Abstract

Using a classical ensemble method, we revisit the topic of recollision and nonsequential double ionization with elliptically polarized laser fields. We focus on how the recollision mechanism transitions from short trajectories with linear polarization to long trajectories with elliptical polarization. We propose how this transition can be observed by meansuring the carrier-envelop-phase dependence of the correlated electron momentum spectra using currently available few-cycle laser pulses.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Nonsequential double ionization channels control of Ar with few-cycle elliptically polarized laser pulse by carrier-envelope-phase

Shuai Ben, Tian Wang, Tongtong Xu, Jing Guo, and Xueshen Liu
Opt. Express 24(7) 7525-7533 (2016)

Nonsequential double ionization of Mg from a doubly excited complex driven by circularly polarized laser field

Shuai Ben, Pei-Ying Guo, Kai-Li Song, Tong-Tong Xu, Wei-Wei Yu, and Xue-Shen Liu
Opt. Express 25(2) 1288-1295 (2017)

Multiple recollisions in nonsequential double ionization by counter-rotating two-color circularly polarized laser fields

Tong-Tong Xu, Qiu-Yue Zhu, Jia-He Chen, Shuai Ben, Jun Zhang, and Xue-Shen Liu
Opt. Express 26(2) 1645-1654 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Dynamics of Short-Pulse Excitation, Ionization and Harmonic Conversion, in Super-Intense Laser-Atom Physics, edited by B. Piraux, A. L’Huillier, and K. Rzazewski (Plenum, New York, 1993).
  5. K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Intensity-dependent scattering rings in high order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. VanWoerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. Guo and G. N. Gibson, “Ellipticity effects on single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 040701 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. C. Guo, M. Li, J. P. Nibarger, and G. N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58(6), R4271–R4274 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  12. N. I. Shvetov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77(6), 063405 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical trajectories in nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093047 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  14. X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical polarization and probability of double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083001 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. J. Guo, X. Liu, and S. I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023405 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15774–15783 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike pattern in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. J. S. Parker, L. R. Moore, D. Dundas, and K. T. Taylor, “Double ionization of helium at 390 nm,” J. Phys. B 33(20), L691–L698 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  29. S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123003 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. A. Liu and U. Thumm, “Laser-assisted XUV few-photon double ionization of helium: Joint angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063423 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. R. Panfili, J. Eberly, and S. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum simulations of strong-field double-ionization,” Opt. Express 8(7), 431–435 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(11), 113001 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. J. Javanainen, J. H. Eberly, and Q. Su, “Numerical simulations of multiphoton ionization and above-threshold electron spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 38(7), 3430–3446 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44(9), 5997–6008 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, P. W. Plantinga, and T. L. Atallah, “Anticorrelated electrons from high-intensity nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023409 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

A. Liu and U. Thumm, “Laser-assisted XUV few-photon double ionization of helium: Joint angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063423 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, X. Liu, and S. I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, P. W. Plantinga, and T. L. Atallah, “Anticorrelated electrons from high-intensity nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023409 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical trajectories in nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093047 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical polarization and probability of double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

N. I. Shvetov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77(6), 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike pattern in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(11), 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

R. Panfili, J. Eberly, and S. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum simulations of strong-field double-ionization,” Opt. Express 8(7), 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. VanWoerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Guo and G. N. Gibson, “Ellipticity effects on single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 040701 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

J. S. Parker, L. R. Moore, D. Dundas, and K. T. Taylor, “Double ionization of helium at 390 nm,” J. Phys. B 33(20), L691–L698 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

C. Guo, M. Li, J. P. Nibarger, and G. N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58(6), R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Intensity-dependent scattering rings in high order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44(9), 5997–6008 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

J. Javanainen, J. H. Eberly, and Q. Su, “Numerical simulations of multiphoton ionization and above-threshold electron spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 38(7), 3430–3446 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atallah, T. L.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, P. W. Plantinga, and T. L. Atallah, “Anticorrelated electrons from high-intensity nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023409 (2010).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. I. Shvetov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77(6), 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergues, B.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Betsch, K. J.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolton, P. R.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burnett, N. H.

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camus, N.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandre, C.

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, B.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, S. I.

J. Guo, X. Liu, and S. I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dietrich, P.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiMauro, L. F.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Intensity-dependent scattering rings in high order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dörner, R.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dundas, D.

J. S. Parker, L. R. Moore, D. Dundas, and K. T. Taylor, “Double ionization of helium at 390 nm,” J. Phys. B 33(20), L691–L698 (2000).
[Crossref]

Eberly, J.

Eberly, J. H.

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical polarization and probability of double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical trajectories in nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093047 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(11), 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44(9), 5997–6008 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Javanainen, J. H. Eberly, and Q. Su, “Numerical simulations of multiphoton ionization and above-threshold electron spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 38(7), 3430–3446 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ergler, T.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feuerstein, B.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, B.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, L. B.

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gibson, G. N.

C. Guo and G. N. Gibson, “Ellipticity effects on single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 040701 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Guo, M. Li, J. P. Nibarger, and G. N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58(6), R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gillen, G. D.

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. VanWoerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Goreslavski, S. P.

N. I. Shvetov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77(6), 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

C. Guo and G. N. Gibson, “Ellipticity effects on single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 040701 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Guo, M. Li, J. P. Nibarger, and G. N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58(6), R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

J. Guo, X. Liu, and S. I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

Haan, S.

Haan, S. L.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, P. W. Plantinga, and T. L. Atallah, “Anticorrelated electrons from high-intensity nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023409 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(11), 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herrwerth, O.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, P. J.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, S. X.

S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Z.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, C.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jagutzki, O.

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Javanainen, J.

J. Javanainen, J. H. Eberly, and Q. Su, “Numerical simulations of multiphoton ionization and above-threshold electron spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 38(7), 3430–3446 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, N. G.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, R. R.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamor, A.

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kan, C.

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kling, M. F.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kremer, M.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kübel, M.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Intensity-dependent scattering rings in high order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, X.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

C. Guo, M. Li, J. P. Nibarger, and G. N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58(6), R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

Liao, Q.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, A.

A. Liu and U. Thumm, “Laser-assisted XUV few-photon double ionization of helium: Joint angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063423 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike pattern in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, X. Liu, and S. I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike pattern in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, P.

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15774–15783 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mauger, F.

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meckel, M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mergel, V.

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moore, L. R.

J. S. Parker, L. R. Moore, D. Dundas, and K. T. Taylor, “Double ionization of helium at 390 nm,” J. Phys. B 33(20), L691–L698 (2000).
[Crossref]

Moshammer, R.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nibarger, J. P.

C. Guo, M. Li, J. P. Nibarger, and G. N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58(6), R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

Panfili, R.

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(11), 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, J. Eberly, and S. Haan, “Comparing classical and quantum simulations of strong-field double-ionization,” Opt. Express 8(7), 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parker, J. S.

J. S. Parker, L. R. Moore, D. Dundas, and K. T. Taylor, “Double ionization of helium at 390 nm,” J. Phys. B 33(20), L691–L698 (2000).
[Crossref]

Paulus, G. G.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plantinga, P. W.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, P. W. Plantinga, and T. L. Atallah, “Anticorrelated electrons from high-intensity nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023409 (2010).
[Crossref]

Popruzhenko, S. V.

N. I. Shvetov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77(6), 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Quan, W.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rathje, T.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudenko, A.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruiz, C.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sayler, A. M.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Intensity-dependent scattering rings in high order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schöffler, M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schössler, S.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schröter, C. D.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senftleben, A.

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, V.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheehy, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shomsky, K. N.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, P. W. Plantinga, and T. L. Atallah, “Anticorrelated electrons from high-intensity nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023409 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shvetov-Shilovski, N. I.

N. I. Shvetov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77(6), 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Smith, Z. S.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, P. W. Plantinga, and T. L. Atallah, “Anticorrelated electrons from high-intensity nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023409 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spielberger, L.

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Staudte, A.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, Q.

Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44(9), 5997–6008 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Javanainen, J. H. Eberly, and Q. Su, “Numerical simulations of multiphoton ionization and above-threshold electron spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 38(7), 3430–3446 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, K. T.

J. S. Parker, L. R. Moore, D. Dundas, and K. T. Taylor, “Double ionization of helium at 390 nm,” J. Phys. B 33(20), L691–L698 (2000).
[Crossref]

Thumm, U.

A. Liu and U. Thumm, “Laser-assisted XUV few-photon double ionization of helium: Joint angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063423 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, A.

Ullrich, J.

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urbasch, G.

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uzer, T.

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Dyke, J. S.

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

VanWoerkom, L. D.

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. VanWoerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vollmer, M.

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, B.

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, M. A.

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. VanWoerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical polarization and probability of double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical trajectories in nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093047 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weber, T.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weckenbrock, M.

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xin, G. G.

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Intensity-dependent scattering rings in high order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, D. F.

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike pattern in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeidler, D.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, Y.

A. Tong, Y. Zhou, and P. Lu, “Resolving subcycle electron emission in strong-field sequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15774–15783 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zrost, K.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. B (1)

J. S. Parker, L. R. Moore, D. Dundas, and K. T. Taylor, “Double ionization of helium at 390 nm,” J. Phys. B 33(20), L691–L698 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

T. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Dörner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature 405(6787), 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical trajectories in nonsequential double ionization,” New J. Phys. 12(9), 093047 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (11)

J. Javanainen, J. H. Eberly, and Q. Su, “Numerical simulations of multiphoton ionization and above-threshold electron spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 38(7), 3430–3446 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44(9), 5997–6008 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Liu and U. Thumm, “Laser-assisted XUV few-photon double ionization of helium: Joint angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A 89(6), 063423 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, P. W. Plantinga, and T. L. Atallah, “Anticorrelated electrons from high-intensity nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023409 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Guo, X. Liu, and S. I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88(2), 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Dietrich, N. H. Burnett, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “High-harmonic generation and correlated two-electron multiphoton ionization with elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 50(5), R3585–R3588 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, and P. B. Corkum, “Ellipticity and polarization effects in harmonic generation in ionizing neon,” Phys. Rev. A 51(5), R3418–R3421 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Gillen, M. A. Walker, and L. D. VanWoerkom, “Enhanced double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 043413 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Guo and G. N. Gibson, “Ellipticity effects on single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 63(4), 040701 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Guo, M. Li, J. P. Nibarger, and G. N. Gibson, “Single and double ionization of diatomic molecules in strong laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 58(6), R4271–R4274 (1998).
[Crossref]

N. I. Shvetov-Shilovski, S. P. Goreslavski, S. V. Popruzhenko, and W. Becker, “Ellipticity effects and the contributions of long orbits in nonsequential double ionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 77(6), 063405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (19)

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(18), 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Walker, B. Sheehy, L. F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “Precision measurement of strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(9), 1227–1230 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Intensity-dependent scattering rings in high order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Lai, C. Wang, Y. Chen, Z. Hu, W. Quan, X. Liu, J. Chen, Y. Cheng, Z. Xu, and W. Becker, “Elliptical polarization favors long quantum orbits in high-order above-threshold ionization of noble gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(4), 043002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, J. S. Van Dyke, and Z. S. Smith, “Recollision excitation, electron correlation, and the production of high-momentum electrons in double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(11), 113001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical polarization and probability of double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083001 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Recollisions and correlated double ionization with circularly polarized light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. B. Fu, G. G. Xin, D. F. Ye, and J. Liu, “Recollision dynamics and phase diagram for nonsequential double ionization with circularly polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(10), 103601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kamor, F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “How key periodic orbits drive recollisions in a circularly polarized laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(25), 253002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Camus, B. Fischer, M. Kremer, V. Sharma, A. Rudenko, B. Bergues, M. Kübel, N. G. Johnson, M. F. Kling, T. Pfeifer, J. Ullrich, and R. Moshammer, “Attosecond correlated dynamics of two electrons passing through a transition state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(7), 073003 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, J. Tian, and J. H. Eberly, “Angular correlation in strong-field double ionization under circular polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(7), 073001 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(11), 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, T. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, T. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263003 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Ye, X. Liu, and J. Liu, “Classical trajectory diagnosis of a fingerlike pattern in the correlated electron momentum distribution in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. J. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84(3), 1011–1043 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

K. C. Kulander, K. J. Schafer, and J. L. Krause, Dynamics of Short-Pulse Excitation, Ionization and Harmonic Conversion, in Super-Intense Laser-Atom Physics, edited by B. Piraux, A. L’Huillier, and K. Rzazewski (Plenum, New York, 1993).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Demonstration of typical recollision trajectories with EP (a) and with LP (b). The trajectory of the first-emitted electron is shown in blue and the trajectory of the second-emitted electron is shown in red. The arrows and numbers are used to show the temporal motion of the two electrons.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Probability of double ionization as a function of ellipticity, for an intensity of 2.5 × 1014 W/cm2 and a 6-cycle sin2 pulse.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Correlated electron momentum spectra along the x direction (i.e., P1x vs. P2x) for LP (upper row) and for EP (bottom row) under five different CEPs, as labeled on the lower right corner of each panel. The two rows are obtained with the same laser parameters except the ellipticity value. The laser intensity and wavelength are 2.5 × 1014 W/cm2 and 780 nm, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Asymmetry parameter α for LP and for EP under different carrier-envelope phases from 0 to 2π.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Statistical distributions of the first ionization time t i1 (middle column), the recollision time t r (right column), and their difference t r t i1 (left column) for LP (upper row) and for EP (bottom row).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Examples of “even longer” recollision trajectories for EP. The trajectory of the first-emitted electron is shown in blue and the trajectory of the second-emitted electron is shown in red. The arrows and numbers are used to show the temporal motion of the two electrons.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Example of an exit-collision trajectory leading to DI. The energy trajectory of the first-emitted electron is shown in blue and that of the second-emitted electron is shown in red. Also shown is the electric field along the x-direction ( E x , dash-dot line) and along the y-direction ( E y , dotted line).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Correlated electron momentum spectra along the x direction for 6-cycle (upper row) and for 4-cycle (bottom row) elliptically polarized laser pulses at intensity 1.7 × 1014 W/cm2 under four different CEPs, as labeled on the upper right corner of each panel. The two rows are obtained with the same laser parameters except the pulse duration. The laser ellipticity and wavelength are 0.18 and 780 nm, respectively. The ensemble size is 4 × 104 in upper row and 6 × 104 in bottom row. The relative contribution from short (S) and long (L) recollision trajectories is displayed on the lower right corner of each panel.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d 2 r i /d t 2 =[ V ne ( r i )+ V ee ( r ij )]E(t),
E x =( E 0 / ε 2 +1 )f(t)sin(ωt+Φ),
E y =(ε E 0 / ε 2 +1 )f(t)cos(ωt+Φ),
f(t)= sin 2 ( πt NT ),
V ne ( r i )=-2/ |r i | 2 + a 2 , and V ee ( r 1 , r 2 )=1/ | r 1 r 2 | 2 + b 2 ,
α= W +x W x W +x + W x

Metrics