Abstract

We have developed a single-shot terahertz time-domain spectrometer to perform optical-pump/terahertz-probe experiments in pulsed, high magnetic fields up to 30 T. The single-shot detection scheme for measuring a terahertz waveform incorporates a reflective echelon to create time-delayed beamlets across the intensity profile of the optical gate beam before it spatially and temporally overlaps with the terahertz radiation in a ZnTe detection crystal. After imaging the gate beam onto a camera, we can retrieve the terahertz time-domain waveform by analyzing the resulting image. To demonstrate the utility of our technique, we measured cyclotron resonance absorption of optically excited carriers in the terahertz frequency range in intrinsic silicon at high magnetic fields, with results that agree well with published values.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  25. B. F. Spencer, W. F. Smith, M. T. Hibberd, P. Dawson, M. Beck, A. Bartels, I. Guiney, C. J. Humphreys, and D. M. Graham, “Terahertz cyclotron resonance spectroscopy of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure using a high-field pulsed magnet and an asynchronous optical sampling technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(21), 212101 (2016).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  29. Y. Minami, K. Horiuchi, K. Masuda, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Terahertz dielectric response of photoexcited carriers in Si revealed via single-shot optical-pump and terahertz-probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(17), 171104 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  30. J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffman, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B6 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2016 (3)

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, A. T. Hatke, J. G. Cherian, J. L. Reno, S. A. McGill, D. Karaiskaj, and D. J. Hilton, “Cyclotron decay time of a two-dimensional electron gas from 0.4 to 100 K,” Phys. Rev. B 93(15), 155437 (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
[Crossref]

B. F. Spencer, W. F. Smith, M. T. Hibberd, P. Dawson, M. Beck, A. Bartels, I. Guiney, C. J. Humphreys, and D. M. Graham, “Terahertz cyclotron resonance spectroscopy of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure using a high-field pulsed magnet and an asynchronous optical sampling technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(21), 212101 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

S. M. Teo, B. K. Ofori-Okai, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Single-shot THz detection techniques for multidimensional THz spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 051301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Minami, K. Horiuchi, K. Masuda, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Terahertz dielectric response of photoexcited carriers in Si revealed via single-shot optical-pump and terahertz-probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(17), 171104 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Kamaraju, W. Pan, U. Ekenberg, D. M. Gvozdić, S. Boubanga-Tombet, P. C. Upadhya, J. Reno, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar, “Terahertz magneto-optical spectroscopy of a two-dimensional hole gas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031902 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lloyd-Hughes, “Terahertz spectroscopy of quantum 2D electron systems,” Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 47(37), 374006 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. T. Noe, Q. Zhang, J. Lee, E. Kato, G. L. Woods, H. Nojiri, and J. Kono, “Rapid scanning terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy with a table-top repetitive pulsed magnet,” Appl. Optics 53(26), 5850 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, N. K. Nolan, L. M. McClintock, J.G. Cherian, S. A. McGill, and D. J. Hilton, “Ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy in gallium arsenide at 25 T,” Opt. Lett. 39(19), 5772 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(12), 123906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Minami, Y. Hayashi, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Single-shot measurement of a terahertz electric-field waveform using a reflective echelon mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(11), 11228 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

D. Molter, G. Torosyan, G. Ballon, L. Drigo, R. Beigang, and J. Léotin, “Step-scan time-domain terahertz magneto-spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 20(6), 5993 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy, imaging—modern techniques, applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011)
[Crossref]

R. Ulbricht, E. Hendry, J. Shan, T. F. Heinz, and M. Bonn, “Carrier dynamics in semiconductors studied with time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(2), 543–586 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, “Optical Hall effect in the integer quantum Hall regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 256802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Molter, F. Ellrich, T. Weinland, S. George, M. Goiran, F. Keilmann, R. Beigang, and J. Léotin, “High-speed terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of cyclotron resonance in pulsed magnetic field,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26163 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffman, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B6 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Lloyd-Hughes, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and M. B. Johnston, “Terahertz magnetoconductivity of excitons and electrons in quantum cascade structures,” Phys. Rev. B 77(12), 125322 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2002 (1)

S. A. Crooker, “Fiber-coupled antennas for ultrafast coherent terahertz spectroscopy in low temperatures and high magnetic fields,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3258 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(18), 2647–2649 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D. Some and A. V. Nurmikko, “Real-time electron cyclotron oscillations observed by terahertz techniques in semiconductor heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(26), 3377–3379 (1994).
[Crossref]

1956 (1)

R. N. Dexter, H. J. Zeiger, and B. Lax, “Cyclotron resonance experiments in silicon and germanium,” Phys. Rev. 104(3), 637 (1956).
[Crossref]

1955 (1)

G. Dresselhaus, A. F. Kip, and C. Kittel, “Cyclotron resonance of electrons and holes in silicon and germanium crystals,” Phys. Rev. 98(2), 368–384 (1955).
[Crossref]

Andrews, S. R.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(18), 2647–2649 (1997).
[Crossref]

Aoki, H.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, “Optical Hall effect in the integer quantum Hall regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 256802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arikawa, T.

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Armitage, N. P.

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ballon, G.

Bansal, N.

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bartal, B.

Bartels, A.

B. F. Spencer, W. F. Smith, M. T. Hibberd, P. Dawson, M. Beck, A. Bartels, I. Guiney, C. J. Humphreys, and D. M. Graham, “Terahertz cyclotron resonance spectroscopy of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure using a high-field pulsed magnet and an asynchronous optical sampling technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(21), 212101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Beck, M.

B. F. Spencer, W. F. Smith, M. T. Hibberd, P. Dawson, M. Beck, A. Bartels, I. Guiney, C. J. Humphreys, and D. M. Graham, “Terahertz cyclotron resonance spectroscopy of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure using a high-field pulsed magnet and an asynchronous optical sampling technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(21), 212101 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beere, H. E.

J. Lloyd-Hughes, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and M. B. Johnston, “Terahertz magnetoconductivity of excitons and electrons in quantum cascade structures,” Phys. Rev. B 77(12), 125322 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beigang, R.

Belyanin, A.

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belyanin, A. A.

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bilbro, L. S.

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bonn, M.

R. Ulbricht, E. Hendry, J. Shan, T. F. Heinz, and M. Bonn, “Carrier dynamics in semiconductors studied with time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(2), 543–586 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boubanga-Tombet, S.

N. Kamaraju, W. Pan, U. Ekenberg, D. M. Gvozdić, S. Boubanga-Tombet, P. C. Upadhya, J. Reno, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar, “Terahertz magneto-optical spectroscopy of a two-dimensional hole gas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031902 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cerne, J.

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cherian, J. G.

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, A. T. Hatke, J. G. Cherian, J. L. Reno, S. A. McGill, D. Karaiskaj, and D. J. Hilton, “Cyclotron decay time of a two-dimensional electron gas from 0.4 to 100 K,” Phys. Rev. B 93(15), 155437 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cherian, J.G.

Ciuti, C.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cluff, J. A.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(18), 2647–2649 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cooke, D. G.

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy, imaging—modern techniques, applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011)
[Crossref]

Crooker, S. A.

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. A. Crooker, “Fiber-coupled antennas for ultrafast coherent terahertz spectroscopy in low temperatures and high magnetic fields,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3258 (2002).
[Crossref]

Curtis, J. A.

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, A. T. Hatke, J. G. Cherian, J. L. Reno, S. A. McGill, D. Karaiskaj, and D. J. Hilton, “Cyclotron decay time of a two-dimensional electron gas from 0.4 to 100 K,” Phys. Rev. B 93(15), 155437 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, N. K. Nolan, L. M. McClintock, J.G. Cherian, S. A. McGill, and D. J. Hilton, “Ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy in gallium arsenide at 25 T,” Opt. Lett. 39(19), 5772 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dawson, P.

B. F. Spencer, W. F. Smith, M. T. Hibberd, P. Dawson, M. Beck, A. Bartels, I. Guiney, C. J. Humphreys, and D. M. Graham, “Terahertz cyclotron resonance spectroscopy of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure using a high-field pulsed magnet and an asynchronous optical sampling technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(21), 212101 (2016).
[Crossref]

De Liberato, S.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dexter, R. N.

R. N. Dexter, H. J. Zeiger, and B. Lax, “Cyclotron resonance experiments in silicon and germanium,” Phys. Rev. 104(3), 637 (1956).
[Crossref]

Dresselhaus, G.

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J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, A. T. Hatke, J. G. Cherian, J. L. Reno, S. A. McGill, D. Karaiskaj, and D. J. Hilton, “Cyclotron decay time of a two-dimensional electron gas from 0.4 to 100 K,” Phys. Rev. B 93(15), 155437 (2016).
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X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1845–1847 (2007).
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Horiuchi, K.

Y. Minami, K. Horiuchi, K. Masuda, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Terahertz dielectric response of photoexcited carriers in Si revealed via single-shot optical-pump and terahertz-probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(17), 171104 (2015).
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Kim, K. Y.

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G. Dresselhaus, A. F. Kip, and C. Kittel, “Cyclotron resonance of electrons and holes in silicon and germanium crystals,” Phys. Rev. 98(2), 368–384 (1955).
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P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy, imaging—modern techniques, applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011)
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Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
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Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
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G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(12), 123906 (2013).
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X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
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X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1845–1847 (2007).
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G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(12), 123906 (2013).
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Li, X.

Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
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P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(18), 2647–2649 (1997).
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J. Lloyd-Hughes, “Terahertz spectroscopy of quantum 2D electron systems,” Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 47(37), 374006 (2014).
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J. Lloyd-Hughes, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and M. B. Johnston, “Terahertz magnetoconductivity of excitons and electrons in quantum cascade structures,” Phys. Rev. B 77(12), 125322 (2008).
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Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
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G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
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Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
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R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
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Y. Minami, K. Horiuchi, K. Masuda, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Terahertz dielectric response of photoexcited carriers in Si revealed via single-shot optical-pump and terahertz-probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(17), 171104 (2015).
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Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, “Optical Hall effect in the integer quantum Hall regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 256802 (2010).
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McGill, S. A.

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, A. T. Hatke, J. G. Cherian, J. L. Reno, S. A. McGill, D. Karaiskaj, and D. J. Hilton, “Cyclotron decay time of a two-dimensional electron gas from 0.4 to 100 K,” Phys. Rev. B 93(15), 155437 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, N. K. Nolan, L. M. McClintock, J.G. Cherian, S. A. McGill, and D. J. Hilton, “Ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy in gallium arsenide at 25 T,” Opt. Lett. 39(19), 5772 (2014).
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Y. Minami, K. Horiuchi, K. Masuda, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Terahertz dielectric response of photoexcited carriers in Si revealed via single-shot optical-pump and terahertz-probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(17), 171104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Minami, Y. Hayashi, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Single-shot measurement of a terahertz electric-field waveform using a reflective echelon mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(11), 11228 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mittleman, D. M.

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1845–1847 (2007).
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Morimoto, T.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, “Optical Hall effect in the integer quantum Hall regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 256802 (2010).
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G. T. Noe, Q. Zhang, J. Lee, E. Kato, G. L. Woods, H. Nojiri, and J. Kono, “Rapid scanning terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy with a table-top repetitive pulsed magnet,” Appl. Optics 53(26), 5850 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(12), 123906 (2013).
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G. T. Noe, Q. Zhang, J. Lee, E. Kato, G. L. Woods, H. Nojiri, and J. Kono, “Rapid scanning terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy with a table-top repetitive pulsed magnet,” Appl. Optics 53(26), 5850 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(12), 123906 (2013).
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R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
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Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, “Optical Hall effect in the integer quantum Hall regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 256802 (2010).
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Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Kamaraju, W. Pan, U. Ekenberg, D. M. Gvozdić, S. Boubanga-Tombet, P. C. Upadhya, J. Reno, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar, “Terahertz magneto-optical spectroscopy of a two-dimensional hole gas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031902 (2015).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, A. T. Hatke, J. G. Cherian, J. L. Reno, S. A. McGill, D. Karaiskaj, and D. J. Hilton, “Cyclotron decay time of a two-dimensional electron gas from 0.4 to 100 K,” Phys. Rev. B 93(15), 155437 (2016).
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Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1845–1847 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ritchie, D. A.

J. Lloyd-Hughes, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and M. B. Johnston, “Terahertz magnetoconductivity of excitons and electrons in quantum cascade structures,” Phys. Rev. B 77(12), 125322 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(18), 2647–2649 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, G.

Scalari, G.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schuh, D.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shan, J.

R. Ulbricht, E. Hendry, J. Shan, T. F. Heinz, and M. Bonn, “Carrier dynamics in semiconductors studied with time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(2), 543–586 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shaw, C. J.

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(18), 2647–2649 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shimano, R.

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, “Optical Hall effect in the integer quantum Hall regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 256802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, W. F.

B. F. Spencer, W. F. Smith, M. T. Hibberd, P. Dawson, M. Beck, A. Bartels, I. Guiney, C. J. Humphreys, and D. M. Graham, “Terahertz cyclotron resonance spectroscopy of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure using a high-field pulsed magnet and an asynchronous optical sampling technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(21), 212101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Some, D.

D. Some and A. V. Nurmikko, “Real-time electron cyclotron oscillations observed by terahertz techniques in semiconductor heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(26), 3377–3379 (1994).
[Crossref]

Spencer, B. F.

B. F. Spencer, W. F. Smith, M. T. Hibberd, P. Dawson, M. Beck, A. Bartels, I. Guiney, C. J. Humphreys, and D. M. Graham, “Terahertz cyclotron resonance spectroscopy of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure using a high-field pulsed magnet and an asynchronous optical sampling technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(21), 212101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stier, A. V.

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takeda, J.

Y. Minami, K. Horiuchi, K. Masuda, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Terahertz dielectric response of photoexcited carriers in Si revealed via single-shot optical-pump and terahertz-probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(17), 171104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Minami, Y. Hayashi, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Single-shot measurement of a terahertz electric-field waveform using a reflective echelon mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(11), 11228 (2013).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

N. Kamaraju, W. Pan, U. Ekenberg, D. M. Gvozdić, S. Boubanga-Tombet, P. C. Upadhya, J. Reno, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar, “Terahertz magneto-optical spectroscopy of a two-dimensional hole gas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031902 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Yellampalle, K. Y. Kim, G. Rodriguez, J. H. Glownia, and A. J. Taylor, “Details of electro-optic terahertz detection with a chirped probe pulse,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1376–1383 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teo, S. M.

S. M. Teo, B. K. Ofori-Okai, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Single-shot THz detection techniques for multidimensional THz spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 051301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tokman, M.

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tokumoto, T.

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, A. T. Hatke, J. G. Cherian, J. L. Reno, S. A. McGill, D. Karaiskaj, and D. J. Hilton, “Cyclotron decay time of a two-dimensional electron gas from 0.4 to 100 K,” Phys. Rev. B 93(15), 155437 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, N. K. Nolan, L. M. McClintock, J.G. Cherian, S. A. McGill, and D. J. Hilton, “Ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy in gallium arsenide at 25 T,” Opt. Lett. 39(19), 5772 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torosyan, G.

Turcinková, D.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulbricht, R.

R. Ulbricht, E. Hendry, J. Shan, T. F. Heinz, and M. Bonn, “Carrier dynamics in semiconductors studied with time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(2), 543–586 (2011).
[Crossref]

Upadhya, P. C.

N. Kamaraju, W. Pan, U. Ekenberg, D. M. Gvozdić, S. Boubanga-Tombet, P. C. Upadhya, J. Reno, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar, “Terahertz magneto-optical spectroscopy of a two-dimensional hole gas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031902 (2015).
[Crossref]

ValdésAguilar, R.

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, L. Ren, D. M. Mittleman, J. Kono, and J. L. Reno, “Terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy of a high-mobility two-dimensional electron gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1845–1847 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watson, J. D.

Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wegscheider, W.

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinland, T.

Werley, C. A.

S. M. Teo, B. K. Ofori-Okai, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Single-shot THz detection techniques for multidimensional THz spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 051301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woods, G. L.

G. T. Noe, Q. Zhang, J. Lee, E. Kato, G. L. Woods, H. Nojiri, and J. Kono, “Rapid scanning terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy with a table-top repetitive pulsed magnet,” Appl. Optics 53(26), 5850 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(12), 123906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yeh, K.-L.

Yellampalle, B.

Zeiger, H. J.

R. N. Dexter, H. J. Zeiger, and B. Lax, “Cyclotron resonance experiments in silicon and germanium,” Phys. Rev. 104(3), 637 (1956).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
[Crossref]

G. T. Noe, Q. Zhang, J. Lee, E. Kato, G. L. Woods, H. Nojiri, and J. Kono, “Rapid scanning terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy with a table-top repetitive pulsed magnet,” Appl. Optics 53(26), 5850 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zudov, M. A.

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Optics (1)

G. T. Noe, Q. Zhang, J. Lee, E. Kato, G. L. Woods, H. Nojiri, and J. Kono, “Rapid scanning terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy with a table-top repetitive pulsed magnet,” Appl. Optics 53(26), 5850 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

B. F. Spencer, W. F. Smith, M. T. Hibberd, P. Dawson, M. Beck, A. Bartels, I. Guiney, C. J. Humphreys, and D. M. Graham, “Terahertz cyclotron resonance spectroscopy of an AlGaN/GaN heterostructure using a high-field pulsed magnet and an asynchronous optical sampling technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(21), 212101 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Minami, Y. Hayashi, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Single-shot measurement of a terahertz electric-field waveform using a reflective echelon mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(11), 11228 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Minami, K. Horiuchi, K. Masuda, J. Takeda, and I. Katayama, “Terahertz dielectric response of photoexcited carriers in Si revealed via single-shot optical-pump and terahertz-probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(17), 171104 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Some and A. V. Nurmikko, “Real-time electron cyclotron oscillations observed by terahertz techniques in semiconductor heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(26), 3377–3379 (1994).
[Crossref]

P. G. Huggard, J. A. Cluff, C. J. Shaw, S. R. Andrews, E. H. Linfield, and D. A. Ritchie, “Coherent control of cyclotron emission from a semiconductor using sub-picosecond electric field transients,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(18), 2647–2649 (1997).
[Crossref]

N. Kamaraju, W. Pan, U. Ekenberg, D. M. Gvozdić, S. Boubanga-Tombet, P. C. Upadhya, J. Reno, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar, “Terahertz magneto-optical spectroscopy of a two-dimensional hole gas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031902 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy, imaging—modern techniques, applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011)
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (2)

Q. Zhang, M. Lou, X. Li, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, and J. Kono, “Collective non-perturbative coupling of 2D electrons with high-quality-factor terahertz cavity photons,” Nat. Phys. 12, 1005–1011, (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, A. A. Belyanin, S. A. Crooker, D. M. Mittleman, and J. Kono, “Interference-induced terahertz transparency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma,” Nat. Phys. 6, 126–130 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Lloyd-Hughes, “Terahertz spectroscopy of quantum 2D electron systems,” Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 47(37), 374006 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (2)

G. Dresselhaus, A. F. Kip, and C. Kittel, “Cyclotron resonance of electrons and holes in silicon and germanium crystals,” Phys. Rev. 98(2), 368–384 (1955).
[Crossref]

R. N. Dexter, H. J. Zeiger, and B. Lax, “Cyclotron resonance experiments in silicon and germanium,” Phys. Rev. 104(3), 637 (1956).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. Lloyd-Hughes, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, and M. B. Johnston, “Terahertz magnetoconductivity of excitons and electrons in quantum cascade structures,” Phys. Rev. B 77(12), 125322 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Arikawa, X. Wang, D. J. Hilton, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, and J. Kono, “Quantum control of a Landau-quantized two-dimensional electron gas in a GaAs quantum well using coherent terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 241307 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Curtis, T. Tokumoto, A. T. Hatke, J. G. Cherian, J. L. Reno, S. A. McGill, D. Karaiskaj, and D. J. Hilton, “Cyclotron decay time of a two-dimensional electron gas from 0.4 to 100 K,” Phys. Rev. B 93(15), 155437 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. ValdésAguilar, A. V. Stier, W. Liu, L. S. Bilbro, D. K. George, N. Bansal, L. Wu, J. Cerne, A. G. Markelz, S. Oh, and N. P. Armitage, “Terahertz response and colossal Kerr rotation from the surface states of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(8), 087403 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Ikebe, T. Morimoto, R. Masutomi, T. Okamoto, H. Aoki, and R. Shimano, “Optical Hall effect in the integer quantum Hall regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(25), 256802 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, T. Arikawa, E. Kato, J. L. Reno, W. Pan, J. D. Watson, M. J. Manfra, M. A. Zudov, M. Tokman, M. Erukhimova, A. Belyanin, and J. Kono, “Superradiant decay of cyclotron resonance of two-dimensional electron gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(4), 047601 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

R. Ulbricht, E. Hendry, J. Shan, T. F. Heinz, and M. Bonn, “Carrier dynamics in semiconductors studied with time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(2), 543–586 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

S. A. Crooker, “Fiber-coupled antennas for ultrafast coherent terahertz spectroscopy in low temperatures and high magnetic fields,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(9), 3258 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. T. Noe, H. Nojiri, J. Lee, G. L. Woods, J. Léotin, and J. Kono, “A table-top, repetitive pulsed magnet for nonlinear and ultrafast spectroscopy in high magnetic fields up to 30 T,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(12), 123906 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. M. Teo, B. K. Ofori-Okai, C. A. Werley, and K. A. Nelson, “Single-shot THz detection techniques for multidimensional THz spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86(5), 051301 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

G. Scalari, C. Maissen, D. Turcinková, D. Hagenmüller, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, C. Reichl, D. Schuh, W. Wegscheider, M. Beck, and J. Faist, “Ultrastrong coupling of the cyclotron transition of a 2D electron gas to a THz metamaterial,” Science 335, 1323–1326 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” in: Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1998), Chap. 2, pp. 7–50.
[Crossref]

F. Herlach and N. Miura, High Magnetic Fields: Science and Technology: Magnet Technology and Experimental Techniques(World Scientific, 2003), Vol. 1.
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the single-shot detection scheme. Two 10× telescopes, L1-L4, are used to expand the optical gate beam so that a relatively uniform intensity profile reflects off of the echelon mirror. After encoding time delay information onto the intensity profile of the gate beam with the echelon optic, the intensity profile at the plane of the echelon surface is imaged onto the electro-optic sampling crystal after reflecting off of a pellicle beam splitter, PBS, overlapping with the THz beam and finally onto a CCD camera with image relay optics, L5-L8. A Wollaston prism, WP, is used to separate the two orthogonal polarizations of the elliptically polarized gate beam after a quarter-wave plate, QWP, and a cylindrical lens, CL, is used to focus the beam in one direction so that both polarizations can be measured with a single CCD camera. Note that the Wollaston prism and the resulting separated beams are shown rotated 90° with respect to the actual orientation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Extracting the THz signal from the camera images. Utilizing a Wollaston prism, a cylindrical lens, and a series of relay lenses, two orthogonally polarized (denoted + and −) components of the elliptically polarized gate beam are imaged onto separate portions of the camera, a) and b). The images of the gate beam are shown with, a), and without, b), the THz beam incident on the ZnTe detection crystal. Images a) and b) are the result of averaging 100 images of individual laser pulses. The difference, c), between image a) and image b) is calculated by simply subtracting the number of counts at each pixel. Oscillations due to water vapor absorption are clearly evident in the difference image c). After vertically summing the top and bottom halves of the difference image, the resultant traces for each polarization component are shown in d) to be very close to mirror images of one another.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the single-shot technique with the step scan technique for both LiNbO3 THz generation, a) and b), and ZnTe THz generation, c) and d). These measurements were performed without the cryostats in place. For the LiNbO3 result, a), the THz beam path was not purged of water vapor whereas the THz beam path for the ZnTe result, c), was in a dry nitrogen purged environment. All traces are normalized to their peak value.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Illustration showing the measured THz electric field after passing through a silicon sample in the cryostat system at the peak of the applied magnetic field. The THz radiation in this trace was generated in LiNbO3, and the THz trace is a result of a single-shot measurement. The time scale of the magnetic field pulse is ~109 times slower than the time scale of the THz pulse; therefore, the magnetic field variation during the interaction of the THz radiation with the sample is negligibly small.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured THz waveforms for both the LiNbO3, a), and ZnTe, b), generation. At 0 T we measure the transmitted THz waveform with and without optically pumping the silicon sample. At high magnetic field, the silicon sample is optically pumped. Data was taken at 10 K for a) and 83 K for b).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Magnetic field dependence of the relative THz transmission for optically pumped silicon. Data shown in a) and b) were taken with LiNbO3 generation, and the sample temperature was 10 K. Data shown in c) was taken with ZnTe generation, and the sample temperature was 83 K. Cyclotron resonance lines can be seen and the dashed lines are a guide to the eye for the heavier mass feature (blue) and the lighter mass feature (red). All traces are offset linearly with respect to the incremental increase in magnetic field.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Cyclotron resonance center frequency vs. magnetic field. Results from data taken at 10 K and 83 K with both generation schemes is combined to identify two features with frequency linear with applied magnetic field.

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