Abstract

Magnetophotonic crystals (MPCs) comprising cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet (CeYIG) sandwiched by two Bragg mirrors were fabricated by vacuum annealing. CeYIG was deposited on Bragg mirrors at room temperature and annealed in 5 Pa of residual air. No ceria or other non-garnet phases were detected. Cerium 3 + ions substituted on the yttrium sites and no cerium 4 + ions were found. The Faraday rotation angle of the MPC was –2.92° at a wavelength of λ = 1570 nm was 30 times larger than that of the CeYIG film. These results showed good agreement with calculated values derived using a matrix approach.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

T. Goto, R. Isogai, and M. Inoue, “Para-magneto- and electro-optic microcavities for blue wavelength modulation,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19648–19656 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17A939 (2013).

2012 (2)

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Haga, T. Goto, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “One-dimensional single- and dual-cavity magnetophotonic crystal fabricated by bonding,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36(1_2), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

A. M. Grishin and S. I. Khartsev, “Highly luminescent garnets for magneto-optical photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 102503 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

E. Bêche, P. Charvin, D. Perarnau, S. Abanades, and G. Flamant, “Ce 3d XPS investigation of cerium oxides and mixed cerium oxide (CexTiyOz),” Surf. Interface Anal. 40(3-4), 264–267 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. M. Grishin and S. I. Khartsev, “All-garnet magneto-optical photonic crystals,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 32(2_2), 140–145 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

R. Li and M. Levy, “Bragg grating magnetic photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251102 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Yi-Qun Li, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

M. Gomi, K. Satoh, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Sputter deposition of Ce-substituted iron garnet films with giant magneto-optical effect,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 13(2), 163–166 (1989).
[Crossref]

Abanades, S.

E. Bêche, P. Charvin, D. Perarnau, S. Abanades, and G. Flamant, “Ce 3d XPS investigation of cerium oxides and mixed cerium oxide (CexTiyOz),” Surf. Interface Anal. 40(3-4), 264–267 (2008).
[Crossref]

Abe, M.

M. Gomi, K. Satoh, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Sputter deposition of Ce-substituted iron garnet films with giant magneto-optical effect,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 13(2), 163–166 (1989).
[Crossref]

Aimon, N. M.

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

Aktsipetrov, O. A.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baryshev, A. B.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baryshev, A. V.

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Haga, T. Goto, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “One-dimensional single- and dual-cavity magnetophotonic crystal fabricated by bonding,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36(1_2), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bêche, E.

E. Bêche, P. Charvin, D. Perarnau, S. Abanades, and G. Flamant, “Ce 3d XPS investigation of cerium oxides and mixed cerium oxide (CexTiyOz),” Surf. Interface Anal. 40(3-4), 264–267 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bi, L.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

Charvin, P.

E. Bêche, P. Charvin, D. Perarnau, S. Abanades, and G. Flamant, “Ce 3d XPS investigation of cerium oxides and mixed cerium oxide (CexTiyOz),” Surf. Interface Anal. 40(3-4), 264–267 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cherif, M.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Yi-Qun Li, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dadoenkova, N. N.

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dagens, B.

Dionne, G. F.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

Du, Q.

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

Eto, Y.

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17A939 (2013).

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fedyanin, A. A.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Flamant, G.

E. Bêche, P. Charvin, D. Perarnau, S. Abanades, and G. Flamant, “Ce 3d XPS investigation of cerium oxides and mixed cerium oxide (CexTiyOz),” Surf. Interface Anal. 40(3-4), 264–267 (2008).
[Crossref]

Furuyama, H.

M. Gomi, K. Satoh, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Sputter deposition of Ce-substituted iron garnet films with giant magneto-optical effect,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 13(2), 163–166 (1989).
[Crossref]

Gomi, M.

M. Gomi, K. Satoh, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Sputter deposition of Ce-substituted iron garnet films with giant magneto-optical effect,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 13(2), 163–166 (1989).
[Crossref]

Goto, T.

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, V. Singh, M. Inoue, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “A nonreciprocal racetrack resonator based on vacuum-annealed magnetooptical cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19047–19054 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17A939 (2013).

T. Goto, R. Isogai, and M. Inoue, “Para-magneto- and electro-optic microcavities for blue wavelength modulation,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19648–19656 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Haga, T. Goto, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “One-dimensional single- and dual-cavity magnetophotonic crystal fabricated by bonding,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36(1_2), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gralak, B.

Grishin, A. M.

A. M. Grishin and S. I. Khartsev, “Highly luminescent garnets for magneto-optical photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 102503 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. M. Grishin and S. I. Khartsev, “All-garnet magneto-optical photonic crystals,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 32(2_2), 140–145 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gutierrez, C. J.

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

Haga, Y.

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17A939 (2013).

Y. Haga, T. Goto, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “One-dimensional single- and dual-cavity magnetophotonic crystal fabricated by bonding,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36(1_2), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ilic, I.

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

Inoue, M.

T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, V. Singh, M. Inoue, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “A nonreciprocal racetrack resonator based on vacuum-annealed magnetooptical cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19047–19054 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17A939 (2013).

T. Goto, R. Isogai, and M. Inoue, “Para-magneto- and electro-optic microcavities for blue wavelength modulation,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19648–19656 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Haga, T. Goto, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “One-dimensional single- and dual-cavity magnetophotonic crystal fabricated by bonding,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36(1_2), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Isogai, R.

Jiang, P.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

Khanikaev, A. B.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Khartsev, S. I.

A. M. Grishin and S. I. Khartsev, “Highly luminescent garnets for magneto-optical photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 102503 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. M. Grishin and S. I. Khartsev, “All-garnet magneto-optical photonic crystals,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 32(2_2), 140–145 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. H.

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, V. Singh, M. Inoue, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “A nonreciprocal racetrack resonator based on vacuum-annealed magnetooptical cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19047–19054 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kimerling, L. C.

T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, V. Singh, M. Inoue, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “A nonreciprocal racetrack resonator based on vacuum-annealed magnetooptical cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19047–19054 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, K.

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17A939 (2013).

Lee, Y. P.

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Levy, M.

R. Li and M. Levy, “Bragg grating magnetic photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251102 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

R. Li and M. Levy, “Bragg grating magnetic photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lim, P. B.

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lorenzo, J.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Yi-Qun Li, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lyubchanskii, I. L.

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lyubchanskii, M. I.

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Magdenko, L.

Maydykovskiy, A. I.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Onbasli, M. C.

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, V. Singh, M. Inoue, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “A nonreciprocal racetrack resonator based on vacuum-annealed magnetooptical cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19047–19054 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Osgood, R. M.

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

Perarnau, D.

E. Bêche, P. Charvin, D. Perarnau, S. Abanades, and G. Flamant, “Ce 3d XPS investigation of cerium oxides and mixed cerium oxide (CexTiyOz),” Surf. Interface Anal. 40(3-4), 264–267 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prinz, G. A.

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rasing, T.

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Romero-Vivas, J.

Ross, C. A.

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, V. Singh, M. Inoue, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “A nonreciprocal racetrack resonator based on vacuum-annealed magnetooptical cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19047–19054 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17A939 (2013).

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

Satoh, K.

M. Gomi, K. Satoh, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Sputter deposition of Ce-substituted iron garnet films with giant magneto-optical effect,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 13(2), 163–166 (1989).
[Crossref]

Scarmozzino, R.

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

Shapovalov, E. A.

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Singh, V.

Smigaj, W.

Stadler, B.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Yi-Qun Li, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sun, X. Y.

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takagi, H.

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

Uchida, H.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vaccaro, K.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Yi-Qun Li, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vanwolleghem, M.

Wolfe, R.

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

Yip, P.

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Yi-Qun Li, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yi-Qun Li,

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Yi-Qun Li, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zabolotin, A. E.

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhdanov, A. G.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

X. Y. Sun, Q. Du, T. Goto, M. C. Onbasli, D. H. Kim, N. M. Aimon, J. Hu, and C. A. Ross, “Single-step deposition of cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet for monolithic on-chip optical isolation,” ACS Photonics 2(7), 856–863 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. M. Grishin and S. I. Khartsev, “Highly luminescent garnets for magneto-optical photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(10), 102503 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Li and M. Levy, “Bragg grating magnetic photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251102 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Levy, I. Ilic, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, R. Wolfe, C. J. Gutierrez, and G. A. Prinz, “Thin-film-magnet magnetooptic waveguide isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5(2), 198–200 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Yi-Qun Li, and M. Cherif, “Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 38(3), 1564–1567 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

I. L. Lyubchanskii, N. N. Dadoenkova, M. I. Lyubchanskii, E. A. Shapovalov, A. E. Zabolotin, Y. P. Lee, and T. Rasing, “Response of two-defect magnetic photonic crystals to oblique incidence of light: Effect of defect layer variation,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(9), 096110 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Goto, Y. Eto, K. Kobayashi, Y. Haga, M. Inoue, and C. A. Ross, “Vacuum annealed cerium-substituted yttrium iron garnet films on non-garnet substrates for integrated optical circuits,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17A939 (2013).

J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. (4)

M. Gomi, K. Satoh, H. Furuyama, and M. Abe, “Sputter deposition of Ce-substituted iron garnet films with giant magneto-optical effect,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 13(2), 163–166 (1989).
[Crossref]

Y. Suzuki, T. Goto, Y. Eto, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “Selective crystallization of magnetic garnet films on Bragg mirrors by laser annealing,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36, 183–187 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. M. Grishin and S. I. Khartsev, “All-garnet magneto-optical photonic crystals,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 32(2_2), 140–145 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Haga, T. Goto, A. V. Baryshev, and M. Inoue, “One-dimensional single- and dual-cavity magnetophotonic crystal fabricated by bonding,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 36(1_2), 54–57 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, “On-chip optical isolation in monolithically integrated non-reciprocal optical resonators,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 758–762 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. B. Khanikaev, A. B. Baryshev, P. B. Lim, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, A. G. Zhdanov, A. A. Fedyanin, A. I. Maydykovskiy, and O. A. Aktsipetrov, “Nonlinear Verdet law in magnetophotonic crystals: Interrelation between Faraday and Borrmann effects,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 193102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Surf. Interface Anal. (1)

E. Bêche, P. Charvin, D. Perarnau, S. Abanades, and G. Flamant, “Ce 3d XPS investigation of cerium oxides and mixed cerium oxide (CexTiyOz),” Surf. Interface Anal. 40(3-4), 264–267 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

M. Inoue, M. Levy, and A. V. Baryshev, Magnetophotonics From Theory to Applications (Springer, 2014).

K. Sato, Hikari-to-jiki (Asakura-Shoten, 2007).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) XRD patterns of the SGGG substrate/SiO2/(Ta2O5/SiO2)8/CeYIG samples annealed at various temperatures Ta (700–900°C) for an anneal time of ta = 30 minutes. (b) XRD patterns of the samples annealed at Ta = 800°C for various times ta (1–90 minutes). The thickness of CeYIG was 423 nm. White triangles show the peaks of Ta2O5, white circles show hematite, and black squares show garnet, Y3Fe5O12.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) XPS spectra of the SGGG substrate/SiO2/(Ta2O5/SiO2)8/CeYIG samples annealed at various temperatures (Ta = 700–900°C) for an anneal time of ta = 30 minutes. (b) XPS spectra of the samples annealed at Ta = 800°C for various times ta. Black squares show the peaks for Ce3+, red triangles show Ce4+.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) FR loops versus applied field of the SGGG substrate/SiO2/(Ta2O5/SiO2)8/CeYIG samples annealed at various temperatures (Ta = 700–900°C) for an anneal time of ta = 30 minutes. The measurement wavelength was λ = 580 nm. (b) FR versus anneal temperature at an applied field of 2 kOe. The error bars show the FR deviation (difference between the maximum and minimum).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Cross-sectional compositional image of a fabricated MPC consisting of SGGG substrate SiO2/(Ta2O5/SiO2)8/CeYIG/(SiO2/Ta2O5)8. (b) Thin black line shows refractive index profile through the MPC. Thick red line shows amplitude of electric field.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) and (b) show transmission and FR spectrum of the fabricated MPC in a wide range of wavelength. (c) and (d) are enlarged figures. In all figures, solid lines show the calculation, and the circles show the experiments. Inset of (b) shows the Faraday rotation vs. magnetic field at a wavelength of λ = 1570 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Refractive index spectra of (a) SGGG substrate, (b) Ta2O5 in the bottom BM, (c) SiO2 in the bottom BM, (d) CeYIG, (e) Ta2O5 in the top BM, and (f) SiO2 in the top BM. Only for CeYIG, extinction coefficient, and refractive index difference between the refractive indices of the left- and right- circularly polarized light spectra are shown. The extinction coefficients of SGGG substrate, Ta2O5, SiO2 in the bottom BM, Ta2O5, and SiO2 in the top BM were 0, 2.85 × 10−2, 0, 0, and 0, respectively. The difference between the extinction coefficients of the left- and right- circularly polarized light of CeYIG was 0. No dispersion was assumed. These parameters were used in the calculated spectra in Fig. 5.

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