Abstract

We demonstrate the ability to position single and multiple filaments arbitrarily within the energy reservoir of a high power femtosecond laser pulse. A deformable mirror controlled by a genetic algorithm finds the optimal phase profile for producing filaments at user-defined locations within the energy reservoir to within a quarter of the nominal filament size, on average. This proof-of-principle experiment demonstrates a potential technique for fast control of the configuration of the filaments.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics,” Nat. Commun. 6(5), 7156 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

2012 (1)

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

S. Preibisch, S. Saalfel, and P. Tomancak, “Globally Optimal Stitching of Tiled 3D Microscopic Image Acquisitions,” Bioinformatics 25(11), 1463–1465 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

B. Hou, J. Easter, A. Mordovanakis, K. Krushelnick, and J. A. Nees, “Vacuum-free x-ray source based on ultra-short laser irradiation of solids,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17695–17705 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, M. Queißer, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Fechner, and L. Wöste, “Laser multiple filamentation control in air using a smooth phase mask,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013812 (2008).
[Crossref]

C.P. Hauri, J. Gautier, A. Trisorio, E. Papalazarou, and P. Zeitoun, “Two-dimensional organization of a large number of stationary optical filaments by adaptive wave front control,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3), 391–394 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Heck, J. Sloss, and R.J. Levis, “Adaptive control of the spatial position of white light filaments in an aqueous solution,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 216–222 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (5)

T.D. Grow and A. L. Gaeta, “Dependence of multiple filamentation on beam ellipticity,” Opt. Express 13(12) 4594–4599 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu and S.L. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S.L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80(7), 857–860 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Jin, J. Zhang, M. H. Xu, X. Lu, Y.T. Li, Z.H. Wang, and Z.Y. Wei, “Control of filamentation induced by femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10424–10430 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, “Control of multiple filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1772–1774 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

V.P. Kandidov, O.G. Kosareva, and A.A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Quantum Electron. 33(1), 69–75 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

Ackermann, R.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Akozbek, N.

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Akzbek, N.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

André, Y.-B.

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arantchouk, L.

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S.L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80(7), 857–860 (2005).
[Crossref]

Béjot, P.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bergé, L.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bock, S.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bonacina, L.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Borchert, H.

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braun, A.

Brelet, Y.

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carbonnel, J.

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Châteauneuf, M.

M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Durécu, B. Moreau, D. Fleury, O. Vasseur, H. Borchert, K. Diener, R. Schmitt, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J.-F. Daigle, and J. Dubois, “Kilometer range filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26836–26845 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Cheng, Y.-H.

Chin, S. L.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chin, S.L.

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S.L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80(7), 857–860 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Liu and S.L. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, W.

Clarke, R.

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Daigle, J.-F.

M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Durécu, B. Moreau, D. Fleury, O. Vasseur, H. Borchert, K. Diener, R. Schmitt, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J.-F. Daigle, and J. Dubois, “Kilometer range filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26836–26845 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

Diener, K.

Du, D.

Dubois, J.

M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Durécu, B. Moreau, D. Fleury, O. Vasseur, H. Borchert, K. Diener, R. Schmitt, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J.-F. Daigle, and J. Dubois, “Kilometer range filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26836–26845 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

Durand, M.

Durécu, A.

Easter, J.

Eisenmann, S.

Fechner, M.

P. Rohwetter, M. Queißer, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Fechner, and L. Wöste, “Laser multiple filamentation control in air using a smooth phase mask,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013812 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ferland, B.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fibich, G.

Fleury, D.

Forestier, B.

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Franco, M.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gao, G.

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, H.

Gautier, J.

C.P. Hauri, J. Gautier, A. Trisorio, E. Papalazarou, and P. Zeitoun, “Two-dimensional organization of a large number of stationary optical filaments by adaptive wave front control,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3), 391–394 (2008).
[Crossref]

Glownia, J.H.

Gravel, J.-F.

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S.L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80(7), 857–860 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grow, T.D.

Hauri, C.P.

C.P. Hauri, J. Gautier, A. Trisorio, E. Papalazarou, and P. Zeitoun, “Two-dimensional organization of a large number of stationary optical filaments by adaptive wave front control,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3), 391–394 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Trisorio and C.P. Hauri, “Control and characterization of multiple circularly polarized femtosecond filaments in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1650–1652 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, Z.-H.

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics,” Nat. Commun. 6(5), 7156 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heck, G.

G. Heck, J. Sloss, and R.J. Levis, “Adaptive control of the spatial position of white light filaments in an aqueous solution,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 216–222 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, P.R.

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henin, S.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Holland, J.H.

J.H. Holland, Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992).

Hosseini, S. A.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hosseini, S.A.

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hou, B.

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics,” Nat. Commun. 6(5), 7156 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Hou, J. Easter, A. Mordovanakis, K. Krushelnick, and J. A. Nees, “Vacuum-free x-ray source based on ultra-short laser irradiation of solids,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17695–17705 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Houard, A.

Hourard, A.

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ilan, B.

Ionin, A.A.

Iroshnikov, N.G.

Jhajj, N.

Jin, Z.

Jochmann, A.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kamali, Y.

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kandidov, V. P.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kandidov, V.P.

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

V.P. Kandidov, O.G. Kosareva, and A.A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Quantum Electron. 33(1), 69–75 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, J.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.Y.

Koltun, A.A.

V.P. Kandidov, O.G. Kosareva, and A.A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Quantum Electron. 33(1), 69–75 (2003).
[Crossref]

Korn, G.

Kosareva, O. G.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kosareva, O.G.

A.A. Ionin, N.G. Iroshnikov, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Larichev, D.V. Mokrousova, N.A. Panov, L.V. Seleznev, D.V. Sinitsyn, and E.S. Sunchugasheva, “Filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses governed by variable wavefront distortions via a deformable mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(8), 2257–2261 (2013).
[Crossref]

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

V.P. Kandidov, O.G. Kosareva, and A.A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Quantum Electron. 33(1), 69–75 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kraft, S.D.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krushelnick, K.

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics,” Nat. Commun. 6(5), 7156 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Hou, J. Easter, A. Mordovanakis, K. Krushelnick, and J. A. Nees, “Vacuum-free x-ray source based on ultra-short laser irradiation of solids,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17695–17705 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Larichev, A.V.

Lascoux, N.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lebailly, V.

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics,” Nat. Commun. 6(5), 7156 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levis, R.J.

G. Heck, J. Sloss, and R.J. Levis, “Adaptive control of the spatial position of white light filaments in an aqueous solution,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 216–222 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.T.

Lindinger, A.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

H. Gao, W. Chu, G. Yu, B. Zeng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, W. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Femtosecond laser filament array generated with step phase plate in air,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4612–4622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu and S.L. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S.L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80(7), 857–860 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

Luo, Q.

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mauger, S.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Méchain, G.

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Méjean, G.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Milchberg, H. M.

Miles, R.B.

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mlejnek, M.

Mokrousova, D.V.

Moloney, J.V.

Mordovanakis, A.

Moreau, B.

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Durécu, B. Moreau, D. Fleury, O. Vasseur, H. Borchert, K. Diener, R. Schmitt, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J.-F. Daigle, and J. Dubois, “Kilometer range filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26836–26845 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakaema, W.M.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nees, J. A.

Nees, J.A.

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics,” Nat. Commun. 6(5), 7156 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nyakk, A.V.

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Panov, N. A.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Panov, N.A.

Papalazarou, E.

C.P. Hauri, J. Gautier, A. Trisorio, E. Papalazarou, and P. Zeitoun, “Two-dimensional organization of a large number of stationary optical filaments by adaptive wave front control,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3), 391–394 (2008).
[Crossref]

Petit, Y.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Polynkin, P.

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prade, B.

M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Durécu, B. Moreau, D. Fleury, O. Vasseur, H. Borchert, K. Diener, R. Schmitt, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J.-F. Daigle, and J. Dubois, “Kilometer range filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26836–26845 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Preibisch, S.

S. Preibisch, S. Saalfel, and P. Tomancak, “Globally Optimal Stitching of Tiled 3D Microscopic Image Acquisitions,” Bioinformatics 25(11), 1463–1465 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Queißer, M.

P. Rohwetter, M. Queißer, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Fechner, and L. Wöste, “Laser multiple filamentation control in air using a smooth phase mask,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013812 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, G.

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rohwetter, P.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, M. Queißer, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Fechner, and L. Wöste, “Laser multiple filamentation control in air using a smooth phase mask,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013812 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Roy, G.

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

Saalfel, S.

S. Preibisch, S. Saalfel, and P. Tomancak, “Globally Optimal Stitching of Tiled 3D Microscopic Image Acquisitions,” Bioinformatics 25(11), 1463–1465 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salmon, E.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmitt, R.

Schramm, U.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Scully, M. O.

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seleznev, L.V.

Siebert, T.

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sinitsyn, D.V.

Skupin, S.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sloss, J.

G. Heck, J. Sloss, and R.J. Levis, “Adaptive control of the spatial position of white light filaments in an aqueous solution,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 216–222 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, A.V.

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soulez, C.-L.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sprangle, P.

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

Stelmaszczyk, K.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, M. Queißer, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Fechner, and L. Wöste, “Laser multiple filamentation control in air using a smooth phase mask,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013812 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sunchugasheva, E.S.

Taylor, A.J.

Théberge, F.

M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Durécu, B. Moreau, D. Fleury, O. Vasseur, H. Borchert, K. Diener, R. Schmitt, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J.-F. Daigle, and J. Dubois, “Kilometer range filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26836–26845 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S.L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80(7), 857–860 (2005).
[Crossref]

Thomas, A.G.R.

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics,” Nat. Commun. 6(5), 7156 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tomancak, P.

S. Preibisch, S. Saalfel, and P. Tomancak, “Globally Optimal Stitching of Tiled 3D Microscopic Image Acquisitions,” Bioinformatics 25(11), 1463–1465 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tremblay, G.

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

Trisorio, A.

C.P. Hauri, J. Gautier, A. Trisorio, E. Papalazarou, and P. Zeitoun, “Two-dimensional organization of a large number of stationary optical filaments by adaptive wave front control,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3), 391–394 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Trisorio and C.P. Hauri, “Control and characterization of multiple circularly polarized femtosecond filaments in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32(12), 1650–1652 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vasseur, O.

Wahlstrand, J.K.

Wang, Z.

Wang, Z.H.

Wei, Z.Y.

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, J.-P

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.P.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.-P.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, M. Queißer, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Fechner, and L. Wöste, “Laser multiple filamentation control in air using a smooth phase mask,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013812 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wötse, L.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wright, E.M.

Xu, M. H.

Xu, Z.

Yu, G.

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeitoun, P.

C.P. Hauri, J. Gautier, A. Trisorio, E. Papalazarou, and P. Zeitoun, “Two-dimensional organization of a large number of stationary optical filaments by adaptive wave front control,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3), 391–394 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zeng, B.

Zhang, J.

Zhao, J.

Zigler, A.

Appl. Phys. B (5)

W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, F. Théberge, A. Becker, and S.L. Chin, “Background reservoir: its crucial role for long-distance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 80(7), 857–860 (2005).
[Crossref]

V.P. Kandidov, N. Akozbek, O.G. Kosareva, A.V. Nyakk, Q. Luo, S.A. Hosseini, and S.L. Chin, “Towards a control of multiple filamentation by spatial regularization of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 267–275 (2005).
[Crossref]

C.P. Hauri, J. Gautier, A. Trisorio, E. Papalazarou, and P. Zeitoun, “Two-dimensional organization of a large number of stationary optical filaments by adaptive wave front control,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3), 391–394 (2008).
[Crossref]

J.-F. Daigle, Y. Kamali, M. Châteauneuf, G. Tremblay, F. Théberge, J. Dubois, G. Roy, and S.L. Chin, “Remote sensing with intense filaments enhanced by adaptive optics,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 701–713 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, J. Kasparian, J.-P Wolf, A. Jochmann, S.D. Kraft, S. Bock, U. Schramm, R. Sauerbrey, W.M. Nakaema, K. Stelmaszczyk, P. Rohwetter, L. Wöste, C.-L. Soulez, S. Mauger, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, “Saturation of the filament density of ultrashort intense laser pulses in air,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 77–84 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Wötse, P. Béjot, L. Bonacina, and J.P. Wolf, “Optimal control of filamentation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Brelet, A. Hourard, L. Arantchouk, B. Forestier, Y. Liu, B. Prade, J. Carbonnel, Y.-B. André, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Tesla coil discharges guided by femtosecond laser filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 181112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bioinformatics (1)

S. Preibisch, S. Saalfel, and P. Tomancak, “Globally Optimal Stitching of Tiled 3D Microscopic Image Acquisitions,” Bioinformatics 25(11), 1463–1465 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Commun. (1)

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics,” Nat. Commun. 6(5), 7156 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Heck, J. Sloss, and R.J. Levis, “Adaptive control of the spatial position of white light filaments in an aqueous solution,” Opt. Commun. 259(1), 216–222 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

M. Durand, A. Houard, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Durécu, B. Moreau, D. Fleury, O. Vasseur, H. Borchert, K. Diener, R. Schmitt, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J.-F. Daigle, and J. Dubois, “Kilometer range filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26836–26845 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Jhajj, Y.-H. Cheng, J.K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Optical beam dynamics in a gas repetitively heated by femtosecond filaments,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28980–28986 (2013).
[Crossref]

T.D. Grow and A. L. Gaeta, “Dependence of multiple filamentation on beam ellipticity,” Opt. Express 13(12) 4594–4599 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu and S.L. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jin, J. Zhang, M. H. Xu, X. Lu, Y.T. Li, Z.H. Wang, and Z.Y. Wei, “Control of filamentation induced by femtosecond laser pulses propagating in air,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10424–10430 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.Y. Kim, J.H. Glownia, A.J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “Terahertz emission from ultrafast ionizing air in symmetry-broken laser fields,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4577–4584 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Hou, J. Easter, A. Mordovanakis, K. Krushelnick, and J. A. Nees, “Vacuum-free x-ray source based on ultra-short laser irradiation of solids,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17695–17705 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Gao, W. Chu, G. Yu, B. Zeng, J. Zhao, Z. Wang, W. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Femtosecond laser filament array generated with step phase plate in air,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4612–4622 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. of Plasmas (1)

Z.-H. He, B. Hou, G. Gao, V. Lebailly, J.A. Nees, R. Clarke, K. Krushelnick, and A.G.R. Thomas, “Coherent control of plasma dynamics by feedback-optimized wavefront manipulation,” Phys. of Plasmas 22, 056704 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akzbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, M. Queißer, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Fechner, and L. Wöste, “Laser multiple filamentation control in air using a smooth phase mask,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 013812 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Organizing Multiple Femtosecond Filaments in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (1)

P.R. Hemmer, R.B. Miles, P. Polynkin, T. Siebert, A.V. Sokolov, P. Sprangle, and M. O. Scully, “Standoff spectroscopy via remote generation of a backward-propagating laser beam,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 108(8), 3130–3134 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

V.P. Kandidov, O.G. Kosareva, and A.A. Koltun, “Nonlinear-optical transformation of a high-power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Quantum Electron. 33(1), 69–75 (2003).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-Light Filaments for Atmospheric Analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J.H. Holland, Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Diagram of the experiment. The image of the filament region is a composite [29] of several false-color images captured with a CMOS camera (DMK23UX174 by Imaging Source). The confocal parameter of a non-filamenting beam in this setup is about 1 mm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Comparison of the exit mode when the deformable mirror is (a) flat versus when it is (b) optimized to place the filament at the existing location in (a). The top insets in (a) and (b) show lineouts of the beam profile taken horizontally through the center of the beam spot for both cases. The bottom inset in (a) shows a lineout of the beam profile near the geometrical focus of the f/20 lens with the laser power attenuated to the linear propagation regime, and the deformable mirror flattened. The bottom inset in (b) shows the evolution of the FOM for the ten best mirror figures in each iteration compared to the FOM calculated for a flat mirror. The raw exit mode image pixel values have been mapped to 8-bit RGB color.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Each of (a)–(f) show the exit mode profiles of a single filament moving in increments of 50 μm along θ = 3π/2, starting from the center (a) and ending at a displacement of 250 μm (f) along the periphery of the pulse.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The centroids of all filaments marked for each of the different test cases when (a) θ = 3π/2, (b) θ = π/2, (d) θ = π, and (e) θ = 0. The target filament locations are marked with diamonds, and the different test cases are colored so that they may be distinguished. The nominal reservoir size is indicated by the dashed circle based on targeting the filament in the center of pulse. The aggregate of all satellite filament centroids for each direction are marked in each figure in gray. The sample size for each target filament location is 20 shots. The RMS scatter of the samples shown in (a),(b),(d), and (e) are plotted as a function of distance from the drift-compensated pulse center in (c). (f) shows the probability of having the filament on target, the probability that no filaments are visible in the exit mode, and the average number of satellite filaments per shot (ASFPS) as a function of distance from the pulse center.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 User-defined placement of (a) 2 and (b) 4 filaments.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a)–(c) show three separate trials where the target filament location is set to the center of the pulse, with the mutation probability and amplitude set to 2%. (d)–(f) show the corresponding displacements of the mirror actuators that the GA converges to in each trial. (g)–(i) and (k)–(l) show trials of the same test case, except with the mutation probability set to 20%.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Shot-to-shot statistics for multiple filament configurations

Equations (1)

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F O M = k = 1 N i , j x i x k , y j y k I i j [ ( x i x k ) 2 + ( y j y k ) 2 ] 4 ,

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