Abstract

Achieving perfect absorption and controlling the absorption bandwidth are highly desirable for many applications. In this work, we design a narrowband almost-perfect absorber by using a metal–insulator–metal thin-film stack with absorption up to 99.67% at 0.58μm incident wavelength. The peak of absorption can be totally controlled by adjusting the thickness of the insulator layer. When the top metal layer is patterned by crossed grating nanostructure with optimized parameters, the absorber becomes broadband over 150nm bandwidth with average absorption exceeding 97% from 0.5μm to 0.65μm in the visible region. Both the narrowband and broadband absorbers are independent on polarization in specific incident angle range. This work opens up a promising new approach to control bandwidth of perfect absorption, which implicates many potential applications.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (6)

2015 (3)

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhou, K. Li, C. Song, P. Hao, M. Chi, M. Yu, and Y. Wu, “Polarization-independent and omnidirectional nearly perfect absorber with ultra-thin 2D subwavelength metal grating in the visible region,” Opt. Express 23(11), A413–A418 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Q. Chen, L. Wen, S. Song, X. Hu, and G. Xu, “Titanium-nitride-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermophotovoltaic application,” Photonics Res. 3(6), 329–334 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

2011 (4)

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science 331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

C. Lu and R. Lipson, “Interference lithography: a powerful tool for fabricating periodic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(4), 568–580 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

J. Rosenberg, R. V. Shenoi, T. E. Vandervelde, S. Krishna, and O. Painter, “A multispectral and polarization-selective surface-plasmon resonant midinfrared detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 161101 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

E. Popov, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, M. C. Hutley, and G. H. Derrick, “Total absorption of unpolarized light by crossed gratings,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6146–6155 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced light absorption in GaAs solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121904 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

1997 (2)

A. Conn, N. Gould, and P. Toint, “A globally convergent Lagrangian barrier algorithm for optimization with general inequality constraints and simple bounds,” Math. Computation Am. Math. Soc. 66(217), 261–288 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Li, “New formulation of the Fourier modal method for crossed surface-relief gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(10), 2758–2767 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Akselrod, G. M.

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced light absorption in GaAs solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121904 (2008).
[Crossref]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belov, P. A.

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: From microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Botten, L. C.

Bowen, P. T.

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradley, M. S.

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bulovic, V.

Cao, H.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science 331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Catchpole, K. R.

Caylor, J. C.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Q.

H. Wang, Q. Chen, L. Wen, S. Song, X. Hu, and G. Xu, “Titanium-nitride-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermophotovoltaic application,” Photonics Res. 3(6), 329–334 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chi, M.

Chiesa, M.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, D.-Y.

Chong, T. K.

Chong, Y.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science 331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chong, Y. D.

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cong, J.

Conn, A.

A. Conn, N. Gould, and P. Toint, “A globally convergent Lagrangian barrier algorithm for optimization with general inequality constraints and simple bounds,” Math. Computation Am. Math. Soc. 66(217), 261–288 (1997).
[Crossref]

Derrick, G. H.

Dossou, K. B.

Fehrembach, A.-L.

Feng, H.-P.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, S. M.

Fu, Y.

Gaylord, T. K.

Ge, L.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science 331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glybovski, S. B.

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: From microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gould, N.

A. Conn, N. Gould, and P. Toint, “A globally convergent Lagrangian barrier algorithm for optimization with general inequality constraints and simple bounds,” Math. Computation Am. Math. Soc. 66(217), 261–288 (1997).
[Crossref]

Grann, E. B.

Hao, P.

Hoang, T. B.

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, X.

H. Wang, Q. Chen, L. Wen, S. Song, X. Hu, and G. Xu, “Titanium-nitride-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermophotovoltaic application,” Photonics Res. 3(6), 329–334 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J. Y.-W.

Huang, W.

Hutley, M. C.

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y. S.

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: From microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kraemer, D.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krishna, S.

J. Rosenberg, R. V. Shenoi, T. E. Vandervelde, S. Krishna, and O. Painter, “A multispectral and polarization-selective surface-plasmon resonant midinfrared detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 161101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, K.

Li, L.

Li, W.

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.-Y.

X. Tian and Z.-Y. Li, “Visible-near infrared ultra-broadband polarization-independent metamaterial perfect absorber involving phase-change materials,” Photonics Res. 4(4), 146–152 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, A.

Lipson, R.

C. Lu and R. Lipson, “Interference lithography: a powerful tool for fabricating periodic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(4), 568–580 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, C.

C. Lu and R. Lipson, “Interference lithography: a powerful tool for fabricating periodic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(4), 568–580 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lv, L.

Ma, Y.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahpeykar, S. M.

Martijn de Sterke, C.

Maystre, D.

McEnaney, K.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McPhedran, R. C.

Meng, L.

Mikkelsen, M. H.

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moharam, M. G.

Muto, A.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakayama, K.

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced light absorption in GaAs solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121904 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nevière, M.

Noh, H.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science 331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

J. Rosenberg, R. V. Shenoi, T. E. Vandervelde, S. Krishna, and O. Painter, “A multispectral and polarization-selective surface-plasmon resonant midinfrared detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 161101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Parashar, P.

Pommet, D. A.

Popov, E.

Poudel, B.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poulton, C. G.

Ren, N.

Ren, Z.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenberg, J.

J. Rosenberg, R. V. Shenoi, T. E. Vandervelde, S. Krishna, and O. Painter, “A multispectral and polarization-selective surface-plasmon resonant midinfrared detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 161101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rung, D.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shenoi, R. V.

J. Rosenberg, R. V. Shenoi, T. E. Vandervelde, S. Krishna, and O. Painter, “A multispectral and polarization-selective surface-plasmon resonant midinfrared detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 161101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Simovski, C. R.

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: From microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, C.

Song, S.

H. Wang, Q. Chen, L. Wen, S. Song, X. Hu, and G. Xu, “Titanium-nitride-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermophotovoltaic application,” Photonics Res. 3(6), 329–334 (2015).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stone, A. D.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science 331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sturmberg, B. C. P.

Su, L.

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanabe, K.

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced light absorption in GaAs solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121904 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tian, X.

X. Tian and Z.-Y. Li, “Visible-near infrared ultra-broadband polarization-independent metamaterial perfect absorber involving phase-change materials,” Photonics Res. 4(4), 146–152 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tischler, J. R.

Toint, P.

A. Conn, N. Gould, and P. Toint, “A globally convergent Lagrangian barrier algorithm for optimization with general inequality constraints and simple bounds,” Math. Computation Am. Math. Soc. 66(217), 261–288 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tretyakov, S. A.

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: From microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vandervelde, T. E.

J. Rosenberg, R. V. Shenoi, T. E. Vandervelde, S. Krishna, and O. Painter, “A multispectral and polarization-selective surface-plasmon resonant midinfrared detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 161101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wan, W.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science 331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, D.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, Q. Chen, L. Wen, S. Song, X. Hu, and G. Xu, “Titanium-nitride-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermophotovoltaic application,” Photonics Res. 3(6), 329–334 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Q. Xiong, J. Wei, S. M. Mahpeykar, L. Meng, and X. Wang, “Observation of localized surface plasmons and hybridized surface plasmon polaritons on self-assembled two-dimensional nanocavities,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1506–1509 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watts, C. M.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

Wei, J.

Wen, L.

H. Wang, Q. Chen, L. Wen, S. Song, X. Hu, and G. Xu, “Titanium-nitride-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermophotovoltaic application,” Photonics Res. 3(6), 329–334 (2015).
[Crossref]

White, T. P.

Wu, Y.

Xiong, Q.

Xu, G.

H. Wang, Q. Chen, L. Wen, S. Song, X. Hu, and G. Xu, “Titanium-nitride-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermophotovoltaic application,” Photonics Res. 3(6), 329–334 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, X.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, H.

Yu, B.

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, M.

Yun, B.

Zhong, Y. K.

Zhou, W.

Zhou, Z.

Adv. Mater. (2)

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), OP98 (2012).
[PubMed]

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Nakayama, K. Tanabe, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced light absorption in GaAs solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121904 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Rosenberg, R. V. Shenoi, T. E. Vandervelde, S. Krishna, and O. Painter, “A multispectral and polarization-selective surface-plasmon resonant midinfrared detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 161101 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

C. Lu and R. Lipson, “Interference lithography: a powerful tool for fabricating periodic structures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(4), 568–580 (2010).
[Crossref]

Math. Computation Am. Math. Soc. (1)

A. Conn, N. Gould, and P. Toint, “A globally convergent Lagrangian barrier algorithm for optimization with general inequality constraints and simple bounds,” Math. Computation Am. Math. Soc. 66(217), 261–288 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J. C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X. Wang, D. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, M. Chiesa, Z. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with high thermal concentration,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 532–538 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (1)

Photonics Res. (2)

X. Tian and Z.-Y. Li, “Visible-near infrared ultra-broadband polarization-independent metamaterial perfect absorber involving phase-change materials,” Photonics Res. 4(4), 146–152 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, Q. Chen, L. Wen, S. Song, X. Hu, and G. Xu, “Titanium-nitride-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermophotovoltaic application,” Photonics Res. 3(6), 329–334 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rep. (1)

S. B. Glybovski, S. A. Tretyakov, P. A. Belov, Y. S. Kivshar, and C. R. Simovski, “Metasurfaces: From microwaves to visible,” Phys. Rep. 634, 1–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 053901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science 331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Absorption spectrum (red line, left axis) and dispersion relationship of refractive index (blue line, right axis) and extinction coefficient (black line, right axis) of a single Au film. (b) Absorption spectrum of the three-layer MIM stack composed with a top 30nm Au layer, a 131nm SiO2 layer and a bottom 200nm Au layer coated on a silica substrate.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Calculated absorption spectra for the designed MIM stack as a function of incident angle and incident wavelength in (a) TE mode and (b) TM mode.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Electric intensity and (b) local absorption distribution of the design MIM stack at different incident wavelength, 0.55μm and 0.58μm, respectively corresponding to the low and high absorption situation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calculated absorption spectra for the MIM stack as a function of thickness of SiO2 layer and incident wavelength with fixed thicknesses of top (30nm) and bottom (200nm) Au layers.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Schematic drawing of the biperiodic crossed grating, and the absorption and reflectance spectra of the broadband optimized results: period Λ = 0.5μm, duty cycle ƒ = 0.115, height of grating ridge hg = 0.18μm. Otherwise, thicknesses of SiO2 layer td and bottom Au layer tm are set to 0.131μm and 0.2μm. (b) Calculated average absorption around the spectra from 0.5μm to 0.65um for the biperiodic crossed grating as a function of height of crossed grating ridge and duty cycle with fixed other parameters. (c) Calculated absorption spectra for the designed broadband absorber as a function of incident angle and incident wavelength in different polarization incident wave with TE mode and TM mode.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Sliced views of the calculated local absorption map of the optimized crossed grating at 0.58μm wavelength: (a) xy cross-section at z = 0.341μm, (b) yz plane at x = 0.25μm and (c) xz plane at y = 0.25μm.

Equations (2)

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A l o c a l ( x , z ) = α Im ( ε ( x , z ) ) | E ( x , z ) | 2
A a v e = ( 1 N i N 1 R λ i T λ i ) × 100 %

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