Abstract

We report on the study of a possible first step integration of mode division multiplexed optical component for single-mode fiber networks. State-of-the-art on few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers is used to integrate the amplification function in a single component, which is expected to save energy in comparison to parallelized active components. So as to limit the impact of modal cross-talk, an elliptical-core few-mode erbium-doped fiber has been used to assemble an amplifier sharing setup for different single mode fibers, using non-degenerate modes. With this simple setup, we show the level of performances that can be reached for cross-talk, gain, differential modal gain and losses and discuss the ways to improve them for a possible integration in a real network.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. Bigot, G. Le Cocq, and Y. Quiquempois, “Few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: A review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 588–596 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. M. Krummrich, “Optical amplification and optical filter based signal processing for cost and energy efficient spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16636–16652 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. Ip, G. Milione, M.-J. Li, N. Cvijetic, K. Kanonakis, J. Stone, G. Peng, X. Prieto, C. Montero, V. Moreno, and J. Liñares, “SDM transmission of real-time 10GbE traffic using commercial SFP + transceivers over 0.5km elliptical-core few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17120–17126 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. G. Labroille, B. Denolle, P. Jian, P. Genevaux, N. Treps, and J.-F. Morizur, “Efficient and mode selective spatial mode multiplexer based on Multi-Plane Light Conversion,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15599–15607 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

Arkwright, J. W.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
[Crossref]

Bigo, S.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bigot, L.

L. Bigot, G. Le Cocq, and Y. Quiquempois, “Few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: A review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 588–596 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bigot-Astruc, M.

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boivin, D.

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Charlet, G.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cocq, G. L.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cvijetic, N.

Denolle, B.

Dupuy, J.-Y.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Genevaux, P.

G. Labroille, B. Denolle, P. Jian, P. Genevaux, N. Treps, and J.-F. Morizur, “Efficient and mode selective spatial mode multiplexer based on Multi-Plane Light Conversion,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15599–15607 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gnauck, A. H.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ip, E.

Jian, P.

Jorge, F.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kanonakis, K.

Koebele, C.

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Konczykowska, A.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Krummrich, P. M.

Labroille, G.

Le Cocq, G.

Le Rouge, A.

Li, M.-J.

Liñares, J.

Love, J. D.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
[Crossref]

Maerten, H.

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mardoyan, H.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Milione, G.

Montero, C.

Moreno, V.

Morizur, J.-F.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.

Prieto, X.

Provost, L.

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Quiquempois, Y.

L. Bigot, G. Le Cocq, and Y. Quiquempois, “Few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: A review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 588–596 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Riesen, N.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
[Crossref]

Rouge, A. L.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Salsi, M.

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sillard, P.

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stone, J.

Tran, P.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Treps, N.

Vuong, J.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon Tech. Lett. (1)

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nature Photon. (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Other (3)

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pump module electrical consumption for Single Mode (dashed line) and Few-Mode (plain line) EDFA, as a function of the number of spatial pathways (i.e. fibers or modes).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ellipticity dependence of the effective index of the modes of a step-index (Δn = 9.7.10−3) few-mode fiber supporting 5 groups of modes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a. FM-EDF doping profile and refractive index profile (from preform measurements). b. FM-EDF 2D refractive index profile (from fiber measurement with IFA-100 system)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a. Few-Mode Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier setup. b. Theory/experiment comparison of the 5 signal modes used in the setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrum for “ON” (blue) and “OFF” (black) measurements for a given DEMUX channel with all input channel on. a) output channel a, b) output channel b, c) output channel c, d) output channel d and e) output channel e.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Global cross-talk in dB for “OFF” (top) and “ON” measurements (bottom) of the experimental setup, calculated using Eq. 1 with all input channels on. A 2.25 m length of FM-EDF is used together with a pump power of around 100 mW in amplification regime.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Gain (dB) calculated using Eq. 2 and Noise Figure (dB) for each channel (mode of the FM-EDF) of the experimental setup, with a 2.25 m length of FM-EDF and a pump power of around 100 mW.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

X T i , j ( d B ) = 10 log ( P i , j P i , i )
G i ( d B ) = 10 log ( P i , i ON P i , i OFF )

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