Abstract

We report free space visible light communication using InGaN sources, namely micro-LEDs and a laser diode, down-converted by a red-emitting AlInGaP multi-quantum-well nanomembrane. In the case of micro-LEDs, the AlInGaP nanomembrane is capillary-bonded between the sapphire window of a micro-LED array and a hemispherical sapphire lens to provide an integrated optical source. The sapphire lens improves the extraction efficiency of the color-converted light. For the case of the down-converted laser diode, one side of the nanomembrane is bonded to a sapphire lens and the other side optionally onto a dielectric mirror; this nanomembrane-lens structure is remotely excited by the laser diode. Data transmission up to 870 Mb/s using pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) with fractionally spaced decision feedback equalizer is demonstrated for the micro-LED-integrated nanomembrane. A data rate of 1.2 Gb/s is achieved using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (ODFM) with the laser diode pumped sample.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  22. J. Grubor, S. Randel, K. D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “Broadband information broadcasting using LED-based interior lighting,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(24), 3883–3892 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (3)

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Lee, C. Zhang, M. Cantore, R. M. Farrell, S. H. Oh, T. Margalith, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, J. E. Bowers, and S. P. DenBaars, “4 Gbps direct modulation of 450 nm GaN laser for high-speed visible light communication,” Opt. Express 23(12), 16232–16237 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

D. Schiavon, M. Binder, A. Loeffler, and M. Peter, “Optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(11), 113509 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 993(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Loquai, R. Kruglov, B. Schmauss, C. Bunge, F. Winkler, O. Ziemann, E. Hartl, and T. Kupfer, “Comparison of modulation schemes for 10. 7 Gb/s transmission over large-core 1 mm PMMA polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(13), 2170–2176 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. P. Green, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, and A. E. Kelly, “Modulation bandwidth studies of recombination processes in blue and green InGaN quantum well micro-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

D. O’Brien, R. Turnbull, H. Le Minh, G. Faulkner, O. Bouchet, P. Porcon, M. El Tabach, E. Gueutier, M. Wolf, L. Grobe, and J. Li, “High-speed optical wireless demonstrators: conclusions and future directions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(13), 2181–2187 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. Liu, and Y. F. Liu, “Digital signal processing for light emitting diode based visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(5), 9–13 (2012).

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. Grubor, S. Randel, K. D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “Broadband information broadcasting using LED-based interior lighting,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(24), 3883–3892 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

Y. C. Shen, G. O. Mueller, S. Watanabe, N. F. Gardner, A. Munkholm, and M. R. Krames, “Auger recombination in InGaN measured by photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141101 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. S. Shur and A. Žukauskas, “Solid-state lighting: toward superior illumination,” Proc. IEEE 93(10), 1691–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

C. Y. Liu, S. Yuan, J. R. Dong, and S. J. Chua, “Temperature dependence of photoluminescence intensity from AlGaInP/GaInP multi-quantum well laser structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 268(3-4), 426–431 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Z. L. Liau, “Semiconductor wafer bonding via liquid capillarity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(5), 651 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ballen, T. A.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Binder, M.

D. Schiavon, M. Binder, A. Loeffler, and M. Peter, “Optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(11), 113509 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bouchet, O.

Bowers, J. E.

Breyer, F.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brien, D. O.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bunge, C.

Cantore, M.

Chen, Y.

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. Liu, and Y. F. Liu, “Digital signal processing for light emitting diode based visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(5), 9–13 (2012).

Chua, S. J.

C. Y. Liu, S. Yuan, J. R. Dong, and S. J. Chua, “Temperature dependence of photoluminescence intensity from AlGaInP/GaInP multi-quantum well laser structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 268(3-4), 426–431 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chun, H.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Craford, M. G.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dawson, M. D.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. P. Green, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, and A. E. Kelly, “Modulation bandwidth studies of recombination processes in blue and green InGaN quantum well micro-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091103 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

De Jesus, J.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

DenBaars, S. P.

Dong, J. R.

C. Y. Liu, S. Yuan, J. R. Dong, and S. J. Chua, “Temperature dependence of photoluminescence intensity from AlGaInP/GaInP multi-quantum well laser structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 268(3-4), 426–431 (2004).
[Crossref]

El Tabach, M.

Farrell, R. M.

Faulkner, G.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. O’Brien, R. Turnbull, H. Le Minh, G. Faulkner, O. Bouchet, P. Porcon, M. El Tabach, E. Gueutier, M. Wolf, L. Grobe, and J. Li, “High-speed optical wireless demonstrators: conclusions and future directions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(13), 2181–2187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Garcia, T. A.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gardner, N. F.

Y. C. Shen, G. O. Mueller, S. Watanabe, N. F. Gardner, A. Munkholm, and M. R. Krames, “Auger recombination in InGaN measured by photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gong, Z.

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Green, R. P.

R. P. Green, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, and A. E. Kelly, “Modulation bandwidth studies of recombination processes in blue and green InGaN quantum well micro-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091103 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Grobe, L.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
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D. O’Brien, R. Turnbull, H. Le Minh, G. Faulkner, O. Bouchet, P. Porcon, M. El Tabach, E. Gueutier, M. Wolf, L. Grobe, and J. Li, “High-speed optical wireless demonstrators: conclusions and future directions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(13), 2181–2187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grubor, J.

Grzanka, S.

Gu, E.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. P. Green, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, and A. E. Kelly, “Modulation bandwidth studies of recombination processes in blue and green InGaN quantum well micro-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091103 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gueutier, E.

Guilhabert, B.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haas, H.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

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M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
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Hader, J.

J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haji, M.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hao, B.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Harbers, G.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
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Hartl, E.

Hartlieb, F.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hastie, J. E.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
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Henderson, R.

Herrnsdorf, J.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hilt, J.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jin, S.

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jones, B. E.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jungnickel, V.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
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Kanibolotsky, A. L.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
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Kelly, A. E.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. P. Green, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, and A. E. Kelly, “Modulation bandwidth studies of recombination processes in blue and green InGaN quantum well micro-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091103 (2013).
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S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
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J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
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Koch, S. W.

J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
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Kottke, C.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
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Krames, M. R.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
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Y. C. Shen, G. O. Mueller, S. Watanabe, N. F. Gardner, A. Munkholm, and M. R. Krames, “Auger recombination in InGaN measured by photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141101 (2007).
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Kupfer, T.

Langer, K. D.

Langer, K.-D.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
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Lassak, F.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
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Laurand, N.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
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Le Minh, H.

Leatherdale, C. A.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
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Lee, S. C. J.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
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J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
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C. Y. Liu, S. Yuan, J. R. Dong, and S. J. Chua, “Temperature dependence of photoluminescence intensity from AlGaInP/GaInP multi-quantum well laser structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 268(3-4), 426–431 (2004).
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C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. Liu, and Y. F. Liu, “Digital signal processing for light emitting diode based visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(5), 9–13 (2012).

Liu, Y. F.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. Liu, and Y. F. Liu, “Digital signal processing for light emitting diode based visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(5), 9–13 (2012).

Loeffler, A.

D. Schiavon, M. Binder, A. Loeffler, and M. Peter, “Optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(11), 113509 (2013).
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Lutgen, S.

J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Manousiadis, P. P.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

Margalith, T.

Massoubre, D.

R. P. Green, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, and A. E. Kelly, “Modulation bandwidth studies of recombination processes in blue and green InGaN quantum well micro-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091103 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

McKendry, J.

N. Laurand, B. Guilhabert, J. McKendry, A. E. Kelly, B. Rae, D. Massoubre, Z. Gong, E. Gu, R. Henderson, and M. D. Dawson, “Colloidal quantum dot nanocomposites for visible wavelength conversion of modulated optical signals,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(3), 250–260 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

McKendry, J. J. D.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. P. Green, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, and A. E. Kelly, “Modulation bandwidth studies of recombination processes in blue and green InGaN quantum well micro-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091103 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Miller, T. J.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Moloney, J. V.

J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mueller, G. O.

Y. C. Shen, G. O. Mueller, S. Watanabe, N. F. Gardner, A. Munkholm, and M. R. Krames, “Auger recombination in InGaN measured by photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Müller, G. O.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Müller-Mach, R.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Munkholm, A.

Y. C. Shen, G. O. Mueller, S. Watanabe, N. F. Gardner, A. Munkholm, and M. R. Krames, “Auger recombination in InGaN measured by photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Najda, S. P.

Nakamura, S.

O’Brien, D.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. O’Brien, R. Turnbull, H. Le Minh, G. Faulkner, O. Bouchet, P. Porcon, M. El Tabach, E. Gueutier, M. Wolf, L. Grobe, and J. Li, “High-speed optical wireless demonstrators: conclusions and future directions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(13), 2181–2187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Oh, S. H.

Paraskevopoulos, A.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pasenow, B.

J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Perlin, P.

Peter, M.

D. Schiavon, M. Binder, A. Loeffler, and M. Peter, “Optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(11), 113509 (2013).
[Crossref]

Porcon, P.

Rae, B.

Rajbhandari, S.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Randel, S.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Grubor, S. Randel, K. D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “Broadband information broadcasting using LED-based interior lighting,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(24), 3883–3892 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sabathil, M.

J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sajjad, M. T.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

Samuel, I. D. W.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

Santos, J. M. M.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schiavon, D.

D. Schiavon, M. Binder, A. Loeffler, and M. Peter, “Optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(11), 113509 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schlosser, P. J.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schmauss, B.

Schulz, D.

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shchekin, O. B.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. C.

Y. C. Shen, G. O. Mueller, S. Watanabe, N. F. Gardner, A. Munkholm, and M. R. Krames, “Auger recombination in InGaN measured by photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shur, M. S.

M. S. Shur and A. Žukauskas, “Solid-state lighting: toward superior illumination,” Proc. IEEE 93(10), 1691–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sizov, D. S.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 993(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Skabara, P. J.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

Smith, T. L.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Speck, J. S.

Sun, X.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tamargo, M. C.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tan, M.

Targowski, G.

Tsao, J. Y.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 993(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsonev, D.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Turnbull, G. A.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

Turnbull, R.

Videv, S.

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vithanage, D. A.

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

Walewski, J. W.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Grubor, S. Randel, K. D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “Broadband information broadcasting using LED-based interior lighting,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(24), 3883–3892 (2008).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

Y. C. Shen, G. O. Mueller, S. Watanabe, N. F. Gardner, A. Munkholm, and M. R. Krames, “Auger recombination in InGaN measured by photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Watson, I. M.

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Watson, S.

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Watson, M. Tan, S. P. Najda, P. Perlin, M. Leszczynski, G. Targowski, S. Grzanka, and A. E. Kelly, “Visible light communications using a directly modulated 422 nm GaN laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3792–3794 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wierer, J. J.

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 993(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Winkler, F.

Wolf, M.

Xie, J.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. H.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. Liu, and Y. F. Liu, “Digital signal processing for light emitting diode based visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(5), 9–13 (2012).

Yuan, S.

C. Y. Liu, S. Yuan, J. R. Dong, and S. J. Chua, “Temperature dependence of photoluminescence intensity from AlGaInP/GaInP multi-quantum well laser structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 268(3-4), 426–431 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, J.

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ziemann, O.

Žukauskas, A.

M. S. Shur and A. Žukauskas, “Solid-state lighting: toward superior illumination,” Proc. IEEE 93(10), 1691–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

M. T. Sajjad, P. P. Manousiadis, H. Chun, D. A. Vithanage, S. Rajbhandari, A. L. Kanibolotsky, G. Faulkner, D. O’Brien, P. J. Skabara, I. D. W. Samuel, and G. A. Turnbull, “Novel fast color-converter for visible light communication using a blend of conjugated polymers,” ACS Photonics 2(2), 194–199 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

D. Schiavon, M. Binder, A. Loeffler, and M. Peter, “Optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices optically pumped GaInN / GaN multiple quantum wells for the realization of efficient green light-emitting devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(11), 113509 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. A. Haase, J. Xie, T. A. Ballen, J. Zhang, B. Hao, Z. H. Yang, T. J. Miller, X. Sun, T. L. Smith, and C. A. Leatherdale, “II–VI semiconductor color converters for efficient green, yellow, and red light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(23), 231116 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. L. Liau, “Semiconductor wafer bonding via liquid capillarity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(5), 651 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, Z. Gong, D. Massoubre, S. Zhang, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, E. Gu, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid organic/GaN photonic crystal light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141122 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Shen, G. O. Mueller, S. Watanabe, N. F. Gardner, A. Munkholm, and M. R. Krames, “Auger recombination in InGaN measured by photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 141101 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Pasenow, S. W. Koch, M. Sabathil, N. Linder, and S. Lutgen, “On the importance of radiative and Auger losses in GaN-based quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(26), 261103 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. P. Green, J. J. D. McKendry, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, M. D. Dawson, and A. E. Kelly, “Modulation bandwidth studies of recombination processes in blue and green InGaN quantum well micro-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091103 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

L. Grobe, A. Paraskevopoulos, J. Hilt, D. Schulz, F. Lassak, F. Hartlieb, C. Kottke, V. Jungnickel, and K.-D. Langer, “High-speed visible light communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51(12), 60–66 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter (2)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. Liu, and Y. F. Liu, “Digital signal processing for light emitting diode based visible light communication,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(5), 9–13 (2012).

D. Tsonev, H. Chun, S. Rajbhandari, J. J. D. Mckendry, S. Videv, E. Gu, M. Haji, S. Watson, A. E. Kelly, G. Faulkner, M. D. Dawson, H. Haas, and D. O. Brien, “A 3-Gb/s single-LED OFDM-based wireless VLC link using a gallium nitride µLED,” IEEE Photonics Soc. Newletter 26(7), 637–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. J. D. McKendry, R. P. Green, A. E. Kelly, Z. Gong, B. Guilhabert, D. Massoubre, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “High-speed visible light communications using individual pixels in a micro light-emitting diode array,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(18), 1346–1348 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. Gong, S. Jin, Y. Chen, J. McKendry, D. Massoubre, I. M. Watson, E. Gu, and M. D. Dawson, “Size-dependent light output, spectral shift, and self-heating of 400 nm InGaN light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(1), 013103 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

C. Y. Liu, S. Yuan, J. R. Dong, and S. J. Chua, “Temperature dependence of photoluminescence intensity from AlGaInP/GaInP multi-quantum well laser structures,” J. Cryst. Growth 268(3-4), 426–431 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

M. R. Krames, O. B. Shchekin, R. Müller-Mach, G. O. Müller, L. Zhou, G. Harbers, and M. G. Craford, “Status and future of high-power light-emitting diodes for solid-state lighting,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(2), 160–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

J. J. Wierer, J. Y. Tsao, and D. S. Sizov, “Comparison between blue lasers and light-emitting diodes for future solid-state lighting,” Laser Photonics Rev. 993(6), 963–993 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. S. Shur and A. Žukauskas, “Solid-state lighting: toward superior illumination,” Proc. IEEE 93(10), 1691–1703 (2005).
[Crossref]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. M. M. Santos, B. E. Jones, P. J. Schlosser, S. Watson, J. Herrnsdorf, B. Guilhabert, J. J. D. McKendry, J. De Jesus, T. A. Garcia, M. C. Tamargo, A. E. Kelly, J. E. Hastie, N. Laurand, and M. D. Dawson, “Hybrid GaN LED with capillary-bonded II–VI MQW color-converting membrane for visible light communications,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 30(3), 035012 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

E. F. Schubert, Light-Emitting Diodes, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University, 2006).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 MQW NM a) capillary bonded onto the sapphire window of the micro-LED chip, b) sandwiched in-between the sapphire hemispherical lens and the micro-LED window, c) spectrum with a picture in inset from the hybrid LED with integrated sapphire lens under operation, d) capillary bonded onto the sapphire hemispherical lens and e) color-converted light, imaged on a screen, from the LD-pumped NM.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 a) L-I curve for each pixel in the μLED chip and b) spectral shift for the 100μm pixel and the III-V NM.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) L-I curve for the NM-hybrid devices and b) power enhancement by addition of the lens for the 100μm device.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical power vs power density for the NM bonded onto a sapphire lens and sandwiched between the sapphire lens and a dichroic mirror. Note break in the x-axis scale.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Bandwidths for a) the stand-alone micro-LEDs b) the hybrid micro-LEDs and c) the NM, extracted from a) and c) as explained in [9].
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Bandwidth from the LD-pumped NM-lens structure (the line is a guide to the eye).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 BER vs Data Rate for the hybrid devices a) 50μm x 50μm pixels, b) 75μm x 75μm pixels, c) 100 μm x 100μm pixels and d) 150μm x 150 μm pixels.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 BER vs Data Rate for the sample pumped with a laser diode.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Achievable data rates at BER of 3.8 × 10−3 for the different size of hybrid micro-LEDs in Mbit/s.

Metrics