Abstract

A novel label processor subsystem for 100-Gbps (25-Gbps × 4λs) burst-mode optical packets is developed, in which a highly energy-efficient method is pursued for extracting and interfacing the ultrafast packet-label to a CMOS-based processor where label recognition takes place. The method involves performing serial-to-parallel conversion for the label bits on a bit-by-bit basis by using an optoelectronic converter that is operated with a set of optical triggers generated in a burst-mode manner upon packet arrival. Here we present three key achievements that enabled a significant reduction in the total power consumption and latency of the whole subsystem; 1) based on a novel operation mechanism for providing amplification with bit-level selectivity, an optical trigger pulse generator, that consumes power for a very short duration upon packet arrival, is proposed and experimentally demonstrated, 2) the energy of optical triggers needed by the optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter is reduced by utilizing a negative-polarity signal while employing an enhanced conversion scheme entitled the discharge-or-hold scheme, 3) the necessary optical trigger energy is further cut down by half by coupling the triggers through the chip’s backside, whereas a novel lens-free packaging method is developed to enable a low-cost alignment process that works with simple visual observation.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (3)

2014 (2)

M. Nada, M. Nakamura, and H. Matsuzaki, “25-Gbit/s burst-mode optical receiver using high-speed avalanche photodiode for 100-Gbit/s optical packet switching,” Opt. Express 22(1), 443–449 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ibrahim, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakahara, Y. Suzakai, and R. Takahashi, “A novel optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter for 25-Gbps 32-bit optical label processing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E97-C(7), 773–780 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

T. Kodama, R. Matsumoto, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “A novel optical code RAKE receiver using a multiport encoder/decoder,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(11), 1675–1680 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

G. Yazawa, S. Shimizu, and H. Uenohara, “Optical serial-to-parallel conversion technique with phase-shifted preamble for optical label switching systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(9), 1222–1229 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

H. Kim Jae, H. T. Griem, R. A. Friedman, E. Y. Chan, and S. Ray, “High-performance back-illuminated InGaAs/InAlAs MSM photodetector with a record responsivity of 0.96 A/W,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(11), 1241–1244 (1992).
[Crossref]

Antony, C.

Becerra, Y.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bernini, G.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Biancani, M.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Calabretta, N.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, Z.

Careglio, D.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Carey, D.

Chan, E. Y.

H. Kim Jae, H. T. Griem, R. A. Friedman, E. Y. Chan, and S. Ray, “High-performance back-illuminated InGaAs/InAlAs MSM photodetector with a record responsivity of 0.96 A/W,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(11), 1241–1244 (1992).
[Crossref]

Cincotti, G.

Ciulli, N.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Clements, M.

Dorren, H. S.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Farreras, M.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Friedman, R. A.

H. Kim Jae, H. T. Griem, R. A. Friedman, E. Y. Chan, and S. Ray, “High-performance back-illuminated InGaAs/InAlAs MSM photodetector with a record responsivity of 0.96 A/W,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(11), 1241–1244 (1992).
[Crossref]

Griem, H. T.

H. Kim Jae, H. T. Griem, R. A. Friedman, E. Y. Chan, and S. Ray, “High-performance back-illuminated InGaAs/InAlAs MSM photodetector with a record responsivity of 0.96 A/W,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(11), 1241–1244 (1992).
[Crossref]

Hiramatsu, A.

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hussain, I.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, S.

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Ibrahim, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakahara, Y. Suzakai, and R. Takahashi, “A novel optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter for 25-Gbps 32-bit optical label processing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E97-C(7), 773–780 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iordache, S.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, H.

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Ibrahim, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakahara, Y. Suzakai, and R. Takahashi, “A novel optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter for 25-Gbps 32-bit optical label processing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E97-C(7), 773–780 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jain, A.

Kelly, D.

Kim Jae, H.

H. Kim Jae, H. T. Griem, R. A. Friedman, E. Y. Chan, and S. Ray, “High-performance back-illuminated InGaAs/InAlAs MSM photodetector with a record responsivity of 0.96 A/W,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(11), 1241–1244 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kitayama, K.

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Kodama, R. Matsumoto, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “A novel optical code RAKE receiver using a multiport encoder/decoder,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(11), 1675–1680 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kodama, T.

Liou, C.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lucente, S.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, R.

Matsuzaki, H.

Nada, M.

Nakahara, T.

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Ibrahim, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakahara, Y. Suzakai, and R. Takahashi, “A novel optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter for 25-Gbps 32-bit optical label processing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E97-C(7), 773–780 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Urata, R. Takahashi, R. Suemitsu, T. Nakahara, and H. Suzuki, “An optically clocked transistor array for high-speed asynchronous label swapping: 40 Gb/s and beyond,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(6), 692–703 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, M.

Nejabati, R.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ossieur, P.

Peng, S.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Perelló, J.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Porto, S.

Predieri, A.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Proietti, R.

Z. Cao, R. Proietti, M. Clements, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Experimental demonstration of flexible bandwidth optical Data Center core network with all-to-all interconnectivity,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(8), 1578–1585 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ray, S.

H. Kim Jae, H. T. Griem, R. A. Friedman, E. Y. Chan, and S. Ray, “High-performance back-illuminated InGaAs/InAlAs MSM photodetector with a record responsivity of 0.96 A/W,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(11), 1241–1244 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ricciardi, S.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sancho, J.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Segawa, T.

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, S.

G. Yazawa, S. Shimizu, and H. Uenohara, “Optical serial-to-parallel conversion technique with phase-shifted preamble for optical label switching systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(9), 1222–1229 (2011).
[Crossref]

Simeonidou, D.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Spadaro, S.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Suemitsu, R.

Suzakai, Y.

S. Ibrahim, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakahara, Y. Suzakai, and R. Takahashi, “A novel optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter for 25-Gbps 32-bit optical label processing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E97-C(7), 773–780 (2014).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, H.

R. Urata, R. Takahashi, R. Suemitsu, T. Nakahara, and H. Suzuki, “An optically clocked transistor array for high-speed asynchronous label swapping: 40 Gb/s and beyond,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(6), 692–703 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, R.

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Ibrahim, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakahara, Y. Suzakai, and R. Takahashi, “A novel optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter for 25-Gbps 32-bit optical label processing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E97-C(7), 773–780 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Urata, R. Takahashi, R. Suemitsu, T. Nakahara, and H. Suzuki, “An optically clocked transistor array for high-speed asynchronous label swapping: 40 Gb/s and beyond,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(6), 692–703 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[Crossref]

Takahata, K.

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[Crossref]

Takenouchi, H.

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[Crossref]

Talli, G.

Townsend, P. D.

Uenohara, H.

G. Yazawa, S. Shimizu, and H. Uenohara, “Optical serial-to-parallel conversion technique with phase-shifted preamble for optical label switching systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(9), 1222–1229 (2011).
[Crossref]

Urata, R.

Wada, N.

Yazawa, G.

G. Yazawa, S. Shimizu, and H. Uenohara, “Optical serial-to-parallel conversion technique with phase-shifted preamble for optical label switching systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(9), 1222–1229 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yin, Y.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S. J. B.

Zervas, G.

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Network (1)

J. Perelló, S. Spadaro, S. Ricciardi, D. Careglio, S. Peng, R. Nejabati, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, A. Predieri, M. Biancani, H. S. Dorren, S. Lucente, J. Luo, N. Calabretta, G. Bernini, N. Ciulli, J. Sancho, S. Iordache, M. Farreras, Y. Becerra, C. Liou, I. Hussain, Y. Yin, L. Liu, and R. Proietti, “All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput,” IEEE J. Network 27(6), 14–22 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Yazawa, S. Shimizu, and H. Uenohara, “Optical serial-to-parallel conversion technique with phase-shifted preamble for optical label switching systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(9), 1222–1229 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Kim Jae, H. T. Griem, R. A. Friedman, E. Y. Chan, and S. Ray, “High-performance back-illuminated InGaAs/InAlAs MSM photodetector with a record responsivity of 0.96 A/W,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(11), 1241–1244 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Ibrahim, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakahara, Y. Suzakai, and R. Takahashi, “A novel optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter for 25-Gbps 32-bit optical label processing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E97-C(7), 773–780 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

R. Takahashi, T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, A. Hiramatsu, Y. Huang, and K. Kitayama, “Torus data center network with smart flow control enabled by hybrid optoelectronic routers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(12), 141–152 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Porto, C. Antony, A. Jain, D. Kelly, D. Carey, G. Talli, P. Ossieur, and P. D. Townsend, “Demonstration of 10 Gbit/s burst-mode transmission using a linear burst-mode receiver and burst-mode electronic equalization,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 7(1), A118–A125 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (7)

W. Miao, S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Low latency and efficient optical flow control for intra data center networks,” in Proc. ECOC (2013), paper Th.1.A.2.

Cisco Systems Inc, “Cisco global cloud index: Forecast and methodology 2013–2018 white paper,” 2014.

A Simpler Data Center Fabric Emerges. http://tinyurl.com/kaxpotw

H. Liu, F. Lu, R. Kapoor, A. Forencich, G. M. Voelker, G. Papen, A. C. Snoeren, and G. Porter, “REACToR: A reconfigurable packet and circuit ToR switch,” in IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (IEEE, 2013), pp.235–236.

R. Takahashi, S. Ibrahim, T. Segawa, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, Y. Suzaki, Y.-C. Huang, K. Kitayaman, and A. Hiramatsu, “A torus datacenter network based on OPS/OCS/VOCS enabled by smart flow management,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC, 2015), paper W3D.4.
[Crossref]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, H. Ishikawa, and S. Ibrahim, “Recent progress on the hybrid optoelectronic router,” in Proc. of Photonics in Switching (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–3.

T. Segawa, S. Ibrahim, T. Nakahara, H. Ishikawa, Y.-C. Huang, K. Kitayaman, A. Hiramatsu, and R. Takahashi, “100-Gb/s hybrid-optoelectronic-router technologies for a torus datacenter network based on OPS/OCS/VOCS,” in Proc. of Photonics in Switching (2015).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The structure of HOPR and HOPR-based DC network.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The new label processor subsystem.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The optical-trigger generation mechanisms; old (a) versus new (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Illustration for the structure of the SOA-driver OECI.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The SOA’s input (a) and output (b) waveforms.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The energy of TPG’s first output pulse versus the input packet power.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The structure of OCTA and illustration of its operation schemes.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Carrying out the DoH scheme with TL signals of positive (a), and negative polarities.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The MSM-PD’s optical triggers (a, d), and corresponding electrical signals (b, c, e), in case of the MSM-PD’s front illumination, and the dotted line represents Vth of transistor Tm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

The LP PCB and illustration of optical supply method; old (a) versus new (b).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(a) OCTA’s measured direct output, and (b) comparators’ output.

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