Abstract

We propose to add a functional reflective polarizer (FRP) in the backlight unit to suppress the crosstalk between red, green and blue color filters of a liquid crystal display (LCD) panel. When incorporated with a commercial two-phosphor-converted white light-emitting diode (2pc-WLED), the color gamut of the LCD can be improved from 92% to 115% NTSC standard, which is comparable to the cadmium-based quantum dot (QD) backlight. If a narrow-band color filter is employed, the color gamut can be further enhanced to 135% NTSC. Our design offers an alternative approach to QDs, while keeping low cost and long lifetime. Such a simple yet efficient approach would find widespread applications for enlarging the color gamut of LCDs.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
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2016 (1)

2015 (7)

2014 (3)

Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Ito, T. Hori, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A phosphor sheet and a backlight system providing wider color gamut for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 22(8), 419–428 (2014).

S. H. Lee, K. H. Lee, J. H. Jo, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. S. Jang, and H. Yang, “Remote-type, high-color gamut white light-emitting diode based on InP quantum dot color converters,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(7), 1297–1302 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

Y. Chen, Z. Luo, F. Peng, and S. T. Wu, “Fringe-field switching with a negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(2), 74–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

H. J. Yun, M. H. Jo, I. W. Jang, S. H. Lee, S. H. Ahn, and H. J. Hur, “Achieving high light efficiency and fast response time in fringe field switching mode using a liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy,” Liq. Cryst. 39(9), 1141–1148 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Käläntär, “A directional backlight with narrow angular luminance distribution for widening the viewing angle for an LCD with a front‐surface light‐scattering film,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 20(3), 133–142 (2012).

2011 (1)

H. T. Huang, Y. P. Huang, and C. C. Tsai, “Planar lighting system using array of blue LEDs to excite yellow remote phosphor film,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(1), 44–51 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Masaoka, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, and E. Nakasu, “Design of primaries for a wide-gamut television colorimetry,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 56(4), 452–457 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Takahashi and S. Adachi, “Synthesis of K2SiF6:Mn4+ red phosphor from silica glasses by wet chemical etching in HF/KMnO4 solution,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 12(8), J69–J71 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, “Design optimization of reflective polarizers for LCD backlight recycling,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(8), 335–340 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

M. Anandan, “Progress of LED backlights for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 16(2), 287–310 (2008).

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, H. L. Li, Y. Q. Li, and M. Mitomo, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of β-sialon:Eu2+ (Si6-zAlzOzN8-z:Eu2+) – A promising green oxynitride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(10), J314–J319 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Adachi and T. Takahashi, “Direct synthesis and properties of K2SiF6:Mn4+ phosphor by wet chemical etching of Si wafer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 023512 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Käläntär, “Modified functional light‐guide plate for backlighting transmissive LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 11(4), 641–645 (2003).

2000 (1)

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adachi, S.

T. Takahashi and S. Adachi, “Synthesis of K2SiF6:Mn4+ red phosphor from silica glasses by wet chemical etching in HF/KMnO4 solution,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 12(8), J69–J71 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Adachi and T. Takahashi, “Direct synthesis and properties of K2SiF6:Mn4+ phosphor by wet chemical etching of Si wafer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 023512 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ahn, S. H.

H. J. Yun, M. H. Jo, I. W. Jang, S. H. Lee, S. H. Ahn, and H. J. Hur, “Achieving high light efficiency and fast response time in fringe field switching mode using a liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy,” Liq. Cryst. 39(9), 1141–1148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Allen, P.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

Anandan, M.

M. Anandan, “Progress of LED backlights for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 16(2), 287–310 (2008).

Breen, C.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

Chen, H.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, Z. Luo, F. Peng, and S. T. Wu, “Fringe-field switching with a negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(2), 74–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Coe-Sullivan, S.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

Do, Y. R.

Dong, Y.

Fan, S.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Feng, D.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Q. Hong, Y. Gao, Z. Luo, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “Tailoring the light distribution of liquid crystal display with freeform engineered diffuser,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14070–14084 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gilbert, L. R.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamilton, C.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

Hirosaki, N.

L. Wang, X. Wang, T. Kohsei, K. Yoshimura, M. Izumi, N. Hirosaki, and R. J. Xie, “Highly efficient narrow-band green and red phosphors enabling wider color-gamut LED backlight for more brilliant displays,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28707–28717 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, H. L. Li, Y. Q. Li, and M. Mitomo, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of β-sialon:Eu2+ (Si6-zAlzOzN8-z:Eu2+) – A promising green oxynitride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(10), J314–J319 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ho, J.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

Hong, Q.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Q. Hong, Y. Gao, Z. Luo, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “Tailoring the light distribution of liquid crystal display with freeform engineered diffuser,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14070–14084 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hori, T.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A phosphor sheet and a backlight system providing wider color gamut for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 22(8), 419–428 (2014).

Horiguchi, M.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huang, H. T.

H. T. Huang, Y. P. Huang, and C. C. Tsai, “Planar lighting system using array of blue LEDs to excite yellow remote phosphor film,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(1), 44–51 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. P.

H. T. Huang, Y. P. Huang, and C. C. Tsai, “Planar lighting system using array of blue LEDs to excite yellow remote phosphor film,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(1), 44–51 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hur, H. J.

H. J. Yun, M. H. Jo, I. W. Jang, S. H. Lee, S. H. Ahn, and H. J. Hur, “Achieving high light efficiency and fast response time in fringe field switching mode using a liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy,” Liq. Cryst. 39(9), 1141–1148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ito, Y.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A phosphor sheet and a backlight system providing wider color gamut for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 22(8), 419–428 (2014).

Izumi, M.

Jang, E.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H. S.

Jang, I. W.

H. J. Yun, M. H. Jo, I. W. Jang, S. H. Lee, S. H. Ahn, and H. J. Hur, “Achieving high light efficiency and fast response time in fringe field switching mode using a liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy,” Liq. Cryst. 39(9), 1141–1148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jin, G.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jo, J. H.

Jo, M. H.

H. J. Yun, M. H. Jo, I. W. Jang, S. H. Lee, S. H. Ahn, and H. J. Hur, “Achieving high light efficiency and fast response time in fringe field switching mode using a liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy,” Liq. Cryst. 39(9), 1141–1148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jun, S.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Käläntär, K.

K. Käläntär, “A directional backlight with narrow angular luminance distribution for widening the viewing angle for an LCD with a front‐surface light‐scattering film,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 20(3), 133–142 (2012).

K. Käläntär, “Modified functional light‐guide plate for backlighting transmissive LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 11(4), 641–645 (2003).

Kang, H.

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimoto, K.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ko, M.

Kohsei, T.

Koike, Y.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kondo, H.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A phosphor sheet and a backlight system providing wider color gamut for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 22(8), 419–428 (2014).

Kusunoki, T.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A phosphor sheet and a backlight system providing wider color gamut for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 22(8), 419–428 (2014).

Kwon, Y.

Lee, K. H.

Lee, S. H.

S. H. Lee, K. H. Lee, J. H. Jo, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. S. Jang, and H. Yang, “Remote-type, high-color gamut white light-emitting diode based on InP quantum dot color converters,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(7), 1297–1302 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. J. Yun, M. H. Jo, I. W. Jang, S. H. Lee, S. H. Ahn, and H. J. Hur, “Achieving high light efficiency and fast response time in fringe field switching mode using a liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy,” Liq. Cryst. 39(9), 1141–1148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

R. Zhu, Q. Hong, Y. Gao, Z. Luo, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “Tailoring the light distribution of liquid crystal display with freeform engineered diffuser,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14070–14084 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, H. L.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, H. L. Li, Y. Q. Li, and M. Mitomo, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of β-sialon:Eu2+ (Si6-zAlzOzN8-z:Eu2+) – A promising green oxynitride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(10), J314–J319 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, M. C.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Q. Hong, Y. Gao, Z. Luo, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “Tailoring the light distribution of liquid crystal display with freeform engineered diffuser,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14070–14084 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, “Design optimization of reflective polarizers for LCD backlight recycling,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(8), 335–340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. Q.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, H. L. Li, Y. Q. Li, and M. Mitomo, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of β-sialon:Eu2+ (Si6-zAlzOzN8-z:Eu2+) – A promising green oxynitride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(10), J314–J319 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lim, J.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

Luo, Z.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Q. Hong, Y. Gao, Z. Luo, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “Tailoring the light distribution of liquid crystal display with freeform engineered diffuser,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14070–14084 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, Z. Luo, F. Peng, and S. T. Wu, “Fringe-field switching with a negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(2), 74–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Macdonald, E. K.

E. K. Macdonald and M. P. Shaver, “Intrinsic high refractive index polymers,” Polym. Int. 64(1), 6–14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Masaoka, K.

K. Masaoka, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, and E. Nakasu, “Design of primaries for a wide-gamut television colorimetry,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 56(4), 452–457 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mitomo, M.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, H. L. Li, Y. Q. Li, and M. Mitomo, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of β-sialon:Eu2+ (Si6-zAlzOzN8-z:Eu2+) – A promising green oxynitride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(10), J314–J319 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nakasu, E.

K. Masaoka, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, and E. Nakasu, “Design of primaries for a wide-gamut television colorimetry,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 56(4), 452–457 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nevitt, T. J.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishida, Y.

K. Masaoka, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, and E. Nakasu, “Design of primaries for a wide-gamut television colorimetry,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 56(4), 452–457 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nomura, H.

Y. Ito, T. Hori, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A phosphor sheet and a backlight system providing wider color gamut for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 22(8), 419–428 (2014).

Oh, J. H.

Okumura, T.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ouderkirk, A. J.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, B.

Peng, F.

Y. Chen, Z. Luo, F. Peng, and S. T. Wu, “Fringe-field switching with a negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(2), 74–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sekiguchi, T.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shaver, M. P.

E. K. Macdonald and M. P. Shaver, “Intrinsic high refractive index polymers,” Polym. Int. 64(1), 6–14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steckel, J. S.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

Stover, C. A.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suehiro, T.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sugawara, M.

K. Masaoka, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, and E. Nakasu, “Design of primaries for a wide-gamut television colorimetry,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 56(4), 452–457 (2010).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, H.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tagaya, A.

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, T.

T. Takahashi and S. Adachi, “Synthesis of K2SiF6:Mn4+ red phosphor from silica glasses by wet chemical etching in HF/KMnO4 solution,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 12(8), J69–J71 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Adachi and T. Takahashi, “Direct synthesis and properties of K2SiF6:Mn4+ phosphor by wet chemical etching of Si wafer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 023512 (2008).
[Crossref]

Takeda, T.

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tan, G.

Tsai, C. C.

H. T. Huang, Y. P. Huang, and C. C. Tsai, “Planar lighting system using array of blue LEDs to excite yellow remote phosphor film,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(1), 44–51 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tsai, W. C.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Q. Hong, Y. Gao, Z. Luo, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “Tailoring the light distribution of liquid crystal display with freeform engineered diffuser,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14070–14084 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

Wang, X.

Weber, M. F.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S. T.

R. Zhu, G. Tan, J. Yuan, and S. T. Wu, “Functional reflective polarizer for augmented reality and color vision deficiency,” Opt. Express 24(5), 5431–5441 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Zhu, Z. Luo, H. Chen, Y. Dong, and S. T. Wu, “Realizing Rec. 2020 color gamut with quantum dot displays,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23680–23693 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Zhu, Q. Hong, Y. Gao, Z. Luo, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “Tailoring the light distribution of liquid crystal display with freeform engineered diffuser,” Opt. Express 23(11), 14070–14084 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, Z. Luo, F. Peng, and S. T. Wu, “Fringe-field switching with a negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(2), 74–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

Y. Li, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, “Design optimization of reflective polarizers for LCD backlight recycling,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(8), 335–340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, T. X.

Y. Li, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, “Design optimization of reflective polarizers for LCD backlight recycling,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(8), 335–340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xi, J.

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

Xie, R. J.

L. Wang, X. Wang, T. Kohsei, K. Yoshimura, M. Izumi, N. Hirosaki, and R. J. Xie, “Highly efficient narrow-band green and red phosphors enabling wider color-gamut LED backlight for more brilliant displays,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28707–28717 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, H. L. Li, Y. Q. Li, and M. Mitomo, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of β-sialon:Eu2+ (Si6-zAlzOzN8-z:Eu2+) – A promising green oxynitride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(10), J314–J319 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Yang, X.

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yoshimura, K.

Yuan, J.

Yun, H. J.

H. J. Yun, M. H. Jo, I. W. Jang, S. H. Lee, S. H. Ahn, and H. J. Hur, “Achieving high light efficiency and fast response time in fringe field switching mode using a liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy,” Liq. Cryst. 39(9), 1141–1148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, R.

Zhu, Z.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater. 22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, and T. Takeda, “Wide color gamut backlight for liquid crystal displays using three-band phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(2), 022401 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Okumura, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, M. Horiguchi, and H. Suzuki, “Highly-efficient backlight for liquid crystal display having no optical films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2515–2517 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Kimoto, T. Sekiguchi, Y. Yamamoto, T. Suehiro, and M. Mitomo, “Characterization and properties of green-emitting β-SiAlON:Eu2+ powder phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(21), 211905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. (1)

T. Takahashi and S. Adachi, “Synthesis of K2SiF6:Mn4+ red phosphor from silica glasses by wet chemical etching in HF/KMnO4 solution,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 12(8), J69–J71 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Broadcast (1)

K. Masaoka, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, and E. Nakasu, “Design of primaries for a wide-gamut television colorimetry,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast 56(4), 452–457 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Adachi and T. Takahashi, “Direct synthesis and properties of K2SiF6:Mn4+ phosphor by wet chemical etching of Si wafer,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(2), 023512 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (5)

Y. Chen, Z. Luo, F. Peng, and S. T. Wu, “Fringe-field switching with a negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(2), 74–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, T. X. Wu, and S.-T. Wu, “Design optimization of reflective polarizers for LCD backlight recycling,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(8), 335–340 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, Z. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, D. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. T. Huang, Y. P. Huang, and C. C. Tsai, “Planar lighting system using array of blue LEDs to excite yellow remote phosphor film,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(1), 44–51 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

R. J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, H. L. Li, Y. Q. Li, and M. Mitomo, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of β-sialon:Eu2+ (Si6-zAlzOzN8-z:Eu2+) – A promising green oxynitride phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154(10), J314–J319 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

D. Feng, Y. Yan, X. Yang, G. Jin, and S. Fan, “Novel integrated light-guide plates for liquid crystal display backlight,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 111–117 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Inf. Displ. (5)

M. Anandan, “Progress of LED backlights for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 16(2), 287–310 (2008).

K. Käläntär, “Modified functional light‐guide plate for backlighting transmissive LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 11(4), 641–645 (2003).

Y. Ito, T. Hori, T. Kusunoki, H. Nomura, and H. Kondo, “A phosphor sheet and a backlight system providing wider color gamut for LCDs,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 22(8), 419–428 (2014).

J. S. Steckel, J. Ho, C. Hamilton, J. Xi, C. Breen, W. Liu, P. Allen, and S. Coe-Sullivan, “Quantum dots: The ultimate down‐conversion material for LCD displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 23(7), 294–305 (2015).

K. Käläntär, “A directional backlight with narrow angular luminance distribution for widening the viewing angle for an LCD with a front‐surface light‐scattering film,” J. Soc. Inf. Displ. 20(3), 133–142 (2012).

Liq. Cryst. (1)

H. J. Yun, M. H. Jo, I. W. Jang, S. H. Lee, S. H. Ahn, and H. J. Hur, “Achieving high light efficiency and fast response time in fringe field switching mode using a liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy,” Liq. Cryst. 39(9), 1141–1148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Polym. Int. (1)

E. K. Macdonald and M. P. Shaver, “Intrinsic high refractive index polymers,” Polym. Int. 64(1), 6–14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

J. E. Murphy, F. Garcia‐Santamaria, A. A. Setlur, and S. Sista, “PFS, K2SiF6: Mn4+: the red‐line emitting LED phosphor behind GE’s TriGain Technology™ platform,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46(1), 927–930 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. L. Pickett, N. C. Gresty, and M. A. Hines, “Heavy metal‐free quantum dots making inroads for consumer applications,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 47(1), 425–427 (2016).

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, and E. Lee, “High‐efficiency wide‐color‐gamut solid‐state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film,” SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 43(1), 895–896 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Kobayashi, S. Mikoshiba, and S. Lim, LCD Backlights (John Wiley & Sons, 2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Transmission spectrum for commercial color filters and 2pc-WLED with green (β-sialon:Eu2+) and red (K2SiF6:Mn4+) phosphors; (b)-(d) Output spectrum for the blue, green and red sub-pixels, respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of the system design with a functional reflective polarizer. (LC: liquid crystal, CF: color filter, FRP: functional reflective polarizer, and LGP: light guide plate).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic diagram of (a) conventional reflective polarizer and (c) functional reflective polarizer; Transmission spectrum of (b) conventional reflective polarizer and (d) functional reflective polarizer.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Spectrum for 2pc-WLED and FRP; (b) Output spectrum after FRP; (c)-(e) Output spectrum for blue, green and red sub-pixels, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulated color gamut for 2pc-WLED with and without FRP in (a) CIE 1931 and (b) CIE 1976 color space.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Transmission spectrum of FRP for different incident angles.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Color gamut and (b) optical efficiency as a function of incident angle.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Simulated color gamut and optical efficiency for the 2pc-WLED based LCDs with different FRPs

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

LER= K m S out (λ)V(λ)dλ S out (λ)dλ ,
TE= S out (λ)dλ S in (λ)dλ .
TLE=LERTE= K m S out (λ)V(λ)dλ S in (λ)dλ .

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