Abstract

We present tailor-made imprinted nanostructures for light management in liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells providing both, increased jsc by enhanced absorption and excellent electronic material-quality with Voc-values >640mV. All superstrate textures successfully enhance light in-coupling in 10-20µm thick liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-films. Moreover, the effect of combining imprinted textures at the front side with individually optimized light trapping schemes at the rear side of the absorber layers on the optical properties is analyzed. With a silicon absorber layer thickness of 17µm maximum achievable short-circuit current density of 37.0mA/cm2 is obtained, an increase by + 1.8mA/cm2 (or 5.1%) compared to the optimized planar reference.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Haschke, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Liquid phase crystallized silicon on glass: technology, material quality and back contacted heterojunction solar cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(4S), 04EA04 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. Eisenhauer, G. Köppel, K. Jäger, D. Chen, O. Shargaieva, P. Sonntag, D. Amkreutz, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Smooth anti-reflective three-dimensional textures for liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on glass,” submitted (2016), arXiv:1609.06997.
  4. P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).
  5. T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Z. Pakhuruddin, J. Huang, J. Dore, and S. Varlamov, “Light absorption enhancement in laser-crystallized Silicon thin films on textured glass,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(1), 159–165 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Köppel, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Sinusoidal nanotextures for light management in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8722–8728 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. C. Becker, V. Preidel, D. Amkreutz, J. Haschke, and B. Rech, “Double-side textured liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on imprinted glass,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 135, 2–7 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, H. Hauser, M. Hermle, and B. Bläsi, “Diffractive gratings for crystalline silicon solar cells optimum parameters and loss mechanisms,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(7), 862–873 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Z. Pakhuruddin, J. Huang, J. Dore, and S. Varlamov, “Light absorption enhancement in laser-crystallized Silicon thin films on textured glass,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(1), 159–165 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Köppel, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Sinusoidal nanotextures for light management in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8722–8728 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Haschke, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Liquid phase crystallized silicon on glass: technology, material quality and back contacted heterojunction solar cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(4S), 04EA04 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

C. Becker, V. Preidel, D. Amkreutz, J. Haschke, and B. Rech, “Double-side textured liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on imprinted glass,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 135, 2–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, H. Hauser, M. Hermle, and B. Bläsi, “Diffractive gratings for crystalline silicon solar cells optimum parameters and loss mechanisms,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(7), 862–873 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amkreutz, D.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Haschke, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Liquid phase crystallized silicon on glass: technology, material quality and back contacted heterojunction solar cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(4S), 04EA04 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).

C. Becker, V. Preidel, D. Amkreutz, J. Haschke, and B. Rech, “Double-side textured liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on imprinted glass,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 135, 2–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ballif, C.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Battaglia, C.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, C.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Köppel, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Sinusoidal nanotextures for light management in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8722–8728 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Becker, V. Preidel, D. Amkreutz, J. Haschke, and B. Rech, “Double-side textured liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on imprinted glass,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 135, 2–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bläsi, B.

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, H. Hauser, M. Hermle, and B. Bläsi, “Diffractive gratings for crystalline silicon solar cells optimum parameters and loss mechanisms,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(7), 862–873 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boccard, M.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boriskina, S. V.

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

Branham, M. S.

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

Calnan, S.

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Despeisse, M.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dore, J.

M. Z. Pakhuruddin, J. Huang, J. Dore, and S. Varlamov, “Light absorption enhancement in laser-crystallized Silicon thin films on textured glass,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(1), 159–165 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Egan, R.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Eggleston, B. D.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Escarré, J.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Evans, R.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frijnts, T.

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).

Gabriel, O.

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Green, M. A.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hänni, S.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haschke, J.

J. Haschke, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Liquid phase crystallized silicon on glass: technology, material quality and back contacted heterojunction solar cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(4S), 04EA04 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Becker, V. Preidel, D. Amkreutz, J. Haschke, and B. Rech, “Double-side textured liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on imprinted glass,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 135, 2–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hauser, H.

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, H. Hauser, M. Hermle, and B. Bläsi, “Diffractive gratings for crystalline silicon solar cells optimum parameters and loss mechanisms,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(7), 862–873 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hermle, M.

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, H. Hauser, M. Hermle, and B. Bläsi, “Diffractive gratings for crystalline silicon solar cells optimum parameters and loss mechanisms,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(7), 862–873 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hsu, W.-C.

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

M. Z. Pakhuruddin, J. Huang, J. Dore, and S. Varlamov, “Light absorption enhancement in laser-crystallized Silicon thin films on textured glass,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(1), 159–165 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

Isabella, O.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

Keevers, M.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Köppel, G.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Köppel, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Sinusoidal nanotextures for light management in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8722–8728 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kühnapfel, S.

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).

Kunz, O.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, V.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meillaud, F.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicolay, S.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ong, D.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pakhuruddin, M. Z.

M. Z. Pakhuruddin, J. Huang, J. Dore, and S. Varlamov, “Light absorption enhancement in laser-crystallized Silicon thin films on textured glass,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(1), 159–165 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peters, M.

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, H. Hauser, M. Hermle, and B. Bläsi, “Diffractive gratings for crystalline silicon solar cells optimum parameters and loss mechanisms,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(7), 862–873 (2012).
[Crossref]

Preidel, V.

C. Becker, V. Preidel, D. Amkreutz, J. Haschke, and B. Rech, “Double-side textured liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on imprinted glass,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 135, 2–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rech, B.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Haschke, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Liquid phase crystallized silicon on glass: technology, material quality and back contacted heterojunction solar cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(4S), 04EA04 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Köppel, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Sinusoidal nanotextures for light management in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8722–8728 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).

C. Becker, V. Preidel, D. Amkreutz, J. Haschke, and B. Rech, “Double-side textured liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on imprinted glass,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 135, 2–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ring, S.

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rüdiger, M.

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, H. Hauser, M. Hermle, and B. Bläsi, “Diffractive gratings for crystalline silicon solar cells optimum parameters and loss mechanisms,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(7), 862–873 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schlatmann, R.

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schubert, U.

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Söderström, K.

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonntag, P.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).

Stannowski, B.

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tong, J. K.

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

Van Swaaij, R.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

Varlamov, S.

M. Z. Pakhuruddin, J. Huang, J. Dore, and S. Varlamov, “Light absorption enhancement in laser-crystallized Silicon thin films on textured glass,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(1), 159–165 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, K. X.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, G.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yerci, S.

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeman, M.

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Photovoltaics (2)

G. Köppel, D. Amkreutz, P. Sonntag, G. Yang, R. Van Swaaij, O. Isabella, M. Zeman, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Periodic and random substrate textures for liquid-phase crystallized Silicon thin-film solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 7(1), 85–90 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Z. Pakhuruddin, J. Huang, J. Dore, and S. Varlamov, “Light absorption enhancement in laser-crystallized Silicon thin films on textured glass,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(1), 159–165 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Haschke, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Liquid phase crystallized silicon on glass: technology, material quality and back contacted heterojunction solar cells,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(4S), 04EA04 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

M. Boccard, C. Battaglia, S. Hänni, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, S. Nicolay, F. Meillaud, M. Despeisse, and C. Ballif, “Multiscale transparent electrode architecture for efficient light management and carrier collection in solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1344–1348 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

G. Köppel, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Sinusoidal nanotextures for light management in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Nanoscale 8(16), 8722–8728 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W.-C. Hsu, J. K. Tong, M. S. Branham, Y. Huang, S. Yerci, S. V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Mismatched front and back gratings for optimum light trapping in ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun. 377, 52–58 (2016).
[Crossref]

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (3)

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, H. Hauser, M. Hermle, and B. Bläsi, “Diffractive gratings for crystalline silicon solar cells optimum parameters and loss mechanisms,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(7), 862–873 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Sonntag, J. Haschke, S. Kühnapfel, T. Frijnts, D. Amkreutz, and B. Rech, “Interdigitated back-contact heterojunction solar cell concept for liquid phase crystallized thin-film silicon on glass,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 20(1), 716–724 (2015).

J. Dore, R. Evans, U. Schubert, B. D. Eggleston, D. Ong, K. Kim, J. Huang, O. Kunz, M. Keevers, R. Egan, S. Varlamov, and M. A. Green, “Thin-film polycrystalline silicon solar cells formed by diode laser crystallisation,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(6), 1377–1383 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (2)

T. Frijnts, S. Kühnapfel, S. Ring, O. Gabriel, S. Calnan, J. Haschke, B. Stannowski, B. Rech, and R. Schlatmann, “Analysis of photo-current potentials and losses in thin film crystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 143, 457–466 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Becker, V. Preidel, D. Amkreutz, J. Haschke, and B. Rech, “Double-side textured liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on imprinted glass,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 135, 2–7 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

D. Eisenhauer, G. Köppel, K. Jäger, D. Chen, O. Shargaieva, P. Sonntag, D. Amkreutz, B. Rech, and C. Becker, “Smooth anti-reflective three-dimensional textures for liquid phase crystallized silicon thin-film solar cells on glass,” submitted (2016), arXiv:1609.06997.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

AFM images of the textured superstrate surfaces and schematic sample stacks of a planar reference (black), a pillar (blue), a sinusoidal (red) and a SMART (green) textured device. In case of the sinusoidal superstrate texture the period (P = 750nm) and height (h = 200nm), determining the texture’s aspect ratio (h/P), are denoted. A scale bar set for all AFM images is depicted along with the planar reference.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) External quantum efficiency (EQE, solid lines) and 1-Reflectance (1-R, dashed lines) data of SMART (green), sinusoidal (red), and pillar (blue) textured LPC silicon thin-film solar cells compared to a planar reference device (black). (b) Corresponding maximum obtained solar cell parameters measured by EQE (jsc ) and Suns-Voc (Voc). This graph summarizes previous work [3,7].

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Exemplary absorptance spectra of a 17.1µm thick sinusoidally textured LPC silicon thin film absorber with alternated rear side for light trapping: as crystallized (black), with white-paint reflector (green), with pyramidal texture (blue) and with pyramidal texture and reflector (red) as well as absorptance of the white paint on glass (dotted line). (b) Maximum achievable short-circuit current density (jsc,max) calculated from measured absorptance for planar (black), sinusoidal (red), and SMART (green) textured absorber layers with alternated rear side: as crystallized (filled square), with reflector (open square), with pyramidal texture (filled triangle) and with pyramidal texture combined with a white paint reflector (open triangle). (c) SEM images of the absorber layer rear side before and after ( + Pyr.) pyramidal texturing resulting in characteristic etch pyramids.

Equations (1)

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j sc,max =q 280nm 11000nm A(λ) S(λ) hν dλ,