Abstract

A hybrid-system approach using a low-gain Yb:YAG single crystal booster amplifier behind a state-of-the-art industrial high-power femtosecond fiber system is studied to significantly increase the output pulse energy of the fiber amplifier. With this system, more than 60 W of average power is demonstrated at 100 kHz for pulse duration of 400 fs, corresponding to an energy per pulse of 600 µJ. Reducing the repetition rate, the energy is increased up to 2.5 mJ (before compression), which corresponds to the limitation due to laser damage threshold of the optical coatings. To scale further the energy, passive divided-pulse amplification is then implemented at the entrance of the bulk amplifier. Using this geometry, a safe nominal operating point is presented with output pulse energies of 3 mJ before and 2.3 mJ after compression and with a pulse duration of 520 fs, corresponding to a peak power of 4.4 GW.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High peak-power stretcher-free femtosecond fiber amplifier using passive spatio-temporal coherent combining,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21627–21634 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

2013 (6)

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Délen, Y. Zaouter, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Yb:YAG single crystal fiber power amplifier for femtosecond sources,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 109–111 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Klenke, S. Breitkopf, M. Kienel, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “530 W, 1.3 mJ, four-channel coherently combined femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(13), 2283–2285 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kienel, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, M. Baumgartl, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Analysis of passively combined divided-pulse amplification as an energy-scaling concept,” Opt. Express 21(23), 29031–29042 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Energy scaling of a nonlinear compression setup using passive coherent combining,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4437–4440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

Abdou Ahmed, M.

Agnesi, A.

Aubry, N.

Aus der Au, J.

Balembois, F.

Baltuška, A.

Baum, P.

Baumgartl, M.

Breitkopf, S.

Brown, D. C.

Calendron, A. L.

Camy, P.

Çankaya, H.

Caracciolo, E.

Courjaud, A.

Daniault, L.

Delaigue, M.

Délen, X.

Demmler, S.

Didierjean, J.

Doualan, J. L.

Druon, F.

J. Pouysegur, F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “Hybrid high-energy high-power pulsewidth-tunable picosecond source,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5184–5187 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lesparre, J. T. Gomes, X. Délen, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, W. Pallmann, B. Resan, M. Eckerle, T. Graf, M. Abdou Ahmed, F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “High-power Yb:YAG single-crystal fiber amplifiers for femtosecond lasers in cylindrical polarization,” Opt. Lett. 40(11), 2517–2520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Energy scaling of a nonlinear compression setup using passive coherent combining,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4437–4440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High peak-power stretcher-free femtosecond fiber amplifier using passive spatio-temporal coherent combining,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21627–21634 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Passive coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4023–4025 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eckerle, M.

Eidam, T.

Envid, V.

Fülöp, J. A.

Georges, P.

J. Pouysegur, F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “Hybrid high-energy high-power pulsewidth-tunable picosecond source,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5184–5187 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, K. L. Mai, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “High-energy chirped- and divided-pulse Sagnac femtosecond fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 89–92 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lesparre, J. T. Gomes, X. Délen, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, W. Pallmann, B. Resan, M. Eckerle, T. Graf, M. Abdou Ahmed, F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “High-power Yb:YAG single-crystal fiber amplifiers for femtosecond lasers in cylindrical polarization,” Opt. Lett. 40(11), 2517–2520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Energy scaling of a nonlinear compression setup using passive coherent combining,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4437–4440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Délen, Y. Zaouter, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Yb:YAG single crystal fiber power amplifier for femtosecond sources,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 109–111 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High peak-power stretcher-free femtosecond fiber amplifier using passive spatio-temporal coherent combining,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21627–21634 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Passive coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4023–4025 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomes, J. T.

Gottschall, T.

Graf, T.

Guandalini, A.

Guichard, F.

Hädrich, S.

Hanna, M.

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hönninger, C.

Jaffrès, A.

Jauregui, C.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kemnitzer, M.

Kienel, M.

Klenke, A.

Kowalewski, K.

Lesparre, F.

Limpert, J.

Loiseau, P.

Lombosi, C.

Mai, K. L.

Major, Z.

Mans, T.

Martial, I.

Metzger, T.

Moncorgé, R.

Morin, F.

Mottay, E.

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, K. L. Mai, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “High-energy chirped- and divided-pulse Sagnac femtosecond fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 89–92 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “Hybrid high-energy high-power pulsewidth-tunable picosecond source,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5184–5187 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Délen, Y. Zaouter, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Yb:YAG single crystal fiber power amplifier for femtosecond sources,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 109–111 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Energy scaling of a nonlinear compression setup using passive coherent combining,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4437–4440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High peak-power stretcher-free femtosecond fiber amplifier using passive spatio-temporal coherent combining,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21627–21634 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Passive coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4023–4025 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mücke, O. D.

Müller, M.

Pallmann, W.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Pirzio, F.

Poprawe, R.

Pouysegur, J.

Pugžlys, A.

Reider, G. A.

Resan, B.

Ricaud, S.

Roither, S.

Rothhardt, J.

Russbueldt, P.

Ryabov, A.

Schneider, W.

Tünnermann, A.

Verhoef, A. J.

Viana, B.

Weitenberg, J.

Zaouter, Y.

J. Pouysegur, F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “Hybrid high-energy high-power pulsewidth-tunable picosecond source,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5184–5187 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, K. L. Mai, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “High-energy chirped- and divided-pulse Sagnac femtosecond fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 89–92 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Energy scaling of a nonlinear compression setup using passive coherent combining,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4437–4440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Délen, Y. Zaouter, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Yb:YAG single crystal fiber power amplifier for femtosecond sources,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 109–111 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High peak-power stretcher-free femtosecond fiber amplifier using passive spatio-temporal coherent combining,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21627–21634 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Passive coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4023–4025 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zembek, J.

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (14)

W. Schneider, A. Ryabov, C. Lombosi, T. Metzger, Z. Major, J. A. Fülöp, and P. Baum, “800-fs, 330-μJ pulses from a 100-W regenerative Yb:YAG thin-disk amplifier at 300 kHz and THz generation in LiNbO₃,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6604–6607 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, K. L. Mai, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “High-energy chirped- and divided-pulse Sagnac femtosecond fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 40(1), 89–92 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lesparre, J. T. Gomes, X. Délen, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, W. Pallmann, B. Resan, M. Eckerle, T. Graf, M. Abdou Ahmed, F. Druon, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “High-power Yb:YAG single-crystal fiber amplifiers for femtosecond lasers in cylindrical polarization,” Opt. Lett. 40(11), 2517–2520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, and P. Georges, “Hybrid high-energy high-power pulsewidth-tunable picosecond source,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5184–5187 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Pouysegur, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, A. Jaffrès, P. Loiseau, B. Viana, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Sub-100-fs Yb:CALGO nonlinear regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5180–5183 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kienel, M. Müller, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Klenke, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Coherent beam combination of Yb:YAG single-crystal rod amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 39(11), 3278–3281 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ricaud, F. Druon, D. N. Papadopoulos, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Delaigue, Y. Zaouter, A. Courjaud, P. Georges, and E. Mottay, “Short-pulse and high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2415–2417 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “Compact diode-pumped 1.1 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab femtosecond amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4169–4171 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Passive coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4023–4025 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kowalewski, J. Zembek, V. Envid, and D. C. Brown, “201 W picosecond green laser using a mode-locked fiber laser driven cryogenic Yb:YAG amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4633–4635 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, F. Guichard, L. Daniault, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Femtosecond fiber chirped- and divided-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 106–108 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Délen, Y. Zaouter, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “Yb:YAG single crystal fiber power amplifier for femtosecond sources,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 109–111 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Klenke, S. Breitkopf, M. Kienel, T. Gottschall, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “530 W, 1.3 mJ, four-channel coherently combined femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 38(13), 2283–2285 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Guichard, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Morin, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Energy scaling of a nonlinear compression setup using passive coherent combining,” Opt. Lett. 38(21), 4437–4440 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

“Femtosecond Technology for Technical and Medical Applications” Edition Friedrich Dausinger • Holger Lubatschowski • Friedemann Lichtner Topics in Applied Physics Volume 96, Springer, (2004).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup – HR: High Reflective mirror, DM: Dichroic Mirror, FR: Faraday Rotator; TFP: Thin Film Polarizer, DPA: Divided Pulse Amplification.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (Left) Average power versus seed power in single (black) and double (red) pass at 170 W of pump power – (Right) Average power versus pump power for a seed of 18 W in single (black) and double (red) pass.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Caustics of the output beam in single pass (a, 53 W average power) and double pass (b, 73 W average power). Inserts: Far field beam profiles.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output energy versus repetition rate for single-pass, double-pass and double-pass with DPA configurations for 170W pump power.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulation of the amplified output pulse before recombination (a) and B integral during amplification for both pulses (b).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Uncombined and combined average power, before and after compression with associated coherent combining efficiency versus pump power at 10 kHz repetition rate. (b) Caustic of the 3 mJ output beam– Insert: associated far field beam profile.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Thermal distribution into the Yb:YAG crystal for high seed power (100 kHz case) (a) and low seed power (10 kHz case) (b).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (Left) FROG retrieved spectrum and spectral phase together with directly-measured spectrum - (Right) FROG temporal profile – Insert: FROG trace @ 3 mJ, 10 kHz. The FROG grid size is 512 × 512 and the associated error is 12 × 10−4.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Output spectra for different gain levels. (b) Spectrum FWHM, at 1/e2 and pulse duration versus gain.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (Left) Retrieved spectrum and spectral phase together with experimental spectrum - (Right) Retrieved temporal profile – Insert: FROG trace @ 100 kHz, 400µJ.

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