Abstract

A novel apparatus for the single-shot measurement of the temporal pulse contrast of modern ultra-short pulse lasers is presented, based on a simple yet conceptual refinement of the self-referenced spectral interferometry (SRSI) approach. The introduction of the spatial equivalent of a temporal delay by tilted beams analyzed with a high quality imaging spectrometer, enables unprecedented performance in dynamic, temporal range and resolution simultaneously. Demonstrated consistently in simulation and experiment at the front-end of the PW laser Draco, the full range of the ps temporal contrast defining the quality of relativistic laser-solid interaction could be measured with almost 80 dB dynamic range, 18ps temporal window, and 18fs temporal resolution. Additionally, spatio-temporal coupling as in the case of a pulse front tilt can be quantitatively explored.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2016 (1)

G. Pariente, V. Gallet, A. Borot, O. Gobert, and F. Quéré, “Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 547–553 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85(2), 751–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3856–3858 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Bowlan, and R. Trebino, “Spatio-temporal coupling in ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. 12(8), 093001 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

R. C. Shah, R. P. Johnson, T. Shimada, and B. M. Hegelich, “Large temporal window contrast measurement using optical parametric amplification and low sensitivity detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55(11), 305–309 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 74(1), S209 (2002).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

Akturk, S.

Albert, O.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Minkovski, G. I. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, O. Albert, and J. Etchpare, “Non linear polarization rotation and orthogonal polarization generation experienced in a single-beam configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(9), 1659 (2004).
[Crossref]

an der Brügge, D.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antonucci, L.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Behmke, M.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belyanin, A.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bierbach, J.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borghesi, M.

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85(2), 751–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Borot, A.

G. Pariente, V. Gallet, A. Borot, O. Gobert, and F. Quéré, “Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 547–553 (2016).
[Crossref]

Boschetto, D.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bourassin-Bouchet, C.

Bowlan, P.

S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Bowlan, and R. Trebino, “Spatio-temporal coupling in ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. 12(8), 093001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bromage, J.

Bussmann, M.

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Canova, F.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cerchez, M.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cha, Y.-H.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chaudet, P.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chavel, P.

Chériau, G.

Chériaux, G.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Choi, I. W.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cornaggia, C.

Coudreau, S.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cowan, T. E.

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crozatier, V.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

de Rossi, S.

Delmotte, F.

Didenko, N. V.

Dorrer, C.

C. Dorrer, J. Bromage, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-dynamic-range single-shot cross-correlator based on an optical pulse replicator,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13534–13544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 74(1), S209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dromey, B.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckner, E.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Etchepare, J.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Etchpare, J.

Forget, N.

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3856–3858 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fuchs, S.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gabolde, P.

Gallet, V.

G. Pariente, V. Gallet, A. Borot, O. Gobert, and F. Quéré, “Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 547–553 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ge, X.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gobert, O.

G. Pariente, V. Gallet, A. Borot, O. Gobert, and F. Quéré, “Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 547–553 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

Goodman, E.

Grabielle, S.

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3856–3858 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gu, X.

Hahn, T.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hegelich, B. M.

R. C. Shah, R. P. Johnson, T. Shimada, and B. M. Hegelich, “Large temporal window contrast measurement using optical parametric amplification and low sensitivity detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55(11), 305–309 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hemmers, D.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herzer, S.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herzog, R.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jäckel, O.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeong, T. M.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joffre, M.

Johnson, R. P.

R. C. Shah, R. P. Johnson, T. Shimada, and B. M. Hegelich, “Large temporal window contrast measurement using optical parametric amplification and low sensitivity detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55(11), 305–309 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jullien, A.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kaluza, M. C.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaplan, D.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. M.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. T.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, I. J.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kluge, T.

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Konyashchenko, A. V.

Kosik, E. M.

C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 74(1), S209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kourtev, S.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kraft, S. D.

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-L.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. K.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lepetit, L.

Liu, F.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Lutsenko, A. P.

Ma, J.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Macchi, A.

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85(2), 751–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maksimchuk, A.

Metzkes, J.

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Migus, A.

Minkovski, N.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Minkovski, G. I. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, O. Albert, and J. Etchpare, “Non linear polarization rotation and orthogonal polarization generation experienced in a single-beam configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(9), 1659 (2004).
[Crossref]

Moulet, A.

Nam, K. H.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nickles, P. V.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oksenhendler, T.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3856–3858 (2010).
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Pae, K. H.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pariente, G.

G. Pariente, V. Gallet, A. Borot, O. Gobert, and F. Quéré, “Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 547–553 (2016).
[Crossref]

Passoni, M.

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85(2), 751–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Paulus, G. G.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petrov, G. I.

Pour, A. G.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pretzler, G.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pukhov, A.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qian, L.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quéré, F.

G. Pariente, V. Gallet, A. Borot, O. Gobert, and F. Quéré, “Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 547–553 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rödel, C.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rousseau, J. P.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Saltiel, S. M.

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Minkovski, G. I. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, O. Albert, and J. Etchpare, “Non linear polarization rotation and orthogonal polarization generation experienced in a single-beam configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(9), 1659 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sauerbrey, R.

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schramm, U.

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shah, R. C.

R. C. Shah, R. P. Johnson, T. Shimada, and B. M. Hegelich, “Large temporal window contrast measurement using optical parametric amplification and low sensitivity detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55(11), 305–309 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shimada, T.

R. C. Shah, R. P. Johnson, T. Shimada, and B. M. Hegelich, “Large temporal window contrast measurement using optical parametric amplification and low sensitivity detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55(11), 305–309 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stephens, M.

Sung, J. H.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tenyakov, S. Yu.

Toncian, T.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

Umstadter, D.

Wagner, R.

Walmsley, I. A.

C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 74(1), S209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willi, O.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Workman, J.

Xie, G.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeung, M.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, T. J.

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, P.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, X.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeil, K.

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zepf, M.

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, H.

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
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Zuegel, J. D.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1), 7–12 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B 74(1), S209 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Jullien, F. Canova, O. Albert, D. Boschetto, L. Antonucci, Y.-H. Cha, J. P. Rousseau, P. Chaudet, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “Spectral broadening and pulse duration reduction during cross-polarized wave generation: influence of the quadratic spectral phase,” Appl. Phys. B 87(4), 595–601 (2007).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

R. C. Shah, R. P. Johnson, T. Shimada, and B. M. Hegelich, “Large temporal window contrast measurement using optical parametric amplification and low sensitivity detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55(11), 305–309 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Bowlan, and R. Trebino, “Spatio-temporal coupling in ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. 12(8), 093001 (2010).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Commun. (1)

K. Zeil, J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, M. Bussmann, T. E. Cowan, S. D. Kraft, R. Sauerbrey, and U. Schramm, “Direct observation of prompt pre-thermal laser ion sheath acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 3(6), 874 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. Pariente, V. Gallet, A. Borot, O. Gobert, and F. Quéré, “Space–time characterization of ultra-intense femtosecond laser beams,” Nat. Photonics 10(8), 547–553 (2016).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

J. Metzkes, T. Kluge, K. Zeil, M. Bussmann, S. D. Kraft, T. E. Cowan, and U. Schramm, “Experimental observation of transverse modulations in laser-driven proton beams,” New J. Phys. 16(2), 023008 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. Rödel, D. an der Brügge, J. Bierbach, M. Yeung, T. Hahn, B. Dromey, S. Herzer, S. Fuchs, A. G. Pour, E. Eckner, M. Behmke, M. Cerchez, O. Jäckel, D. Hemmers, T. Toncian, M. C. Kaluza, A. Belyanin, G. Pretzler, O. Willi, A. Pukhov, M. Zepf, and G. G. Paulus, “Harmonic generation from relativistic plasma surfaces in ultrasteep plasma density gradients,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(12), 125002 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. J. Kim, K. H. Pae, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. J. Yu, I. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, K. H. Nam, P. V. Nickles, T. M. Jeong, and J. Lee, “Transition of proton energy scaling using an ultrathin target irradiated by linearly polarized femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. Macchi, M. Borghesi, and M. Passoni, “Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 85(2), 751–793 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Wang, J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, and L. Qian, “Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 3818 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

T. Oksenhendler, “Self-Referenced Spectral Interferometry theory,” arXiv:1204.4949 (2012).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Sketch of the concept of collinear beam self-referenced spectral interferometry (SRSI), and (b) sample spectral interferogram taken with a 2D imaging spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulation: Illustration of standard collinear SRSI signal formation employing a pulse with a 4ps −30dB pre-pulse and 6ps SRSI delay. (a) SRSI spectral intensity signal, the inset emphasizesthe independence of the spectral modulation from the spatial coordinate, (b) Amplitude of the FT signal in the spectral domain only of (a) in log scale, the red dotted limited area representing the central DC term, the black onethe AC term shifted by the SRSI delay, (c) same as (b) except that the FT is also applied in the spatial domain, (d) temporal intensity of the input pulse (grey filled area) and AC terms squared averaged over 100lines of (b) (green curve) and central line of (c) (black curve).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Illustration of the temporal range extension by spatio-temporal encoding for the same pulse conditions as in Fig. 2 leading to a tilted spectral interferogram (a). (b) Temporal amplitude of the dual domains (time and spatial frequency) of (a). (c) AC (black) and DC (blue) terms squared after the FT of the spectral intensity filtered in the spatial frequency domain. (d) temporal intensity of the fully reconstructed SRSI signal (red) compared to the AC term squared (black).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SRSI-ETE experimental set-upbased on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer and emphasizing the small angle between the beams entering the spectrometer. BS1: first beamsplitter (R = 10%), PM: parabolic focusing mirror, Pol1&2: first and second polarizers in extinction configuration, Xtal: BaF2 crystal for XPW generation (efficiency≈0.1%), HWP: half-wave plate, BS2: second beamsplitter (R = 90%), CM: cylindrical mirror, Princeton 2D-Imaging Spectrometer (Iso-Plane 320) and PIXIS 16bit CCD camera.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental set-up at the Draco laser, (a) compressed beam output of the first CPA stage of the Draco frontend, (b) optional XPW cleaning setup (L focusing lens, XPW crystal (CaF2), SM spherical mirror for recollimation, M folting mirror, P polarizer), (c) Third-order cross-correlator for reference measurements (Amplitude Technologies Sequoia), (d) SRSI-ETE device.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison between theoretical and achieved instrument performances. (a) Simulation results on optimum contrast dynamic showing theAC term squared (black curve) andthe recovered SRSI temporal intensity (red curve)with the input pulse intensity (grey filled area). The inset represents the spectrometer images on linear scale. (b, c) Measured contrast curves of the direct compressor output (b) and after additional XPW cleaning (c). The AC term squared (black curves) is compared to data taken with scanning third-order CC diagnostic (orange curves). Right insets represent the main peak intensity on a linear scale.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Temporal contrast intensity with analysis of pre-pulse and post-pulse origins. Black curves depict SRSI-ETE contrast measurements;grey dotted curves represent the same data mirrored with respect to the main pulse to visualize matched pre- and post-pulses. (a) Initial pulse contrast of the laser with post-pulse added by a thin glass plate after the compressor and zoomed in (b). A,B, and C mark different post-pulses symmetric to pre-pulses in contrast to the intentional one marked D. (c) Spectrogram of the same pulse. (d) Normalized averaged spectra representing the white dotted areas of (c).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Illustration of spatio-temporal characterization capability of the instrument: (a)spatio-spectral interferogram, (b)temporal intensity of the dual domains (time and spatial frequency) of (a), (c) temporal amplitude back-transformed into the spatial domain of the filtered part shown in the inset of (b), (d) normalized temporal intensities of the part of the pulse along the red dot line of (c) (red curve) and sum over the complete spatial dimension of the pulse (black curve).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Spatio-temporal characterization of the main peak for (a) the XPW filtered pulse, (b) the pulse without the wedge, (c) the pulse front tilted pulse generated by a 0.5° wedge on the input beam of the recompressed pulse. (d), (e), (f) respective intensities along one spatial line (red curve) and for the sum (projection) over the complete beam (black curve), the indicated pulsedurations are full-width at half maximum.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison between the presented single-shot realization of self-referenced spectral interferometry with extended time excursion (SRSI-ETE), recently developed high dynamic range single-shot cross-correlators (SSCC), and commercially available reference instruments (Sequoia, Tundra, and Wizzler).

Equations (2)

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C t =F N pixels SN R ω
C t 5001000256 10 8 =80dB

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