Abstract

We report a high-efficiency (25%) Brillouin random fiber laser (BRFL) with Brillouin gain medium of 2-km polarization maintaining fiber (PMF) as well as distributed Rayleigh scattering feedback from 500-m PMF. The characteristics of lasing efficiency and relative intensity noise (RIN) have been comprehensively studied comparing with the BRFLs with half-open ring cavity and bidirectional pumping linear open configuration. The enhanced lasing efficiency using PMF-BRFL with half-open ring cavity enables sub-kHz linewidth, lower phase fluctuation and frequency jitter comparing with phase locked pump laser, thanks to the polarization-matched efficient Brillouin gain in PMFs. The RIN and frequency instability of the proposed PMF-BRFL induced from external disturbance, e.g., mechanical and thermal noise, have been effectively suppressed with respect to conventional SMF-based BRFL.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Random Brillouin fiber laser for tunable ultra-narrow linewidth microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4839–4842 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. M. Pang, X. Bao, L. Chen, Z. Qin, Y. Lu, and P. Lu, “Frequency stabilized coherent Brillouin random fiber laser: theory and experiments,” Opt. Express 21(22), 27155–27168 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. L. Zhang, Y. Xu, S. Gao, B. Saxena, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Linearly polarized low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 739–742 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal, A. Johnstone, and J. V. Moloney, “Evidence of chaotic stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(2), 167–170 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. A. L. Gaeta and R. W. Boyd, “Stochastic dynamics of stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 44(5), 3205–3209 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. M. Dämmig, G. Zinner, F. Mitschke, and H. Welling, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in fibers with and without external feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 48(4), 3301–3309 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  33. L. Xing, L. Zhan, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “High-power low-noise fiber Brillouin amplifier for tunable slow-light delay buffer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(12), 1133–1138 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

2016 (4)

2015 (5)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Saxena, Z. Ou, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Low frequency-noise random fiber laser with bidirectional SBS and Rayleigh feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 490–493 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Xu, D. Xiang, Z. Ou, P. Lu, and X. Bao, “Random Fabry-Perot resonator-based sub-kHz Brillouin fiber laser to improve spectral resolution in linewidth measurement,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1920–1923 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, S. Gao, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Truly random bit generation based on a novel random Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5415–5418 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

2013 (3)

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

2008 (1)

L. Xing, L. Zhan, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “High-power low-noise fiber Brillouin amplifier for tunable slow-light delay buffer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(12), 1133–1138 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

M. Dämmig, G. Zinner, F. Mitschke, and H. Welling, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in fibers with and without external feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 48(4), 3301–3309 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

A. L. Gaeta and R. W. Boyd, “Stochastic dynamics of stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 44(5), 3205–3209 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal, A. Johnstone, and J. V. Moloney, “Evidence of chaotic stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(2), 167–170 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Babin, S.

S. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. Podivilov, and S. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Bao, X.

L. Zhang, Y. Xu, S. Gao, B. Saxena, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Linearly polarized low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 739–742 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Xu, P. Lu, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Tapered fiber based Brillouin random fiber laser and its application for linewidth measurement,” Opt. Express 24(25), 28353–28360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xu, S. Gao, P. Lu, S. Mihailov, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser with a random grating-based resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3197–3200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Random Brillouin fiber laser for tunable ultra-narrow linewidth microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4839–4842 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, S. Gao, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Truly random bit generation based on a novel random Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5415–5418 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xu, D. Xiang, Z. Ou, P. Lu, and X. Bao, “Random Fabry-Perot resonator-based sub-kHz Brillouin fiber laser to improve spectral resolution in linewidth measurement,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1920–1923 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Saxena, Z. Ou, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Low frequency-noise random fiber laser with bidirectional SBS and Rayleigh feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 490–493 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, P. Lu, X. Bao, and Z. Ou, “Random spaced index modulation for a narrow linewidth tunable fiber laser with low intensity noise,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2294–2297 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Saxena, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Suppression of thermal frequency noise in erbium-doped fiber random lasers,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 1038–1041 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pang, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Observation of narrow linewidth spikes in the coherent Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1866–1868 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pang, X. Bao, L. Chen, Z. Qin, Y. Lu, and P. Lu, “Frequency stabilized coherent Brillouin random fiber laser: theory and experiments,” Opt. Express 21(22), 27155–27168 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pang, S. Xie, X. Bao, D. P. Zhou, Y. Lu, and L. Chen, “Rayleigh scattering-assisted narrow linewidth Brillouin lasing in cascaded fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3129–3131 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zhu, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “A single longitudinal-mode tunable fiber ring laser based on stimulated Rayleigh Scattering in a nonuniform optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(12), 1802–1807 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Yin, B. Saxena, and X. Bao, “Tunable Er-doped fiber ring laser with single longitudinal mode operation based on Rayleigh backscattering in single mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(27), 25981–25989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blondel, M.

Boyd, R. W.

A. L. Gaeta and R. W. Boyd, “Stochastic dynamics of stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 44(5), 3205–3209 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

L. Zhang, Y. Xu, S. Gao, B. Saxena, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Linearly polarized low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 739–742 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Random Brillouin fiber laser for tunable ultra-narrow linewidth microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4839–4842 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Gao, L. Zhang, Y. Xu, P. Lu, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Tapered fiber based Brillouin random fiber laser and its application for linewidth measurement,” Opt. Express 24(25), 28353–28360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xu, S. Gao, P. Lu, S. Mihailov, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser with a random grating-based resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3197–3200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, S. Gao, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Truly random bit generation based on a novel random Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5415–5418 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Saxena, Z. Ou, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Low frequency-noise random fiber laser with bidirectional SBS and Rayleigh feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 490–493 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Saxena, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Suppression of thermal frequency noise in erbium-doped fiber random lasers,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 1038–1041 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pang, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Observation of narrow linewidth spikes in the coherent Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1866–1868 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pang, X. Bao, L. Chen, Z. Qin, Y. Lu, and P. Lu, “Frequency stabilized coherent Brillouin random fiber laser: theory and experiments,” Opt. Express 21(22), 27155–27168 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pang, S. Xie, X. Bao, D. P. Zhou, Y. Lu, and L. Chen, “Rayleigh scattering-assisted narrow linewidth Brillouin lasing in cascaded fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3129–3131 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zhu, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “A single longitudinal-mode tunable fiber ring laser based on stimulated Rayleigh Scattering in a nonuniform optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(12), 1802–1807 (2011).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Dämmig, M.

M. Dämmig, G. Zinner, F. Mitschke, and H. Welling, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in fibers with and without external feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 48(4), 3301–3309 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Araújo, C. B.

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Debut, A.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Deparis, O.

El-Taher, A.

S. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. Podivilov, and S. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Falkovich, G.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, M.

Fotiadi, A. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

A. L. Gaeta and R. W. Boyd, “Stochastic dynamics of stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 44(5), 3205–3209 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gagné, M.

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Gagné and R. Kashyap, “Random fiber Bragg grating Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2755–2758 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, S.

Gomes, A. S.

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Harper, P.

S. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. Podivilov, and S. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Harrison, R. G.

R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal, A. Johnstone, and J. V. Moloney, “Evidence of chaotic stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(2), 167–170 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, X.

Johnstone, A.

R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal, A. Johnstone, and J. V. Moloney, “Evidence of chaotic stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(2), 167–170 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Kashyap, R.

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Gagné and R. Kashyap, “Random fiber Bragg grating Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2755–2758 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiyan, R.

Kiyan, R. V.

Kolokolov, I. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lach, E.

Lebedev, V. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leppla, R.

Li, Y.

Lima, B. C.

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

Lu, Y.

Luo, S.

L. Xing, L. Zhan, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “High-power low-noise fiber Brillouin amplifier for tunable slow-light delay buffer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(12), 1133–1138 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mégret, P.

Mihailov, S.

Mitschke, F.

M. Dämmig, G. Zinner, F. Mitschke, and H. Welling, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in fibers with and without external feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 48(4), 3301–3309 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moloney, J. V.

R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal, A. Johnstone, and J. V. Moloney, “Evidence of chaotic stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(2), 167–170 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moura, A. L.

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nikulin, M.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nikulin, M. A.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ou, Z.

Pang, M.

Papernyi, S. B.

Pincheira, P. I.

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E.

S. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. Podivilov, and S. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Qin, Z.

Randoux, S.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Rao, X. Jia, and W. Zhang, “Third-order random lasing via Raman gain and Rayleigh feedback within a half-open cavity,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20090–20095 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raposo, E. P.

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sanapi, K.

Saxena, B.

Schmidt, M.

Schneiders, M.

Sugavanam, S.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Terekhov, I. S.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S.

S. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. Podivilov, and S. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S. K.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Uppal, J. S.

R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal, A. Johnstone, and J. V. Moloney, “Evidence of chaotic stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(2), 167–170 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vatnik, I. D.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vergeles, S. S.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vorbeck, S.

Wang, Z.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Rao, X. Jia, and W. Zhang, “Third-order random lasing via Raman gain and Rayleigh feedback within a half-open cavity,” Opt. Express 21(17), 20090–20095 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Welling, H.

M. Dämmig, G. Zinner, F. Mitschke, and H. Welling, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in fibers with and without external feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 48(4), 3301–3309 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, H.

Xia, Y.

L. Xing, L. Zhan, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “High-power low-noise fiber Brillouin amplifier for tunable slow-light delay buffer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(12), 1133–1138 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiang, D.

Xie, S.

Xing, L.

L. Xing, L. Zhan, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “High-power low-noise fiber Brillouin amplifier for tunable slow-light delay buffer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(12), 1133–1138 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Yin, G.

Zemmouri, J.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(4), 556–567 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhan, L.

L. Xing, L. Zhan, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “High-power low-noise fiber Brillouin amplifier for tunable slow-light delay buffer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(12), 1133–1138 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, W.

Zhou, D. P.

Zhu, T.

Zinner, G.

M. Dämmig, G. Zinner, F. Mitschke, and H. Welling, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in fibers with and without external feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 48(4), 3301–3309 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Xing, L. Zhan, S. Luo, and Y. Xia, “High-power low-noise fiber Brillouin amplifier for tunable slow-light delay buffer,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(12), 1133–1138 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Saxena, Z. Ou, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Low frequency-noise random fiber laser with bidirectional SBS and Rayleigh feedback,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(5), 490–493 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I. D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I. S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 6214 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (12)

D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Random Brillouin fiber laser for tunable ultra-narrow linewidth microwave generation,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4839–4842 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xiang, P. Lu, Y. Xu, S. Gao, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Truly random bit generation based on a novel random Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5415–5418 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xu, S. Gao, P. Lu, S. Mihailov, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser with a random grating-based resonator,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3197–3200 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gagné and R. Kashyap, “Random fiber Bragg grating Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2755–2758 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li, P. Lu, X. Bao, and Z. Ou, “Random spaced index modulation for a narrow linewidth tunable fiber laser with low intensity noise,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2294–2297 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Fotiadi and R. V. Kiyan, “Cooperative stimulated Brillouin and Rayleigh backscattering process in optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 23(23), 1805–1807 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xu, D. Xiang, Z. Ou, P. Lu, and X. Bao, “Random Fabry-Perot resonator-based sub-kHz Brillouin fiber laser to improve spectral resolution in linewidth measurement,” Opt. Lett. 40(9), 1920–1923 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Xu, S. Gao, B. Saxena, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Linearly polarized low-noise Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 739–742 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Fotiadi, R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Statistical properties of stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode optical fibers above threshold,” Opt. Lett. 27(2), 83–85 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Saxena, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Suppression of thermal frequency noise in erbium-doped fiber random lasers,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 1038–1041 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pang, S. Xie, X. Bao, D. P. Zhou, Y. Lu, and L. Chen, “Rayleigh scattering-assisted narrow linewidth Brillouin lasing in cascaded fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(15), 3129–3131 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pang, X. Bao, and L. Chen, “Observation of narrow linewidth spikes in the coherent Brillouin random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1866–1868 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rep. (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (5)

A. S. Gomes, B. C. Lima, P. I. Pincheira, A. L. Moura, M. Gagné, E. P. Raposo, C. B. de Araújo, and R. Kashyap, “Glassy behavior in a one-dimensional continuous-wave erbium-doped random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 94(1), 011801 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Babin, A. El-Taher, P. Harper, E. Podivilov, and S. Turitsyn, “Tunable random fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 021805 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: Theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62(2), 023803 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. L. Gaeta and R. W. Boyd, “Stochastic dynamics of stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 44(5), 3205–3209 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Dämmig, G. Zinner, F. Mitschke, and H. Welling, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in fibers with and without external feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 48(4), 3301–3309 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. G. Harrison, J. S. Uppal, A. Johnstone, and J. V. Moloney, “Evidence of chaotic stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(2), 167–170 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

S. Papernyi, V. Karpov, and W. Clements, “Third-order cascaded Raman amplification,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002), paper FB4–FB4.

V. Karpov, S. Papernyi, V. Ivanov, W. Clements, T. Araki, and Y. Koyano, “Cascaded pump delivery for remotely pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” in Proceedings of Suboptic Conference (2004), paper We 8.8.

S. Papernyi, V. Ivanov, Y. Koyano, and H. Yamamoto, “Six-order cascaded Raman amplification,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC, 2005), paper OThF4.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the PMF-BRFL for the measurements of (a) power/spectrum, (b) polarization extinction ratio, (c) intensity noise, (d) linewidth and (e) phase fluctuation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Laser output power and spectrum of the PMF-BRFL with half-open ring cavity; (b) PER of PMF-BRFL under different pump powers. (Inset: normalized transmission versus the rotation angle of the polarizer.)
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Intensity dynamics of (a) SBS (without random Rayleigh feedback) and (b) Brillouin random lasing (with random Rayleigh feedback): (1) temporal trace; (2) power density distribution; (3) phase portrait.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Linewidth measurement (a) beat signal with 200km delay fiber; (b) 3-dB linewidth with varied delay fiber lengths. (ESA resolution bandwidth, 510 Hz; sweep time, 100 ms; average times, 20)
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Phase fluctuations of pump laser and PMF-BRFL.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Comparison of (a) lasing efficiency and (b) threshold power with different gain fiber lengths. The lasing efficiency is calculated by η = ΔPlaserPpump.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 RIN comparison.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Frequency jitter measurement setup for (1) SMF- BRFL, (2) PMF-BRFL and (3) the pump laser.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Frequency jitter and (b) statistical probability in 2 s. (Inset is the zooming of the PMF-BRFL and pump laser).

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