. Yamaguchi, T. Kurihara, Y. Minami, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “Terahertz time-domain observation of spin reorientation in orthoferrite ErFeO3 through magnetic free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 137204 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nemat-Nasser, S. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ni, W.

H. Chen, X. Kou, Z. Yang, W. Ni, and J. Wang, “Shape- and Size-Dependent Refractive Index Sensitivity of Gold Nanoparticles,” Langmuir 24(10), 5233–5237 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

H. Wang, D. W. Brandl, F. Le, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanorice: a hybrid plasmonic nanostructure,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 827–832 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Hara, J. F.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Wei, G. Song, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. F. O’Hara, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active metasurface terahertz deflector with phase discontinuities,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27152–27158 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, C.

Padilla, W. J.

M. Rahm, J. S. Li, and W. J. Padilla, “THz Wave Modulators: A Brief Review on Different Modulation Techniques,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(1), 1–27 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rahm, M.

M. Rahm, J. S. Li, and W. J. Padilla, “THz Wave Modulators: A Brief Review on Different Modulation Techniques,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 34(1), 1–27 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ritchieless, D. A.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
[Crossref]

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

Roukes, M. L.

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuck, P. J.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shaw, C. J.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, G. P. Moore, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, S. R. Keiding, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchieless, “Drude conductivity of highly doped GaAs at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(5), 2382–2385 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shen, L. F.

Shrekenhamer, D. B.

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

Siegmann, H. C.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Singh, R.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, G.

Song, H. J.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, “Present and future of terahertz communications,” IEEE Trans. THz Sci. Technol. 1(1), 256–263 (2011).

Stamm, C.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stöhr, J.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, X.

Suemoto, T.

K. Yamaguchi, T. Kurihara, Y. Minami, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “Terahertz time-domain observation of spin reorientation in orthoferrite ErFeO3 through magnetic free induction decay,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(13), 137204 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sundaramurthy, A.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-dependent optical coupling of single “bowtie” nanoantennas resonant in the visible,” Nano Lett. 4(5), 957–961 (2004).
[Crossref]

Takhar, D.

W. L. Chan, K. Charan, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly, R. G. Baraniuk, and D. M. Mittleman, “A single–pixel terahertz imaging system based on compressed sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

T. Kampfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

X. Su, C. Ouyang, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Wei, G. Song, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. F. O’Hara, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active metasurface terahertz deflector with phase discontinuities,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27152–27158 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting–edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Treger, D. M.

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tudosa, I.

I. Tudosa, C. Stamm, A. B. Kashuba, F. King, H. C. Siegmann, J. Stöhr, G. Ju, B. Lu, and D. Weller, “The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media,” Nature 428(6985), 831–833 (2004).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of the simulation model under study: (a) top view in the (XY) plane and (b) side view along the (XZ) plane, and the schematic diagram (c). The red point in (b) corresponds to the position where the spectra are calculated, 101 nm away from centered of the gap; the dashed plane in (b) corresponds to the plane where the three dimensional near-field amplitude distributions of the electromagnetic field are calculated, 101 nm away from and parallel to the structure. The vectors k and E represent the direction of propagation and the polarization of the electric field, respectively. The vectors H and E are denoted for magnetic field electric field, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Three dimensional near-field amplitude distribution of the electric (a) and magnetic field (b) in a plane 101 nm away from the GaAs gap surface, respectively; and (c) the electric spectral response of the structure, the results are obtained under the condition that the MSM diabolo metamaterial irradiated by the THz pulse alone, the inset in (c) is the THz transmission spectrum of the structure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Near-field amplitude distribution of the electric field (a) and magnetic field (c); electric (b) and magnetic (d) spectral response of the structure, the data in both (b) and (d) are collected from a plane 101 nm above the GaAs surface. The structure under studying is given in the text.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Schematic diagram is used to illustrate the physical principle for locally co-enhancement of both the electric and magnetic field of the incident THz pulse; (b) Near-field amplitude distribution of the electric field of the “all-metal” MSM diabolo structure; (c) The electric field enhanced factor at 0.6THz as a function of the photoexcitation carriers’ density; (d) The magnetic field enhanced factor at 0.6THz as a function of the photoexcitation carriers’ density. The dark circles in (c) and (d) correspond to the enhancement amplitude of the electric and magnetic field described in Figs. 3 (b) and (d). The geometric parameters are set as l = 28.28μm and G = 1μm in Figs. 4.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 3D plot of the electric field distribution and resonance frequency as a function of the unit length of the MSM diabolo metamaterial (a) and the size of the GaAs gap (b); The 3D plot of magnetic field distribution and resonance frequency as a function of the unit length of the MSM diabolo metamaterial (c) and the size of the GaAs gap (d).

Equations (2)

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ε ˜ (ω)= ε + ω P 2 ω 2 +iγω ,
σ ˜ (ω)= i ε 0 ω P 2 ω+iγ ,

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