Abstract

NOMAD is a suite of three spectrometers that will be launched in 2016 as part of the joint ESA-Roscosmos ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter mission. The instrument contains three channels that cover the IR and UV spectral ranges and can perform solar occultation, nadir and limb observations, to detect and map a wide variety of Martian atmospheric gases and trace species. Part I of this work described the models of the UVIS channel; in this second part, we present the optical models representing the two IR channels, SO (Solar Occultation) and LNO (Limb, Nadir and Occultation), and use them to determine signal to noise ratios (SNRs) for many expected observational cases. In solar occultation mode, both the SO and LNO channel exhibit very high SNRs >5000. SNRs of around 100 were found for the LNO channel in nadir mode, depending on the atmospheric conditions, Martian surface properties, and observation geometry.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. C. Vandaele, Y. Willame, C. Depiesse, I. R. Thomas, S. Robert, D. Bolsée, M. R. Patel, J. P. Mason, M. Leese, S. Lesschaeve, P. Antoine, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, B. Ristic, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, G. Bellucci, N. Team, and NOMAD Team, “Optical and Radiometric Models of the NOMAD Instrument Part I: The UVIS channel,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30028–30042 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).
  4. H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).
  5. E. Neefs, A. C. Vandaele, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, G. Pieck, E. Equeter, C. Depiesse, F. Daerden, E. V. Ransbeeck, D. Nevejans, J. Rodriguez-Gómez, J.-J. López-Moreno, R. Sanz, R. Morales, G. P. Candini, M. C. Pastor-Morales, B. Aparicio del Moral, J.-M. Jeronimo-Zafra, J. M. Gómez-López, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, I. Pérez-Grande, J. Cubas, A. M. Gomez-Sanjuan, F. Navarro-Medina, T. Thibert, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. V. Vooren, W. Moelans, L. Aballea, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, D. Kendall, J. De Neef, A. Soenen, P.-Y. Puech, J. Ward, J.-F. Jamoye, D. Diez, A. Vicario-Arroyo, and M. Jankowski, “NOMAD spectrometer on the ExoMars trace gas orbiter mission: part 1--design, manufacturing and testing of the infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 8494–8520 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).
  7. A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Vandenbussche, S. Kochenova, A. C. Vandaele, N. Kumps, and M. De Maziere, “Retrieval of desert dust aerosol vertical profiles from IASI measurements in the TIR atmospheric window,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(10), 2577–2591 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).
  10. S. Robert, A. C. Vandaele, I. R. Thomas, Y. Willame, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, C. Depiesse, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, L. Neary, B. Ristic, J-J. Lopez-Moreno, J. Rodriguez-Gomez, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, and the NOMAD Team are preparing a manuscript to be called “Expected Performances of the NOMAD/ExoMars instrument”.

2015 (2)

2013 (1)

S. Vandenbussche, S. Kochenova, A. C. Vandaele, N. Kumps, and M. De Maziere, “Retrieval of desert dust aerosol vertical profiles from IASI measurements in the TIR atmospheric window,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(10), 2577–2591 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

2008 (1)

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

2006 (1)

1999 (1)

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

Aballea, L.

Accomazzo, A.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Alonso-Rodrigo, G.

Antoine, P.

Aparicio del Moral, B.

Bach, B.

Baeke, A.

Barabash, S.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Bell, J.

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

Bellucci, G.

Belyaev, D.

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

Berkenbosch, S.

E. Neefs, A. C. Vandaele, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, G. Pieck, E. Equeter, C. Depiesse, F. Daerden, E. V. Ransbeeck, D. Nevejans, J. Rodriguez-Gómez, J.-J. López-Moreno, R. Sanz, R. Morales, G. P. Candini, M. C. Pastor-Morales, B. Aparicio del Moral, J.-M. Jeronimo-Zafra, J. M. Gómez-López, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, I. Pérez-Grande, J. Cubas, A. M. Gomez-Sanjuan, F. Navarro-Medina, T. Thibert, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. V. Vooren, W. Moelans, L. Aballea, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, D. Kendall, J. De Neef, A. Soenen, P.-Y. Puech, J. Ward, J.-F. Jamoye, D. Diez, A. Vicario-Arroyo, and M. Jankowski, “NOMAD spectrometer on the ExoMars trace gas orbiter mission: part 1--design, manufacturing and testing of the infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 8494–8520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertaux, J. L.

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Bolsée, D.

Bonnewijn, S.

Cabane, M.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Candini, G. P.

Cernogora, G.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Chaufray, J. Y.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Clairquin, R.

E. Neefs, A. C. Vandaele, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, G. Pieck, E. Equeter, C. Depiesse, F. Daerden, E. V. Ransbeeck, D. Nevejans, J. Rodriguez-Gómez, J.-J. López-Moreno, R. Sanz, R. Morales, G. P. Candini, M. C. Pastor-Morales, B. Aparicio del Moral, J.-M. Jeronimo-Zafra, J. M. Gómez-López, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, I. Pérez-Grande, J. Cubas, A. M. Gomez-Sanjuan, F. Navarro-Medina, T. Thibert, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. V. Vooren, W. Moelans, L. Aballea, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, D. Kendall, J. De Neef, A. Soenen, P.-Y. Puech, J. Ward, J.-F. Jamoye, D. Diez, A. Vicario-Arroyo, and M. Jankowski, “NOMAD spectrometer on the ExoMars trace gas orbiter mission: part 1--design, manufacturing and testing of the infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 8494–8520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clochet, A.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Coradini, M.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Crisp, D.

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

Cubas, J.

Daerden, F.

E. Neefs, A. C. Vandaele, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, G. Pieck, E. Equeter, C. Depiesse, F. Daerden, E. V. Ransbeeck, D. Nevejans, J. Rodriguez-Gómez, J.-J. López-Moreno, R. Sanz, R. Morales, G. P. Candini, M. C. Pastor-Morales, B. Aparicio del Moral, J.-M. Jeronimo-Zafra, J. M. Gómez-López, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, I. Pérez-Grande, J. Cubas, A. M. Gomez-Sanjuan, F. Navarro-Medina, T. Thibert, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. V. Vooren, W. Moelans, L. Aballea, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, D. Kendall, J. De Neef, A. Soenen, P.-Y. Puech, J. Ward, J.-F. Jamoye, D. Diez, A. Vicario-Arroyo, and M. Jankowski, “NOMAD spectrometer on the ExoMars trace gas orbiter mission: part 1--design, manufacturing and testing of the infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 8494–8520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Vandaele, Y. Willame, C. Depiesse, I. R. Thomas, S. Robert, D. Bolsée, M. R. Patel, J. P. Mason, M. Leese, S. Lesschaeve, P. Antoine, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, B. Ristic, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, G. Bellucci, N. Team, and NOMAD Team, “Optical and Radiometric Models of the NOMAD Instrument Part I: The UVIS channel,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30028–30042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

Daley, T. C.

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

De Maziere, M.

S. Vandenbussche, S. Kochenova, A. C. Vandaele, N. Kumps, and M. De Maziere, “Retrieval of desert dust aerosol vertical profiles from IASI measurements in the TIR atmospheric window,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(10), 2577–2591 (2013).
[Crossref]

De Mazière, M.

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

De Neef, J.

De Vos, L.

Delanoye, S.

Depiesse, C.

Diez, D.

Dimarellis, E.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Drossart, P.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Drummond, R.

E. Neefs, A. C. Vandaele, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, G. Pieck, E. Equeter, C. Depiesse, F. Daerden, E. V. Ransbeeck, D. Nevejans, J. Rodriguez-Gómez, J.-J. López-Moreno, R. Sanz, R. Morales, G. P. Candini, M. C. Pastor-Morales, B. Aparicio del Moral, J.-M. Jeronimo-Zafra, J. M. Gómez-López, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, I. Pérez-Grande, J. Cubas, A. M. Gomez-Sanjuan, F. Navarro-Medina, T. Thibert, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. V. Vooren, W. Moelans, L. Aballea, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, D. Kendall, J. De Neef, A. Soenen, P.-Y. Puech, J. Ward, J.-F. Jamoye, D. Diez, A. Vicario-Arroyo, and M. Jankowski, “NOMAD spectrometer on the ExoMars trace gas orbiter mission: part 1--design, manufacturing and testing of the infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 8494–8520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Vandaele, Y. Willame, C. Depiesse, I. R. Thomas, S. Robert, D. Bolsée, M. R. Patel, J. P. Mason, M. Leese, S. Lesschaeve, P. Antoine, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, B. Ristic, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, G. Bellucci, N. Team, and NOMAD Team, “Optical and Radiometric Models of the NOMAD Instrument Part I: The UVIS channel,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30028–30042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dubois, J.-P.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Durry, G.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Eggel, H.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Equeter, E.

Evans, R. W.

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

Fabrega, J.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Fedorova, A.

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Forget, F.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Formisano, V.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Fussen, D.

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

Gérard, J. C.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Glorieux, S.

Gómez-López, J. M.

Gomez-Sanjuan, A. M.

Hauchecorne, A.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Häusler, B.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Hourdin, F.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

James, P. B.

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

Jamoye, J.-F.

Jankowski, M.

Jeronimo-Zafra, J.-M.

Kalinnikov, Y.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kendall, D.

Kiselev, A.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Kochenova, S.

S. Vandenbussche, S. Kochenova, A. C. Vandaele, N. Kumps, and M. De Maziere, “Retrieval of desert dust aerosol vertical profiles from IASI measurements in the TIR atmospheric window,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(10), 2577–2591 (2013).
[Crossref]

Korablev, O.

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koschny, D.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Kumps, N.

S. Vandenbussche, S. Kochenova, A. C. Vandaele, N. Kumps, and M. De Maziere, “Retrieval of desert dust aerosol vertical profiles from IASI measurements in the TIR atmospheric window,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(10), 2577–2591 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leblanc, F.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Lebreton, J.-P.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Lee, S. W.

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

Leese, M.

Lefevre, F.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Lellouch, E.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Lesschaeve, S.

Lopez-Moreno, J. J.

López-Moreno, J.-J.

Maes, J.

Mahieux, A.

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

Markiewicz, W. J.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Mason, J. P.

McCoy, D.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Moelans, W.

Montmessin, F.

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Morales, R.

Muller, C.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Navarro-Medina, F.

Neary, L.

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

Neefs, E.

E. Neefs, A. C. Vandaele, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, G. Pieck, E. Equeter, C. Depiesse, F. Daerden, E. V. Ransbeeck, D. Nevejans, J. Rodriguez-Gómez, J.-J. López-Moreno, R. Sanz, R. Morales, G. P. Candini, M. C. Pastor-Morales, B. Aparicio del Moral, J.-M. Jeronimo-Zafra, J. M. Gómez-López, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, I. Pérez-Grande, J. Cubas, A. M. Gomez-Sanjuan, F. Navarro-Medina, T. Thibert, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. V. Vooren, W. Moelans, L. Aballea, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, D. Kendall, J. De Neef, A. Soenen, P.-Y. Puech, J. Ward, J.-F. Jamoye, D. Diez, A. Vicario-Arroyo, and M. Jankowski, “NOMAD spectrometer on the ExoMars trace gas orbiter mission: part 1--design, manufacturing and testing of the infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 8494–8520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Vandaele, Y. Willame, C. Depiesse, I. R. Thomas, S. Robert, D. Bolsée, M. R. Patel, J. P. Mason, M. Leese, S. Lesschaeve, P. Antoine, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, B. Ristic, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, G. Bellucci, N. Team, and NOMAD Team, “Optical and Radiometric Models of the NOMAD Instrument Part I: The UVIS channel,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30028–30042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nevejans, D.

E. Neefs, A. C. Vandaele, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, G. Pieck, E. Equeter, C. Depiesse, F. Daerden, E. V. Ransbeeck, D. Nevejans, J. Rodriguez-Gómez, J.-J. López-Moreno, R. Sanz, R. Morales, G. P. Candini, M. C. Pastor-Morales, B. Aparicio del Moral, J.-M. Jeronimo-Zafra, J. M. Gómez-López, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, I. Pérez-Grande, J. Cubas, A. M. Gomez-Sanjuan, F. Navarro-Medina, T. Thibert, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. V. Vooren, W. Moelans, L. Aballea, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, D. Kendall, J. De Neef, A. Soenen, P.-Y. Puech, J. Ward, J.-F. Jamoye, D. Diez, A. Vicario-Arroyo, and M. Jankowski, “NOMAD spectrometer on the ExoMars trace gas orbiter mission: part 1--design, manufacturing and testing of the infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 8494–8520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pastor-Morales, M. C.

Patel, M. R.

Pätzold, M.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Pérez-Grande, I.

Piccioni, G.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Pieck, G.

Puech, P.-Y.

Quémerais, E.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Rannou, P.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Ransbeeck, E. V.

Reberac, A.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Ristic, B.

Robert, S.

Rodin, A.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Rodriguez-Canabal, J.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Rodriguez-Gómez, J.

Sandel, B.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Sanz, R.

Semelina, F.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Shirmann, T.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Soenen, A.

Souchon, G.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Stepanov, A.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Stern, A.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Svedhem, H.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Talagrand, O.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Taylor, F. W.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Team, N.

Thibert, T.

Thomas, I. R.

Titov, D.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Trauger, J. T.

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

Van Ransbeeck, E.

Van Ransbeek, E.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Vandaele, A. C.

A. C. Vandaele, Y. Willame, C. Depiesse, I. R. Thomas, S. Robert, D. Bolsée, M. R. Patel, J. P. Mason, M. Leese, S. Lesschaeve, P. Antoine, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, B. Ristic, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, G. Bellucci, N. Team, and NOMAD Team, “Optical and Radiometric Models of the NOMAD Instrument Part I: The UVIS channel,” Opt. Express 23(23), 30028–30042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Neefs, A. C. Vandaele, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, G. Pieck, E. Equeter, C. Depiesse, F. Daerden, E. V. Ransbeeck, D. Nevejans, J. Rodriguez-Gómez, J.-J. López-Moreno, R. Sanz, R. Morales, G. P. Candini, M. C. Pastor-Morales, B. Aparicio del Moral, J.-M. Jeronimo-Zafra, J. M. Gómez-López, G. Alonso-Rodrigo, I. Pérez-Grande, J. Cubas, A. M. Gomez-Sanjuan, F. Navarro-Medina, T. Thibert, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. V. Vooren, W. Moelans, L. Aballea, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, D. Kendall, J. De Neef, A. Soenen, P.-Y. Puech, J. Ward, J.-F. Jamoye, D. Diez, A. Vicario-Arroyo, and M. Jankowski, “NOMAD spectrometer on the ExoMars trace gas orbiter mission: part 1--design, manufacturing and testing of the infrared channels,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 8494–8520 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vandenbussche, S. Kochenova, A. C. Vandaele, N. Kumps, and M. De Maziere, “Retrieval of desert dust aerosol vertical profiles from IASI measurements in the TIR atmospheric window,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(10), 2577–2591 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vandenbussche, S.

S. Vandenbussche, S. Kochenova, A. C. Vandaele, N. Kumps, and M. De Maziere, “Retrieval of desert dust aerosol vertical profiles from IASI measurements in the TIR atmospheric window,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(10), 2577–2591 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vicario-Arroyo, A.

Villard, E.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

D. Nevejans, E. Neefs, E. Van Ransbeeck, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, L. De Vos, W. Moelans, S. Glorieux, A. Baeke, O. Korablev, I. Vinogradov, Y. Kalinnikov, B. Bach, J.-P. Dubois, and E. Villard, “Compact high-resolution spaceborne echelle grating spectrometer with acousto-optical tunable filter based order sorting for the infrared domain from 2.2 to 4.3 µrm,” Appl. Opt. 45(21), 5191–5206 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vinogradov, A.

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

Vinogradov, I.

Vooren, N. V.

Ward, J.

Warhaut, M.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Willame, Y.

Wilquet, V.

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

Witasse, O.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Wolff, M.

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

Zhang, T. L.

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (1)

S. Vandenbussche, S. Kochenova, A. C. Vandaele, N. Kumps, and M. De Maziere, “Retrieval of desert dust aerosol vertical profiles from IASI measurements in the TIR atmospheric window,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(10), 2577–2591 (2013).
[Crossref]

Icarus (1)

J. Bell, M. Wolff, T. C. Daley, D. Crisp, P. B. James, S. W. Lee, J. T. Trauger, and R. W. Evans, “Near-Infrared Imaging of Mars from HST: Surface Reflectance, Photometric Properties, and Implications for MOLA Data,” Icarus 138, 25–35 (1999).

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

A. C. Vandaele, M. De Mazière, R. Drummond, A. Mahieux, E. Neefs, V. Wilquet, O. Korablev, A. Fedorova, D. Belyaev, F. Montmessin, and J. L. Bertaux, “Composition of the Venus mesosphere measured by Solar Occultation at Infrared on board Venus Express,” J. Geophys. Res. 113, E00B23 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Planet. Space Sci. (3)

R. Drummond, A. C. Vandaele, F. Daerden, D. Fussen, A. Mahieux, L. Neary, E. Neefs, S. Robert, Y. Willame, and V. Wilquet, “Studying methane and other trace species in the Mars atmosphere using a SOIR instrument,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2), 292–298 (2011).

J. L. Bertaux, D. Nevejans, O. Korablev, E. Villard, E. Quémerais, E. Neefs, F. Montmessin, F. Leblanc, J.-P. Dubois, E. Dimarellis, A. Hauchecorne, F. Lefevre, P. Rannou, J. Y. Chaufray, M. Cabane, G. Cernogora, G. Souchon, F. Semelina, A. Reberac, E. Van Ransbeek, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, C. Muller, F. Forget, F. Hourdin, O. Talagrand, A. Rodin, A. Fedorova, A. Stepanov, A. Vinogradov, A. Kiselev, Y. Kalinnikov, G. Durry, B. Sandel, A. Stern, and J. C. Gérard, “SPICAV on Venus Express: Three spectrometers to study the global structure and composition of the Venus atmosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1673–1700 (2007).

H. Svedhem, D. Titov, D. McCoy, J.-P. Lebreton, S. Barabash, J. L. Bertaux, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, B. Häusler, O. Korablev, W. J. Markiewicz, D. Nevejans, M. Pätzold, G. Piccioni, T. L. Zhang, F. W. Taylor, E. Lellouch, D. Koschny, O. Witasse, H. Eggel, M. Warhaut, A. Accomazzo, J. Rodriguez-Canabal, J. Fabrega, T. Shirmann, A. Clochet, and M. Coradini, “Venus Express: The first European mission to Venus,” Planet. Space Sci. 55, 1636–1652 (2007).

Other (1)

S. Robert, A. C. Vandaele, I. R. Thomas, Y. Willame, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, C. Depiesse, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, L. Neary, B. Ristic, J-J. Lopez-Moreno, J. Rodriguez-Gomez, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, and the NOMAD Team are preparing a manuscript to be called “Expected Performances of the NOMAD/ExoMars instrument”.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Optical design of the SO and LNO channels: (1) the entrance optics, (2) the AOTF filter, (3) the spectrometer entrance slit, (4) collimating/imaging parabolic mirror, (6) folding mirror, (5) the echelle grating, (7) the detector.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spectral radiances entering the LNO nadir aperture for the various cases described previously. They correspond to two different Sun-Mars distances: aphelion in (a) and (c), and perihelion in (b) and (d); for different dust opacities at a fixed sza of 45° (a) and (b), and different solar zenith angles for a fixed dust OD of 0.2 (c) and (d). Solid, dotted and dashed lines correspond to the different albedos (bright spots, intermediate, and dark areas respectively).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Solar spectral radiance entering the SO and LNO solar occultation apertures. Note that radiance is invariant with Sun-Mars distance. Below 2.5µm solar absorption lines are present in the spectrum.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Transmission properties of the optical components in the SO (a) and LNO (b) channels.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 AOTF transmission efficiency versus angle of incidence. NOMAD's AOTF has been positioned so that the on-axis photons pass through the center of the AOTF and hit the center of the detector with minimal attenuation. The LNO AOTF is much larger than the SO AOTF, which increases throughput but results in a higher attenuation of off-axis light.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Blaze function and Free Spectral Range parameters for the SO and LNO channels. A measurement of one order corresponds to a horizontal slice across the entire detector at a single central wavenumber. The blaze function peaks in the centre of the detector for all diffraction orders, but the fall-off varies with order (and central wavenumber of that order). The grating's FSR varies non-linearly with order also; therefore pixels below the dotted line contain adjacent orders and are omitted from the calculation. At low orders, the FSR is larger than the detector; hence some small spectral ranges cannot be measured.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Integration times for the SO (a), LNO solar occultation (b) and LNO nadir (c) channels at 263K, 273K and 283K. In nadir mode, the thermal background is an order of magnitude larger than the signal from Mars; therefore the integration time is mainly dependent on instrument temperature. In occultation mode, the solar flux dominates the thermal background; hence the change with temperature is very small.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Expected SNRs for SO (a) and LNO occultation (b) observations for three instrument temperatures (263K, 273K and 283K).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Effects of Sun-Mars distance variations: Expected SNR for LNO nadir observations for one solar zenith angle (45°), two dust cases (OD = 0.1 and OD = 1), intermediate surface albedo (0.242), two Sun-Mars distances (1.38AU @ Ls = 251° and 1.67AU @ Ls = 71°) and three instrument temperatures (263K, 273K and 283K).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Effects of Variations in Albedo: Expected SNR for LNO nadir observations for one solar zenith angle (45°), one dust case (OD = 0.4), three surface albedos (0.179, 0.242 and 0.361), one Sun-Mars distance (1.38AU @ Ls = 251°) and three instrument temperatures (263K, 273K and 283K).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Effects of Variations in Solar Zenith Angle: Expected SNR for LNO nadir observations for four solar zenith angles (0°, 45°, 65° and 80°), one dust case (OD = 0.2), intermediate surface albedo (0.242), one Sun-Mars distance (1.38AU @ Ls = 251°) and three instrument temperatures (263K, 273K and 283K).
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Effects of Variations of Dust Opacity: Expected SNR for LNO nadir observations for one solar zenith angle (45°), four dust cases (OD = 0.1, 0.4, 0.7, 1.0), intermediate surface albedo (0.242), one Sun-Mars distance (1.38AU @ Ls = 251°) and three instrument temperatures (263K, 273K and 283K).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 LNO nadir environmental parameters

Equations (12)

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SNR( i )= S( i ) N( i )
τ AOTF ( λ )=exp( ( λ λ centre ) 2 2 ( Δλ 2 2ln( 2 ) ) 2 )
S(λ)= aπ 4 ( F/# ) 2 Δλ W slit τ opt (λ)R(λ)
S electrons (i)= λ i hc τ det ( λ i ) E Q ( λ i )S( λ i )Δt
N quant = S FWC (i) 12 .2 nbits ( V ADCmax V ADCmin V ADC )
B(λ,T)= 2hc λ 5 1 exp( hc / λ k B T )1
S electrons,n (λ, T n )= ε n (λ)B(λ, T n )( λ hc )AΩ( j=n+1 m τ j (λ) ) E Q (λ)Δt
S tb1 (i)= n ( S electrons,n ( λ i+1 , T n )+ S electrons,n ( λ i , T n ) 2 )( λ i+1 λ i )
S tb2 (i)= n x=0 ( S electrons,n ( λ x,i+1 , T n )+ S electrons,n ( λ x,i , T n ) 2 ) ( λ x,i+1 λ x,i )
S tb3 (i)= n λ=0 S electrons,n (λ, T n )
N(i,x)= N dark 2 + N ro 2 + N quant 2 (i,x)+ N shot 2 (i,x)+ N tb 2 (i,x)
S(i,x) N(i,x) = S electrons (i,x) 6000Δt+ 1000 2 + ( S FWC (i,x) 12 .2 nbits ( V ADCmax V ADCmin V ADC ) ) 2 + S electrons (i,x)+ S tb (i,x)

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