Abstract

We demonstrate the fabrication of long-period fiber gratings (LPFGs) written in the two-mode fiber (TMF) by CO2 laser. Both uniform and tilted LPFGs were fabricated to provide the light coupling between LP01 mode and LP11 mode with a coupling efficiency of more than 99%. The writing efficiency and the bandwidth of the LPFG mode converter can be adjusted by changing the tilt angle of the tilted TMF-LPFGs. The torsion sensitivity of conventional and tilted LPFG mode converters were measured to be 0.37 nm/(rad/m) and 0.50 nm/(rad/m), respectively. Two orthogonal vector modes (the HEeven 21and HEodd 21 modes) and corresponding orbital angular momentum state were successfully obtained at the resonance wavelength. The proposed LPFG mode converter could be used as not only a high efficiency wavelength tunable mode converter in the mode division multiplexing system but also a high sensitive torsion sensor in the field of optical sensing.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
LP01-LP11a mode converters based on long-period fiber gratings in a two-mode polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber

Xiaohui Zhang, Yange Liu, Zhi Wang, Jie Yu, and Hongwei Zhang
Opt. Express 26(6) 7013-7021 (2018)

All-fiber mode converter based on long-period fiber gratings written in few-mode fiber

Yunhe Zhao, Yunqi Liu, Chenyi Zhang, Liang Zhang, Guangjun Zheng, Chengbo Mou, Jianxiang Wen, and Tingyun Wang
Opt. Lett. 42(22) 4708-4711 (2017)

Characteristics of chiral long-period fiber gratings written in the twisted two-mode fiber by CO2 laser

Xibiao Cao, Yunqi Liu, Liang Zhang, Yunhe Zhao, and Tingyun Wang
Appl. Opt. 56(18) 5167-5171 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. R. J. Essiambre, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and S. Randel, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: Space-division multiplexing in multimode and multicore fibers for high-capacity optical communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0701307 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, and G. Charlet, “Mode-division multiplexing of 2 x 100 Gb/s channels using an LCOS-based spatial modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 618–623 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. von Hoyningen-Huene, R. Ryf, and P. Winzer, “LCoS-based mode shaper for few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18097–18110 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. N. Bai, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. Man Chung, A. P. T. Lau, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, and T. Wang, “Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2668–2680 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. Gross, N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Three-dimensional ultra-broadband integrated tapered mode multiplexers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L81–L85 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Ultra-broadband tapered mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2501–2504 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and W. Jin, “Mode multiplexer based on integrated horizontal and vertical polymer waveguide couplers,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3125–3128 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. J. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and W. Jin, “Compact three-dimensional polymer waveguide mode multiplexer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(22), 4580–4588 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1036–1044 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. Yerolatsitis, I. Gris-Sánchez, and T. A. Birks, “Adiabatically-tapered fiber mode multiplexers,” Opt. Express 22(1), 608–617 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Wang, P. Vaity, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of OAM fibers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15653–15661 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. W. Jin and K. S. Chiang, “Mode switch based on electro-optic long-period waveguide grating in lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 40(2), 237–240 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1922–1925 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Temperature-insensitive mode converters with CO2-laser written long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(9), 1006–1009 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Ramachandran, Z. Wang, and M. Yan, “Bandwidth control of long-period grating-based mode converters in few-mode fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 698–700 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. G. Rego, R. Falate, J. L. Santos, H. M. Salgado, J. L. Fabris, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Arc-induced long-period gratings in aluminosilicate glass fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30(16), 2065–2067 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Y. Liu, H. W. Lee, K. S. Chiang, T. Zhu, and Y. Rao, “Glass structure changes in CO2-laser writing of long-period fiber gratings in boron-doped single-mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(7), 857–863 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  23. W. Huang, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, B. Liu, J. Wang, M. Luo, J. Guo, and L. Lin, “Multi-component-intermodal-interference mechanism and characteristics of a long period grating assistant fluid-filled photonic crystal fiber interferometer,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5883–5894 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. B. L. Bachim and T. K. Gaylord, “Polarization-dependent loss and birefringence in long-period fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 42(34), 6816–6823 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2015 (7)

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Temperature-insensitive mode converters with CO2-laser written long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(9), 1006–1009 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Jin and K. S. Chiang, “Mode switch based on electro-optic long-period waveguide grating in lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 40(2), 237–240 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and W. Jin, “Mode multiplexer based on integrated horizontal and vertical polymer waveguide couplers,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3125–3128 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Dong, K. S. Chiang, and W. Jin, “Compact three-dimensional polymer waveguide mode multiplexer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(22), 4580–4588 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

2013 (4)

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Ultra-broadband tapered mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2501–2504 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. J. Essiambre, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and S. Randel, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: Space-division multiplexing in multimode and multicore fibers for high-capacity optical communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0701307 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. von Hoyningen-Huene, R. Ryf, and P. Winzer, “LCoS-based mode shaper for few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18097–18110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

Ahmad, H.

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alam, S. U.

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ali, M. M.

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Astruc, M.

Bachim, B. L.

Bai, N.

Bai, Z.

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bickham, S.

Bigo, S.

Birks, T. A.

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Bolle, C.

Boutin, A.

Brindel, P.

Burrows, E. C.

Charlet, G.

Chen, L.

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chiang, K. S.

Dianov, E. M.

Dong, J.

Ercan, B.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R. J.

R. J. Essiambre, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and S. Randel, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: Space-division multiplexing in multimode and multicore fibers for high-capacity optical communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0701307 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fabris, J. L.

Falate, R.

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

S. G. Leon-Saval, N. K. Fontaine, J. R. Salazar-Gil, B. Ercan, R. Ryf, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Mode-selective photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1036–1044 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Essiambre, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and S. Randel, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: Space-division multiplexing in multimode and multicore fibers for high-capacity optical communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0701307 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gaylord, T. K.

Giles, D.

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

Giles, I.

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gnauck, A. H.

Gris-Sánchez, I.

Gross, S.

S. Gross, N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Three-dimensional ultra-broadband integrated tapered mode multiplexers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L81–L85 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

Huang, W.

Huang, Y.-K.

Ip, E.

Islam, M. R.

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, W.

Jung, Y.

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Koebele, C.

LaRochelle, S.

Lau, A. P. T.

Lee, H. W.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, G.

Li, M.-J.

Lim, K. S.

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, L.

Liñares, J.

Lingle, R.

Liu, B.

Liu, Y.

Liu, Y. G.

Love, J. D.

S. Gross, N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Three-dimensional ultra-broadband integrated tapered mode multiplexers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L81–L85 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Ultra-broadband tapered mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2501–2504 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

Luo, M.

Luo, Y.

Man Chung, K.

Mardoyan, H.

Mateo, E.

McCurdy, A. H.

Messaddeq, Y.

Montero, C.

Moreno, V.

Mumtaz, S.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Obeysekara, A.

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Peckham, D. W.

Peng, G. D.

Poletti, F.

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

Prieto, X.

Provost, L.

Ramachandran, S.

Randel, S.

R. J. Essiambre, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and S. Randel, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: Space-division multiplexing in multimode and multicore fibers for high-capacity optical communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0701307 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

Rego, G.

Richardson, D.

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riesen, N.

S. Gross, N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Three-dimensional ultra-broadband integrated tapered mode multiplexers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L81–L85 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Ultra-broadband tapered mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2501–2504 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rusch, L. A.

Ryf, R.

Salazar-Gil, J. R.

Salgado, H. M.

Salsi, M.

Santos, J. L.

Semjonov, S. L.

Sierra, A.

Sillard, P.

Sperti, D.

Tam, H. Y.

Ten, S.

Tran, P.

Tse, V.

Ung, B.

Vaity, P.

Verluise, F.

von Hoyningen-Huene, J.

Wang, B.

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wang, L.

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, P. Vaity, B. Ung, Y. Messaddeq, L. A. Rusch, and S. LaRochelle, “Characterization of OAM fibers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15653–15661 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

Wang, Z.

Winzer, P.

Winzer, P. J.

Withford, M. J.

S. Gross, N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Three-dimensional ultra-broadband integrated tapered mode multiplexers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L81–L85 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yaman, F.

Yan, M.

Yan, T.

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, A. M.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yerolatsitis, S.

Zhang, L.

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Q.

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T.

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

R. J. Essiambre, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and S. Randel, “Breakthroughs in photonics 2012: Space-division multiplexing in multimode and multicore fibers for high-capacity optical communication,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 0701307 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (6)

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Ultra-broadband tapered mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(24), 2501–2504 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Giles, A. Obeysekara, R. Chen, D. Giles, F. Poletti, and D. Richardson, “Fiber LPG mode converters and mode selection technique for multimode SDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1922–1925 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Dong and K. S. Chiang, “Temperature-insensitive mode converters with CO2-laser written long-period fiber gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(9), 1006–1009 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Bai, L. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, L. Chen, and T. Yan, “CO2-laser-induced long period fiber gratings in few mode fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(2), 145–148 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. M. Ali, Y. Jung, K. S. Lim, M. R. Islam, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, and H. Ahmad, “Characterization of Mode Coupling in Few-Mode FBG With Selective Mode Excitation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(16), 1713–1716 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhou, W. Zhang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, L. Zhang, L. Wang, B. Wang, and T. Yan, “Bending vector sensor based on a sector-shaped long-period grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(7), 713–716 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

S. Gross, N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and M. J. Withford, “Three-dimensional ultra-broadband integrated tapered mode multiplexers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), L81–L85 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The transverse RI profile of TMF measured by S14; (b) transverse electric field of the guided vector modes at λ = 1550 nm in the TMF. The graph shows the fields of the fundamental HE11 mode (LP01) and the TE01, HE21, and TM01 modes (LP11 group) calculated with FEM.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The calculated effective indices of the fiber vector modes based on the measured RI profile, (b) dependence of the calculated grating pitches for core mode coupling on resonance wavelength.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The schematic diagram of the STS structure with a tilted TMF-LPFG.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Dependence of the resonance wavelength on the grating pitch, and the inset shows the transmission spectra of TMF-LPFGs fabricated with different pitches.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The transmission spectra of TMF-LPFG with the increasing scanning cycles (a) TMF-LPFG; (b) tilted TMF-LPFG.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The variations of the 20-dB bandwidth of the resonance dip with different tilt angle.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The transmission spectrum of the TMF-LPFG with different surrounding RI range from 1.335 to 1.443.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The transmission spectra of the LPFG mode converter corresponding to two orthogonal input polarizations and the correspondent spectral PDL (a) TMF-LPFG; (b) tilted TMF-LPFG (θ = 60°).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Dependence of resonance wavelength on twist rate (a) TMF-LPFG (b) tilted TMF-LPFG (c) SMF-LPFG, and the tansmission spectra of resonance dips on different twist rate are shown in the insert, respectively.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) Experimental setup used to generate vector beams of the TMF-LPFG mode converter; (b-d) experimental near-field pattern at the output TMF and pattern rotation with polarizer in beam path consistent with expected polarization orientation for the HEeven 21and HEodd 21 mode of TMF-LPFG (b) (c) and tilted TMF-LPFG (d) (e).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 (a) Experimental setup used to excite and characterize OAM states; (b-c) profiles and interference patterns at output of TMF with (b) TMF-LPFG and (c) tilted TMF-LPFG.

Metrics