Abstract

We experimentally investigate high-order quadrature-amplitude-modulation (QAM) vector millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signal generation based on intensity modulator (IM) with photonic frequcney doubling and precoding in this paper. In order to obtain an ordinary QAM modulated radio-frequency (RF) signal after the square-law detection of the photodiode, amplitude and phase precoding technique should be employed. In this paper, we experimentally investigate the generation of 1~4 Gbaud vector mm-wave signal with the modulation formats of 8QAM and 16QAM at the carrier frequency of 40 GHz, and study the bit-error-rate (BER) performance of both balanced precoding scheme and unbalanced precoding scheme adopting high-order QAM modulation.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. X. Li, J. Xiao, and J. Yu, “Long-distance wireless mm-wave signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 1–8 (2016).
  2. X. Li, J. Yu, and J. Xiao, “Demonstration of ultra-capacity wireless signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 99, 1 (2016).
  3. X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “Field trial of 80-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal delivery over 300-m wireless distance with MIMO and antenna polarization multiplexing at W-band,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (2015), paper Th5A.5.
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Xiao, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “W-band OFDM photonic vector signal generation employing a single Mach-Zehnder modulator and precoding,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24029–24034 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. K. Kitayama, A. Maruta, and Y. Yoshida, “Digital coherent technology for optical fiber and radio-over-fiber transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(20), 3411–3420 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  7. X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108-Gb/s data over 80-km fiber and 2×2 MIMO wireless links at 100GHz W-Band frequency,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5106–5108 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Yu, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Faster than fiber: over 100-Gb/s signal delivery in fiber wireless integration system,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22885–22904 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Z. Dong, F. Li, and N. Chi, “A 400G optical wireless integration delivery system,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18812–18819 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, “Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244–3256 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  13. Q. Chang, Y. Tian, J. Gao, T. Ye, Q. Li, and Y. Su, “Generation and Transmission of Optical Carrier Suppressed-Optical Differential (Quadrature) Phase-Shift Keying (OCS-OD(Q)PSK) Signals in Radio Over Fiber Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2611–2618 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Huang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Simultaneous Generation of Centralized Lightwaves and Double/Single Sideband Optical Millimeter-Wave Requiring Only Low-Frequency Local Oscillator Signals for Radio-Over-Fiber Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2653–2662 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2056–2058 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  16. W. J. Jiang, C. T. Lin, C. H. Ho, C. C. Wei, P. T. Shih, J. J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Photonic vector signal generation employing a novel optical direct-detection in-phase/quadrature-phase upconversion,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 4069–4071 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Xiao, and G. K. Chang, “Photonic vector signal generation at W-band employing an optical frequency octupling scheme enabled by a single MZM,” Opt. Commun. 349, 6–10 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Wang, Y. Xu, X. Li, J. Yu, and N. Chi, “Balanced precoding technique for vector signal generation based on OCS,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2469–2472 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  21. X. Li and J. Yu, “W-band RoF transmission based on optical multi-carrier generation by cascading one directly-modulated DFB laser and one phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 345, 80–85 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2016 (2)

X. Li, J. Xiao, and J. Yu, “Long-distance wireless mm-wave signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 1–8 (2016).

X. Li, J. Yu, and J. Xiao, “Demonstration of ultra-capacity wireless signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 99, 1 (2016).

2015 (6)

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Xiao, and G. K. Chang, “Photonic vector signal generation at W-band employing an optical frequency octupling scheme enabled by a single MZM,” Opt. Commun. 349, 6–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Xu, X. Li, J. Yu, and N. Chi, “Balanced precoding technique for vector signal generation based on OCS,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2469–2472 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li and J. Yu, “W-band RoF transmission based on optical multi-carrier generation by cascading one directly-modulated DFB laser and one phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 345, 80–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Xiao, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “W-band OFDM photonic vector signal generation employing a single Mach-Zehnder modulator and precoding,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24029–24034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Kitayama, A. Maruta, and Y. Yoshida, “Digital coherent technology for optical fiber and radio-over-fiber transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(20), 3411–3420 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2056–2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

Caballero, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chang, G. K.

Chang, Q.

Chen, J. J.

Chen, L.

J. Xiao, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “W-band OFDM photonic vector signal generation employing a single Mach-Zehnder modulator and precoding,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24029–24034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, “Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3244–3256 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2056–2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “Field trial of 80-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal delivery over 300-m wireless distance with MIMO and antenna polarization multiplexing at W-band,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (2015), paper Th5A.5.
[Crossref]

Chi, N.

Chi, S.

Dong, Z.

Gao, J.

Herrera, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ho, C. H.

Huang, M.

Jensen, J. B.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

Jiang, W. J.

Kitayama, K.

Li, F.

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Z. Dong, F. Li, and N. Chi, “A 400G optical wireless integration delivery system,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18812–18819 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Li, X.

X. Li, J. Xiao, and J. Yu, “Long-distance wireless mm-wave signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 1–8 (2016).

X. Li, J. Yu, and J. Xiao, “Demonstration of ultra-capacity wireless signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 99, 1 (2016).

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Xiao, and G. K. Chang, “Photonic vector signal generation at W-band employing an optical frequency octupling scheme enabled by a single MZM,” Opt. Commun. 349, 6–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li and J. Yu, “W-band RoF transmission based on optical multi-carrier generation by cascading one directly-modulated DFB laser and one phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 345, 80–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Xu, X. Li, J. Yu, and N. Chi, “Balanced precoding technique for vector signal generation based on OCS,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2469–2472 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Xiao, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “W-band OFDM photonic vector signal generation employing a single Mach-Zehnder modulator and precoding,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24029–24034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Faster than fiber: over 100-Gb/s signal delivery in fiber wireless integration system,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22885–22904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Z. Dong, F. Li, and N. Chi, “A 400G optical wireless integration delivery system,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18812–18819 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108-Gb/s data over 80-km fiber and 2×2 MIMO wireless links at 100GHz W-Band frequency,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5106–5108 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “Field trial of 80-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal delivery over 300-m wireless distance with MIMO and antenna polarization multiplexing at W-band,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (2015), paper Th5A.5.
[Crossref]

Lin, C. T.

Ma, J.

Marti, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Maruta, A.

Monroy, I. T.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sambaraju, R.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

Shih, P. T.

Su, Y.

Tian, Y.

Walber, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Xu, X. Li, J. Yu, and N. Chi, “Balanced precoding technique for vector signal generation based on OCS,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2469–2472 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wei, C. C.

Wen, H.

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2056–2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2056–2058 (2006).
[Crossref]

Westergren, U.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all optical OFDM,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

X. Li, J. Yu, and J. Xiao, “Demonstration of ultra-capacity wireless signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 99, 1 (2016).

X. Li, J. Xiao, and J. Yu, “Long-distance wireless mm-wave signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 1–8 (2016).

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Xiao, and G. K. Chang, “Photonic vector signal generation at W-band employing an optical frequency octupling scheme enabled by a single MZM,” Opt. Commun. 349, 6–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Xiao, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “W-band OFDM photonic vector signal generation employing a single Mach-Zehnder modulator and precoding,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24029–24034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “Field trial of 80-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal delivery over 300-m wireless distance with MIMO and antenna polarization multiplexing at W-band,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (2015), paper Th5A.5.
[Crossref]

Xin, X.

Xu, Y.

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Xu, X. Li, J. Yu, and N. Chi, “Balanced precoding technique for vector signal generation based on OCS,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2469–2472 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Xiao, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “W-band OFDM photonic vector signal generation employing a single Mach-Zehnder modulator and precoding,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24029–24034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “Field trial of 80-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal delivery over 300-m wireless distance with MIMO and antenna polarization multiplexing at W-band,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (2015), paper Th5A.5.
[Crossref]

Ye, T.

Yoshida, Y.

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

X. Li, J. Xiao, and J. Yu, “Long-distance wireless mm-wave signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 1–8 (2016).

X. Li, J. Yu, and J. Xiao, “Demonstration of ultra-capacity wireless signal delivery at W-band,” J. Lightwave Technol. 99, 1 (2016).

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Xiao, and G. K. Chang, “Photonic vector signal generation at W-band employing an optical frequency octupling scheme enabled by a single MZM,” Opt. Commun. 349, 6–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Xu, X. Li, J. Yu, and N. Chi, “Balanced precoding technique for vector signal generation based on OCS,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(23), 2469–2472 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li and J. Yu, “W-band RoF transmission based on optical multi-carrier generation by cascading one directly-modulated DFB laser and one phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 345, 80–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Xiao, X. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “W-band OFDM photonic vector signal generation employing a single Mach-Zehnder modulator and precoding,” Opt. Express 23(18), 24029–24034 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Faster than fiber: over 100-Gb/s signal delivery in fiber wireless integration system,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22885–22904 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Z. Dong, F. Li, and N. Chi, “A 400G optical wireless integration delivery system,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18812–18819 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108-Gb/s data over 80-km fiber and 2×2 MIMO wireless links at 100GHz W-Band frequency,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5106–5108 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Huang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and G. K. Chang, “Simultaneous Generation of Centralized Lightwaves and Double/Single Sideband Optical Millimeter-Wave Requiring Only Low-Frequency Local Oscillator Signals for Radio-Over-Fiber Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2653–2662 (2008).
[Crossref]

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Zeng, J.

Zhang, J.

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X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
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X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Xiao, and G. K. Chang, “Photonic vector signal generation at W-band employing an optical frequency octupling scheme enabled by a single MZM,” Opt. Commun. 349, 6–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
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X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
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X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
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X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “Field trial of 80-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal delivery over 300-m wireless distance with MIMO and antenna polarization multiplexing at W-band,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (2015), paper Th5A.5.
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X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, F. Li, Y. Xu, Z. Zhang, and J. Xiao, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(18), 1825–1828 (2014).
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X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, and Y. Xu, “Fiber-wireless-fiber link for 128-Gb/s PDM-16QAM signal transmission at W-band,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(19), 1948–1951 (2014).
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X. Li, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and J. Yu, “W-band 8QAM vector signal generation by MZM-based photonic frequency octupling,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(12), 1257–1260 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “QAM vector signal generation by optical carrier suppression and precoding techniques,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(18), 1977–1980 (2015).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

Opt. Commun. (2)

X. Li and J. Yu, “W-band RoF transmission based on optical multi-carrier generation by cascading one directly-modulated DFB laser and one phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 345, 80–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Xiao, and G. K. Chang, “Photonic vector signal generation at W-band employing an optical frequency octupling scheme enabled by a single MZM,” Opt. Commun. 349, 6–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Xiao, Z. Zhang, Y. Xu, and L. Chen, “Field trial of 80-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signal delivery over 300-m wireless distance with MIMO and antenna polarization multiplexing at W-band,” in Proc. OFC 2015 (2015), paper Th5A.5.
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Principles of (a) pre-coded M-QAM vector mm-wave signal generation and (b) frequency doubling due to the square-law decetion. CW: continuous wave, MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator, PD: photodiode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Constellations of (a) original, (b) unbalanced precoded, (c) balanced precoded 8QAM signals, (d) original, (e) unbalanced precoded, and (f) balanced precoded 16QAM signals.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup for balanced/unbalanced precoded M-QAM vector mm-wave signal generation and direct detection with offline DSP, and spectra after up-conversion for 20 GHz (a) balanced and (b) unbalanced precoding 16QAM vector signal. AWG: arbitrary waveform generator, ECL: external cavity laser, EA: electrical amplifier, MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, SMF: single mode fiber, VOA: variable optical attenuator, PD: photodiode, DSP: digital signal processing.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical spectra at the output of MZM for (a) balanced precoded (b) unbalanced precoded 8QAM signals.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Performance of precoded 8QAM vector signals: (a) 1 Gbaud and (b) 2- and 4-Gbaud.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Performance of precoded 16QAM vector signals: (a) 1 Gbaud and (b) 4 Gbaud.

Equations (2)

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i R F ( t ) = 1 2 R J 1 2 ( κ ) cos [ 2 π 2 f s t + 2 φ ( t ) ]
φ ( t ) = 1 2 ( φ d a t a ( t ) + 2 m π ) , m = 0 , 1

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