Abstract

The use of a plasma mirror to improve the temporal contrast of few cycle laser pulses has been considered. Pre-plasma features, prior to the main pulse, have been evaluated using an analytical model that has been verified using hydrodynamic code. The temporal/ spectral profile, reflectivity, and broadening of the reflected pulse have been parametrically analysed using an analytical formulation that describes the reflection of broadband ultra-short pulses from the plasma gradient. The analytical estimate for the pulse reflectivity is in good agreement with experimental measurements. The consistency of the analytical expressions for the collisionless case has been validated via comparison with a 1D particle in cell simulations.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses

Anna Lévy, Tiberio Ceccotti, Pascal D'Oliveira, Fabrice Réau, Michel Perdrix, Fabien Quéré, Pascal Monot, Michel Bougeard, Hervé Lagadec, Philippe Martin, Jean-Paul Geindre, and Patrick Audebert
Opt. Lett. 32(3) 310-312 (2007)

Ultrahigh-contrast kilojoule-class petawatt LFEX laser using a plasma mirror

Yasunobu Arikawa, Sadaoki Kojima, Alessio Morace, Shohei Sakata, Takayuki Gawa, Yuki Taguchi, Yuki Abe, Zhe Zhang, Xavier Vaisseau, Seung Ho Lee, Kazuki Matsuo, Shota Tosaki, Masayasu Hata, Koji Kawabata, Yuhei Kawakami, Masato Ishida, Koichi Tsuji, Satoshi Matsuo, Noboru Morio, Tetsuji Kawasaki, Shigeki Tokita, Yoshiki Nakata, Takahisa Jitsuno, Noriaki Miyanaga, Junji Kawanaka, Hideo Nagatomo, Akifumi Yogo, Mitsuo Nakai, Hiroaki Nishimura, Hiroyuki Shiraga, Shinsuke Fujioka, FIREX Group , LFEX Group , Hiroshi Azechi, Atsushi Sunahara, Tomoyuki Johzaki, Tetsuo Ozaki, Hitoshi Sakagami, Akito Sagisaka, Koichi Ogura, Alexander S. Pirozhkov, Masaharu Nishikino, Kiminori Kondo, Shunsuke Inoue, Kensuke Teramoto, Masaki Hashida, and Shuji Sakabe
Appl. Opt. 55(25) 6850-6857 (2016)

Harmonic generation during the ionization of a thin target irradiated by a strong laser field

Enrique Conejero Jarque and Luis Plaja
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(3) 407-413 (1999)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. V. Didenko, A. V. Konyashchenko, A. P. Lutsenko, and S. Y. Tenyakov, “Contrast degradation in a chirped-pulse amplifier due to generation of prepulses by postpulses,” Opt. Express 16(5), 3178–3190 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. N. Khodakovskiy, M. Kalashnikov, E. Gontier, F. Falcoz, and P.-M. Paul, “Degradation of picosecond temporal contrast of Ti:sapphire lasers with coherent pedestals,” Opt. Lett. 41(19), 4441–4444 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. D. Umstadter, “Review of physics and applications of relativistic plasmas driven by ultra-intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 8(5), 1774–1785 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264(5161), 917–924 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. F. Brunel, “Not-so-resonant, resonant absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(1), 52–55 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Grimes, A. Rundquist, Y. Lee, and M. Downer, “Experimental identification of vacuum heating at femtosecond-laser-irradiated metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4010–4013 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 923–925 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. Jullien, O. Albert, F. Burgy, G. Hamoniaux, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-P. Chambaret, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “10-10 temporal contrast for femtosecond ultraintense lasers by cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 920–922 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. V. Chvykov, P. Rousseau, S. Reed, G. Kalinchenko, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation of 1011 contrast 50 TW laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1456–1458 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. P. Kalashnikov, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “High temporal contrast front end with a CaF2CaF2-based XPW temporal filter for high intensity lasers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1465, 13–17 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Liebetrau, M. Hornung, A. Seidel, M. Hellwing, A. Kessler, S. Keppler, F. Schorcht, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “Ultra-high contrast frontend for high peak power fs-lasers at 1030 nm,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24776–24786 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, A. Szoke, and R. W. Falcone, “Prepulse energy suppression for high-energy ultrashort pulses using self-induced plasma shuttering,” Opt. Lett. 16(7), 490–492 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. D. M. Gold, H. Nathel, P. R. Bolton, W. E. White, and L. D. V. Woerkom, “Short pulse high intensity lasers and applications,” Proc. SPIE 1413, 41–52 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, D. M. Gold, H. Nathel, and W. White, “Prepulse suppression for high-energy ultrashort pulses using self-induced plasma shuttering from a fluid target,” Opt. Lett. 18(2), 134–136 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. D. M. Gold, “Direct measurement of prepulse suppression by use of a plasma shutter,” Opt. Lett. 19(23), 2006–2008 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  21. Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  22. P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. Wittmann, Thesis: Complete Characterization of Plasma Mirrors and Development of a Single Shot Carrier-Envelope Phase Meter (University of Szeged, 2009).
  26. G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. B. H. Shaw, S. Steinke, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Reflectance characterization of tape-based plasma mirrors,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063118 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  29. C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  30. ELI-ALPS web page for primary laser parameters: http://www.eli-hu.hu/
  31. G. A. Mourou, G. Korn, W. Sandner, and J. L. Collier, eds., ELI White Book: Science and Technology with Ultra-Intense Lasers (Andreas Thos, 2011).
  32. A. Sotnikov, H. Laux, and B. Stritzker, “Experimental and numerical optimization of beam shapes for short-pulse ultraviolet laser cutting processing,” Phys. Procedia 05(6), 137–146 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  33. R. Lichters, R. E. W. Pfund, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, LPIC + +, Report No. MPQ 225 (Max-Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, 1997).
  34. S. Kozaki and Y. Mushiake, “Propagation of the electromagnetic pulse with Gaussian envelope in inhomogeneous ionized media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 17(5), 686–688 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  35. K. P. Singh, P. K. Shukla, and R. N. Singh, “Propagation of an electromagnetic pulse through inhomogeneous plasmas,” Int. J. Electron. 30(03), 249–254 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  36. Y. Shiau and R. F. H. Yang, “Distortion of a radio pulse reflected from an inhomogeneous lossy plasma,” Proc. IEEE 60(1), 142–143 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. D. Perry, T. Ditmire, and B. C. Stuart, “Self-phase modulation in chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 19(24), 2149–2151 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, J. Squier, K. W. Delong, and R. Trebino, “Phase and intensity characterization of femtosecond pulses from a chirped-pulse amplifier by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 20(5), 483–485 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. K. G. Budden, Radio Waves in the Ionosphere (Cambridge University, 1961), Chap.8 & Chap.16.
  40. T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  41. A. Djaui, “A user guide for the laser plasma simulation code: Med-103,” Technical Report: RAL-TR-96–099 (1996).
  42. V. A. Isakov, A. P. Kanavin, and S. A. Uryupin, “Reflection and absorption of a high-power ultra-short laser pulse heating a solid-state target,” Laser Part. Beams 23(03), 315–319 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  43. J. D. Huba, NRL Plasma Formulary (Office of Naval Research, 2013).
  44. P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

B. H. Shaw, S. Steinke, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Reflectance characterization of tape-based plasma mirrors,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063118 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Khodakovskiy, M. Kalashnikov, E. Gontier, F. Falcoz, and P.-M. Paul, “Degradation of picosecond temporal contrast of Ti:sapphire lasers with coherent pedestals,” Opt. Lett. 41(19), 4441–4444 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Liebetrau, M. Hornung, A. Seidel, M. Hellwing, A. Kessler, S. Keppler, F. Schorcht, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “Ultra-high contrast frontend for high peak power fs-lasers at 1030 nm,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24776–24786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

M. P. Kalashnikov, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “High temporal contrast front end with a CaF2CaF2-based XPW temporal filter for high intensity lasers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1465, 13–17 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. Sotnikov, H. Laux, and B. Stritzker, “Experimental and numerical optimization of beam shapes for short-pulse ultraviolet laser cutting processing,” Phys. Procedia 05(6), 137–146 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

D. Umstadter, “Review of physics and applications of relativistic plasmas driven by ultra-intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 8(5), 1774–1785 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Grimes, A. Rundquist, Y. Lee, and M. Downer, “Experimental identification of vacuum heating at femtosecond-laser-irradiated metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4010–4013 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, J. Squier, K. W. Delong, and R. Trebino, “Phase and intensity characterization of femtosecond pulses from a chirped-pulse amplifier by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 20(5), 483–485 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (3)

1993 (1)

1991 (2)

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, A. Szoke, and R. W. Falcone, “Prepulse energy suppression for high-energy ultrashort pulses using self-induced plasma shuttering,” Opt. Lett. 16(7), 490–492 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. Gold, H. Nathel, P. R. Bolton, W. E. White, and L. D. V. Woerkom, “Short pulse high intensity lasers and applications,” Proc. SPIE 1413, 41–52 (1991).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

F. Brunel, “Not-so-resonant, resonant absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(1), 52–55 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

Y. Shiau and R. F. H. Yang, “Distortion of a radio pulse reflected from an inhomogeneous lossy plasma,” Proc. IEEE 60(1), 142–143 (1972).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

K. P. Singh, P. K. Shukla, and R. N. Singh, “Propagation of an electromagnetic pulse through inhomogeneous plasmas,” Int. J. Electron. 30(03), 249–254 (1971).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

S. Kozaki and Y. Mushiake, “Propagation of the electromagnetic pulse with Gaussian envelope in inhomogeneous ionized media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 17(5), 686–688 (1969).
[Crossref]

Albert, O.

Allott, R.

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andreev, A.

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Arber, T. D.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Audebert, P.

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Augé-Rochereau, F.

Backus, S.

Bagnoud, V.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bailey, J.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Behmke, M.

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bolton, P. R.

D. M. Gold, H. Nathel, P. R. Bolton, W. E. White, and L. D. V. Woerkom, “Short pulse high intensity lasers and applications,” Proc. SPIE 1413, 41–52 (1991).
[Crossref]

Bor, Z.

Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
[Crossref]

Borot, A.

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bougeard, M.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bourgeois, N.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brabetz, C.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Brunel, F.

F. Brunel, “Not-so-resonant, resonant absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(1), 52–55 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bulanov, S. V.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Burgy, F.

Ceccotti, T.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chambaret, J.-P.

Chériaux, G.

Chvykov, V.

Clark, E. L.

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clarke, R. J.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cochran, G. E.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

d’Oliveira, P.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dangor, A. E.

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delong, K. W.

Didenko, N. V.

Ditmire, T.

Divall, E. J.

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dobosz, S.

Douillet, D.

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doumy, G.

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Downer, M.

M. Grimes, A. Rundquist, Y. Lee, and M. Downer, “Experimental identification of vacuum heating at femtosecond-laser-irradiated metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4010–4013 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ehentraut, L.

M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ehrt, D.

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Esirkepov, T. Zh.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Etchepare, J.

Falcone, R. W.

Falcoz, F.

Foster, P. S.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fotakis, C.

Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
[Crossref]

Freeman, R. R.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fukuda, Y.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gauthier, J.-C.

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geindre, J.-P.

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gobert, O.

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gold, D. M.

Gontier, E.

Green, J. S.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Grimes, M.

M. Grimes, A. Rundquist, Y. Lee, and M. Downer, “Experimental identification of vacuum heating at femtosecond-laser-irradiated metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4010–4013 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hamoniaux, G.

Heathcote, R. I.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hein, J.

Hellwing, M.

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heyer, M.

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hooker, C. J.

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hornung, M.

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

Iaquaniello, G.

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Isakov, V. A.

V. A. Isakov, A. P. Kanavin, and S. A. Uryupin, “Reflection and absorption of a high-power ultra-short laser pulse heating a solid-state target,” Laser Part. Beams 23(03), 315–319 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jäckel, O.

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jullien, A.

Kageyama, K.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kalashnikov, M.

N. Khodakovskiy, M. Kalashnikov, E. Gontier, F. Falcoz, and P.-M. Paul, “Degradation of picosecond temporal contrast of Ti:sapphire lasers with coherent pedestals,” Opt. Lett. 41(19), 4441–4444 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kalashnikov, M. P.

M. P. Kalashnikov, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “High temporal contrast front end with a CaF2CaF2-based XPW temporal filter for high intensity lasers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1465, 13–17 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 923–925 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kalinchenko, G.

Kalpouzos, C.

Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kaluza, M. C.

H. Liebetrau, M. Hornung, A. Seidel, M. Hellwing, A. Kessler, S. Keppler, F. Schorcht, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “Ultra-high contrast frontend for high peak power fs-lasers at 1030 nm,” Opt. Express 22(20), 24776–24786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kanavin, A. P.

V. A. Isakov, A. P. Kanavin, and S. A. Uryupin, “Reflection and absorption of a high-power ultra-short laser pulse heating a solid-state target,” Laser Part. Beams 23(03), 315–319 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kando, M.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Keppler, S.

Kessler, A.

Khodakovskiy, N.

Kiriyama, H.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koga, J. K.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kohler, B.

Kondo, K.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Konyashchenko, A. V.

Kotaki, H.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kozaki, S.

S. Kozaki and Y. Mushiake, “Propagation of the electromagnetic pulse with Gaussian envelope in inhomogeneous ionized media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 17(5), 686–688 (1969).
[Crossref]

Krushelnick, K.

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krygier, A.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kübel, M.

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Langley, A. J.

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

Laux, H.

A. Sotnikov, H. Laux, and B. Stritzker, “Experimental and numerical optimization of beam shapes for short-pulse ultraviolet laser cutting processing,” Phys. Procedia 05(6), 137–146 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y.

M. Grimes, A. Rundquist, Y. Lee, and M. Downer, “Experimental identification of vacuum heating at femtosecond-laser-irradiated metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4010–4013 (1999).
[Crossref]

Leemans, W. P.

B. H. Shaw, S. Steinke, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Reflectance characterization of tape-based plasma mirrors,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063118 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lefrou, T.

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levy, A.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liebetrau, H.

Lopez-Martens, R.

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lutsenko, A. P.

Marjoribanks, R.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Martin, P.

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, Ph.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

McKenna, P.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Minkovski, N.

Monot, P.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morita, T.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264(5161), 917–924 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M. M.

Mushiake, Y.

S. Kozaki and Y. Mushiake, “Propagation of the electromagnetic pulse with Gaussian envelope in inhomogeneous ionized media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 17(5), 686–688 (1969).
[Crossref]

Nagatomo, H.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nathel, H.

Neely, D.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishihara, K.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nishikino, M.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nishiuchi, M.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Norreys, P. A.

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okada, H.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Osvay, K.

M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Paul, P.-M.

Paulus, G. G.

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Perdrix, M.

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perry, M. D.

Pirozhkov, A. S.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Poole, P. L.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Powell, H. W.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Priebe, G.

M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Quéré, F.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Racz, B.

Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
[Crossref]

Rajeev, P. P.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Réau, F.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reed, S.

Risse, E.

Rödel, C.

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rousseau, J.-P.

Rousseau, P.

Rundquist, A.

M. Grimes, A. Rundquist, Y. Lee, and M. Downer, “Experimental identification of vacuum heating at femtosecond-laser-irradiated metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4010–4013 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sagisaka, A.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Saltiel, S. M.

Sandner, W.

M. P. Kalashnikov, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “High temporal contrast front end with a CaF2CaF2-based XPW temporal filter for high intensity lasers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1465, 13–17 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 923–925 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schönnagel, H.

M. P. Kalashnikov, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “High temporal contrast front end with a CaF2CaF2-based XPW temporal filter for high intensity lasers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1465, 13–17 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 923–925 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schorcht, F.

Schumacher, D. W.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scott, G. G.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Seidel, A.

Shaw, B. H.

B. H. Shaw, S. Steinke, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Reflectance characterization of tape-based plasma mirrors,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063118 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shiau, Y.

Y. Shiau and R. F. H. Yang, “Distortion of a radio pulse reflected from an inhomogeneous lossy plasma,” Proc. IEEE 60(1), 142–143 (1972).
[Crossref]

Shukla, P. K.

K. P. Singh, P. K. Shukla, and R. N. Singh, “Propagation of an electromagnetic pulse through inhomogeneous plasmas,” Int. J. Electron. 30(03), 249–254 (1971).
[Crossref]

Singh, K. P.

K. P. Singh, P. K. Shukla, and R. N. Singh, “Propagation of an electromagnetic pulse through inhomogeneous plasmas,” Int. J. Electron. 30(03), 249–254 (1971).
[Crossref]

Singh, R. N.

K. P. Singh, P. K. Shukla, and R. N. Singh, “Propagation of an electromagnetic pulse through inhomogeneous plasmas,” Int. J. Electron. 30(03), 249–254 (1971).
[Crossref]

Sotnikov, A.

A. Sotnikov, H. Laux, and B. Stritzker, “Experimental and numerical optimization of beam shapes for short-pulse ultraviolet laser cutting processing,” Phys. Procedia 05(6), 137–146 (2010).
[Crossref]

Squier, J.

Steinke, S.

B. H. Shaw, S. Steinke, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Reflectance characterization of tape-based plasma mirrors,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063118 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Stritzker, B.

A. Sotnikov, H. Laux, and B. Stritzker, “Experimental and numerical optimization of beam shapes for short-pulse ultraviolet laser cutting processing,” Phys. Procedia 05(6), 137–146 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stuart, B. C.

Sunahara, A.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Szabo, G.

Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
[Crossref]

Szoke, A.

Tatarakis, M.

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tenyakov, S. Y.

Thaury, C.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

Trebino, R.

Umstadter, D.

D. Umstadter, “Review of physics and applications of relativistic plasmas driven by ultra-intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 8(5), 1774–1785 (2001).
[Crossref]

Uryupin, S. A.

V. A. Isakov, A. P. Kanavin, and S. A. Uryupin, “Reflection and absorption of a high-power ultra-short laser pulse heating a solid-state target,” Laser Part. Beams 23(03), 315–319 (2005).
[Crossref]

van Tilborg, J.

B. H. Shaw, S. Steinke, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Reflectance characterization of tape-based plasma mirrors,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063118 (2016).
[Crossref]

Watts, I.

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, W.

White, W. E.

D. M. Gold, H. Nathel, P. R. Bolton, W. E. White, and L. D. V. Woerkom, “Short pulse high intensity lasers and applications,” Proc. SPIE 1413, 41–52 (1991).
[Crossref]

Wilson, K. R.

Wilson, L. A.

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wittmann, T.

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woerkom, L. D. V.

D. M. Gold, H. Nathel, P. R. Bolton, W. E. White, and L. D. V. Woerkom, “Short pulse high intensity lasers and applications,” Proc. SPIE 1413, 41–52 (1991).
[Crossref]

Xenakis, D.

Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yang, R. F. H.

Y. Shiau and R. F. H. Yang, “Distortion of a radio pulse reflected from an inhomogeneous lossy plasma,” Proc. IEEE 60(1), 142–143 (1972).
[Crossref]

Yanovsky, V.

Yogo, A.

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zepf, M.

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ziegler, W.

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zielbauer, B.

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ziener, Ch.

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

AIP Conf. Proc. (2)

M. P. Kalashnikov, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “High temporal contrast front end with a CaF2CaF2-based XPW temporal filter for high intensity lasers,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1465, 13–17 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. P. Kalashnikov, K. Osvay, G. Priebe, L. Ehentraut, S. Steinke, and W. Sandner, “Temporal contrast of high intensity laser systems above 1011 with double CPA technique,” AIP Conf. Proc. 1462, 108–111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Rödel, M. Heyer, M. Behmke, M. Kübel, O. Jäckel, W. Ziegler, D. Ehrt, M. C. Kaluza, and G. G. Paulus, “High repetition rate plasma mirror for temporal contrast enhancement of terawatt femtosecond laser pulses by three orders of magnitude,” Appl. Phys. B 103(2), 295–302 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

Z. Bor, B. Racz, G. Szabo, D. Xenakis, C. Kalpouzos, and C. Fotakis, “Femtosecond transient reflection from polymer surfaces during femtosecond UV photoablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 60(4), 365–368 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

S. Kozaki and Y. Mushiake, “Propagation of the electromagnetic pulse with Gaussian envelope in inhomogeneous ionized media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 17(5), 686–688 (1969).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Electron. (1)

K. P. Singh, P. K. Shukla, and R. N. Singh, “Propagation of an electromagnetic pulse through inhomogeneous plasmas,” Int. J. Electron. 30(03), 249–254 (1971).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Ch. Ziener, P. S. Foster, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. J. Langley, and D. Neely, “Specular reflectivity of plasma mirrors as a function of intensity, pulse duration, and angle of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(1), 768–770 (2003).
[Crossref]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

V. A. Isakov, A. P. Kanavin, and S. A. Uryupin, “Reflection and absorption of a high-power ultra-short laser pulse heating a solid-state target,” Laser Part. Beams 23(03), 315–319 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 03(6), 424–429 (2007).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

G. G. Scott, V. Bagnoud, C. Brabetz, R. J. Clarke, J. S. Green, R. I. Heathcote, H. W. Powell, B. Zielbauer, T. D. Arber, P. McKenna, and D. Neely, “Optimization of plasma mirror reflectivity and optical quality using double laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 17(3), 033027 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

T. Zh. Esirkepov, J. K. Koga, A. Sunahara, T. Morita, M. Nishikino, K. Kageyama, H. Nagatomo, K. Nishihara, A. Sagisaka, H. Kotaki, T. Nakamura, Y. Fukuda, H. Okada, A. S. Pirozhkov, A. Yogo, M. Nishiuchi, H. Kiriyama, K. Kondo, M. Kando, and S. V. Bulanov, “Prepulse and amplified spontaneous emission effects on the interaction of a PW class laser with thin solid targets,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 745(05), 150–163 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (10)

N. Khodakovskiy, M. Kalashnikov, E. Gontier, F. Falcoz, and P.-M. Paul, “Degradation of picosecond temporal contrast of Ti:sapphire lasers with coherent pedestals,” Opt. Lett. 41(19), 4441–4444 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, D. M. Gold, H. Nathel, and W. White, “Prepulse suppression for high-energy ultrashort pulses using self-induced plasma shuttering from a fluid target,” Opt. Lett. 18(2), 134–136 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. M. Gold, “Direct measurement of prepulse suppression by use of a plasma shutter,” Opt. Lett. 19(23), 2006–2008 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, T. Ditmire, and B. C. Stuart, “Self-phase modulation in chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 19(24), 2149–2151 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, J. Squier, K. W. Delong, and R. Trebino, “Phase and intensity characterization of femtosecond pulses from a chirped-pulse amplifier by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 20(5), 483–485 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, A. Szoke, and R. W. Falcone, “Prepulse energy suppression for high-energy ultrashort pulses using self-induced plasma shuttering,” Opt. Lett. 16(7), 490–492 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Monot, G. Doumy, S. Dobosz, M. Perdrix, P. D’Oliveira, F. Quéré, F. Réau, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, and J.-P. Geindre, “High-order harmonic generation by nonlinear reflection of an intense high-contrast laser pulse on a plasma,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 893–895 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, F. Burgy, G. Hamoniaux, J.-P. Rousseau, J.-P. Chambaret, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. M. Saltiel, “10-10 temporal contrast for femtosecond ultraintense lasers by cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 920–922 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 923–925 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Chvykov, P. Rousseau, S. Reed, G. Kalinchenko, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation of 1011 contrast 50 TW laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1456–1458 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Plasmas (2)

D. Umstadter, “Review of physics and applications of relativistic plasmas driven by ultra-intense lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 8(5), 1774–1785 (2001).
[Crossref]

B. H. Shaw, S. Steinke, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Reflectance characterization of tape-based plasma mirrors,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063118 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Procedia (1)

A. Sotnikov, H. Laux, and B. Stritzker, “Experimental and numerical optimization of beam shapes for short-pulse ultraviolet laser cutting processing,” Phys. Procedia 05(6), 137–146 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (2)

I. Watts, M. Zepf, E. L. Clark, M. Tatarakis, K. Krushelnick, A. E. Dangor, R. Allott, R. J. Clarke, D. Neely, and P. A. Norreys, “Measurements of relativistic self-phase-modulation in plasma,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66(3), 036409 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Doumy, F. Quéré, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, P. Martin, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, J.-P. Geindre, and T. Wittmann, “Complete characterization of a plasma mirror for the production of high-contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(2), 026402 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

F. Brunel, “Not-so-resonant, resonant absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59(1), 52–55 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Grimes, A. Rundquist, Y. Lee, and M. Downer, “Experimental identification of vacuum heating at femtosecond-laser-irradiated metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 4010–4013 (1999).
[Crossref]

Proc. IEEE (1)

Y. Shiau and R. F. H. Yang, “Distortion of a radio pulse reflected from an inhomogeneous lossy plasma,” Proc. IEEE 60(1), 142–143 (1972).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

D. M. Gold, H. Nathel, P. R. Bolton, W. E. White, and L. D. V. Woerkom, “Short pulse high intensity lasers and applications,” Proc. SPIE 1413, 41–52 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Borot, D. Douillet, G. Iaquaniello, T. Lefrou, P. Audebert, J.-P. Geindre, and R. Lopez-Martens, “High repetition rate plasma mirror device for attosecond science,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(1), 013104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

P. L. Poole, A. Krygier, G. E. Cochran, P. S. Foster, G. G. Scott, L. A. Wilson, J. Bailey, N. Bourgeois, C. Hernandez-Gomez, D. Neely, P. P. Rajeev, R. R. Freeman, and D. W. Schumacher, “Experiment and simulation of novel liquid crystal plasma mirrors for high contrast, intense laser pulses,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32041 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264(5161), 917–924 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (7)

ELI-ALPS web page for primary laser parameters: http://www.eli-hu.hu/

G. A. Mourou, G. Korn, W. Sandner, and J. L. Collier, eds., ELI White Book: Science and Technology with Ultra-Intense Lasers (Andreas Thos, 2011).

T. Wittmann, Thesis: Complete Characterization of Plasma Mirrors and Development of a Single Shot Carrier-Envelope Phase Meter (University of Szeged, 2009).

K. G. Budden, Radio Waves in the Ionosphere (Cambridge University, 1961), Chap.8 & Chap.16.

R. Lichters, R. E. W. Pfund, and J. Meyer-ter-Vehn, LPIC + +, Report No. MPQ 225 (Max-Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, 1997).

A. Djaui, “A user guide for the laser plasma simulation code: Med-103,” Technical Report: RAL-TR-96–099 (1996).

J. D. Huba, NRL Plasma Formulary (Office of Naval Research, 2013).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A schematic of pulse reflection and coordinate scaling from ramp profile preformed plasma (PM).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Steepness (b) as function τp for Ipo~1012 Wcm−2. The blue and black curves (with dots) correspond to analytical and hydrodynamic code estimates respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of analytical results with experiment [23]: Peak reflectivity as a function of fluence for ν~10 fs−1 and ~12.5 fs−1; blue dots refers to measurements.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The peak reflectivity of the pulse as function of density steepness (b) for different values of τ0 and correspond to the standard set of parameters stated in text.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Electric field profile of the reflected pulse for different values of b; the figure corresponds to ν~10 fs−1 and standard set of parameters stated in text.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Electric field profile of the reflected pulse for different values of b; the figure corresponds to collisionless case (ν~0) and standard parameters stated in text.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Pulse spectrum of reflected pulse (corresponding to Fig. 5) for different values of b and figure correspond to the standard set of parameters stated in text.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The temporal width (FWHM) of the reflected pulse (τref/ τ0) as function of b for different values of τ0; figure correspond to the standard parameters stated in text.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The peak reflectivity of the pulse as function of collision frequency (ν/ωo) for different values of the density steepness (b).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Simulation results: Snapshot of the normalized electric filed profile of the incident (blue) and reflected (orange) pulse for three different values of the density steepness b = 1024 & 1026 cm−4; the simulation refers to incident pulse ao ~0.07 (~1016 W/cm2), τraise ~4τ and λo ~800nm.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E i (y,z,t)= E i (ω)exp[ i{ωtk(ysinθ+zcosθ)} ] dω,
E i (t)= E o exp( t 2 /2 τ 2 )exp[i( ω o t+ ϕ 0 )],
E i (ω)= E o (2π) 1/2 τexp[( τ 2 /2) (ω ω o ) 2 ].
r=exp[(i+η) φ ω +iπ/2],
E r (y,z,t)=(1/2π) r E i (ω)exp (iω t ) dω = (2π) 1/2 e iπ/2 E o τ[ exp [(i+η) φ ω ( τ 2 /2) (ω ω o ) 2 +iω t ] dω ]
E r (y,z,t)= E ro exp(iΔ)exp(i ω o t )
E ro = E o exp(η φ ω o ) [ χ 2 + (1+χη) 2 ] 1/4 exp( [ ( φ ω o t ) 2 φ ω o 2 η 2 ](1+χη)2χη( φ ω o t ) φ ω o 2 τ 2 [ χ 2 + (1+χη) 2 ] )
Δ( π 2 φ ω o 1 2 ta n 1 χ (1+χη) + [ ( φ ω o t ) 2 φ ω o 2 η 2 ]χ+2 φ ω o η( φ ω o t )(1+χη) 2 τ 2 [ χ 2 + (1+χη) 2 ] )
E r (ω)= E r (t)exp(jωt)dt .
n e /t= f i ( n o n e )
T e /t=( e 2 | E p | 2 m e ( ν 2 + ω o 2 ) δ ei ( T e T o ) )ν

Metrics