Abstract

Single-nanowire solar cells (SNSCs) are attracting increasing interest due to their unique optical antenna effect beneficial for achieving higher light-trapping capability. However, for conventional circular-cross-sectional SNSCs, the light-trapping performance is still far from the expectation. Here we demonstrate that integrating a silicon single nanowire into a metallic slit can dramatically enhance the absorption efficiency over almost the whole spectral band due to strengthened optical antenna effect. Especially, it is found that by using finite-size metallic blocks to form a nanoscale metallic cavity, the light-trapping performance of the SNSCs can be further improved. Through examining the detailed optical spectral response, electric field distribution, and cavity dispersion characteristics, the metallic-coupled SNSC system is optimized and the underlying physics are provided. Simulation results indicate that the photocurrent density of the SNSCs coupled with the designed metallic cavity can be enhanced by 44.4% than that of the conventional bare SNSCs.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (1)

X. Yan, B. Li, Y. Wu, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, “A single crystalline InP nanowire photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 053109 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

S. Liu, C. Li, J. J. Figiel, S. R. Brueck, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Continuous and dynamic spectral tuning of single nanowire lasers with subnanometer resolution using hydrostatic pressure,” Nanoscale 7(21), 9581–9588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, Z. Yang, A. Shang, S. Wu, Y. Zhan, and X. Li, “Improved optical absorption of silicon single-nanowire solar cells by off-axial core/shell design,” Nano Energy 17, 233–240 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. Zhan, and C. Wang, “Broadband enhancement of coaxial heterogeneous gallium arsenide single-nanowire solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(5), 628–636 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (5)

G. Cao, X. Li, Y. Zhan, S. Wu, A. Shang, C. Zhang, Z. Yang, and X. Zhai, “Design of μc-Si:H/a-Si:H coaxial tandem single-nanowire solar cells considering photocurrent matching,” Opt. Express 22(107), A1761–A1767 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhan, X. Li, D. Lei, S. Wu, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Enhanced photoresponsivity of a germanium single-nanowire photodetector confined within a superwavelength metallic slit,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 483–488 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wu, X. Li, Y. Zhan, and K. Li, “Absorption enhancement of single silicon nanowire by tailoring rear metallic film for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 817–820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, K. D. Song, T. J. Kempa, R. W. Day, C. M. Lieber, and H. G. Park, “Design of nanowire optical cavities as efficient photon absorbers,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3707–3714 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Y. Zhan, X. Li, and Y. Li, “Numerical simulation of light-trapping and photoelectric conversion in single nanowire silicon solar cells,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Fan, K. C. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 392–396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

Y. Yu, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and L. Cao, “Dielectric core-shell optical antennas for strong solar absorption enhancement,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3674–3681 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal-semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 380–385 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (6)

W. F. Liu, J. I. Oh, and W. Z. Shen, “Light absorption mechanism in single c-Si (core)/a-Si (shell) coaxial nanowires,” Nanotechnology 22(12), 125705 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tang, Z. Huo, S. Brittman, H. Gao, and P. Yang, “Solution-processed core-shell nanowires for efficient photovoltaic cells,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(9), 568–572 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Brittman, H. Gao, E. C. Garnett, and P. Yang, “Absorption of light in a single-nanowire silicon solar cell decorated with an octahedral silver nanocrystal,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5189–5195 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, B. A. Korevaar, O. Sulima, and J. Rand, “Silicon nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(23), 233117 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

K. Peng, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Yan, S.-T. Lee, and J. Zhu, “Aligned single-crystalline Si nanowire arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Small 1(11), 1062–1067 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Afshinmanesh, F.

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal-semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 380–385 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

Y. Yu, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and L. Cao, “Dielectric core-shell optical antennas for strong solar absorption enhancement,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3674–3681 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balch, J.

L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, B. A. Korevaar, O. Sulima, and J. Rand, “Silicon nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(23), 233117 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brener, I.

S. Liu, C. Li, J. J. Figiel, S. R. Brueck, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Continuous and dynamic spectral tuning of single nanowire lasers with subnanometer resolution using hydrostatic pressure,” Nanoscale 7(21), 9581–9588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brittman, S.

S. Brittman, H. Gao, E. C. Garnett, and P. Yang, “Absorption of light in a single-nanowire silicon solar cell decorated with an octahedral silver nanocrystal,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5189–5195 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tang, Z. Huo, S. Brittman, H. Gao, and P. Yang, “Solution-processed core-shell nanowires for efficient photovoltaic cells,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(9), 568–572 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

P. Fan, K. C. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 392–396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal-semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 380–385 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R.

S. Liu, C. Li, J. J. Figiel, S. R. Brueck, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Continuous and dynamic spectral tuning of single nanowire lasers with subnanometer resolution using hydrostatic pressure,” Nanoscale 7(21), 9581–9588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cahoon, J. F.

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, G.

Cao, L.

P. Fan, K. C. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 392–396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and L. Cao, “Dielectric core-shell optical antennas for strong solar absorption enhancement,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3674–3681 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal-semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 380–385 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chettiar, U. K.

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal-semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 380–385 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cohen, J. D.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dai, L.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Day, R. W.

S. K. Kim, K. D. Song, T. J. Kempa, R. W. Day, C. M. Lieber, and H. G. Park, “Design of nanowire optical cavities as efficient photon absorbers,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3707–3714 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ekins-Daukes, N. J.

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Engheta, N.

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal-semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 380–385 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fan, P.

P. Fan, K. C. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 392–396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal-semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 380–385 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Y.

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferry, V. E.

Y. Yu, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and L. Cao, “Dielectric core-shell optical antennas for strong solar absorption enhancement,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3674–3681 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Figiel, J. J.

S. Liu, C. Li, J. J. Figiel, S. R. Brueck, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Continuous and dynamic spectral tuning of single nanowire lasers with subnanometer resolution using hydrostatic pressure,” Nanoscale 7(21), 9581–9588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franckevicius, M.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fronheiser, J.

L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, B. A. Korevaar, O. Sulima, and J. Rand, “Silicon nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(23), 233117 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gao, H.

J. Tang, Z. Huo, S. Brittman, H. Gao, and P. Yang, “Solution-processed core-shell nanowires for efficient photovoltaic cells,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(9), 568–572 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Brittman, H. Gao, E. C. Garnett, and P. Yang, “Absorption of light in a single-nanowire silicon solar cell decorated with an octahedral silver nanocrystal,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5189–5195 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, P.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garnett, E. C.

S. Brittman, H. Gao, E. C. Garnett, and P. Yang, “Absorption of light in a single-nanowire silicon solar cell decorated with an octahedral silver nanocrystal,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5189–5195 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[Crossref]

Giannini, V.

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grätzel, M.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, F.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hood, J. D.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, K. C.

P. Fan, K. C. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 392–396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hung, C.-L.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huo, Z.

J. Tang, Z. Huo, S. Brittman, H. Gao, and P. Yang, “Solution-processed core-shell nanowires for efficient photovoltaic cells,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(9), 568–572 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hylton, N. P.

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Im, J. H.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kempa, T. J.

S. K. Kim, K. D. Song, T. J. Kempa, R. W. Day, C. M. Lieber, and H. G. Park, “Design of nanowire optical cavities as efficient photon absorbers,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3707–3714 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. K.

S. K. Kim, K. D. Song, T. J. Kempa, R. W. Day, C. M. Lieber, and H. G. Park, “Design of nanowire optical cavities as efficient photon absorbers,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3707–3714 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Korevaar, B. A.

L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, B. A. Korevaar, O. Sulima, and J. Rand, “Silicon nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(23), 233117 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.-H.

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.-T.

K. Peng, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Yan, S.-T. Lee, and J. Zhu, “Aligned single-crystalline Si nanowire arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Small 1(11), 1062–1067 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, D.

Y. Zhan, X. Li, D. Lei, S. Wu, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Enhanced photoresponsivity of a germanium single-nanowire photodetector confined within a superwavelength metallic slit,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 483–488 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

X. Yan, B. Li, Y. Wu, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, “A single crystalline InP nanowire photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 053109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

S. Liu, C. Li, J. J. Figiel, S. R. Brueck, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Continuous and dynamic spectral tuning of single nanowire lasers with subnanometer resolution using hydrostatic pressure,” Nanoscale 7(21), 9581–9588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, K.

Li, X.

X. Li, Y. Zhan, and C. Wang, “Broadband enhancement of coaxial heterogeneous gallium arsenide single-nanowire solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(5), 628–636 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, Z. Yang, A. Shang, S. Wu, Y. Zhan, and X. Li, “Improved optical absorption of silicon single-nanowire solar cells by off-axial core/shell design,” Nano Energy 17, 233–240 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhan, X. Li, D. Lei, S. Wu, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Enhanced photoresponsivity of a germanium single-nanowire photodetector confined within a superwavelength metallic slit,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 483–488 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Cao, X. Li, Y. Zhan, S. Wu, A. Shang, C. Zhang, Z. Yang, and X. Zhai, “Design of μc-Si:H/a-Si:H coaxial tandem single-nanowire solar cells considering photocurrent matching,” Opt. Express 22(107), A1761–A1767 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wu, X. Li, Y. Zhan, and K. Li, “Absorption enhancement of single silicon nanowire by tailoring rear metallic film for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 817–820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhan, X. Li, and Y. Li, “Numerical simulation of light-trapping and photoelectric conversion in single nanowire silicon solar cells,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Zhan, X. Li, D. Lei, S. Wu, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Enhanced photoresponsivity of a germanium single-nanowire photodetector confined within a superwavelength metallic slit,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 483–488 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhan, X. Li, and Y. Li, “Numerical simulation of light-trapping and photoelectric conversion in single nanowire silicon solar cells,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lieber, C. M.

S. K. Kim, K. D. Song, T. J. Kempa, R. W. Day, C. M. Lieber, and H. G. Park, “Design of nanowire optical cavities as efficient photon absorbers,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3707–3714 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, C. Li, J. J. Figiel, S. R. Brueck, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Continuous and dynamic spectral tuning of single nanowire lasers with subnanometer resolution using hydrostatic pressure,” Nanoscale 7(21), 9581–9588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W. F.

W. F. Liu, J. I. Oh, and W. Z. Shen, “Light absorption mechanism in single c-Si (core)/a-Si (shell) coaxial nanowires,” Nanotechnology 22(12), 125705 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, J.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, M. J.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

McGehee, M. D.

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meenehan, S. M.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meng, C.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moehl, T.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muniz, J. A.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nazeeruddin, M. K.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Norte, R.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Oh, J. I.

W. F. Liu, J. I. Oh, and W. Z. Shen, “Light absorption mechanism in single c-Si (core)/a-Si (shell) coaxial nanowires,” Nanotechnology 22(12), 125705 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pacifici, D.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Park, H. G.

S. K. Kim, K. D. Song, T. J. Kempa, R. W. Day, C. M. Lieber, and H. G. Park, “Design of nanowire optical cavities as efficient photon absorbers,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3707–3714 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, N. G.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pellet, N.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, K.

K. Peng, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Yan, S.-T. Lee, and J. Zhu, “Aligned single-crystalline Si nanowire arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Small 1(11), 1062–1067 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rand, J.

L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, B. A. Korevaar, O. Sulima, and J. Rand, “Silicon nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(23), 233117 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ren, X.

X. Yan, B. Li, Y. Wu, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, “A single crystalline InP nanowire photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 053109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schuller, J. A.

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shang, A.

C. Zhang, Z. Yang, A. Shang, S. Wu, Y. Zhan, and X. Li, “Improved optical absorption of silicon single-nanowire solar cells by off-axial core/shell design,” Nano Energy 17, 233–240 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Cao, X. Li, Y. Zhan, S. Wu, A. Shang, C. Zhang, Z. Yang, and X. Zhai, “Design of μc-Si:H/a-Si:H coaxial tandem single-nanowire solar cells considering photocurrent matching,” Opt. Express 22(107), A1761–A1767 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, W. Z.

W. F. Liu, J. I. Oh, and W. Z. Shen, “Light absorption mechanism in single c-Si (core)/a-Si (shell) coaxial nanowires,” Nanotechnology 22(12), 125705 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, K. D.

S. K. Kim, K. D. Song, T. J. Kempa, R. W. Day, C. M. Lieber, and H. G. Park, “Design of nanowire optical cavities as efficient photon absorbers,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3707–3714 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sulima, O.

L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, B. A. Korevaar, O. Sulima, and J. Rand, “Silicon nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(23), 233117 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sweatlock, L. A.

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, J.

J. Tang, Z. Huo, S. Brittman, H. Gao, and P. Yang, “Solution-processed core-shell nanowires for efficient photovoltaic cells,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(9), 568–572 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, B.

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, L.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsakalakos, L.

L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, B. A. Korevaar, O. Sulima, and J. Rand, “Silicon nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(23), 233117 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vasudev, A. P.

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

X. Li, Y. Zhan, and C. Wang, “Broadband enhancement of coaxial heterogeneous gallium arsenide single-nanowire solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(5), 628–636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhan, X. Li, D. Lei, S. Wu, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Enhanced photoresponsivity of a germanium single-nanowire photodetector confined within a superwavelength metallic slit,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 483–488 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. T.

S. Liu, C. Li, J. J. Figiel, S. R. Brueck, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Continuous and dynamic spectral tuning of single nanowire lasers with subnanometer resolution using hydrostatic pressure,” Nanoscale 7(21), 9581–9588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, J. S.

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

C. Zhang, Z. Yang, A. Shang, S. Wu, Y. Zhan, and X. Li, “Improved optical absorption of silicon single-nanowire solar cells by off-axial core/shell design,” Nano Energy 17, 233–240 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhan, X. Li, D. Lei, S. Wu, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Enhanced photoresponsivity of a germanium single-nanowire photodetector confined within a superwavelength metallic slit,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 483–488 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Cao, X. Li, Y. Zhan, S. Wu, A. Shang, C. Zhang, Z. Yang, and X. Zhai, “Design of μc-Si:H/a-Si:H coaxial tandem single-nanowire solar cells considering photocurrent matching,” Opt. Express 22(107), A1761–A1767 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wu, X. Li, Y. Zhan, and K. Li, “Absorption enhancement of single silicon nanowire by tailoring rear metallic film for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 817–820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

X. Yan, B. Li, Y. Wu, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, “A single crystalline InP nanowire photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 053109 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Peng, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Yan, S.-T. Lee, and J. Zhu, “Aligned single-crystalline Si nanowire arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Small 1(11), 1062–1067 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, Y.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

K. Peng, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Yan, S.-T. Lee, and J. Zhu, “Aligned single-crystalline Si nanowire arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Small 1(11), 1062–1067 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, X.

X. Yan, B. Li, Y. Wu, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, “A single crystalline InP nanowire photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 053109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

K. Peng, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Yan, S.-T. Lee, and J. Zhu, “Aligned single-crystalline Si nanowire arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Small 1(11), 1062–1067 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, P.

J. Tang, Z. Huo, S. Brittman, H. Gao, and P. Yang, “Solution-processed core-shell nanowires for efficient photovoltaic cells,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(9), 568–572 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Brittman, H. Gao, E. C. Garnett, and P. Yang, “Absorption of light in a single-nanowire silicon solar cell decorated with an octahedral silver nanocrystal,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5189–5195 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

C. Zhang, Z. Yang, A. Shang, S. Wu, Y. Zhan, and X. Li, “Improved optical absorption of silicon single-nanowire solar cells by off-axial core/shell design,” Nano Energy 17, 233–240 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Cao, X. Li, Y. Zhan, S. Wu, A. Shang, C. Zhang, Z. Yang, and X. Zhai, “Design of μc-Si:H/a-Si:H coaxial tandem single-nanowire solar cells considering photocurrent matching,” Opt. Express 22(107), A1761–A1767 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, Y.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, G.

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S.-P.

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Y. Yu, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and L. Cao, “Dielectric core-shell optical antennas for strong solar absorption enhancement,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3674–3681 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zakeeruddin, S. M.

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, X.

Zhan, Y.

C. Zhang, Z. Yang, A. Shang, S. Wu, Y. Zhan, and X. Li, “Improved optical absorption of silicon single-nanowire solar cells by off-axial core/shell design,” Nano Energy 17, 233–240 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. Zhan, and C. Wang, “Broadband enhancement of coaxial heterogeneous gallium arsenide single-nanowire solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(5), 628–636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhan, X. Li, D. Lei, S. Wu, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Enhanced photoresponsivity of a germanium single-nanowire photodetector confined within a superwavelength metallic slit,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 483–488 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Cao, X. Li, Y. Zhan, S. Wu, A. Shang, C. Zhang, Z. Yang, and X. Zhai, “Design of μc-Si:H/a-Si:H coaxial tandem single-nanowire solar cells considering photocurrent matching,” Opt. Express 22(107), A1761–A1767 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wu, X. Li, Y. Zhan, and K. Li, “Absorption enhancement of single silicon nanowire by tailoring rear metallic film for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 817–820 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhan, X. Li, and Y. Li, “Numerical simulation of light-trapping and photoelectric conversion in single nanowire silicon solar cells,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, Z. Yang, A. Shang, S. Wu, Y. Zhan, and X. Li, “Improved optical absorption of silicon single-nanowire solar cells by off-axial core/shell design,” Nano Energy 17, 233–240 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Cao, X. Li, Y. Zhan, S. Wu, A. Shang, C. Zhang, Z. Yang, and X. Zhai, “Design of μc-Si:H/a-Si:H coaxial tandem single-nanowire solar cells considering photocurrent matching,” Opt. Express 22(107), A1761–A1767 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

X. Yan, B. Li, Y. Wu, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, “A single crystalline InP nanowire photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 053109 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

K. Peng, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Yan, S.-T. Lee, and J. Zhu, “Aligned single-crystalline Si nanowire arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Small 1(11), 1062–1067 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

S. K. Kim, K. D. Song, T. J. Kempa, R. W. Day, C. M. Lieber, and H. G. Park, “Design of nanowire optical cavities as efficient photon absorbers,” ACS Nano 8(4), 3707–3714 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

Y. Zhan, X. Li, D. Lei, S. Wu, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Enhanced photoresponsivity of a germanium single-nanowire photodetector confined within a superwavelength metallic slit,” ACS Photonics 1(6), 483–488 (2014).
[Crossref]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. (1)

E. C. Garnett, M. L. Brongersma, Y. Cui, and M. D. McGehee, “Nanowire solar cells,” Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 41(1), 269–295 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, B. A. Korevaar, O. Sulima, and J. Rand, “Silicon nanowire solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(23), 233117 (2007).
[Crossref]

S.-P. Yu, J. D. Hood, J. A. Muniz, M. J. Martin, R. Norte, C.-L. Hung, S. M. Meenehan, J. D. Cohen, O. Painter, and H. J. Kimble, “Nanowire photonic crystal waveguides for single-atom trapping and strong light-matter interactions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(11), 111103 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Yan, B. Li, Y. Wu, X. Zhang, and X. Ren, “A single crystalline InP nanowire photodetector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 109(5), 053109 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Zhan, X. Li, and Y. Li, “Numerical simulation of light-trapping and photoelectric conversion in single nanowire silicon solar cells,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 1–8 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Energy (1)

C. Zhang, Z. Yang, A. Shang, S. Wu, Y. Zhan, and X. Li, “Improved optical absorption of silicon single-nanowire solar cells by off-axial core/shell design,” Nano Energy 17, 233–240 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (8)

L. Cao, P. Fan, A. P. Vasudev, J. S. White, Z. Yu, W. Cai, J. A. Schuller, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Semiconductor nanowire optical antenna solar absorbers,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 439–445 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Brittman, H. Gao, E. C. Garnett, and P. Yang, “Absorption of light in a single-nanowire silicon solar cell decorated with an octahedral silver nanocrystal,” Nano Lett. 11(12), 5189–5195 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Im, J. Luo, M. Franckevičius, N. Pellet, P. Gao, T. Moehl, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, M. Grätzel, and N. G. Park, “Nanowire perovskite solar cell,” Nano Lett. 15(3), 2120–2126 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. Yu, S. Wang, F. Gu, L. Dai, and L. Tong, “Single-nanowire single-mode laser,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1122–1126 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, and L. Cao, “Dielectric core-shell optical antennas for strong solar absorption enhancement,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3674–3681 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Kim, R. W. Day, J. F. Cahoon, T. J. Kempa, K. D. Song, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “Tuning light absorption in core/shell silicon nanowire photovoltaic devices through morphological design,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4971–4976 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, L. A. Sweatlock, D. Pacifici, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic nanostructure design for efficient light coupling into solar cells,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4391–4397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Fan, K. C. Huang, L. Cao, and M. L. Brongersma, “Redesigning photodetector electrodes as an optical antenna,” Nano Lett. 13(2), 392–396 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

S. Liu, C. Li, J. J. Figiel, S. R. Brueck, I. Brener, and G. T. Wang, “Continuous and dynamic spectral tuning of single nanowire lasers with subnanometer resolution using hydrostatic pressure,” Nanoscale 7(21), 9581–9588 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

W. F. Liu, J. I. Oh, and W. Z. Shen, “Light absorption mechanism in single c-Si (core)/a-Si (shell) coaxial nanowires,” Nanotechnology 22(12), 125705 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

J. Tang, Z. Huo, S. Brittman, H. Gao, and P. Yang, “Solution-processed core-shell nanowires for efficient photovoltaic cells,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(9), 568–572 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Fan, U. K. Chettiar, L. Cao, F. Afshinmanesh, N. Engheta, and M. L. Brongersma, “An invisible metal-semiconductor photodetector,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 380–385 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

B. Tian, X. Zheng, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N. Yu, G. Yu, J. Huang, and C. M. Lieber, “Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources,” Nature 449(7164), 885–889 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (2)

X. Li, Y. Zhan, and C. Wang, “Broadband enhancement of coaxial heterogeneous gallium arsenide single-nanowire solar cells,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 23(5), 628–636 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K.-H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, and S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[Crossref]

Small (1)

K. Peng, Y. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Yan, S.-T. Lee, and J. Zhu, “Aligned single-crystalline Si nanowire arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Small 1(11), 1062–1067 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

Comsol Multiphysics, Available from: 〈 http://www.comsol.com/ 〉.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, 1998).

ASTM, Available from: 〈 http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5 〉.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Sketch of a Si SNSC coupled in a metallic slit, where Ag film is infinitely wide, the diameter of Si nanowire is D, and the width of the metallic slit is W. It should be noted that W is also used for the metallic cavity system to be shown in Fig. 2(a) without introducing the ambiguity. (b) and (c) Qabs versus λ and W under TE and TM incidences, respectively. (d) Jph versus W for TE (dark solid line), TM (red dashed line), and unpolarized (blue dash-dot line) normal incidences, where the result of the bare SNSC is given for reference (pink solid line).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of a Si SNSC coupled in a metallic cavity, where two Ag blocks with width WAg are used. (b) Jph versus W for the metallic slit (dash-dot line) and cavity (solid line) configurations. (c) Jph versus W under the corresponding optimized WAg, where the black part is the Jph of the bare SNSC and the red part shows the Jph increment under the metallic cavity design. The obtained peaked Jph values have been directly given in this figure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) and (b) Qabs versus λ and WAg under metallic cavity SNSC design, where TE and TM incidences are considered. (c) Jph versus WAg for TE, TM and unpolarized incidences. (d) Enlarged version of Fig. 3(b).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Qabs spectra under bare, metallic slit, and metallic cavity SNSC designs, where TE illumination is considered. The insets are corresponding normalized electric field profiles for various systems, i.e., the top row for metallic cavity system with WAg = 300 nm at λ = 444 nm (left) and 600 nm (right), the middle row for metallic slit system at λ = 444 nm (left) and 600 nm (right), and the bottom row for the bare system at λ = 448 nm (left) and 598 nm (right).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Qabs spectra under bare, metallic slit, and metallic cavity SNSC designs, where TM illumination is considered. (b) The corresponding normalized electric field profiles for various systems, i.e., the first (second) row for metallic cavity system with WAg = 750 nm (530 nm), the third row for metallic slit system, and the fourth bottom row for the bare system. All patterns in the first (second) column in Fig. 5(b) are with λ = 604 nm (652 nm).

Equations (1)

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J ph =q 300nm 1100nm F s ( λ ) Q abs ( λ )dλ

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