Abstract

We proposed a half-wall structure in the in-plane switching (IPS) configuration of the nanoencapsulated liquid crystal (LC) display for reducing a driving voltage. The IPS electrodes were fabricated on top of the half-walls to enhance electric field strength through the whole LC layer. In addition, we demonstrated a self-masking process for the half-wall structure and the IPS electrodes without any additional mask-aligning process.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, M. Ohta, and K. Kondo, “Dependence of viewing angle characteristics on pretilt angle in the in-plane switching mode,” Liq. Cryst. 22(4), 391–400 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. I. H. Yu, I. S. Song, J. Y. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Intensifying the density of a horizontal electric field to improve light efficiency in a fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Phys. D 39(11), 2367–2372 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. J. Bos and L. R. Koehler, “The pi-cell: a new, fast liquid-crystal optical switching device,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 113(1), 329–339 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Yamaguchi, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle display mode for the active-matrix LCD using bend-alignment liquid-crystal cell,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1993 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1993), pp. 277–280.
  7. S. Yamauchi, M. Aizawa, J. F. Clerc, T. Uchida, and J. Duchen, “Homeotropic-alignment full-color LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1989 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1989), pp. 378–381.
  8. S. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image-quality vertical-alignment mode LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 845–848.
  9. A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, and Y. Taira, “Improving the moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 203–206.
  11. K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceeding of The 18th International Display Research Conference Asia Display (1998), pp. 383–386.
  12. N. Yamada, S. Kohzaki, F. Funada, and K. Awane, “Axially symmetric aligned microcell (ASM) mode: electrooptical characteristics of new display mode with excellent wide viewing angle,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1995 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1995), pp. 575–578.
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. S.-G. Kang and J.-H. Kim, “Optically-isotropic nanoencapsulated liquid crystal displays based on Kerr effect,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15719–15727 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. T. Kissel, S. Maretschek, C. Packhauser, J. Schneiders, and N. Seidel, Microencapsulation, S. Benita ed. (CRC, 2006), pp. 103.

2013 (1)

2009 (1)

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

I. H. Yu, I. S. Song, J. Y. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Intensifying the density of a horizontal electric field to improve light efficiency in a fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Phys. D 39(11), 2367–2372 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, M. Ohta, and K. Kondo, “Dependence of viewing angle characteristics on pretilt angle in the in-plane switching mode,” Liq. Cryst. 22(4), 391–400 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

P. J. Bos and L. R. Koehler, “The pi-cell: a new, fast liquid-crystal optical switching device,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 113(1), 329–339 (1984).
[Crossref]

Aizawa, M.

S. Yamauchi, M. Aizawa, J. F. Clerc, T. Uchida, and J. Duchen, “Homeotropic-alignment full-color LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1989 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1989), pp. 378–381.

Awane, K.

N. Yamada, S. Kohzaki, F. Funada, and K. Awane, “Axially symmetric aligned microcell (ASM) mode: electrooptical characteristics of new display mode with excellent wide viewing angle,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1995 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1995), pp. 575–578.
[Crossref]

Bos, P. J.

P. J. Bos and L. R. Koehler, “The pi-cell: a new, fast liquid-crystal optical switching device,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 113(1), 329–339 (1984).
[Crossref]

Chida, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Clerc, J. F.

S. Yamauchi, M. Aizawa, J. F. Clerc, T. Uchida, and J. Duchen, “Homeotropic-alignment full-color LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1989 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1989), pp. 378–381.

Duchen, J.

S. Yamauchi, M. Aizawa, J. F. Clerc, T. Uchida, and J. Duchen, “Homeotropic-alignment full-color LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1989 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1989), pp. 378–381.

Funada, F.

N. Yamada, S. Kohzaki, F. Funada, and K. Awane, “Axially symmetric aligned microcell (ASM) mode: electrooptical characteristics of new display mode with excellent wide viewing angle,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1995 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1995), pp. 575–578.
[Crossref]

Gauza, S.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ge, A.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hisakado, Y.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kajiyama, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, B. G.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kang, S.-G.

Kataoka, S.

S. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image-quality vertical-alignment mode LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 845–848.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, H.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. Y.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-H.

Kim, K. H.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceeding of The 18th International Display Research Conference Asia Display (1998), pp. 383–386.

Kim, M.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. S.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.-K.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. N.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceeding of The 18th International Display Research Conference Asia Display (1998), pp. 383–386.

Koehler, L. R.

P. J. Bos and L. R. Koehler, “The pi-cell: a new, fast liquid-crystal optical switching device,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 113(1), 329–339 (1984).
[Crossref]

Kohzaki, S.

N. Yamada, S. Kohzaki, F. Funada, and K. Awane, “Axially symmetric aligned microcell (ASM) mode: electrooptical characteristics of new display mode with excellent wide viewing angle,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1995 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1995), pp. 575–578.
[Crossref]

Koike, Y.

S. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image-quality vertical-alignment mode LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 845–848.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, M. Ohta, and K. Kondo, “Dependence of viewing angle characteristics on pretilt angle in the in-plane switching mode,” Liq. Cryst. 22(4), 391–400 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. Y.

I. H. Yu, I. S. Song, J. Y. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Intensifying the density of a horizontal electric field to improve light efficiency in a fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Phys. D 39(11), 2367–2372 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceeding of The 18th International Display Research Conference Asia Display (1998), pp. 383–386.

Lee, S. H.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. H. Yu, I. S. Song, J. Y. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Intensifying the density of a horizontal electric field to improve light efficiency in a fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Phys. D 39(11), 2367–2372 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Miyashita, T.

Y. Yamaguchi, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle display mode for the active-matrix LCD using bend-alignment liquid-crystal cell,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1993 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1993), pp. 277–280.

Nagamura, T.

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, H.

K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, and Y. Taira, “Improving the moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 203–206.

Oh-e, M.

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, M. Ohta, and K. Kondo, “Dependence of viewing angle characteristics on pretilt angle in the in-plane switching mode,” Liq. Cryst. 22(4), 391–400 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ohmuro, K.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Ohmuro, S.

S. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image-quality vertical-alignment mode LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 845–848.

Ohta, M.

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, M. Ohta, and K. Kondo, “Dependence of viewing angle characteristics on pretilt angle in the in-plane switching mode,” Liq. Cryst. 22(4), 391–400 (1997).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, K.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Park, S. B.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceeding of The 18th International Display Research Conference Asia Display (1998), pp. 383–386.

Rao, L.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sasabayashi, T.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

S. Ohmuro, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “Development of super-high-image-quality vertical-alignment mode LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 845–848.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Song, I. S.

I. H. Yu, I. S. Song, J. Y. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Intensifying the density of a horizontal electric field to improve light efficiency in a fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Phys. D 39(11), 2367–2372 (2006).
[Crossref]

Song, J. K.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceeding of The 18th International Display Research Conference Asia Display (1998), pp. 383–386.

Souk, J. H.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proceeding of The 18th International Display Research Conference Asia Display (1998), pp. 383–386.

Sueoka, K.

K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, and Y. Taira, “Improving the moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 203–206.

Taira, Y.

K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, and Y. Taira, “Improving the moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1997 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1997), pp. 203–206.

Takeda, A.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Tsuda, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1998 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1998), pp. 1077–1080.
[Crossref]

Uchida, T.

Y. Yamaguchi, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle display mode for the active-matrix LCD using bend-alignment liquid-crystal cell,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1993 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1993), pp. 277–280.

S. Yamauchi, M. Aizawa, J. F. Clerc, T. Uchida, and J. Duchen, “Homeotropic-alignment full-color LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1989 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1989), pp. 378–381.

Wu, S.-T.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yamada, N.

N. Yamada, S. Kohzaki, F. Funada, and K. Awane, “Axially symmetric aligned microcell (ASM) mode: electrooptical characteristics of new display mode with excellent wide viewing angle,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1995 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1995), pp. 575–578.
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, Y.

Y. Yamaguchi, T. Miyashita, and T. Uchida, “Wide-viewing-angle display mode for the active-matrix LCD using bend-alignment liquid-crystal cell,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1993 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1993), pp. 277–280.

Yamauchi, S.

S. Yamauchi, M. Aizawa, J. F. Clerc, T. Uchida, and J. Duchen, “Homeotropic-alignment full-color LCD,” in Digest of Technical Papers of 1989 Society for Information Display International Symposium (1989), pp. 378–381.

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoneya, M.

M. Oh-e, M. Yoneya, M. Ohta, and K. Kondo, “Dependence of viewing angle characteristics on pretilt angle in the in-plane switching mode,” Liq. Cryst. 22(4), 391–400 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yoon, S.

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M.-K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, A. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, I. H.

I. H. Yu, I. S. Song, J. Y. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Intensifying the density of a horizontal electric field to improve light efficiency in a fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Phys. D 39(11), 2367–2372 (2006).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, and T. Kajiyama, “Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases,” Adv. Mater. 17(1), 96–98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the fabricated process.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Particle size distribution of the LC nanocapsules prepared by coacervation method and (b) cross-sectional SEM image of the nanoencapsulated LC cell with the half-wall structure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Voltage-transmittance characteristics of the nanocapsulated LC cells with/without a polymer wall (1.4 μm) and (b) response time characteristics of the nanocapsulated LC cell with the polymer half-wall. The inset boxes show the microscopic images under crossed polarizers for the cell with polymer half-wall.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 LC director distributions of the LC cells (a) without and (b) with the wall structure, and equipotential lines (c) without and (d) with the wall structure in a simple electrostatic model.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Calculation results of the voltage-transmittance characteristics of the nanoencapsulated LC cells with/without the half-wall structure.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Operating voltage and (b) transmittance characteristics as functions of the height of the polymer wall.

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