Abstract

Signal-to-noise ratio is a key factor in lensless imaging, particularly for low diffraction signal experiments in the single shot regime. We present our recent study of the noise impact on holography with extended references. Experimental data have been measured in single shot acquisition using an intense coherent soft X-ray high harmonic source. The impact of hardware and software noise under various detection conditions is discussed. A final comparison between single shot and multi-shot regimes is given.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. D. Gauthier, M. Guizar-Sicairos, X. Ge, W. Boutu, B. Carré, J. R. Fienup, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot femtosecond x-ray holography using extended references,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 093901 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  13. M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

M. Bartels, M. Krenkel, J. Haber, R. N. Wilke, and T. Salditt, “X-ray holographic imaging of hydrated biological cells in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 048103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2010 (2)

A. Schropp and C. G. Schroer, “Dose requirements for resolving a given feature in an object by coherent X-ray diffraction imaging,” New J. Phys. 12(3), 035016 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Gauthier, M. Guizar-Sicairos, X. Ge, W. Boutu, B. Carré, J. R. Fienup, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot femtosecond x-ray holography using extended references,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 093901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. R. Fienup, “Direct image reconstruction from a Fourier intensity pattern using HERALDO,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2668–2670 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Podorov, K. M. Pavlov, and D. M. Paganin, “A non-iterative reconstruction method for direct and unambiguous coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 15(16), 9954–9962 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. R. Fienup, “Holography with extended reference by autocorrelation linear differential operation,” Opt. Express 15(26), 17592–17612 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1948 (1)

D. Gabor, “A new microscopic principle,” Nature 161(4098), 777–778 (1948).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bajt, S.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Barbrel, B.

Bartels, M.

M. Bartels, M. Krenkel, J. Haber, R. N. Wilke, and T. Salditt, “X-ray holographic imaging of hydrated biological cells in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 048103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barty, A.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beetz, T.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Billon, M.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bogan, M. J.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Borta, A.

Bourhis, E.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boutet, S.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boutu, W.

Bucksbaum, P. H.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carré, B.

X. Ge, W. Boutu, D. Gauthier, F. Wang, A. Borta, B. Barbrel, M. Ducousso, A. I. Gonzalez, B. Carré, D. Guillaumet, M. Perdrix, O. Gobert, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, F. R. N. C. Maia, J. Hajdu, P. Zeitoun, and H. Merdji, “Impact of wave front and coherence optimization in coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11441–11447 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Gauthier, M. Guizar-Sicairos, X. Ge, W. Boutu, B. Carré, J. R. Fienup, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot femtosecond x-ray holography using extended references,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 093901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caumes, J.-P.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cavalleri, A.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chapman, H. N.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, C.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ducousso, M.

Dusterer, S.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Eberhardt, W.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ehrke, H.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Eisebitt, S.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fajardo, M.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fienup, J. R.

Frank, M.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gabor, D.

D. Gabor, “A new microscopic principle,” Nature 161(4098), 777–778 (1948).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garzella, D.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaudiosi, D. M.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D.

X. Ge, W. Boutu, D. Gauthier, F. Wang, A. Borta, B. Barbrel, M. Ducousso, A. I. Gonzalez, B. Carré, D. Guillaumet, M. Perdrix, O. Gobert, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, F. R. N. C. Maia, J. Hajdu, P. Zeitoun, and H. Merdji, “Impact of wave front and coherence optimization in coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11441–11447 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Gauthier, M. Guizar-Sicairos, X. Ge, W. Boutu, B. Carré, J. R. Fienup, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot femtosecond x-ray holography using extended references,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 093901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gautier, J.

X. Ge, W. Boutu, D. Gauthier, F. Wang, A. Borta, B. Barbrel, M. Ducousso, A. I. Gonzalez, B. Carré, D. Guillaumet, M. Perdrix, O. Gobert, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, F. R. N. C. Maia, J. Hajdu, P. Zeitoun, and H. Merdji, “Impact of wave front and coherence optimization in coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11441–11447 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, X.

Géléoc, M.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gierak, J.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gobert, O.

X. Ge, W. Boutu, D. Gauthier, F. Wang, A. Borta, B. Barbrel, M. Ducousso, A. I. Gonzalez, B. Carré, D. Guillaumet, M. Perdrix, O. Gobert, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, F. R. N. C. Maia, J. Hajdu, P. Zeitoun, and H. Merdji, “Impact of wave front and coherence optimization in coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11441–11447 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gonzalez, A. I.

Guillaumet, D.

Guizar-Sicairos, M.

Haber, J.

M. Bartels, M. Krenkel, J. Haber, R. N. Wilke, and T. Salditt, “X-ray holographic imaging of hydrated biological cells in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 048103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hädrich, S.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hajdu, J.

X. Ge, W. Boutu, D. Gauthier, F. Wang, A. Borta, B. Barbrel, M. Ducousso, A. I. Gonzalez, B. Carré, D. Guillaumet, M. Perdrix, O. Gobert, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, F. R. N. C. Maia, J. Hajdu, P. Zeitoun, and H. Merdji, “Impact of wave front and coherence optimization in coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11441–11447 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hau-Riege, S.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hellwig, O.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hergott, J.-F.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holton, J. M.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holtsnider, J.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Howells, M. R.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacobsen, C. J.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirz, J.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krenkel, M.

M. Bartels, M. Krenkel, J. Haber, R. N. Wilke, and T. Salditt, “X-ray holographic imaging of hydrated biological cells in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 048103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lambert, G.

Lima, E.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lörgen, M.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lüning, J.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madouri, A.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maia, F. R. N. C.

X. Ge, W. Boutu, D. Gauthier, F. Wang, A. Borta, B. Barbrel, M. Ducousso, A. I. Gonzalez, B. Carré, D. Guillaumet, M. Perdrix, O. Gobert, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, F. R. N. C. Maia, J. Hajdu, P. Zeitoun, and H. Merdji, “Impact of wave front and coherence optimization in coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11441–11447 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mailly, D.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marchesini, S.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Merdji, H.

X. Ge, W. Boutu, D. Gauthier, F. Wang, A. Borta, B. Barbrel, M. Ducousso, A. I. Gonzalez, B. Carré, D. Guillaumet, M. Perdrix, O. Gobert, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, F. R. N. C. Maia, J. Hajdu, P. Zeitoun, and H. Merdji, “Impact of wave front and coherence optimization in coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11441–11447 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Gauthier, M. Guizar-Sicairos, X. Ge, W. Boutu, B. Carré, J. R. Fienup, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot femtosecond x-ray holography using extended references,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 093901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miao, H.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miao, J.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paganin, D. M.

Paul, A.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pavlov, K. M.

Pena, A.-M.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perdrix, M.

Perez, H.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podorov, S. G.

Ravasio, A.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raymondson, D. A.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salditt, T.

M. Bartels, M. Krenkel, J. Haber, R. N. Wilke, and T. Salditt, “X-ray holographic imaging of hydrated biological cells in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 048103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salmassi, F.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sandberg, R. L.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sayre, D.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schiedt, B.

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schlotter, W. F.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schroer, C. G.

A. Schropp and C. G. Schroer, “Dose requirements for resolving a given feature in an object by coherent X-ray diffraction imaging,” New J. Phys. 12(3), 035016 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schropp, A.

A. Schropp and C. G. Schroer, “Dose requirements for resolving a given feature in an object by coherent X-ray diffraction imaging,” New J. Phys. 12(3), 035016 (2010).
[Crossref]

Seibert, M. M.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shapiro, D. A.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sokolowski-Tinten, K.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Song, C.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spence, J. C. H.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starodub, D.

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stöhr, J.

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stojanovic, N.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tobey, R.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tobey, R. I.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Treusch, R.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Wilke, R. N.

M. Bartels, M. Krenkel, J. Haber, R. N. Wilke, and T. Salditt, “X-ray holographic imaging of hydrated biological cells in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 048103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woods, B. W.

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zeitoun, P.

X. Ge, W. Boutu, D. Gauthier, F. Wang, A. Borta, B. Barbrel, M. Ducousso, A. I. Gonzalez, B. Carré, D. Guillaumet, M. Perdrix, O. Gobert, J. Gautier, G. Lambert, F. R. N. C. Maia, J. Hajdu, P. Zeitoun, and H. Merdji, “Impact of wave front and coherence optimization in coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11441–11447 (2013).
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A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. (1)

M. R. Howells, T. Beetz, H. N. Chapman, C. Cui, J. M. Holton, C. J. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. A. Shapiro, J. C. H. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in X-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170(1-3), 4–12 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Barty, S. Boutet, M. J. Bogan, S. Hau-Riege, S. Marchesini, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, N. Stojanovic, R. Tobey, H. Ehrke, A. Cavalleri, S. Dusterer, M. Frank, S. Bajt, B. W. Woods, M. M. Seibert, J. Hajdu, R. Treusch, and H. N. Chapman, “Ultrafast single-shot diffraction imaging of nanoscale dynamics,” Nat. Photonics 2(7), 415–419 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

D. Gabor, “A new microscopic principle,” Nature 161(4098), 777–778 (1948).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, “Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography,” Nature 432(7019), 885–888 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

A. Schropp and C. G. Schroer, “Dose requirements for resolving a given feature in an object by coherent X-ray diffraction imaging,” New J. Phys. 12(3), 035016 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

M. Bartels, M. Krenkel, J. Haber, R. N. Wilke, and T. Salditt, “X-ray holographic imaging of hydrated biological cells in solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 048103 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ravasio, D. Gauthier, F. R. N. C. Maia, M. Billon, J.-P. Caumes, D. Garzella, M. Géléoc, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, A.-M. Pena, H. Perez, B. Carré, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, A. Madouri, D. Mailly, B. Schiedt, M. Fajardo, J. Gautier, P. Zeitoun, P. H. Bucksbaum, J. Hajdu, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot diffractive imaging with a table-top femtosecond soft x-ray laser-harmonics source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(2), 028104 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Gauthier, M. Guizar-Sicairos, X. Ge, W. Boutu, B. Carré, J. R. Fienup, and H. Merdji, “Single-shot femtosecond x-ray holography using extended references,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 093901 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Guizar Sicairos, “Methods for coherent lensless imaging and X-ray wavefront measurement,” thesis work at The Institute of Optics Arts, Sciences and Engineering, Edmund A. Hajim School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York (2010).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (left) SEM image of the geometric grid object with two square references. White scale bar: 500 nm. (right) Corresponding experimental single-shot diffraction pattern (log. scale).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Influence of the low-pass filter during the reconstruction process. (a,d) Multiplicative filter without (a) and with super Gaussian (order 3) low-pass filter (d: 400 pixels diameter). (b,e) Results of the multiplication (in Fourier space) of the measured diffraction pattern by the HERALDO multiplicative filter (a,d respectively). (c,f) Inverse Fourier transform of (b,e) respectively, giving the object reconstructions. While (c) is drowned in noise, the eight independent reconstructions in (f) are within the green and the yellow squares (each associated to a square reference, see text for details). The fact that the reconstructions in the yellow square are of low quality is due to a misalignment of the XUV beam (the corresponding reference was not sufficiently illuminated). Note that the multiplicative filter is slightly tilted to agree with the diffraction axis.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Evolution of the reconstruction SNRr and contrast with the low-pass filter diameter. (b) Illustration contrast measurements. For each filter diameter, a lineout of the object reconstruction is taken as shown in the inset. The contrast is the mean value of the successive peaks contrasts. (b) was obtained for a filter diameter of 400 pixels.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Effect of the CCD readout frequency. (a,b) Single shot diffraction pattern from the object of Fig. 1(d) with a 1 MHz and 100 kHz respectively, after applying the HERALDO multiplicative and super Gaussian (320 pixels diameter) filters. In inset, the corresponding reconstruction from one of the reference.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Effect of hardware binning. Single shot diffraction pattern from the object in the inset (total size: 2 x 2 µm) for 1 x 1 (a), 2 x 2 (b) and 3 x 3 (c) hardware binning factor. The zoom-in insets correspond to the red square in each image and show the signal enhancement. The window size for each hologram is 1200 x 1200, 600 x 600 and 467 x 467 pixels from a) to c) respectively. All the images are presented with the same color scale.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 HERALDO reconstruction of the holograms from in Fig. 5(a) and 5(c). The white squares emphasize the best reconstructed image from one of the square reference. The size of the squares is 1 µm x 1 µm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Comparison between FTH (a), HERALDO with slit (b) and square (c) references. The diffraction images were acquired in single shot with a times 3 hardware binning factor. In insets, corresponding SEM images of the sample and references and image reconstructions (the size of the white box is 1 µm x 1 µm). The filter parameters were optimized independently.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Lineout of the three reconstructions from Fig. 7(a)-7(c) along the yellow lines.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Diffraction patterns (a,c) and best reconstructions (b,d) for respectively single-shot (a) and 5-shot (c) detections. The SEM image of the grid test object is shown as an inset, the size of the geometric pattern is 1 µm x1 µm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Analysis of the best reconstructions with 1-shot and 5-shot, respectively.

Equations (2)

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SN R diffraction pattern = N detected signal N detected signal + σ readout 2 .
SN R r = p,q N 0 | o p,q | 2 N 0 | σ p,q | 2 .

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