Abstract

A new approach has been proposed to determine ocean subsurface particulate backscattering coefficient bbp from CALIOP 30° off-nadir lidar measurements. The new method also provides estimates of the particle volume scattering function at the 180° scattering angle. The CALIOP based layer-integrated lidar backscatter and particulate backscattering coefficients are compared with the results obtained from MODIS ocean color measurements. The comparison analysis shows that ocean subsurface lidar backscatter and particulate backscattering coefficient bbp can be accurately obtained from CALIOP lidar measurements, thereby supporting the use of space-borne lidar measurements for ocean subsurface studies.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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2016 (1)

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, and Z. Liu, “A super-resolution laser altimetry concept,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 11(1), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, S. Zeng, and J. H. Churnside, “Ocean subsurface studies with the Calipso Spaceborne Lidar,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 119(7), 4305–4317 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

J. Churnside, B. McCarty, and X. Lu, “Subsurface ocean signals from an orbiting polarization lidar,” Remote Sens. 5(7), 3457–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

D. Josset, J. Pelon, and Y. Hu, “Multi-instrument calibration method based on a multiwavelength ocean surface model,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(1), 195–199 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. L. Whitmire, W. S. Pegau, L. Karp-Boss, E. Boss, and T. J. Cowles, “Spectral backscattering properties of marine phytoplankton cultures,” Opt. Express 18(14), 15073–15093 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

2008 (1)

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

Z. Lee, K. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 110(C2), 1–10 (2005).

2004 (1)

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

1997 (1)

S. A. Garver and D. A. Siegel, “Inherent optical property inversion of ocean color spectra and its biogeochemical interpretation: 1. time series from the sargasso sea,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 102(C8), 18607–18625 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

Ackerman, S. A.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Antoine, D.

Arnone, R.

Z. Lee, K. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 110(C2), 1–10 (2005).

Arnone, R. A.

Beherenfeld, M.

Behrenfeld, M.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Behrenfeld, M. J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Boss, E.

Boss, E. S.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Butler, C.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Carder, K. L.

Cetinic, I.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chami, M.

Charlson, R. J.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Churnside, J.

J. Churnside, B. McCarty, and X. Lu, “Subsurface ocean signals from an orbiting polarization lidar,” Remote Sens. 5(7), 3457–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Churnside, J. H.

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, S. Zeng, and J. H. Churnside, “Ocean subsurface studies with the Calipso Spaceborne Lidar,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 119(7), 4305–4317 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cisewski, M.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Claustre, H.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosci. 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Coakley, J. A.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Colarco, P. R.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cowles, T. J.

Dall’Olmo, G.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

Du, K.

Z. Lee, K. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 110(C2), 1–10 (2005).

Flamant, P.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Flittner, D.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freeman, S. A.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosci. 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fu, Q.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Garver, S. A.

S. A. Garver and D. A. Siegel, “Inherent optical property inversion of ocean color spectra and its biogeochemical interpretation: 1. time series from the sargasso sea,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 102(C8), 18607–18625 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gentili, B.

Gibson, G.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, H. R.

Hair, J.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hair, J. W.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

He, M. X.

Hoff, R. M.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hostetler, C.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hostetler, C. A.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Hou, W.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

Hu, Y.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, S. Zeng, and J. H. Churnside, “Ocean subsurface studies with the Calipso Spaceborne Lidar,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 119(7), 4305–4317 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, and Z. Liu, “A super-resolution laser altimetry concept,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 11(1), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, and Y. Hu, “Multi-instrument calibration method based on a multiwavelength ocean surface model,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(1), 195–199 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

S. Rodier, P. Zhai, D. Josset, Y. Hu, and M. Vaughan, “Calipso lidar measurements for ocean subsurface studies,” in 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Environment (2011).

Hunt, B.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hunt, W.

Hunt, W. H.

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar description and performance assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huot, Y.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosci. 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jin, Z.

Josset, D.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, and Y. Hu, “Multi-instrument calibration method based on a multiwavelength ocean surface model,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(1), 195–199 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Rodier, P. Zhai, D. Josset, Y. Hu, and M. Vaughan, “Calipso lidar measurements for ocean subsurface studies,” in 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Environment (2011).

Karp-Boss, L.

Kattawar, G. W.

Khomenko, G.

Kittaka, C.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kubar, T. L.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuehn, R.

Le Treut, H.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, Z.

Z. Lee, K. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 110(C2), 1–10 (2005).

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leymarie, E.

Lifermann, A.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lin, B.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, and Z. Liu, “A super-resolution laser altimetry concept,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 11(1), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, and Z. Liu, “A super-resolution laser altimetry concept,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 11(1), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, S. Zeng, and J. H. Churnside, “Ocean subsurface studies with the Calipso Spaceborne Lidar,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 119(7), 4305–4317 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Churnside, B. McCarty, and X. Lu, “Subsurface ocean signals from an orbiting polarization lidar,” Remote Sens. 5(7), 3457–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Lucker, P. L.

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar description and performance assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

MacDonnell, D.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McCarty, B.

J. Churnside, B. McCarty, and X. Lu, “Subsurface ocean signals from an orbiting polarization lidar,” Remote Sens. 5(7), 3457–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

McCormick, M. P.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

McKee, D.

Mégie, G.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mobley, C. D.

Morel, A.

O’Malley, R. T.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Omar, A.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Omar, A. H.

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pegau, W. S.

Pelon, J.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, and Y. Hu, “Multi-instrument calibration method based on a multiwavelength ocean surface model,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(1), 195–199 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Poole, L.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Powell, K.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Powell, K. A.

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar description and performance assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

Reinersman, P.

Rhew, R.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rodier, S.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Rodier, P. Zhai, D. Josset, Y. Hu, and M. Vaughan, “Calipso lidar measurements for ocean subsurface studies,” in 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Environment (2011).

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Rodier, S. D.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

Santa-Maria, M.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sarmiento, J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Scarino, A. J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Schulien, J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Siegel, D. A.

S. A. Garver and D. A. Siegel, “Inherent optical property inversion of ocean color spectra and its biogeochemical interpretation: 1. time series from the sargasso sea,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 102(C8), 18607–18625 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

Slade, W.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Stamnes, K.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. D. Mobley, B. Gentili, H. R. Gordon, Z. Jin, G. W. Kattawar, A. Morel, P. Reinersman, K. Stamnes, and R. H. Stavn, “Comparison of numerical models for computing underwater light fields,” Appl. Opt. 32(36), 7484–7504 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stavn, R. H.

Stramski, D.

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosci. 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sullivan, J. M.

Sun, W.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tepte, C.

Trepte, C.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, S. Zeng, and J. H. Churnside, “Ocean subsurface studies with the Calipso Spaceborne Lidar,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 119(7), 4305–4317 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, and Z. Liu, “A super-resolution laser altimetry concept,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 11(1), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Twardowski, M. S.

J. M. Sullivan and M. S. Twardowski, “Angular shape of the oceanic particulate volume scattering function in the backward direction,” Appl. Opt. 48(35), 6811–6819 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosci. 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vaughan, M.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Rodier, P. Zhai, D. Josset, Y. Hu, and M. Vaughan, “Calipso lidar measurements for ocean subsurface studies,” in 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Environment (2011).

Vaughan, M. A.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar description and performance assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

Verhappen, C. C.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weimer, C.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar description and performance assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Whitmire, A. L.

Wielicki, B. A.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

Winker, D.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hu, K. Powell, M. Vaughan, C. Tepte, C. Weimer, M. Beherenfeld, S. Young, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, W. Hunt, R. Kuehn, D. Flittner, M. Cisewski, G. Gibson, B. Lin, and D. Macdonnell, “Elevation information in tail (EIT) technique for lidar altimetry,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14504–14515 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winker, D. M.

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar description and performance assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, P.

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Young, S.

Young, S. A.

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zeng, S.

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, S. Zeng, and J. H. Churnside, “Ocean subsurface studies with the Calipso Spaceborne Lidar,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 119(7), 4305–4317 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhai, P.

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Rodier, P. Zhai, D. Josset, Y. Hu, and M. Vaughan, “Calipso lidar measurements for ocean subsurface studies,” in 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Environment (2011).

Zhang, X.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (1)

Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan, J. Pelon, C. Weimer, D. Wu, M. Cisewski, W. Sun, P. Yang, B. Lin, A. Omar, D. Flittner, C. Hostetler, C. Trepte, D. Winker, G. Gibson, and M. Santa-Maria, “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based lidar measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(13), 3593–3601 (2008).
[Crossref]

Biogeosci. (1)

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosci. 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (1)

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakley, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. McCormick, G. Mégie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 91(9), 1211–1229 (2010).
[Crossref]

EPJ Web of Conferences (1)

Y. Hu, M. Behrenfeld, C. Hostetler, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, J. Hair, W. Slade, I. Cetinic, M. Vaughan, X. Lu, P. Zhai, C. Weimer, D. Winker, C. C. Verhappen, C. Butler, Z. Liu, B. Hunt, A. Omar, S. Rodier, A. Lifermann, D. Josset, W. Hou, D. MacDonnell, and R. Rhew, “Ocean lidar measurements of beam attenuation and a roadmap to accurate phytoplankton biomass estimates,” EPJ Web of Conferences 119, 22003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, C. A. Hostetler, G. Dall’Olmo, S. D. Rodier, J. W. Hair, and C. Trepte, “Space-based lidar measurements of global ocean carbon stocks,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(16), 4355–4360 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. (2)

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, and Z. Liu, “A super-resolution laser altimetry concept,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 11(1), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Josset, J. Pelon, and Y. Hu, “Multi-instrument calibration method based on a multiwavelength ocean surface model,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(1), 195–199 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker, and C. Weimer, “CALIPSO Lidar description and performance assessment,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 26(7), 1214–1228 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res: Oceans (3)

X. Lu, Y. Hu, C. Trepte, S. Zeng, and J. H. Churnside, “Ocean subsurface studies with the Calipso Spaceborne Lidar,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 119(7), 4305–4317 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Lee, K. Du, and R. Arnone, “A model for the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 110(C2), 1–10 (2005).

S. A. Garver and D. A. Siegel, “Inherent optical property inversion of ocean color spectra and its biogeochemical interpretation: 1. time series from the sargasso sea,” J. Geophys. Res: Oceans 102(C8), 18607–18625 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. A. Vaughan, S. A. Young, D. M. Winker, K. A. Powell, A. H. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. A. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” Proc. SPIE 5575, 16–30 (2004).
[Crossref]

Remote Sens. (1)

J. Churnside, B. McCarty, and X. Lu, “Subsurface ocean signals from an orbiting polarization lidar,” Remote Sens. 5(7), 3457–3475 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (9)

S. Rodier, P. Zhai, D. Josset, Y. Hu, and M. Vaughan, “Calipso lidar measurements for ocean subsurface studies,” in 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Environment (2011).

https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/HORDERBIN/HTML_Start.cgi

M. J. Behrenfeld, Y. Hu, R. T. O’Malley, E. S. Boss, C. A. Hostetler, D. A. Siegel, J. Sarmiento, J. Schulien, J. W. Hair, X. Lu, S. Rodier, and A. J. Scarino, “Discovering Polar Phytoplankton Annual Cycles with a Space-Based Lidar,” Nat. Geosci.submitted.

https://lta.cr.usgs.gov/GTOPO30

http://oceandata.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/MODIS-Aqua/Mapped/Monthly/9km/Kd

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Ocean Ecology Laboratory, Ocean Biology Processing Group, “Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (Modis) Aqua Downwelling Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient Data,” 2014 Reprocessing. NASA OB.DAAC, Greenbelt, MD, USA.

http://oceandata.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/MODIS-Aqua/Mapped/Monthly/9km/

http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov/cms/atbd/rrs

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Ocean Ecology Laboratory, Ocean Biology Processing Group, “Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (Modis) Aqua Remote-Sensing Reflectance Data,” 2014 Reprocessing. NASA OB.DAAC, Greenbelt, MD, USA.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Orbit tracks when CALIOP lidar is tilted 30° off-nadir on different dates. The background color is the MODIS diffuse attenuation coefficient (Kd) map scaled to 532 nm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The lowest 1 km CALIOP backscatter profiles on July 17 2014. Upper panel: 532 nm parallel channel; middle panel: 532nm perpendicular channel; lower panel: 1064 nm channel [8].
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Upper panel: CALIOP retrieved ocean subsurface backscatter at 532 nm (blue dots) on July 17 2014 was compared with co-located MODIS remote sensing reflectance Rrs at 531 nm (red dots). Middle panel: CALIOP retrieved particulate backscattering coefficient bbp (blue dots) on July 17 2014 with co-located MODIS bbp at 443 nm (red dots). Lower panel: CALIOP retrieved particulate VSF at the 180° scattering angle on July 17 2014.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 CALIOP retrieved ocean subsurface integrated backscatter γt at 532 nm (blue dots) with co-located MODIS Rrs results at 531 nm (red dots) on different measurement dates.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 CALIOP retrieved particulate backscattering coefficient bbp at 443 nm (blue dots) with co-located MODIS bbp results (red dots) on different measurement dates.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

γ λ = surface300m surface+30m β λ ' (z)dz
γ t = γ 532 0.7 γ 1064 T 532 2
β p (π)= 2 m 2 K d γ p t 2
b bp = β p (π) 0.16 532 443 = 2 m 2 K d γ p 0.16 t 2 532 443 
Δ 2 b bp b bp 2 = Δ 2 β p (π) b bp ( β p (π) b bp ) 2 + Δ 2 b bp,443 b bp,532 ( b bp,443 b bp,532 ) 2 + Δ 2 K d K d 2 + Δ 2 γ p γ p 2

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