Abstract

Inter-core crosstalk is a potential limitation on the achievable data-rates in optical fiber transmission systems using multi-core fibers. Crosstalk arises from unwanted coupling between cores of a homogenous multi-core fiber and it’s average power has been observed to vary over time by 10s of decibels, potentially requiring an additional performance margin to achieve acceptable outage probability. Most investigations of crosstalk have so far only considered continuous wave laser light or amplified spontaneous emission as sources of crosstalk. In this paper, we theoretically and experimentally investigate the time-dependence of inter-core crosstalk in a homogeneous multi-core fiber when considering signals with various modulation formats and symbol rates. We find that crosstalk power fluctuations depend on the symbol rate, modulation and skew between cores. For carrier-free signals, such as quadrature amplitude modulation, the crosstalk power is nearly constant for expected conditions of multi-core transmission systems. However, carrier-supported signals, such as OOK, always induce time-varying crosstalk powers.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L.E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).
  4. T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.
  5. R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).
  6. N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.
  7. K. Igarashi, D. Soma, Y. Wakayama, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Yoshikane, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, and M. Suzuki, “Ultra-dense spatial-division-multiplexed optical fiber transmission over 6-mode 19-core fibers,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10213–10231 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Characterization of crosstalk in ultra-low-crosstalk multi-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 583–589 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Uncoupled multi-core fiber enhancing signal-to-noise ratio,” Opt. Express 20(26), B94–B103 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of Inter-Core Crosstalk as a Noise and Its Effect on Q -Factor in Multi-Core Fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E97-B(5), 936–944 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. Rademacher, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Time-Dependent Crosstalk from Multiple Cores in a Homogeneous Multi-Core Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1H.3.
  15. R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” in Proceedings of CLEO: Science and Innovations, paper SM2L-5 (2015).

2016 (3)

K. Igarashi, D. Soma, Y. Wakayama, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Yoshikane, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, and M. Suzuki, “Ultra-dense spatial-division-multiplexed optical fiber transmission over 6-mode 19-core fibers,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10213–10231 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of Inter-Core Crosstalk as a Noise and Its Effect on Q -Factor in Multi-Core Fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E97-B(5), 936–944 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L.E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2010 (1)

Abe, Y.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Aikawa, K.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Alvarado, J. C.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

Amezcua Correa, R.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Amezcua-Correa, R.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

Amma, Y.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Antonio-Lopez, J.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

Awaji, Y.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Rademacher, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Time-Dependent Crosstalk from Multiple Cores in a Homogeneous Multi-Core Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1H.3.

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” in Proceedings of CLEO: Science and Innovations, paper SM2L-5 (2015).

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Ben Yoo, S. J.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Bohn, M.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Burrows, E.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

Cartaxo, A. V.

A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chang, S. H.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

Chen, H.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Delgado Mendinueta, J.-M.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Ercan, B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Eriksson, T. A.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Essiambre, R. J.

R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L.E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

Foschini, G.

Goebel, B.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Guan, B.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Hayashi, T.

A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of Inter-Core Crosstalk as a Noise and Its Effect on Q -Factor in Multi-Core Fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E97-B(5), 936–944 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Characterization of crosstalk in ultra-low-crosstalk multi-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 583–589 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Uncoupled multi-core fiber enhancing signal-to-noise ratio,” Opt. Express 20(26), B94–B103 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Hirano, M.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Huang, B.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

Igarashi, K.

Jung, Y.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Kawaguchi, Y.

Klaus, W.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” in Proceedings of CLEO: Science and Innovations, paper SM2L-5 (2015).

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Kramer, G.

Lingle, R. J.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Lopez, J.E.A.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Luís, R. S.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” in Proceedings of CLEO: Science and Innovations, paper SM2L-5 (2015).

G. Rademacher, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Time-Dependent Crosstalk from Multiple Cores in a Homogeneous Multi-Core Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1H.3.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Marciante, J.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Matsuo, S.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Mendinueta, J.-M.

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” in Proceedings of CLEO: Science and Innovations, paper SM2L-5 (2015).

Miyamoto, Y.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Mizuno, T.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Morioka, T.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Morita, I.

Nakanishi, T.

Nelson, L.E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L.E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ono, H.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Pulverer, K.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Puttnam, B. J.

A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” in Proceedings of CLEO: Science and Innovations, paper SM2L-5 (2015).

G. Rademacher, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Time-Dependent Crosstalk from Multiple Cores in a Homogeneous Multi-Core Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1H.3.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Rademacher, G.

G. Rademacher, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Time-Dependent Crosstalk from Multiple Cores in a Homogeneous Multi-Core Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1H.3.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L.E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Richardson, DJ

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Saitoh, K.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Sakaguchi, J.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Sasaki, T.

Sasaki, Y.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Sasaoka, E.

Scott, R. P.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Shibahara, K.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Shimakawa, O.

Soma, D.

Sun, Y.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Suzuki, M.

Takenaga, K.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Takeshima, K.

Tamura, Y.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Taru, T.

Tsuritani, T.

Velazquez Benitez, A.

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

Wada, N.

A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, A. V. Cartaxo, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, T. Nakanishi, T. Hayashi, and T. Sasaki, “Time and Modulation Frequency Dependence of Crosstalk in Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 441–447 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” in Proceedings of CLEO: Science and Innovations, paper SM2L-5 (2015).

G. Rademacher, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Time-Dependent Crosstalk from Multiple Cores in a Homogeneous Multi-Core Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1H.3.

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

Wakayama, Y.

Winzer, P. J.

Yamada, M.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Ye, F.

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

Yoshikane, N.

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, T. A. Eriksson, W. Klaus, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Impact of Intercore Crosstalk on the Transmission Distance of QAM Formats in Multicore Fibers,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 0601109 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. V. Cartaxo, R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, T. Hayashi, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Dispersion Impact on the Crosstalk Amplitude Response of Homogeneous Multi-Core Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28(17), 1858–1861 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

T. Hayashi, T. Sasaki, and E. Sasaoka, “Behavior of Inter-Core Crosstalk as a Noise and Its Effect on Q -Factor in Multi-Core Fiber,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E97-B(5), 936–944 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L.E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (6)

B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, J.-M. Delgado Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tamura, T. Hayashi, M. Hirano, and J. Marciante, “2.15 Pb/s transmission using a 22 core homogeneous single-mode multi-core fiber and wideband optical comb,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), paper PDP 3.1 (2015).

T. Mizuno, K. Shibahara, H. Ono, Y. Abe, Y. Miyamoto, F. Ye, T. Morioka, Y. Sasaki, Y. Amma, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Aikawa, K. Saitoh, Y. Jung, DJ Richardson, K. Pulverer, M. Bohn, and M. Yamada, “32-core Dense SDM Unidirectional Transmission of PDM-16QAM Signals Over 1600 km Using Crosstalk-managed Single-mode Heterogeneous Multicore Transmission Line,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper TH5C.3.

R. Ryf, J. C. Alvarado, B. Huang, J. Antonio-Lopez, S. H. Chang, N. K. Fontaine, H. Chen, R. J. Essiambre, E. Burrows, R. Amezcua-Correa, and T. Hayashi, “Long-Distance Transmission over Coupled-Core Multicore Fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), PDP 40–42 (2016).

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. Velazquez Benitez, J.E.A. Lopez, R. Amezcua Correa, B. Guan, B. Ercan, R. P. Scott, S. J. Ben Yoo, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, and R. J. Lingle, “30×30 MIMO transmission over 15 spatial modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5.C.1.

G. Rademacher, B. J. Puttnam, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Time-Dependent Crosstalk from Multiple Cores in a Homogeneous Multi-Core Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1H.3.

R. S. Luís, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. Mendinueta, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, and N. Wada, “Comparing inter-core skew fluctuations in multi-core and single-core fibers,” in Proceedings of CLEO: Science and Innovations, paper SM2L-5 (2015).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Normalized short term average crosstalk as function of time with amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) and continuous wave (CW) light as crosstalk source.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic description of crosstalk generation in a homogeneous multi-core fiber.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Numerically calculated covariance matrices between random process Ωl and Ωp for different values of the inter-core skew: (a) snm = 25ps, (b) snm = 250ps, (c) snm = 250ns. The red squares indicate the spectral coverage of a rectangular channel.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulated variance of the normalized short term average crosstalk power (STAXT) for OOK and QPSK modulated signals at various values for the skew-symbol-rate product.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental Setup.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Normalized short term average crosstalk as a function of time with 39 Mbaud and 10 Gbaud BSPK modulated signals as crosstalk source. (b) Normalized crosstalk as a function of time with 0.1 Gbaud and 10 Gbaud OOK modulated signals as crosstalk source.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Variance of normalized short term average crosstalk power (STAXT) for OOK, sing.-pol. BPSK and DP-16QAM signals with various symbol rates; ASE and CW as reference.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Values of the Inter-core Skew with Respect to Core 1

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H XT ( L , ω ) = j K n m k = 1 N e j ϕ k e j s n m z k ω
K n m = κ β R D n m 2 π γ
A n ( L , ω ) = H XT ( L , ω ) A m ( 0 , ω )
A m ( 0 , ω ) = { 1 for | ω | π f mod 0 for | ω | > π f mod
VAR XT = Var ( | A n ( L , ω ) | 2 d ω ) = Var ( π f mod π f mod | H XT ( L , ω ) | 2 d ω )
VAR XT = Var ( j K n m Δ ω l = 1 M | k = 1 N e j ϕ k e j s n m z k ω l | 2 ) = ( j K n m Δ ω ) 2 Var ( l = 1 M Ω l )
VAR XT l = 1 M Var ( Ω l ) + l p M p l M Cov ( Ω l , Ω p )
Ω l = | k = 1 N e j ϕ k e j s n m z k ω l | 2 | k = 1 N e j ϕ k | 2
Ω l = | k = 1 N e j ϕ k e j s n m z k ω l | 2 | k = 1 N e j s n m z k ω l | 2
l p M p l M Cov ( | k = 1 N e j s n m z k ω l | 2 , | k = 1 N e j s n m z k ω p | 2 )
H XT ( L , ω ) = j K n m k = 1 N R k { e j ϕ k e j s n m z k ω e j ϕ k e j s n m z k ω }

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