Abstract

We report on the study of a possible first step integration of mode division multiplexed optical component for single-mode fiber networks. State-of-the-art on few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers is used to integrate the amplification function in a single component, which is expected to save energy in comparison to parallelized active components. So as to limit the impact of modal cross-talk, an elliptical-core few-mode erbium-doped fiber has been used to assemble an amplifier sharing setup for different single mode fibers, using non-degenerate modes. With this simple setup, we show the level of performances that can be reached for cross-talk, gain, differential modal gain and losses and discuss the ways to improve them for a possible integration in a real network.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
2-LP mode few-mode fiber amplifier employing ring-core erbium-doped fiber

Hirotaka Ono, Tsukasa Hosokawa, Kentaro Ichii, Shoichiro Matsuo, Hitoshi Nasu, and Makoto Yamada
Opt. Express 23(21) 27405-27418 (2015)

Amplification of 12 OAM Modes in an air-core erbium doped fiber

Qiongyue Kang, Patrick Gregg, Yongmin Jung, Ee Leong Lim, Shaif-ul Alam, Siddharth Ramachandran, and David J. Richardson
Opt. Express 23(22) 28341-28348 (2015)

Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing

Guillaume Le Cocq, Laurent Bigot, Antoine Le Rouge, Marianne Bigot-Astruc, Pierre Sillard, Clemens Koebele, Massimilliano Salsi, and Yves Quiquempois
Opt. Express 20(24) 27051-27061 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. Bigot, G. Le Cocq, and Y. Quiquempois, “Few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: A review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 588–596 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. M. Krummrich, “Optical amplification and optical filter based signal processing for cost and energy efficient spatial multiplexing,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16636–16652 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. Ip, G. Milione, M.-J. Li, N. Cvijetic, K. Kanonakis, J. Stone, G. Peng, X. Prieto, C. Montero, V. Moreno, and J. Liñares, “SDM transmission of real-time 10GbE traffic using commercial SFP + transceivers over 0.5km elliptical-core few-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17120–17126 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. G. Labroille, B. Denolle, P. Jian, P. Genevaux, N. Treps, and J.-F. Morizur, “Efficient and mode selective spatial mode multiplexer based on Multi-Plane Light Conversion,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15599–15607 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

Arkwright, J. W.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
[Crossref]

Bigo, S.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bigot, L.

L. Bigot, G. Le Cocq, and Y. Quiquempois, “Few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: A review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 588–596 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bigot-Astruc, M.

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boivin, D.

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Charlet, G.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cocq, G. L.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cvijetic, N.

Denolle, B.

Dupuy, J.-Y.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Genevaux, P.

G. Labroille, B. Denolle, P. Jian, P. Genevaux, N. Treps, and J.-F. Morizur, “Efficient and mode selective spatial mode multiplexer based on Multi-Plane Light Conversion,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15599–15607 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gnauck, A. H.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ip, E.

Jian, P.

Jorge, F.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kanonakis, K.

Koebele, C.

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Konczykowska, A.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Krummrich, P. M.

Labroille, G.

Le Cocq, G.

Le Rouge, A.

Li, M.-J.

Liñares, J.

Love, J. D.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
[Crossref]

Maerten, H.

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mardoyan, H.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Milione, G.

Montero, C.

Moreno, V.

Morizur, J.-F.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.

Prieto, X.

Provost, L.

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Quiquempois, Y.

L. Bigot, G. Le Cocq, and Y. Quiquempois, “Few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: A review,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(3), 588–596 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Riesen, N.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
[Crossref]

Rouge, A. L.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Salsi, M.

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sillard, P.

G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, A. Le Rouge, M. Bigot-Astruc, P. Sillard, C. Koebele, M. Salsi, and Y. Quiquempois, “Modeling and characterization of a few-mode EDFA supporting four mode groups for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27051–27061 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stone, J.

Tran, P.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Treps, N.

Vuong, J.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon Tech. Lett. (1)

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.,  24(5), 344–346, (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nature Photon. (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nature Photon. 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Other (3)

P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. L. Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. L. Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11, and LP21 mode groups,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and J.-Y. Dupuy, “Penalties from in-band cross-talk for advanced optical modulation formats,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, OSA Technical Digest Series, paper Tu.5.B,7 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pump module electrical consumption for Single Mode (dashed line) and Few-Mode (plain line) EDFA, as a function of the number of spatial pathways (i.e. fibers or modes).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ellipticity dependence of the effective index of the modes of a step-index (Δn = 9.7.10−3) few-mode fiber supporting 5 groups of modes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a. FM-EDF doping profile and refractive index profile (from preform measurements). b. FM-EDF 2D refractive index profile (from fiber measurement with IFA-100 system)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a. Few-Mode Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier setup. b. Theory/experiment comparison of the 5 signal modes used in the setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrum for “ON” (blue) and “OFF” (black) measurements for a given DEMUX channel with all input channel on. a) output channel a, b) output channel b, c) output channel c, d) output channel d and e) output channel e.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Global cross-talk in dB for “OFF” (top) and “ON” measurements (bottom) of the experimental setup, calculated using Eq. 1 with all input channels on. A 2.25 m length of FM-EDF is used together with a pump power of around 100 mW in amplification regime.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Gain (dB) calculated using Eq. 2 and Noise Figure (dB) for each channel (mode of the FM-EDF) of the experimental setup, with a 2.25 m length of FM-EDF and a pump power of around 100 mW.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

X T i , j ( d B ) = 10 log ( P i , j P i , i )
G i ( d B ) = 10 log ( P i , i ON P i , i OFF )

Metrics