Abstract

Quantum dash (Q-Dash) passively mode-locked lasers (PMLLs) exhibit significant low frequency relative intensity noise (RIN), due to the high mode partition noise (MPN), which prevents the implementation of multilevel amplitude modulation formats such as PAM4. The authors demonstrate low frequency RIN mitigation by employing 8B/10B and Manchester encoding with PAM4 modulation format. These encoding techniques reduce the overlap between the modulation spectral content and the low-frequency RIN of the Q-dash devices, at the expense of increased overhead. The RIN of the 33.6 GHz free spectral range Q-dash PMLL was characterized, and the results obtained show very high levels of RIN from DC to 4 GHz, but low levels for higher frequencies. The performance improvement for 28 GBaud 8B/10B and Manchester encoded PAM4 signal has been demonstrated compared to the case when no encoding is used. Finally, the effect of RIN on the system performance was demonstrated by comparing the bit error rate (BER) performance of the PAM4 signaling obtained with an external cavity laser (ECL) to those obtained with Q-dash PMLL.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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2016 (1)

M. Chagnon, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “336 Gb/s in direct detection below KP4 FEC threshold for intra data center applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2233–2236 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

2014 (1)

V. Vujicic, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Performance investigation of IM/DD Compatible SSB-OFDM systems based on optical multicarrier sources,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 7903110 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

R. D. Cideciyan, M. Gustlin, M. P. Li, J. Wang, and Z. Wang, “Next generation backplane and copper cable challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 130–136 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Tao, Y. Ji, J. Liu, A. Tao Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Advanced modulation formats for short reach optical communication systems,” IEEE Netw. 27(6), 6–13 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

R.-J. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE 100(5), 1035–1055 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, T. Schibli, R. Ell, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Few-cycle pulses directly from a laser,” Top. Appl. Phys. 95, 73–136 (2004).

1982 (1)

J. Justesen, “Information rates and power spectra of digital codes,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 28(3), 457–472 (1982).
[Crossref]

Accard, A.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Anandarajah, P. M.

V. Vujicic, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Performance investigation of IM/DD Compatible SSB-OFDM systems based on optical multicarrier sources,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 7903110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P. A.

Ashkan Seyedi, M.

Baks, C. W.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Vujicic, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Performance investigation of IM/DD Compatible SSB-OFDM systems based on optical multicarrier sources,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 7903110 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Saljoghei, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Spectral shaping for hybrid wired/wireless PON with DC balanced encoding,” in Proc. International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) and the 2014 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conference (APMP), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 307–310.
[Crossref]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Becker, D.

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39 (2005).
[Crossref]

Besnard, P.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
[Crossref]

Borgne, E.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bour, D. P.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bramerie, L.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brenot, R.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Browning, C.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. Vujicic, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Performance investigation of IM/DD Compatible SSB-OFDM systems based on optical multicarrier sources,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 7903110 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Saljoghei, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Spectral shaping for hybrid wired/wireless PON with DC balanced encoding,” in Proc. International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) and the 2014 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conference (APMP), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 307–310.
[Crossref]

Budd, R. A.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Calò, C.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chagnon, M.

M. Chagnon, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “336 Gb/s in direct detection below KP4 FEC threshold for intra data center applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2233–2236 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chanlou, P.

Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
[Crossref]

Che, D.

Chen, C.-H.

Chen, H.-W.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chi, N.

L. Tao, Y. Ji, J. Liu, A. Tao Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Advanced modulation formats for short reach optical communication systems,” IEEE Netw. 27(6), 6–13 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chiniwalla, P.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cideciyan, R. D.

R. D. Cideciyan, M. Gustlin, M. P. Li, J. Wang, and Z. Wang, “Next generation backplane and copper cable challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 130–136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dagens, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dangel, R.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Derouin, E.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Doany, F. E.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dolfi, D. W.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Drisse, O.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Duan, G.-H.

Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ell, R.

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, T. Schibli, R. Ell, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Few-cycle pulses directly from a laser,” Top. Appl. Phys. 95, 73–136 (2004).

Essiambre, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiambre and R. W. Tkach, “Capacity trends and limits of optical communication networks,” Proc. IEEE 100(5), 1035–1055 (2012).
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M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fiorentino, M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, T. Schibli, R. Ell, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Few-cycle pulses directly from a laser,” Top. Appl. Phys. 95, 73–136 (2004).

Gubenko, A.

Guckenberger, D.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gustlin, M.

R. D. Cideciyan, M. Gustlin, M. P. Li, J. Wang, and Z. Wang, “Next generation backplane and copper cable challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 130–136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, T. Schibli, R. Ell, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Few-cycle pulses directly from a laser,” Top. Appl. Phys. 95, 73–136 (2004).

Heck, M. J. R.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hegde, S.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Horst, F.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

Ippen, E. P.

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, T. Schibli, R. Ell, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Few-cycle pulses directly from a laser,” Top. Appl. Phys. 95, 73–136 (2004).

Ji, Y.

L. Tao, Y. Ji, J. Liu, A. Tao Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Advanced modulation formats for short reach optical communication systems,” IEEE Netw. 27(6), 6–13 (2013).
[Crossref]

John, R. A.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Joshi, A.

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39 (2005).
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J. Justesen, “Information rates and power spectra of digital codes,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 28(3), 457–472 (1982).
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Karlsson, M.

Kartner, F. X.

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, T. Schibli, R. Ell, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Few-cycle pulses directly from a laser,” Top. Appl. Phys. 95, 73–136 (2004).

Kash, J. A.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kazmierski, C.

Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koch, B. R.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kucharski, D.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuchta, D. M.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kwark, Y. H.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Landreau, J.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

LaRochelle, S.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Larsson, A.

Le, Q. T.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Le Gouezigou, O.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lelarge, F.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lessard, S.

M. Chagnon, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “336 Gb/s in direct detection below KP4 FEC threshold for intra data center applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2233–2236 (2016).
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Li, M. P.

R. D. Cideciyan, M. Gustlin, M. P. Li, J. Wang, and Z. Wang, “Next generation backplane and copper cable challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 130–136 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, D.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Libsch, F. R.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-K.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

L. Tao, Y. Ji, J. Liu, A. Tao Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Advanced modulation formats for short reach optical communication systems,” IEEE Netw. 27(6), 6–13 (2013).
[Crossref]

Livshits, D.

Lu, C.

L. Tao, Y. Ji, J. Liu, A. Tao Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Advanced modulation formats for short reach optical communication systems,” IEEE Netw. 27(6), 6–13 (2013).
[Crossref]

M’Sallem, Y. B.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Make, D.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Martinez, A.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Merghem, K.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mikhrin, S.

Mikhrin, V.

Mohr, D.

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39 (2005).
[Crossref]

Morgner, U.

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, T. Schibli, R. Ell, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Few-cycle pulses directly from a laser,” Top. Appl. Phys. 95, 73–136 (2004).

Nguyen, Q. T.

Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, Q.-T.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nyikal, H.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nystrom, M.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Offrein, B. J.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Patel, C. S.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pepeljugoski, P. K.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Plant, D. V.

M. Chagnon, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “336 Gb/s in direct detection below KP4 FEC threshold for intra data center applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(20), 2233–2236 (2016).
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Poingt, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
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Pommereau, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
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Provost, J.-G.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ramdane, A.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
[Crossref]

Renaudier, J.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rosner, J.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Rousseau, B.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
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Rusch, L. A.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
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Saljoghei, A.

A. Saljoghei, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Spectral shaping for hybrid wired/wireless PON with DC balanced encoding,” in Proc. International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) and the 2014 9th Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conference (APMP), (IEEE, 2014), pp. 307–310.
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Schares, L.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Schaub, J. D.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Schibli, T.

F. X. Kartner, U. Morgner, T. Schibli, R. Ell, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Few-cycle pulses directly from a laser,” Top. Appl. Phys. 95, 73–136 (2004).

Schow, C. L.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Schuster, C.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Shan, L.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Shen, A.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
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Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
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Shieh, W.

Simon, J.-C.

Y. B. M’Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q.-T. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, and J.-C. Simon, “Quantum-Dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(7), 453–455 (2011).
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Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, C. Kazmierski, P. Chanlou, G.-H. Duan, and J.-C. Simon, “Bidirectional 2.5-Gb/s WDM-PON using FP-LDs wavelength-locked by a multiple-wavelength seeding source based on a mode-locked laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 733–735 (2010).
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Sysak, M. N.

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
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Szczerba, K.

Tan, M. R. T.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Tandon, A.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Tao, L.

L. Tao, Y. Ji, J. Liu, A. Tao Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Advanced modulation formats for short reach optical communication systems,” IEEE Netw. 27(6), 6–13 (2013).
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Tao Lau, A.

L. Tao, Y. Ji, J. Liu, A. Tao Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, “Advanced modulation formats for short reach optical communication systems,” IEEE Netw. 27(6), 6–13 (2013).
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Trewhella, J. M.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Trott, G. R.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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Tsang, C. K.

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
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van Dijk, F.

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, and G.-H. Duan, “Recent advances on InAs/InP Quantum Dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 111–124 (2007).
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Vujicic, V.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
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V. Vujicic, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Performance investigation of IM/DD Compatible SSB-OFDM systems based on optical multicarrier sources,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 7903110 (2014).
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R. D. Cideciyan, M. Gustlin, M. P. Li, J. Wang, and Z. Wang, “Next generation backplane and copper cable challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 130–136 (2013).
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Wang, X.

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Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

R. D. Cideciyan, M. Gustlin, M. P. Li, J. Wang, and Z. Wang, “Next generation backplane and copper cable challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 130–136 (2013).
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Watts, R.

V. Vujicic, C. Calò, R. Watts, F. Lelarge, C. Browning, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, and L. P. Barry, “Quantum Dash mode-locked lasers for data centre applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(6), 1101508 (2015).
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Westbergh, P.

Wree, C.

A. Joshi, X. Wang, D. Mohr, D. Becker, and C. Wree, “Balanced photoreceivers for analog and digital fiber optic communications,” Proc. SPIE 5814, 39 (2005).
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Zhou, R.

V. Vujicic, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Zhou, C. Browning, and L. P. Barry, “Performance investigation of IM/DD Compatible SSB-OFDM systems based on optical multicarrier sources,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(5), 7903110 (2014).
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IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

R. D. Cideciyan, M. Gustlin, M. P. Li, J. Wang, and Z. Wang, “Next generation backplane and copper cable challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 130–136 (2013).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

L. Schares, J. A. Kash, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. Schuster, D. M. Kuchta, P. K. Pepeljugoski, J. M. Trewhella, C. W. Baks, R. A. John, L. Shan, Y. H. Kwark, R. A. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. R. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. K. Tsang, C. S. Patel, J. D. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, G. R. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. P. Bour, M. R. T. Tan, and D. W. Dolfi, “Terabus: Terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. J. R. Heck, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon photonics for optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of 8B/10B encoder: Two binary sequences are separately encoded before being combined and mapped to PAM4. (b) Manchester encoder: A binary sequence is mapped to PAM4 constellation before symbol transitions are generated and combined with PAM4 data.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 RF spectra of standard 28 GBaud PAM4 signal (blue), 8B/10B PAM4 signal (red) and Manchester PAM4 signal (green) captured with an Electrical Spectral Analyzer (ESA) directly from an Arbitrary Waveform Generator (AWG). 8B/10B encoding generates a spectral notch of a few hundred MHz, whilst Manchester encoding provides a spectral notch with a bandwidth of a few GHz.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Optical spectrum of 33.6 GHz Q-Dash PMLL (Resolution bandwidth (RBW) was 0.02nm). (b) Detected RF linewidth. (c) RIN for selected filtered modes over 30 GHz bandwidth, all modes and ECL and (d) RIN for selected filtered modes over 5 GHz bandwidth and all modes.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic of the experimental setup and DSP flow at the receiver. Inset shows optical spectrum of a filtered modulated comb tone. Optical Band-Pass Filter (OBPF); Polarization Controller (PC); Arbitrary Waveform Generator (AWG); Single-Drive Mach Zehnder Modulator (SD-MZM); Data Amplifier (Data Amp); Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA); Variable Optical Attenuator (VOA); Real Time Oscilloscope (RTO).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 a) Measured BER for selected channels after transmission over 3 km (b) the measured average RIN over 5 GHz and 30 GHz bandwidth for selected modes.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BER versus received power for Mode 1 and Mode 21 for various scenarios, and ECL performance for 28 GBaud PAM4, 8B/10B PAM4 and Manchester PAM4.

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