Abstract

The stable multipulse emission from an erbium-doped mode-locked fiber laser in dissipative soliton resonance (DSR) regime is numerically and experimentally investigated. It shows that in the multipulse operation of DSR, all pulses have identical characteristics. The number of these pulses is determined by the initial conditions, and keeps constant with the growth of pump power. Experimental results match well with the theoretical simulations. In the experiment, we obtain as high as 86 dual-wavelength DSR pulses, which have the same characteristics and are equally spaced in the cavity. Since the pulses behave similarly to harmonic mode-locking (HML), we call this phenomenon HML under DSR. By properly adjusting the polarization controllers, other numbers of multipulse emission in DSR region can be observed, which confirms that the number of DSR pulses depends on the initial conditions.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]

2016 (4)

2015 (2)

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y.-F. Yang, Y.-J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Li, D. Tang, L. Zhao, and D. Shen, “Mechanism of dissipative-soliton-resonance generation in passively mode-locked all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(18), 3781–3787 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

A. Komarov, F. Amrani, A. Dmitriev, K. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Competition and coexistence of ultrashort pulses in passive mode-locked lasers under dissipative-soliton-resonance conditions,” Phys. Rev. A 87(2), 023838 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. K. Wang, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. Ch. Luo, and W. Ch. Xu, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2402–2407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

R. Weill, B. Vodonos, A. Gordon, O. Gat, and B. Fischer, “Statistical light-mode dynamics of multipulse passive mode locking,” Phys. Rev. E 76(3), 031112 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fibre soliton ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

Abramski, K.

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Amrani, F.

A. Komarov, F. Amrani, A. Dmitriev, K. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Competition and coexistence of ultrashort pulses in passive mode-locked lasers under dissipative-soliton-resonance conditions,” Phys. Rev. A 87(2), 023838 (2013).
[Crossref]

Anderson, D.

Ankiewicz, A.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bahloul, F.

Ben Braham, F.

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z. R.

Cao, W. J.

Z. Ch. Luo, W. J. Cao, Z. B. Lin, Z. R. Cai, A. P. Luo, and W. Ch. Xu, “Pulse dynamics of dissipative soliton resonance with large duration-tuning range in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4777–4779 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. B. Lin, A. P. Luo, S. K. Wang, H. Y. Wang, W. J. Cao, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Desaix, M.

Ding, E.

Dmitriev, A.

A. Komarov, F. Amrani, A. Dmitriev, K. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Competition and coexistence of ultrashort pulses in passive mode-locked lasers under dissipative-soliton-resonance conditions,” Phys. Rev. A 87(2), 023838 (2013).
[Crossref]

Duan, L.

Fischer, B.

R. Weill, B. Vodonos, A. Gordon, O. Gat, and B. Fischer, “Statistical light-mode dynamics of multipulse passive mode locking,” Phys. Rev. E 76(3), 031112 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gat, O.

R. Weill, B. Vodonos, A. Gordon, O. Gat, and B. Fischer, “Statistical light-mode dynamics of multipulse passive mode locking,” Phys. Rev. E 76(3), 031112 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, A.

R. Weill, B. Vodonos, A. Gordon, O. Gat, and B. Fischer, “Statistical light-mode dynamics of multipulse passive mode locking,” Phys. Rev. E 76(3), 031112 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grelu, P.

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fibre soliton ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

Guo, B.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y.-F. Yang, Y.-J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Q.

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jin, L.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y.-F. Yang, Y.-J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, F. Amrani, A. Dmitriev, K. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Competition and coexistence of ultrashort pulses in passive mode-locked lasers under dissipative-soliton-resonance conditions,” Phys. Rev. A 87(2), 023838 (2013).
[Crossref]

Komarov, K.

A. Komarov, F. Amrani, A. Dmitriev, K. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Competition and coexistence of ultrashort pulses in passive mode-locked lasers under dissipative-soliton-resonance conditions,” Phys. Rev. A 87(2), 023838 (2013).
[Crossref]

Krzempek, K.

Kutz, J. N.

Li, D.

Lin, Z. B.

Lisak, M.

Liu, H.

Liu, M.

Liu, X.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z. Ch.

Mao, D.

Mei, L.

Meng, Y.

Ming, H.

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ning, Q. Y.

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fibre soliton ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y. L.

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fibre soliton ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[Crossref]

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

G. Semaan, F. Ben Braham, M. Salhi, Y. Meng, F. Bahloul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy square-wave pulses in all anomalous dispersion Er:Yb passive mode locked fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 24(8), 8399–8404 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Komarov, F. Amrani, A. Dmitriev, K. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Competition and coexistence of ultrashort pulses in passive mode-locked lasers under dissipative-soliton-resonance conditions,” Phys. Rev. A 87(2), 023838 (2013).
[Crossref]

Semaan, G.

Shen, D.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

Sun, B.

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

Vodonos, B.

R. Weill, B. Vodonos, A. Gordon, O. Gat, and B. Fischer, “Statistical light-mode dynamics of multipulse passive mode locking,” Phys. Rev. E 76(3), 031112 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, A.

Wang, G.

Wang, H. Y.

Z. B. Lin, A. P. Luo, S. K. Wang, H. Y. Wang, W. J. Cao, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wang, S. K.

S. K. Wang, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. Ch. Luo, and W. Ch. Xu, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2402–2407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. B. Lin, A. P. Luo, S. K. Wang, H. Y. Wang, W. J. Cao, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weill, R.

R. Weill, B. Vodonos, A. Gordon, O. Gat, and B. Fischer, “Statistical light-mode dynamics of multipulse passive mode locking,” Phys. Rev. E 76(3), 031112 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

Xu, L.

Xu, W. C.

Y. Q. Huang, Y. L. Qi, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Versatile patterns of multiple rectangular noise-like pulses in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(7), 7356–7363 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. B. Lin, A. P. Luo, S. K. Wang, H. Y. Wang, W. J. Cao, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Generation of dual-wavelength domain-wall rectangular-shape pulses in HNLF-based fiber ring laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2260–2264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. Ch.

Yan, B.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y.-F. Yang, Y.-J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.-F.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y.-F. Yang, Y.-J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y.-F. Yang, Y.-J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.-J.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y.-F. Yang, Y.-J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.-Y.

B. Guo, Y. Yao, Y.-F. Yang, Y.-J. Yuan, L. Jin, B. Yan, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse erbium-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator saturable absorber,” Photonics Res. 3(3), 94–99 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, L.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, N.

Zheng, X. W.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched-pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(2), 158–160 (1995).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Passive harmonic modelocking of a fibre soliton ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(21), 1860–1861 (1993).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Pulse evolution when the Esat increased from 0.5 nJ to 2 nJ. (b) Pulse temporal profiles and (c) optical spectrum at the last roundtrip.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Pulse evolution when the Esat increased from 0.5 nJ to 2 nJ. (b) Pulse temporal profiles and (c) optical spectrum at the last roundtrip.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Pulse evolution when the Esat = 2 nJ. (b) Pulse temporal profile and (c) optical spectrum at the last roundtrip.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup of the mode-locked fiber ring laser.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Single pulse operation in DSR regime. (a) Pulse profile versus pump power. (b) Corresponding optical spectra. (c) RF spectrum under 800 mW pump power. (d) Autocorrelation trace for a 100 ps scan range under 800 mW pump power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 HML under DSR, 66 pulses. (a) Profile of pulse train versus pump power. (b) Corresponding optical spectra. (c) RF spectrum under 800 mW pump power. (d) Comparison of the pulses under different pump power.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 HML under DSR, 82 pulses. (a)Temporal profile of pulse. (b) RF spectrum.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Optical spectrum of the HML of the dual-wavelength DSR pulse. Inset: RF spectrum and pulse train.

Equations (3)

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A z = i β 2 2 2 A t 2 +iγ | A | 2 A+ g 2 A+ g 2 Ω g 2 2 A t 2
g= g 0 exp( 1 E sat | A | 2 dt )
T= 1 2 [ 1qcos( ( π Φ 0 ) | A | 2 I sat + Φ 0 ) ]

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