Abstract

We report on the generation of versatile patterns of multiple rectangular noise-like pulses (NLPs) in a fiber laser mode-locked by nonlinear amplifying loop mirror (NALM). Benefiting from the strengthened nonlinear effect of a segment of highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) in the loop, multiple rectangular NLPs with various patterns are formed depending on the cavity parameter settings. In particular, the multiple rectangular NLPs could possess unequal packet durations, which is different from the conventional multi-soliton patterns. The experimental results contribute to further understanding the characteristics of the rectangular NLP and the dynamics of multi-pulse patterns.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2016 (1)

2015 (6)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. J. Runge, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, “Observation of soliton explosions in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Optica 2(1), 36–39 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Z. Cai, H. Xu, and H. Fu, “Direct generation of 2 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1097–1100 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Santiago-Hernandez, O. Pottiez, M. Duran-Sanchez, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, J. P. Lauterio-Cruz, J. C. Hernandez-Garcia, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Dynamics of noise-like pulsing at sub-ns scale in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 18840–18849 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, Z. R. Cai, S. Hu, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Dissipative rogue waves induced by long-range chaotic multi-pulse interactions in a fiber laser with a topological insulator-deposited microfiber photonic device,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4767–4770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Lin, S. Wang, Q. Zhao, W. Chen, J. Gan, S. Xu, and Z. Yang, “Mechanism of solitary wave breaking phenomenon in dissipative soliton fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28761–28774 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Lecaplain and Ph. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, Q. Y. Ning, M. Liu, X. H. Feng, X. B. Xing, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Ning, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, W. Yu, A. P. Luo, X. G. Huang, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, S. H. Xu, and Z. M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11900–11911 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

2012 (2)

L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga and Y. Jeong, “Super-broadband noise-like pulse Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a highly nonlinear fiber for Raman gain enhancement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1549–1551 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Luo, W. J. Cao, Z. B. Lin, Z. R. Cai, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Pulse dynamics of dissipative soliton resonance with large duration-tuning range in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4777–4779 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: an experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an Erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

S. Rutz, T. Körösi, and F. Mitschke, “Manipulation of soliton ensembles by spectral filters,” Appl. Phys. B 72(1), 101–104 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Keren and M. Horowitz, “Interrogation of fiber gratings by use of low-coherence spectral interferometry of noiselike pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(6), 328–330 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, “Noiselike pulses with a broadband spectrum generated from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22(11), 799–801 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

Akhmediev, N.

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 073903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alvarez-Tamayo, R. I.

Amrani, F.

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ankiewicz, A.

Askins, C. G.

Bao, C.

Barad, Y.

Brand, E.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Cai, Z.

Cai, Z. R.

Cao, W. J.

Chang, G.

Chang, W.

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, W.

Cheng, T. H.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an Erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chouli, S.

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: an experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Rains of solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11776–11781 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, C. C.

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, H.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 073903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dennis, M. L.

Duling, I. N.

Duran-Sanchez, M.

Erkintalo, M.

Feng, X. H.

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, Q. Y. Ning, M. Liu, X. H. Feng, X. B. Xing, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

Friebele, E. J.

Fu, H.

Fu, X. Q.

Gan, J.

Goloborodko, V.

Grelu, P.

Grelu, Ph.

Haberl, F.

Haboucha, A.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haider, Z.

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hernandez-Garcia, J. C.

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Horowitz, M.

Hu, S.

Huang, X. G.

Huang, Y.

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga and Y. Jeong, “Super-broadband noise-like pulse Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a highly nonlinear fiber for Raman gain enhancement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1549–1551 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keren, S.

Khorev, S.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobtsev, S.

Kobtsev, S. M.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Komarov, A.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Körösi, T.

S. Rutz, T. Körösi, and F. Mitschke, “Manipulation of soliton ensembles by spectral filters,” Appl. Phys. B 72(1), 101–104 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kukarin, S.

Kuzin, E. A.

Kwon, Y.

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

Latkin, A.

Lauterio-Cruz, J. P.

Leblond, H.

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lecaplain, C.

C. Lecaplain and Ph. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

Levi, Y.

Levit, B.

Li, Y.

Lim, J.

Lin, C. H.

Lin, W.

Lin, Z. B.

Liu, H.

Q. Y. Ning, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, W. Yu, A. P. Luo, X. G. Huang, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, S. H. Xu, and Z. M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11900–11911 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, Q. Y. Ning, M. Liu, X. H. Feng, X. B. Xing, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

Liu, Y. C.

Lu, C.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an Erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z.

Luo, Z. C.

Mitschke, F.

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Rutz, T. Körösi, and F. Mitschke, “Manipulation of soliton ensembles by spectral filters,” Appl. Phys. B 72(1), 101–104 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ning, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Ning, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, W. Yu, A. P. Luo, X. G. Huang, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, S. H. Xu, and Z. M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11900–11911 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, Q. Y. Ning, M. Liu, X. H. Feng, X. B. Xing, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pagel, T.

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, C. L.

Pottiez, O.

Putnam, M. A.

Rosenthal, A.

Runge, A. F. J.

Rutz, S.

S. Rutz, T. Körösi, and F. Mitschke, “Manipulation of soliton ensembles by spectral filters,” Appl. Phys. B 72(1), 101–104 (2001).
[Crossref]

Salhi, M.

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, F.

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Santiago-Hernandez, H.

Silberberg, Y.

Smirnov, S.

Smirnov, S. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 073903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stratmann, M.

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugavanam, S.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tam, H. Y.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an Erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an Erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, J. Wu, X. Q. Fu, and S. C. Wen, “Noise-like pulse in a gain-guided soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2145–2150 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tarasov, N.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S.

Turitsyn, S. K.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vazquez-Zuniga, L. A.

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga and Y. Jeong, “Super-broadband noise-like pulse Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a highly nonlinear fiber for Raman gain enhancement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1549–1551 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. L.

Wang, S.

Wen, S. C.

Wu, J.

Wu, X.

Xiao, X.

Xing, X. B.

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, Q. Y. Ning, M. Liu, X. H. Feng, X. B. Xing, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiong, F.

Xu, H.

Xu, S.

Xu, S. H.

Xu, W. C.

Yan, Y. R.

Yang, C.

Yang, Z.

Yang, Z. M.

You, Y. J.

Yu, W.

Zaytsev, A.

Zhang, H.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, L. M.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an Erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, J. Wu, X. Q. Fu, and S. C. Wen, “Noise-like pulse in a gain-guided soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2145–2150 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, N.

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, Q. Y. Ning, M. Liu, X. H. Feng, X. B. Xing, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Zheng, X. W.

Q. Y. Ning, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, W. Yu, A. P. Luo, X. G. Huang, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, S. H. Xu, and Z. M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11900–11911 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, Q. Y. Ning, M. Liu, X. H. Feng, X. B. Xing, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhong, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Rutz, T. Körösi, and F. Mitschke, “Manipulation of soliton ensembles by spectral filters,” Appl. Phys. B 72(1), 101–104 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

X. W. Zheng, Z. C. Luo, H. Liu, N. Zhao, Q. Y. Ning, M. Liu, X. H. Feng, X. B. Xing, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “High-energy noise-like rectangular pulse in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(4), 042701 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga and Y. Jeong, “Super-broadband noise-like pulse Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a highly nonlinear fiber for Raman gain enhancement,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1549–1551 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, N. Tarasov, S. Khorev, S. V. Smirnov, S. M. Kobtsev, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Stochasticity, periodicity and localized light structures in partially mode-locked fibre lasers,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7004 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, “120 nm bandwidth noise-like pulse generation in an Erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 281(1), 157–161 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, J. Wu, X. Q. Fu, and S. C. Wen, “Noise-like pulse in a gain-guided soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2145–2150 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Santiago-Hernandez, O. Pottiez, M. Duran-Sanchez, R. I. Alvarez-Tamayo, J. P. Lauterio-Cruz, J. C. Hernandez-Garcia, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, and E. A. Kuzin, “Dynamics of noise-like pulsing at sub-ns scale in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 23(15), 18840–18849 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Lin, S. Wang, Q. Zhao, W. Chen, J. Gan, S. Xu, and Z. Yang, “Mechanism of solitary wave breaking phenomenon in dissipative soliton fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(22), 28761–28774 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Rains of solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11776–11781 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Y. Ning, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, W. Yu, A. P. Luo, X. G. Huang, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, S. H. Xu, and Z. M. Yang, “Vector nature of multi-soliton patterns in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11900–11911 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, and A. Latkin, “Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20707–20713 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Zaytsev, C. H. Lin, Y. J. You, C. C. Chung, C. L. Wang, and C. L. Pan, “Supercontinuum generation by noise-like pulses transmitted through normally dispersive standard single-mode fibers,” Opt. Express 21(13), 16056–16062 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

Y. Jeong, L. A. Vazquez-Zuniga, S. Lee, and Y. Kwon, “On the formation of noise-like pulses in fiber ring cavity configurations,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 575–592 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (12)

M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, “Noiselike pulses with a broadband spectrum generated from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22(11), 799–801 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Keren and M. Horowitz, “Interrogation of fiber gratings by use of low-coherence spectral interferometry of noiselike pulses,” Opt. Lett. 26(6), 328–330 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Putnam, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, C. G. Askins, and E. J. Friebele, “Broadband square-pulse operation of a passively mode-locked fiber laser for fiber Bragg grating interrogation,” Opt. Lett. 23(2), 138–140 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Keren, E. Brand, Y. Levi, B. Levit, and M. Horowitz, “Data storage in optical fibers and reconstruction by use of low-coherence spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 27(2), 125–127 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, A. P. Luo, Y. R. Yan, S. Hu, Y. C. Liu, H. Cui, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Successive soliton explosions in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(6), 1181–1184 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, Z. R. Cai, S. Hu, A. P. Luo, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, W. C. Xu, and Z. C. Luo, “Dissipative rogue waves induced by long-range chaotic multi-pulse interactions in a fiber laser with a topological insulator-deposited microfiber photonic device,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4767–4770 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Bao, X. Xiao, and C. Yang, “Soliton rains in a normal dispersion fiber laser with dual-filter,” Opt. Lett. 38(11), 1875–1877 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, Y. Li, M. Zhong, Z. Cai, H. Xu, and H. Fu, “Direct generation of 2 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(6), 1097–1100 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Luo, W. J. Cao, Z. B. Lin, Z. R. Cai, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Pulse dynamics of dissipative soliton resonance with large duration-tuning range in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4777–4779 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-W. Chen, Z. Haider, J. Lim, S. Xu, Z. Yang, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Chang, “3 GHz, Yb-fiber laser-based, few-cycle ultrafast source at the Ti:sapphire laser wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4927–4930 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, and H. Hochreiter, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(13), 752–754 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

C. Lecaplain and Ph. Grelu, “Rogue waves among noiselike-pulse laser emission: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(1), 013805 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: an experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Stratmann, T. Pagel, and F. Mitschke, “Experimental observation of temporal soliton molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Cundiff, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental evidence for soliton explosions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(7), 073903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

P. Grelu and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Temporal soliton “molecules” in mode-locked lasers: collisions, pulsations, and vibrations,” Lect. Notes Phys. 751, 137–173 (2008).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the figure-eight fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A typical single NLP output: (a) spectrum; (b) pulse train; (c) autocorrelation trace.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra (a) and pulse durations (b) of NLPs under different pump powers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multiple NLPs with uniform duration but irregular spacing: (a) 3 pulses; (b) 4 pulses; (c) 5 pulses in a round trip.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Multiple rectangular NLPs with both uniform duration and spacing: (a) 3 pulses; (b) 4 pulses; (c) 10 pulses in a round trip.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Multiple rectangular NLPs with both non-uniform duration and spacing: (a) 3 pulses; (b) 4 pulses in a round trip.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Chaotic state of multiple rectangular NLPs.

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