Abstract

We propose and demonstrate an all-fiber passively mode-locked laser with a figure-8 cavity, which generates pulsed cylindrical vector beam output based on a mode selective coupler (MSC). The MSC made of a two mode fiber and a standard single mode fiber is used as both the intracavity transverse mode converter and mode splitter with a low insertion loss of about 0.65 dB. The slope efficiency of the fiber laser is > 3%. Through adjusting the polarization state in the laser cavity, both radially and azimuthally polarized beams have been obtained with high mode purity which are measured to be > 94%. The laser operates at 1556.3 nm with a spectral bandwidth of 3.2 nm. The mode-locked pulses have duration of 17 ns and a repetition rate of 0.66 MHz.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Dispersion-managed, high-order mode emission, Tm/Ho-co-doped fiber laser based on a mode-selective coupler

Su Chen, Yang Xu, Yu Cai, Jianping Shen, and Zuxing Zhang
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36(10) 2688-2693 (2019)

High-order mode Yb-doped fiber lasers based on mode-selective couplers

Yiping Huang, Fan Shi, Teng Wang, Xiaomin Liu, Xianglong Zeng, Fufei Pang, Tingyun Wang, and Pu Zhou
Opt. Express 26(15) 19171-19181 (2018)

High-order mode direct oscillation of few-mode fiber laser for high-quality cylindrical vector beams

Teng Wang, Fan Shi, Yiping Huang, Jianxiang Wen, Zhengqian Luo, Fufei Pang, Tingyun Wang, and Xianglong Zeng
Opt. Express 26(9) 11850-11858 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. S. Rodrigues Ribeiro, O. Soppera, A. G. Oliva, A. Guerreiro, and P. A. S. Jorge, “New trends on optical fiber tweezers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(16), 3394–3405 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Bouhelier, F. Ignatovich, A. Bruyant, C. Huang, G. Colas des Francs, J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, G. P. Wiederrecht, and L. Novotny, “Surface plasmon interference excited by tightly focused laser beams,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2535–2537 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. D. Lin, K. Xia, J. Li, R. Li, K. Ueda, G. Li, and X. Li, “Efficient, high-power, and radially polarized fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2290–2292 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  5. Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  6. B. Hao and J. Leger, “Experimental measurement of longitudinal component in the vicinity of focused radially polarized beam,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3550–3556 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. W. Haus, Z. Mozumder, and Q. Zhan, “Azimuthal modulation instability for a cylindrically polarized wave in a nonlinear Kerr medium,” Opt. Express 14(11), 4757–4764 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Lipson, “Guiding, modulating, and emitting light on Silicon-challenges and opportunities,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(12), 4222–4238 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. Liu, P. Li, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Generation of arbitrary spatially variant polarization beams with a trapezoid Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21715–21721 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, L. Xu, and Q. Zhan, “All fiber actively mode-locked fiber laser emitting cylindrical vector beam,” Proc. SPIE 9572, 957204 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. B. Sun, A. Wang, C. Gu, G. Chen, L. Xu, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser producing radially polarized rectangular pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1691–1694 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. K. Yan, J. Lin, Y. Zhou, C. Gu, L. Xu, A. Wang, P. Yao, and Q. Zhan, “Bi2Te3 based passively Q-switched fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam emission,” Appl. Opt. 55(11), 3026–3029 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. B. Sun, A. Wang, L. Xu, C. Gu, Y. Zhou, Z. Lin, H. Ming, and Q. Zhan, “Transverse mode switchable fiber laser through wavelength tuning,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 667–669 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, B. Sun, L. Xu, F. Li, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Actively mode-locked all fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 548–550 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Y. L. Xiao, Y. G. Liu, W. Zhi, Z. Wang, and X. Q. Liu, “Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber,” Wuli Xuebao 64(20), 204207 (2015).
  23. W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, “Highly selective evanescent modal filter for two-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11(9), 581–583 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. M. Vaziri and C. Chen, “An etched two-mode fiber modal coupling element,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(3), 474–481 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  25. R. C. Youngquist, J. L. Brooks, and H. J. Shaw, “Two-mode fiber modal coupler,” Opt. Lett. 9(5), 177–179 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. G. Brambilla, “Optical fibre nanowires and microwires: A review,” J. Opt. 12(4), 043001 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  27. T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1–2), 1–5 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  28. G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1), 89–95 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  29. B. Sun, A. Wang, L. Xu, C. Gu, Z. Lin, H. Ming, and Q. Zhan, “Low-threshold single-wavelength all-fiber laser generating cylindrical vector beams using a few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 464–466 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Yan, J. Lin, Y. Zhou, C. Gu, L. Xu, A. Wang, P. Yao, and Q. Zhan, “Bi2Te3 based passively Q-switched fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam emission,” Appl. Opt. 55(11), 3026–3029 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, B. Sun, L. Xu, F. Li, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Actively mode-locked all fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 548–550 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, L. Xu, and Q. Zhan, “All fiber actively mode-locked fiber laser emitting cylindrical vector beam,” Proc. SPIE 9572, 957204 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, A. Wang, C. Gu, G. Chen, L. Xu, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser producing radially polarized rectangular pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1691–1694 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. S. Rodrigues Ribeiro, O. Soppera, A. G. Oliva, A. Guerreiro, and P. A. S. Jorge, “New trends on optical fiber tweezers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(16), 3394–3405 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. L. Xiao, Y. G. Liu, W. Zhi, Z. Wang, and X. Q. Liu, “Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber,” Wuli Xuebao 64(20), 204207 (2015).

2014 (2)

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Ismaeel, T. Lee, B. Oduro, Y. Jung, and G. Brambilla, “All-fiber fused directional coupler for highly efficient spatial mode conversion,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11610–11619 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1), 89–95 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1–2), 1–5 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Vaziri and C. Chen, “An etched two-mode fiber modal coupling element,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(3), 474–481 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bouhelier, A.

Brambilla, G.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brooks, J. L.

Bruyant, A.

Chen, C.

M. Vaziri and C. Chen, “An etched two-mode fiber modal coupling element,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(3), 474–481 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

Cheng, H.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiang, K. S.

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chung, D.

Colas des Francs, G.

Courjon, D.

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1–2), 1–5 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dereux, A.

Dong, J.

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, B.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, T.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Grosjean, T.

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1–2), 1–5 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gu, B.

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gu, C.

Guerreiro, A.

Han, D.

Hao, B.

Haus, J. W.

He, J.

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

Ignatovich, F.

Ismaeel, R.

Jiang, B.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jorge, P. A. S.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jung, Y.

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. Y.

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lee, T.

Leger, J.

Li, F.

Li, G.

Li, H.

H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, P.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, P. Li, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Generation of arbitrary spatially variant polarization beams with a trapezoid Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21715–21721 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, R.

Li, X.

Lin, D.

Lin, J.

Lin, Z.

Lipson, M.

Liu, D.

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Liu, X.

Liu, X. Q.

Y. L. Xiao, Y. G. Liu, W. Zhi, Z. Wang, and X. Q. Liu, “Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber,” Wuli Xuebao 64(20), 204207 (2015).

Liu, Y. G.

Y. L. Xiao, Y. G. Liu, W. Zhi, Z. Wang, and X. Q. Liu, “Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber,” Wuli Xuebao 64(20), 204207 (2015).

Lu, C.

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ming, H.

Mozumder, Z.

Novotny, L.

Oduro, B.

Oliva, A. G.

Peng, T.

Petrov, D.

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1), 89–95 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ren, B.

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rodrigues Ribeiro, R. S.

Shaw, H. J.

She, X.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soppera, O.

Sorin, W. V.

Spajer, M.

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1–2), 1–5 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

Sun, Z.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

Vaziri, M.

M. Vaziri and C. Chen, “An etched two-mode fiber modal coupling element,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(3), 474–481 (1997).
[Crossref]

Volpe, G.

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1), 89–95 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wan, H.

H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

Wang, C.

H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Y. L. Xiao, Y. G. Liu, W. Zhi, Z. Wang, and X. Q. Liu, “Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber,” Wuli Xuebao 64(20), 204207 (2015).

Weeber, J. C.

Wei, W.

H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

Xia, K.

Xiao, Y. L.

Y. L. Xiao, Y. G. Liu, W. Zhi, Z. Wang, and X. Q. Liu, “Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber,” Wuli Xuebao 64(20), 204207 (2015).

Xu, L.

Yan, K.

Yang, D.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, P.

Youngquist, R. C.

Zeng, H.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhan, Q.

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Yan, J. Lin, Y. Zhou, C. Gu, L. Xu, A. Wang, P. Yao, and Q. Zhan, “Bi2Te3 based passively Q-switched fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam emission,” Appl. Opt. 55(11), 3026–3029 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, B. Sun, L. Xu, F. Li, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Actively mode-locked all fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 548–550 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Sun, A. Wang, C. Gu, G. Chen, L. Xu, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser producing radially polarized rectangular pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1691–1694 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, L. Xu, and Q. Zhan, “All fiber actively mode-locked fiber laser emitting cylindrical vector beam,” Proc. SPIE 9572, 957204 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Sun, A. Wang, L. Xu, C. Gu, Y. Zhou, Z. Lin, H. Ming, and Q. Zhan, “Transverse mode switchable fiber laser through wavelength tuning,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 667–669 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Sun, A. Wang, L. Xu, C. Gu, Z. Lin, H. Ming, and Q. Zhan, “Low-threshold single-wavelength all-fiber laser generating cylindrical vector beams using a few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 464–466 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. W. Haus, Z. Mozumder, and Q. Zhan, “Azimuthal modulation instability for a cylindrically polarized wave in a nonlinear Kerr medium,” Opt. Express 14(11), 4757–4764 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, P. Li, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Generation of arbitrary spatially variant polarization beams with a trapezoid Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21715–21721 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhi, W.

Y. L. Xiao, Y. G. Liu, W. Zhi, Z. Wang, and X. Q. Liu, “Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber,” Wuli Xuebao 64(20), 204207 (2015).

Zhou, Y.

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

Q. Zhan, “Cylindrical vector beams: from mathematical concepts to applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1(1), 1–57 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Mao, T. Feng, W. Zhang, H. Lu, Y. Jiang, P. Li, B. Jiang, Z. Sun, and J. Zhao, “Ultrafast all-fiber based cylindrical-vector beam laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(2), 021107 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

H. Wan, H. Li, C. Wang, B. Sun, Z. Zhang, W. Wei, and L. Zhang, “An Injection-Locked Single-Longitudinal-Mode Fiber Ring Laser with Cylindrical Vector Beam Emission,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(1), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Mode-locked fiber laser with transverse-mode selection based on a two-mode FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1766–1769 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Liu, B. Gu, B. Ren, C. Lu, J. He, Q. Zhan, and Y. Cui, “Enhanced sensitivity of the Z-scan technique on saturable absorbers using radially polarized beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(7), 073103 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. (1)

G. Brambilla, “Optical fibre nanowires and microwires: A review,” J. Opt. 12(4), 043001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer, “An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams,” Opt. Commun. 203(1–2), 1–5 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Volpe and D. Petrov, “Generation of cylindrical vector beams with few-mode fibers excited by Laguerre–Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 237(1), 89–95 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (9)

B. Sun, A. Wang, C. Gu, G. Chen, L. Xu, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Mode-locked all-fiber laser producing radially polarized rectangular pulses,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1691–1694 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bouhelier, F. Ignatovich, A. Bruyant, C. Huang, G. Colas des Francs, J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, G. P. Wiederrecht, and L. Novotny, “Surface plasmon interference excited by tightly focused laser beams,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2535–2537 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lin, K. Xia, J. Li, R. Li, K. Ueda, G. Li, and X. Li, “Efficient, high-power, and radially polarized fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2290–2292 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Sun, A. Wang, L. Xu, C. Gu, Z. Lin, H. Ming, and Q. Zhan, “Low-threshold single-wavelength all-fiber laser generating cylindrical vector beams using a few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 464–466 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Youngquist, J. L. Brooks, and H. J. Shaw, “Two-mode fiber modal coupler,” Opt. Lett. 9(5), 177–179 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Sun, A. Wang, L. Xu, C. Gu, Y. Zhou, Z. Lin, H. Ming, and Q. Zhan, “Transverse mode switchable fiber laser through wavelength tuning,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 667–669 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, B. Sun, L. Xu, F. Li, D. Chung, and Q. Zhan, “Actively mode-locked all fiber laser with cylindrical vector beam output,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 548–550 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, “Highly selective evanescent modal filter for two-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11(9), 581–583 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Y. Zhou, A. Wang, C. Gu, L. Xu, and Q. Zhan, “All fiber actively mode-locked fiber laser emitting cylindrical vector beam,” Proc. SPIE 9572, 957204 (2015).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

D. Mao, B. Du, D. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. She, H. Cheng, H. Zeng, and J. Zhao, “Nonlinear Saturable Absorption of Liquid-Exfoliated Molybdenum/Tungsten Ditelluride Nanosheets,” Small 12(11), 1489–1497 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wuli Xuebao (1)

Y. L. Xiao, Y. G. Liu, W. Zhi, Z. Wang, and X. Q. Liu, “Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber,” Wuli Xuebao 64(20), 204207 (2015).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the MSC. The LP01 mode is launched into the SMF input port, the LP11 mode is expected to be excited at the TMF output port, while the uncoupled LP01 mode will propagate along the SMF.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The mode effective index of the LP01 mode (in the SMF) and the LP11 mode (in the TMF) versus different fiber radius at the wavelength of 1550 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulation of (Left) mode intensity distribution in the fiber; (Right) The power exchange in the coupling region. The LP01 mode in the SMF is converted to LP11 mode in the TMF at the wavelength of 1550 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 CCD images of the LP11 mode excited in the TMF at different launching wavelengths.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental setup of the all fiber passively mode-locked CVB laser and monitoring system
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Mode-locked laser output: (a) Mode-locked pulse sequence; (b) The single pulse shape.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Mode locked laser spectrum at a pump power of 300 mW; (b) Mode locked CVB laser output power versus pump power (output1-input shown as a black curve, output2-input shown as a red curve)
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Intensity distributions of: (a) radially polarization beam and (f) azimuthally polarization beam without a polarizer; (b)-(e) show the intensity distributions of radially polarization beam after passing a liner polarizer; (g)-(j) show the intensity distributions of azimuthally polarization beam after passing a liner polarizer. Arrow indicates the orientation of the linear polarizer.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d A 1 ( l ) d l = i ( β 1 + C 11 ) A 1 + i C 12 A 2
d A 2 ( l ) d l = i ( β 2 + C 22 ) A 2 + i C 21 A 1
P 1 ( z ) = | A 1 ( z ) | 2 = 1 F 2 sin 2 ( C F z )
P 2 ( z ) = F 2 sin 2 ( C F z )
F = [ 1 + ( β 1 β 2 ) 2 4 C 2 ] 1 2

Metrics