Y. Altmann, X. Ren, A. McCarthy, G. S. Buller, and S. McLaughlin, “Lidar waveform based analysis of depth images constructed using sparse single-photon data,” arXiv:1507.02511 [stat:AP] (2015).

A. Beck and M. Teboulle, “A fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm for linear inverse problems,” SIAM J. Imag. Sci. 2, 183–202 (2009).

[Crossref]

C. Niclass, A. Rochas, P. A. Besse, and E. Charbon, “Design and characterization of a CMOS 3-D image sensor based on single photon avalanche diodes,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1847–1854 (2005).

[Crossref]

R. Blahut, Theory of Remote Image Formation (Cambridge University Press, 2004).

[Crossref]

K. I. Chang, K. W. Bowyer, and P. J. Flynn, “An evaluation of multimodal 2D+3D face biometrics,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 619–624 (2005).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

C. Mallet and F. Bretar, “Full-waveform topographic lidar: State-of-the-art,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sensing 64, 1–16 (2009).

[Crossref]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

A. Wallace, J. Ye, N. Krichel, A. McCarthy, R. J. Collins, and G. S. Buller, “Full waveform analysis for long-range 3D imaging laser radar,” EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2010, 896708 (2010).

[Crossref]

S. Pellegrini, G. S. Buller, J. M. Smith, A. M. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712–716 (2000).

[Crossref]

Y. Altmann, X. Ren, A. McCarthy, G. S. Buller, and S. McLaughlin, “Lidar waveform based analysis of depth images constructed using sparse single-photon data,” arXiv:1507.02511 [stat:AP] (2015).

J. Castorena, C. D. Creusere, and D. Voelz, “Using finite moment rate of innovation for lidar waveform complexity estimation,” in Conference Record of the 44th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, (IEEE, New York, 2010), pp. 608–612.

J. Castorena and C. D. Creusere, “Compressive sampling of LIDAR: Full-waveforms as signals of finite rate of innovation,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Signal Processing Conference, (IEEE, New York, 2012), pp. 984–988.

K. I. Chang, K. W. Bowyer, and P. J. Flynn, “An evaluation of multimodal 2D+3D face biometrics,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 619–624 (2005).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

C. Niclass, A. Rochas, P. A. Besse, and E. Charbon, “Design and characterization of a CMOS 3-D image sensor based on single photon avalanche diodes,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1847–1854 (2005).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, D. Venkatraman, D. Shin, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and V. K. Goyal, “First-photon imaging,” Science 343, 58–61 (2014).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, and V. K. Goyal, “Exploiting sparsity in time-of-flight range acquisition using a single time-resolved sensor,” Opt. Express 19, 21485–21507 (2011).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Wallace, J. Ye, N. Krichel, A. McCarthy, R. J. Collins, and G. S. Buller, “Full waveform analysis for long-range 3D imaging laser radar,” EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2010, 896708 (2010).

[Crossref]

C. D. Mutto, P. Zanuttigh, and G. M. Cortelazzo, Time-of-Flight Cameras and Microsoft Kinect™ (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

[Crossref]

J. Côté, J. Widlowski, R. A. Fournier, and M. M. Verstraete, “The structural and radiative consistency of three-dimensional tree reconstructions from terrestrial LIDAR,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 1067–1081 (2009).

[Crossref]

S. Pellegrini, G. S. Buller, J. M. Smith, A. M. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712–716 (2000).

[Crossref]

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

J. Castorena and C. D. Creusere, “Compressive sampling of LIDAR: Full-waveforms as signals of finite rate of innovation,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Signal Processing Conference, (IEEE, New York, 2012), pp. 984–988.

J. Castorena, C. D. Creusere, and D. Voelz, “Using finite moment rate of innovation for lidar waveform complexity estimation,” in Conference Record of the 44th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, (IEEE, New York, 2010), pp. 608–612.

I. Daubechies, M. Defrise, and C. De Mol, “An iterative thresholding algorithm for linear inverse problems with a sparsity constraint,” Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 57, 1413–1457 (2004).

[Crossref]

I. Daubechies, M. Defrise, and C. De Mol, “An iterative thresholding algorithm for linear inverse problems with a sparsity constraint,” Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 57, 1413–1457 (2004).

[Crossref]

I. Daubechies, M. Defrise, and C. De Mol, “An iterative thresholding algorithm for linear inverse problems with a sparsity constraint,” Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 57, 1413–1457 (2004).

[Crossref]

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, and D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,” J. Roy. Statist. Soc., Ser. B 39, 1–38 (1977).

M. Elad, Sparse and Redundant Representations: From Theory to Applications in Signal and Image Processing (Springer, 2010).

[Crossref]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

K. I. Chang, K. W. Bowyer, and P. J. Flynn, “An evaluation of multimodal 2D+3D face biometrics,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 619–624 (2005).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. Côté, J. Widlowski, R. A. Fournier, and M. M. Verstraete, “The structural and radiative consistency of three-dimensional tree reconstructions from terrestrial LIDAR,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 1067–1081 (2009).

[Crossref]

D. Freedman, Y. Smolin, E. Krupka, I. Leichter, and M. Schmidt, “SRA: Fast removal of general multipath for ToF sensors,” in European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), (Springer, 2014), pp. 234–249.

S. Fuchs, M. Suppa, and O. Hellwich, “Compensation for multipath in ToF camera measurements supported by photometric calibration and environment integration,” in Computer Vision Systems, M. Chen, B. Leibe, and B. Neumann, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 31–41.

[Crossref]

J. Liang, L. Gao, P. Hai, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Encrypted three-dimensional dynamic imaging using snapshot time-of-flight compressed ultrafast photography,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15504 (2015).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

S. Hernandez-Marin, A. M. Wallace, and G. J. Gibson, “Creating multi-layered 3D images using reversible jump MCMC algorithms,” in Advances in Visual Computing, G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, P. Remagnino, A. Nefian, G. Meenakshisundaram, V. Pascucci, J. Zara, J. Molineros, H. Theisel, and T. Malzbender., eds. (Springer, Berlin, 2006), pp. 405–416.

G. H. Golub, M. Heath, and G. Wahba, “Generalized cross-validation as a method for choosing a good ridge parameter,” Technometrics 21, 215–223 (1979).

[Crossref]

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Photon-efficient computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Computational Imaging 1, 112–125 (2015).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, D. Venkatraman, D. Shin, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and V. K. Goyal, “First-photon imaging,” Science 343, 58–61 (2014).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, and V. K. Goyal, “Exploiting sparsity in time-of-flight range acquisition using a single time-resolved sensor,” Opt. Express 19, 21485–21507 (2011).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, (IEEE, New York, 2014), pp. 46–50.

F. Heide, M. B. Hullin, J. Gregson, and W. Heidrich, “Low-budget transient imaging using photonic mixer devices,” ACM Trans. Graphics 32, 45 (2013)

[Crossref]

J. Liang, L. Gao, P. Hai, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Encrypted three-dimensional dynamic imaging using snapshot time-of-flight compressed ultrafast photography,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15504 (2015).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

G. H. Golub, M. Heath, and G. Wahba, “Generalized cross-validation as a method for choosing a good ridge parameter,” Technometrics 21, 215–223 (1979).

[Crossref]

F. Heide, M. B. Hullin, J. Gregson, and W. Heidrich, “Low-budget transient imaging using photonic mixer devices,” ACM Trans. Graphics 32, 45 (2013)

[Crossref]

F. Heide, M. B. Hullin, J. Gregson, and W. Heidrich, “Low-budget transient imaging using photonic mixer devices,” ACM Trans. Graphics 32, 45 (2013)

[Crossref]

S. Fuchs, M. Suppa, and O. Hellwich, “Compensation for multipath in ToF camera measurements supported by photometric calibration and environment integration,” in Computer Vision Systems, M. Chen, B. Leibe, and B. Neumann, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 31–41.

[Crossref]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

S. Hernandez-Marin, A. M. Wallace, and G. J. Gibson, “Creating multi-layered 3D images using reversible jump MCMC algorithms,” in Advances in Visual Computing, G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, P. Remagnino, A. Nefian, G. Meenakshisundaram, V. Pascucci, J. Zara, J. Molineros, H. Theisel, and T. Malzbender., eds. (Springer, Berlin, 2006), pp. 405–416.

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

H. Qiao, J. Lin, Y. Lin, M. B. Hullin, and W. Dai, “Resolving transient time profile in ToF imaging via log-sum sparse regularization,” Opt. Lett. 40, 918–921 (2015).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

F. Heide, M. B. Hullin, J. Gregson, and W. Heidrich, “Low-budget transient imaging using photonic mixer devices,” ACM Trans. Graphics 32, 45 (2013)

[Crossref]

C. Niclass, M. Soga, H. Matsubara, S. Kato, and M. Kagami, “A 100-m range 10-frame/s 340 96-pixel time-of-flight depth sensor in 0.18-CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 48, 559–572 (2013).

[Crossref]

C. Niclass, M. Soga, H. Matsubara, S. Kato, and M. Kagami, “A 100-m range 10-frame/s 340 96-pixel time-of-flight depth sensor in 0.18-CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 48, 559–572 (2013).

[Crossref]

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Photon-efficient computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Computational Imaging 1, 112–125 (2015).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, D. Venkatraman, D. Shin, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and V. K. Goyal, “First-photon imaging,” Science 343, 58–61 (2014).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, and V. K. Goyal, “Exploiting sparsity in time-of-flight range acquisition using a single time-resolved sensor,” Opt. Express 19, 21485–21507 (2011).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, (IEEE, New York, 2014), pp. 46–50.

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

A. Wallace, J. Ye, N. Krichel, A. McCarthy, R. J. Collins, and G. S. Buller, “Full waveform analysis for long-range 3D imaging laser radar,” EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2010, 896708 (2010).

[Crossref]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

D. Freedman, Y. Smolin, E. Krupka, I. Leichter, and M. Schmidt, “SRA: Fast removal of general multipath for ToF sensors,” in European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), (Springer, 2014), pp. 234–249.

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, and D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,” J. Roy. Statist. Soc., Ser. B 39, 1–38 (1977).

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

D. Freedman, Y. Smolin, E. Krupka, I. Leichter, and M. Schmidt, “SRA: Fast removal of general multipath for ToF sensors,” in European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), (Springer, 2014), pp. 234–249.

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

J. Liang, L. Gao, P. Hai, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Encrypted three-dimensional dynamic imaging using snapshot time-of-flight compressed ultrafast photography,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15504 (2015).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. Liang, L. Gao, P. Hai, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Encrypted three-dimensional dynamic imaging using snapshot time-of-flight compressed ultrafast photography,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15504 (2015).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

C. Mallet and F. Bretar, “Full-waveform topographic lidar: State-of-the-art,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sensing 64, 1–16 (2009).

[Crossref]

C. Niclass, M. Soga, H. Matsubara, S. Kato, and M. Kagami, “A 100-m range 10-frame/s 340 96-pixel time-of-flight depth sensor in 0.18-CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 48, 559–572 (2013).

[Crossref]

A. Wallace, J. Ye, N. Krichel, A. McCarthy, R. J. Collins, and G. S. Buller, “Full waveform analysis for long-range 3D imaging laser radar,” EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2010, 896708 (2010).

[Crossref]

Y. Altmann, X. Ren, A. McCarthy, G. S. Buller, and S. McLaughlin, “Lidar waveform based analysis of depth images constructed using sparse single-photon data,” arXiv:1507.02511 [stat:AP] (2015).

Y. Altmann, X. Ren, A. McCarthy, G. S. Buller, and S. McLaughlin, “Lidar waveform based analysis of depth images constructed using sparse single-photon data,” arXiv:1507.02511 [stat:AP] (2015).

C. D. Mutto, P. Zanuttigh, and G. M. Cortelazzo, Time-of-Flight Cameras and Microsoft Kinect™ (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

[Crossref]

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

B. K. Natarajan, “Sparse approximate solutions to linear systems,” SIAM J. Comput. 24, 227–234 (1995).

[Crossref]

C. Niclass, M. Soga, H. Matsubara, S. Kato, and M. Kagami, “A 100-m range 10-frame/s 340 96-pixel time-of-flight depth sensor in 0.18-CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 48, 559–572 (2013).

[Crossref]

C. Niclass, A. Rochas, P. A. Besse, and E. Charbon, “Design and characterization of a CMOS 3-D image sensor based on single photon avalanche diodes,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1847–1854 (2005).

[Crossref]

S. Pellegrini, G. S. Buller, J. M. Smith, A. M. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712–716 (2000).

[Crossref]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

A. Bhandari, A. Kadambi, R. Whyte, C. Barsi, M. Feigin, A. Dorrington, and R. Raskar, “Resolving multipath interference in time-of-flight imaging via modulation frequency diversity and sparse regularization,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1705–1708 (2014).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

Y. Altmann, X. Ren, A. McCarthy, G. S. Buller, and S. McLaughlin, “Lidar waveform based analysis of depth images constructed using sparse single-photon data,” arXiv:1507.02511 [stat:AP] (2015).

C. Niclass, A. Rochas, P. A. Besse, and E. Charbon, “Design and characterization of a CMOS 3-D image sensor based on single photon avalanche diodes,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1847–1854 (2005).

[Crossref]

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, and D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,” J. Roy. Statist. Soc., Ser. B 39, 1–38 (1977).

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

D. Freedman, Y. Smolin, E. Krupka, I. Leichter, and M. Schmidt, “SRA: Fast removal of general multipath for ToF sensors,” in European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), (Springer, 2014), pp. 234–249.

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Photon-efficient computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Computational Imaging 1, 112–125 (2015).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, D. Venkatraman, D. Shin, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and V. K. Goyal, “First-photon imaging,” Science 343, 58–61 (2014).

[Crossref]

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, (IEEE, New York, 2014), pp. 46–50.

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Photon-efficient computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Computational Imaging 1, 112–125 (2015).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, D. Venkatraman, D. Shin, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and V. K. Goyal, “First-photon imaging,” Science 343, 58–61 (2014).

[Crossref]

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, (IEEE, New York, 2014), pp. 46–50.

S. Pellegrini, G. S. Buller, J. M. Smith, A. M. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712–716 (2000).

[Crossref]

D. Freedman, Y. Smolin, E. Krupka, I. Leichter, and M. Schmidt, “SRA: Fast removal of general multipath for ToF sensors,” in European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), (Springer, 2014), pp. 234–249.

D. Snyder, Random Point Processes (Wiley, 1975).

C. Niclass, M. Soga, H. Matsubara, S. Kato, and M. Kagami, “A 100-m range 10-frame/s 340 96-pixel time-of-flight depth sensor in 0.18-CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 48, 559–572 (2013).

[Crossref]

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

S. Fuchs, M. Suppa, and O. Hellwich, “Compensation for multipath in ToF camera measurements supported by photometric calibration and environment integration,” in Computer Vision Systems, M. Chen, B. Leibe, and B. Neumann, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 31–41.

[Crossref]

A. Beck and M. Teboulle, “A fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm for linear inverse problems,” SIAM J. Imag. Sci. 2, 183–202 (2009).

[Crossref]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

A. Kirmani, D. Venkatraman, D. Shin, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and V. K. Goyal, “First-photon imaging,” Science 343, 58–61 (2014).

[Crossref]

J. Côté, J. Widlowski, R. A. Fournier, and M. M. Verstraete, “The structural and radiative consistency of three-dimensional tree reconstructions from terrestrial LIDAR,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 1067–1081 (2009).

[Crossref]

J. Castorena, C. D. Creusere, and D. Voelz, “Using finite moment rate of innovation for lidar waveform complexity estimation,” in Conference Record of the 44th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, (IEEE, New York, 2010), pp. 608–612.

G. H. Golub, M. Heath, and G. Wahba, “Generalized cross-validation as a method for choosing a good ridge parameter,” Technometrics 21, 215–223 (1979).

[Crossref]

A. Wallace, J. Ye, N. Krichel, A. McCarthy, R. J. Collins, and G. S. Buller, “Full waveform analysis for long-range 3D imaging laser radar,” EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2010, 896708 (2010).

[Crossref]

S. Pellegrini, G. S. Buller, J. M. Smith, A. M. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712–716 (2000).

[Crossref]

S. Hernandez-Marin, A. M. Wallace, and G. J. Gibson, “Creating multi-layered 3D images using reversible jump MCMC algorithms,” in Advances in Visual Computing, G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, P. Remagnino, A. Nefian, G. Meenakshisundaram, V. Pascucci, J. Zara, J. Molineros, H. Theisel, and T. Malzbender., eds. (Springer, Berlin, 2006), pp. 405–416.

J. Liang, L. Gao, P. Hai, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Encrypted three-dimensional dynamic imaging using snapshot time-of-flight compressed ultrafast photography,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15504 (2015).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. Côté, J. Widlowski, R. A. Fournier, and M. M. Verstraete, “The structural and radiative consistency of three-dimensional tree reconstructions from terrestrial LIDAR,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 1067–1081 (2009).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, D. Venkatraman, D. Shin, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and V. K. Goyal, “First-photon imaging,” Science 343, 58–61 (2014).

[Crossref]

A. Kirmani, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, and V. K. Goyal, “Exploiting sparsity in time-of-flight range acquisition using a single time-resolved sensor,” Opt. Express 19, 21485–21507 (2011).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Wallace, J. Ye, N. Krichel, A. McCarthy, R. J. Collins, and G. S. Buller, “Full waveform analysis for long-range 3D imaging laser radar,” EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2010, 896708 (2010).

[Crossref]

C. D. Mutto, P. Zanuttigh, and G. M. Cortelazzo, Time-of-Flight Cameras and Microsoft Kinect™ (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

[Crossref]

F. Heide, M. B. Hullin, J. Gregson, and W. Heidrich, “Low-budget transient imaging using photonic mixer devices,” ACM Trans. Graphics 32, 45 (2013)

[Crossref]

I. Daubechies, M. Defrise, and C. De Mol, “An iterative thresholding algorithm for linear inverse problems with a sparsity constraint,” Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 57, 1413–1457 (2004).

[Crossref]

A. Wallace, J. Ye, N. Krichel, A. McCarthy, R. J. Collins, and G. S. Buller, “Full waveform analysis for long-range 3D imaging laser radar,” EURASIP J. Adv. Signal Process. 2010, 896708 (2010).

[Crossref]

C. Niclass, A. Rochas, P. A. Besse, and E. Charbon, “Design and characterization of a CMOS 3-D image sensor based on single photon avalanche diodes,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1847–1854 (2005).

[Crossref]

C. Niclass, M. Soga, H. Matsubara, S. Kato, and M. Kagami, “A 100-m range 10-frame/s 340 96-pixel time-of-flight depth sensor in 0.18-CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 48, 559–572 (2013).

[Crossref]

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Photon-efficient computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Computational Imaging 1, 112–125 (2015).

[Crossref]

K. I. Chang, K. W. Bowyer, and P. J. Flynn, “An evaluation of multimodal 2D+3D face biometrics,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 619–624 (2005).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

C. Mallet and F. Bretar, “Full-waveform topographic lidar: State-of-the-art,” ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sensing 64, 1–16 (2009).

[Crossref]

A. P. Dempster, N. M. Laird, and D. B. Rubin, “Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm,” J. Roy. Statist. Soc., Ser. B 39, 1–38 (1977).

S. Pellegrini, G. S. Buller, J. M. Smith, A. M. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 712–716 (2000).

[Crossref]

G. Gariepy, N. Krstajić, R. Henderson, C. Li, R. R. Thomson, G. S. Buller, B. Heshmat, R. Raskar, J. Leach, and D. Faccio, “Single-photon sensitive light-in-flight imaging,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7021 (2015).

A. Kirmani, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, and V. K. Goyal, “Exploiting sparsity in time-of-flight range acquisition using a single time-resolved sensor,” Opt. Express 19, 21485–21507 (2011).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

S. Bellisai, D. Bronzi, F. Villa, S. Tisa, A. Tosi, and F. Zappa, “Single-photon pulsed-light indirect time-of-flight 3D ranging,” Opt. Express 21, 5086–5098 (2013).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Bhandari, A. Kadambi, R. Whyte, C. Barsi, M. Feigin, A. Dorrington, and R. Raskar, “Resolving multipath interference in time-of-flight imaging via modulation frequency diversity and sparse regularization,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1705–1708 (2014).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

H. Qiao, J. Lin, Y. Lin, M. B. Hullin, and W. Dai, “Resolving transient time profile in ToF imaging via log-sum sparse regularization,” Opt. Lett. 40, 918–921 (2015).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. Côté, J. Widlowski, R. A. Fournier, and M. M. Verstraete, “The structural and radiative consistency of three-dimensional tree reconstructions from terrestrial LIDAR,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113, 1067–1081 (2009).

[Crossref]

J. Liang, L. Gao, P. Hai, C. Li, and L. V. Wang, “Encrypted three-dimensional dynamic imaging using snapshot time-of-flight compressed ultrafast photography,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15504 (2015).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Kirmani, D. Venkatraman, D. Shin, A. Colaço, F. N. C. Wong, J. H. Shapiro, and V. K. Goyal, “First-photon imaging,” Science 343, 58–61 (2014).

[Crossref]

B. K. Natarajan, “Sparse approximate solutions to linear systems,” SIAM J. Comput. 24, 227–234 (1995).

[Crossref]

A. Beck and M. Teboulle, “A fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm for linear inverse problems,” SIAM J. Imag. Sci. 2, 183–202 (2009).

[Crossref]

G. H. Golub, M. Heath, and G. Wahba, “Generalized cross-validation as a method for choosing a good ridge parameter,” Technometrics 21, 215–223 (1979).

[Crossref]

D. Snyder, Random Point Processes (Wiley, 1975).

S. Hernandez-Marin, A. M. Wallace, and G. J. Gibson, “Creating multi-layered 3D images using reversible jump MCMC algorithms,” in Advances in Visual Computing, G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, P. Remagnino, A. Nefian, G. Meenakshisundaram, V. Pascucci, J. Zara, J. Molineros, H. Theisel, and T. Malzbender., eds. (Springer, Berlin, 2006), pp. 405–416.

M. Elad, Sparse and Redundant Representations: From Theory to Applications in Signal and Image Processing (Springer, 2010).

[Crossref]

S. Fuchs, M. Suppa, and O. Hellwich, “Compensation for multipath in ToF camera measurements supported by photometric calibration and environment integration,” in Computer Vision Systems, M. Chen, B. Leibe, and B. Neumann, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 31–41.

[Crossref]

“GitHub repository for multi-depth single-photon imaging,” https://github.com/photon-efficient-imaging/full-waveform/ .

D. Lefloch, R. Nair, F. Lenzen, H. Schäfer, L. Streeter, M. Cree, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, “Technical foundation and calibration methods for time-of-flight cameras,” in Time-of-Flight and Depth Imaging. Sensors, Algorithms, and Applications, M. Grzegorzek, C. Theobalt, R. Koch, and A. Kolb, eds. (Springer, 2013), pp. 3–24.

[Crossref]

D. Shin, A. Kirmani, V. K. Goyal, and J. H. Shapiro, “Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, (IEEE, New York, 2014), pp. 46–50.

Y. Altmann, X. Ren, A. McCarthy, G. S. Buller, and S. McLaughlin, “Lidar waveform based analysis of depth images constructed using sparse single-photon data,” arXiv:1507.02511 [stat:AP] (2015).

J. Castorena, C. D. Creusere, and D. Voelz, “Using finite moment rate of innovation for lidar waveform complexity estimation,” in Conference Record of the 44th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, (IEEE, New York, 2010), pp. 608–612.

J. Castorena and C. D. Creusere, “Compressive sampling of LIDAR: Full-waveforms as signals of finite rate of innovation,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Signal Processing Conference, (IEEE, New York, 2012), pp. 984–988.

D. Freedman, Y. Smolin, E. Krupka, I. Leichter, and M. Schmidt, “SRA: Fast removal of general multipath for ToF sensors,” in European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), (Springer, 2014), pp. 234–249.

C. D. Mutto, P. Zanuttigh, and G. M. Cortelazzo, Time-of-Flight Cameras and Microsoft Kinect™ (Springer-Verlag, 2012).

[Crossref]

R. Blahut, Theory of Remote Image Formation (Cambridge University Press, 2004).

[Crossref]