Abstract

A novel concept for octave spanning dispersive mirrors with low spectral dispersion oscillations is presented. The key element of the so-called wedge dispersive mirror is a slightly wedged layer which is coated on a specially optimized dispersive multilayer stack by a common sputter coating process. The group delay dispersion (GDD) of a pulse reflected on a wedge dispersive mirror is nearly free of oscillations. Fabricated mirrors with negative GDD demonstrate the compression of a pulse down to 3.8 fs as good as double angled mirrors optimized for the same bandwidth.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(2), 129–137 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Baum, M. Breuer, E. Riedle, and G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for broadband pulse compression without dispersion oscillations,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2220–2222 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. G. Steinmeyer, “Femtosecond dispersion compensation with multilayer coatings: toward the optical octave,” Appl. Opt. 45(7), 1484–1490 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. G. Tempea, V. Yakovlev, B. Bacovic, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Tilted-front-interface chirped mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(11), 1747 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. F. Habel, W. Schneider, and V. Pervak, “Broadband thin-film polarizer for 12 fs applications,” Opt. Express 23(17), 21624–21628 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceeding one optical octave,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2385–2396 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. V. Laude and P. Tournois, “Chirped-mirror pairs for ultra-broadband dispersion control,” in Technical Digest. Summaries of Papers Presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics. Postconference Edition. CLEO ’99. (OSA, 1999), pp. 187–188.
    [Crossref]
  12. F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(6), 882 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  13. V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17(10), 7943–7951 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. T. V. Amotchkina, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, D. Grupe, A. Apolonski, and V. Pervak, “Measurement of group delay of dispersive mirrors with white-light interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 48(5), 949–956 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(2), 129–137 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, I.

Amotchkina, T. V.

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

T. V. Amotchkina, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, D. Grupe, A. Apolonski, and V. Pervak, “Measurement of group delay of dispersive mirrors with white-light interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 48(5), 949–956 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bacovic, B.

Baum, P.

Biegert, J.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Breuer, M.

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ell, R.

Ferencz, K.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gosteva, A.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Grupe, D.

Habel, F.

Ippen, E. P.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kartner, F. X.

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(2), 129–137 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(2), 129–137 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

Krumbügel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Matuschek, N.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(2), 129–137 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

Morgner, U.

Naumov, S.

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pervak, V.

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Riedle, E.

Ristau, D.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schenkel, B.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T.

Schneider, W.

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Starke, K.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

P. Baum, M. Breuer, E. Riedle, and G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for broadband pulse compression without dispersion oscillations,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2220–2222 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Steinmeyer, “Femtosecond dispersion compensation with multilayer coatings: toward the optical octave,” Appl. Opt. 45(7), 1484–1490 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Steinmeyer, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for high-fidelity dispersion compensation and bandwidths exceeding one optical octave,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2385–2396 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sutter, D. H.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tempea, G.

Tikhonravov, A. V.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Trubetskov, M. K.

Tschudi, T.

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Pervak, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Analytical design of double-chirped mirrors with custom-tailored dispersion characteristics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(2), 129–137 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics,” Science 286(5444), 1507–1512 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

V. Laude and P. Tournois, “Chirped-mirror pairs for ultra-broadband dispersion control,” in Technical Digest. Summaries of Papers Presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics. Postconference Edition. CLEO ’99. (OSA, 1999), pp. 187–188.
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Left: Concept of a wedge dispersive mirror. It consists of three major parts: The multilayer stack, the wedged layer and the anti-reflective coating to suppress interference fringes in the reflected beam. For illustrating the principle of operation the two rays A and B are drawn. They hit the coating on two different spots with a different thickness of the wedged layer. Right: The GDD spectral phases of the two rays differ and cancel each other.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Calculated group delay dispersion: The target (magenta line) was chosen to be the same for both mirror concepts. a, Double angle mirrors: The red and the black line show the GDD of one reflection at an angle of incidence of 5° and respectively 19°. Blue is the effective GDD. b, Wedge Dispersive mirror: The blue line is the integrated GDD for a pule with Gaussian beam profile.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Design of the wedge dispersive mirror with optical layer thicknesses plotted. The first layer is on the substrate, the last layer number 121 is exposed to air. Notify that the y-axis is discontinued for the thick wedged layer. The blue color was chosen for highlighting the wedged layer, but the same SiO2 was also used for the other low index layers.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Dispersion measurements using a white light interferometer: Measurement and Theory of the group delay dispersion (GDD) for one pair of double angle mirrors (a) and wedge dispersive mirror (b).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental FROG traces taken after the compression with six mirrors of conventional double angle mirrors (a) and wedge dispersive mirrors (b). Also the retrieved FROG traces are shown. The retrieved temporal profiles and the phases are below.

Equations (1)

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GDD ¯ (λ)= GDD(λ,r)I(r)dr

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