Abstract

We present a design of graded-index ring-core fiber (GI-RCF) supporting 3 linearly polarized (LP) mode-groups (i.e. LP01, LP11 and LP21) with a single radial index of one for mode-division multiplexed (MDM) transmission. Reconfigurable spatial light modulator (SLM) based spatial (mode) (de)multiplexers are used to systematically characterize spatial/temporal modal properties of the GI-RCF. We also demonstrate all-optical mode-group multiplexed transmissions over a 360m fabricated GI-RCF without using multiple-input multiple-output digital signal processing (MIMO DSP).

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2017 (1)

2016 (3)

2015 (2)

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Ip, G. Milione, M. J. Li, N. Cvijetic, K. Kanonakis, J. Stone, G. Peng, X. Prieto, C. Montero, V. Moreno, and J. Liñares, “SDM transmission of real-time 10GbE traffic using commercial SFP + transceivers over 0.5km elliptical-core few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17120–17126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

G. Li, N. Bai, N. Zhao, and C. Xia, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 413–487 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “110x110 optical mode transfer matrix inversion,” Opt. Express 22(1), 96–101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

Achten, F.

Ahmed, N.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alam, S.

Alam, S. U.

Alfano, R. R.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amezcua-Correa, A.

An Nguyen, T.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, N.

G. Li, N. Bai, N. Zhao, and C. Xia, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 413–487 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barua, P.

Bigot, L.

G. Labroille, P. Jian, L. Garcia, J. B. Trinel, R. Kassi, L. Bigot, and J. F. Morizur, “30 Gbit/s Transmission over 1 km of Conventional Multi-mode Fiber using Mode Group Multiplexing with OOK modulation and direct detection,” in the 2015European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), P.5.12.
[Crossref]

Bigot-Astruc, M.

Cao, Y.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carpenter, J.

Chen, S.

Cvijetic, N.

de Jongh, K.

Eggleton, B. J.

Essiambre, R. J.

Feng, F.

Fini, J.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Foschini, G. J.

Garcia, L.

G. Labroille, P. Jian, L. Garcia, J. B. Trinel, R. Kassi, L. Bigot, and J. F. Morizur, “30 Gbit/s Transmission over 1 km of Conventional Multi-mode Fiber using Mode Group Multiplexing with OOK modulation and direct detection,” in the 2015European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), P.5.12.
[Crossref]

Goebel, B.

Gomez, A.

Gordon, G. S. D.

Huang, H.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ip, E.

Jian, P.

G. Labroille, P. Jian, L. Garcia, J. B. Trinel, R. Kassi, L. Bigot, and J. F. Morizur, “30 Gbit/s Transmission over 1 km of Conventional Multi-mode Fiber using Mode Group Multiplexing with OOK modulation and direct detection,” in the 2015European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), P.5.12.
[Crossref]

Jin, X.

Jung, Y.

Kang, Q.

Kanonakis, K.

Kassi, R.

G. Labroille, P. Jian, L. Garcia, J. B. Trinel, R. Kassi, L. Bigot, and J. F. Morizur, “30 Gbit/s Transmission over 1 km of Conventional Multi-mode Fiber using Mode Group Multiplexing with OOK modulation and direct detection,” in the 2015European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), P.5.12.
[Crossref]

Kramer, G.

Labroille, G.

G. Labroille, P. Jian, L. Garcia, J. B. Trinel, R. Kassi, L. Bigot, and J. F. Morizur, “30 Gbit/s Transmission over 1 km of Conventional Multi-mode Fiber using Mode Group Multiplexing with OOK modulation and direct detection,” in the 2015European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), P.5.12.
[Crossref]

Lavery, M. P. J.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G.

G. Li, N. Bai, N. Zhao, and C. Xia, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 413–487 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, M. J.

Liñares, J.

Milione, G.

Molin, D.

Montero, C.

Moreno, V.

Morizur, J. F.

G. Labroille, P. Jian, L. Garcia, J. B. Trinel, R. Kassi, L. Bigot, and J. F. Morizur, “30 Gbit/s Transmission over 1 km of Conventional Multi-mode Fiber using Mode Group Multiplexing with OOK modulation and direct detection,” in the 2015European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), P.5.12.
[Crossref]

Nelson, L.

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nolan, D. A.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Brien, D. C.

Payne, F. P.

Peng, G.

Prieto, X.

Ren, Y.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richardson, D.

Richardson, D. J.

Sahu, J.

Schröder, J.

Shi, K.

Sillard, P.

Stone, J.

Thomsen, B. C.

Trinel, J. B.

G. Labroille, P. Jian, L. Garcia, J. B. Trinel, R. Kassi, L. Bigot, and J. F. Morizur, “30 Gbit/s Transmission over 1 km of Conventional Multi-mode Fiber using Mode Group Multiplexing with OOK modulation and direct detection,” in the 2015European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), P.5.12.
[Crossref]

Tur, M.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Wang, T.

Wilkinson, T. D.

Willner, A. E.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winzer, P. J.

Xia, C.

G. Li, N. Bai, N. Zhao, and C. Xia, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 413–487 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Zhang, R.

Zhao, N.

G. Li, N. Bai, N. Zhao, and C. Xia, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 413–487 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

G. Li, N. Bai, N. Zhao, and C. Xia, “Space-division multiplexing: the next frontier in optical communication,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 6(4), 413–487 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Richardson, J. Fini, and L. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sci. Rep. (1)

H. Huang, G. Milione, M. P. J. Lavery, G. Xie, Y. Ren, Y. Cao, N. Ahmed, T. An Nguyen, D. A. Nolan, M. J. Li, M. Tur, R. R. Alfano, and A. E. Willner, “Mode division multiplexing using an orbital angular momentum mode sorter and MIMO-DSP over a graded-index few-mode optical fibre,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14931 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (8)

C. R. Doerr, N. Fontaine, M. Hirano, T. Sasaki, L. Buhl, and P. Winzer, “Silicon photonic integrated circuit for coupling to a ring-core multimode fiber for space-division multiplexing,” in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, (2011), paper Th.13.A.3.
[Crossref]

F. Feng, G. S. Gordon, X. Q. Jin, D. C. O’Brien, F. P. Payne, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Experimental Characterization of a Graded-Index Ring-Core Fiber Supporting 7 LP Mode Groups,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2015), paper Tu2D.3.
[Crossref]

F. Feng, X. Guo, G. S. Gordon, X. Jin, F. Payne, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, S. Alam, P. Barua, J. Sahu, D. J. Richardson, I. H. White, and T. D. Wilkinson, “All-optical Mode-Group Division Multiplexing Over a Graded-Index Ring-Core Fiber with Single Radial Mode,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W3D.5.
[Crossref]

G. Milione, P. N. Ji, E. Ip, M. Li, J. Stone, and G. Peng, “1.2Tb/s MIMO-less Transmission Over 1km of Four-Core Elliptical-Core-Few-Mode Fiber with s125-moron-Diameter Cladding,” 21st Optoelectronics and Communication Conference, post-deadline paper, 1–3, 2016.

G. Milione, P. N. Ji, E. Ip, M. Li, J. Stone, and G. Peng, “Real-time Bi-directional 10GbE Transmission using MIMO-less Space-division-multiplexing with Spatial Modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper W1F.2.
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, B. Guan, B. Huang, M. Esmaeelpour, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Adamiecki, G. Raybon, R. W. Tkach, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, and R. Lingle, Jr., “305-km combined wavelength and mode-multiplexed transmission over conventional graded-index multimode fibre.” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (2014), paper PD.3.5.
[Crossref]

G. Labroille, P. Jian, L. Garcia, J. B. Trinel, R. Kassi, L. Bigot, and J. F. Morizur, “30 Gbit/s Transmission over 1 km of Conventional Multi-mode Fiber using Mode Group Multiplexing with OOK modulation and direct detection,” in the 2015European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), P.5.12.
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30×30 MIMO Transmission over 15 Spatial Modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Refractive index profile of the GI RCF, (b) normalized propagation constants of vector modes and (c) theoretical mode field distributions of all guided LP modes in the RCF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental system that modally characterize the GI-RCF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured temporal-domain mode transfer matrix (summed over polarizations) of the 360 m GI-RCF. (b) Light conversion loss of the generated phase masks for the LP modes supported by the GI-RCF. (c) Comparison between measured DGDs and designed DGD values of the GI-RCF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power distributions (a) aggregated and (b) non-aggregated by mode group of measured optical mode transfer matrix of a typical channel over the 360 m GI-RCF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulated visualization of all-optical demultiplexing modal distribution of each mode-group channel to its assigned output SMF port in the full (three) mode-group multiplexed transmission experiment over the GI-RCF. White crosshairs show the positions of optical axes of output SMF ports.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Mode-group division multiplexing system that optically multiplexes three spatial mode-groups from separate input SMF ports into the GI-RCF and de-multiplexes the mode-group channels to separate output SMF ports.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured BER curves versus received optical power at 12.5Gbps NRZ: (a) three mode-group multiplexed transmission over the GI-RCF using all supported mode-groups, and (b) two mode-group multiplexed transmission using the two non-adjacent mode-groups.

Metrics