Abstract

We report on a diode-pumped cryogenically cooled bulk Yb:CaF2 12-pass amplifier delivering 110-mJ, 1030-nm pulses at a 50-Hz repetition rate. The pulses have a spectral bandwidth of 13 nm and are compressed to 225 fs pulse duration in a double reflection grating based compressor having a transmission efficiency of >90%. The measured output beam quality is M2<1.1. A key feature of the amplifier design is the 4f relay imaging onto the gain medium with progressive beam magnification for the mitigation of the spatial gain narrowing effect. The number of passes in the amplifier is scalable by increasing the size of imaging mirrors. In order to prevent accumulation of nonlinear phase due to self-phase modulation in air, the amplifier is enclosed into a low-vacuum case.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (3)

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. D. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

2013 (2)

2012 (4)

K. Kovács, E. Balogh, J. Hebling, V. Toşa, and K. Varjú, “Quasi-phase-matching high-harmonic radiation using chirped THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(19), 193903 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhu, W. Ling, X. Zhong, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, “High energy picosecond optical parametric amplifier pumped by the second harmonic of a two-stage Ti:sapphire laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1300–1304 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2009 (3)

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1993 (1)

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(6), 766–769 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

R. L. Fork, F. A. Beisser, and D. K. Fork, “Multipass optical amplifier using a double confocal resonator geometry,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (Paris) 22(12), 1665–1671 (1987).
[Crossref]

Agranat, M. B.

Ališauskas, S.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andriukaitis, G.

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arpin, P.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arthur, G.

Ashitkov, S. I.

Balciunas, T.

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balogh, E.

K. Kovács, E. Balogh, J. Hebling, V. Toşa, and K. Varjú, “Quasi-phase-matching high-harmonic radiation using chirped THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(19), 193903 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

Baltuška, A

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beisser, F. A.

R. L. Fork, F. A. Beisser, and D. K. Fork, “Multipass optical amplifier using a double confocal resonator geometry,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (Paris) 22(12), 1665–1671 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bock, S.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boedefeld, R.

Brown, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camy, P.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.-C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cook, G.

Danielius, R.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
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Davies, A. P. G.

Doualan, J. L.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Elsaesser, T.

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
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G. Korn, A. Thoss, H. Stiel, U. Vogt, M. Richardson, T. Elsaesser, and M. Faubel, “Ultrashort 1-kHz laser plasma hard x-ray source,” Opt. Lett. 27(10), 866–868 (2002).
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V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fallahi, A.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. D. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faubel, M.

Fedotov, A. B.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
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Fermann, M. E.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
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Flöry, T.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fork, D. K.

R. L. Fork, F. A. Beisser, and D. K. Fork, “Multipass optical amplifier using a double confocal resonator geometry,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (Paris) 22(12), 1665–1671 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fork, R. L.

R. L. Fork, F. A. Beisser, and D. K. Fork, “Multipass optical amplifier using a double confocal resonator geometry,” Rev. Phys. Appl. (Paris) 22(12), 1665–1671 (1987).
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Fuji, T.

Fülöp, J. A.

Gaeta, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
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Giniunas, L.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
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Gordon, C. L.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(6), 766–769 (1993).
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Hauri, C. P.

Hebling, J.

J. A. Fülöp, G. Polónyi, B. Monoszlai, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balciunas, A. Pugzlys, G. Arthur, A. Baltuska, and J. Hebling, “Highly efficient scalable monolithic semiconductor terahertz pulse source,” Optica 3(10), 1075–1078 (2016).
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A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
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L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Tóth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
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J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
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K. Kovács, E. Balogh, J. Hebling, V. Toşa, and K. Varjú, “Quasi-phase-matching high-harmonic radiation using chirped THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(19), 193903 (2012).
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J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
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Hellwing, M.

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T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
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Hoffmann, M. C.

Holtz, M.

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
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Huang, S.-W.

Huang, W. R.

Irshad, A.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
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Jaron-Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
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Jochmann, A.

Juvé, V.

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
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Kaluza, M. C.

Kapfrath, T.

T. Kapfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
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Kapteyn, H. C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karsch, S.

Kartashov, D.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keppler, S.

Kessler, A.

Kim, K. Y.

Klingebiel, S.

Kmetec, J. D.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(6), 766–769 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

Körner, J.

Kovács, K.

K. Kovács, E. Balogh, J. Hebling, V. Toşa, and K. Varjú, “Quasi-phase-matching high-harmonic radiation using chirped THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(19), 193903 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Ku, S. A.

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lai, W. J.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
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Liebetrau, H.

Ling, W.

J. Zhu, W. Ling, X. Zhong, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, “High energy picosecond optical parametric amplifier pumped by the second harmonic of a two-stage Ti:sapphire laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1300–1304 (2012).
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Lombosi, C.

Macklin, J. J.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(6), 766–769 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malevich, P.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marcinkevicius, A.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, R. J. D.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. D. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitrofanov, A. V.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moncorgé, R.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Monoszlai, B.

Moriena, G.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. D. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mücke, O. D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanni, E. A.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. D. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

T. Kapfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ollmann, Z.

Ovchinnikov, A. V.

Pálfalvi, L.

Phua, P. B.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Plaja, L.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podleska, S.

Polónyi, G.

Popmintchev, D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pugzlys, A.

Pugžlys, A.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ravi, K.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. D. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richardson, M.

Rodriguez, G.

Sävert, A.

Schneider, M.

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schnepp, M.

Schorcht, F.

Schramm, U.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scott, A. M.

Sharma, A.

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shim, B.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shumakova, V.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sidorov, D.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siebold, M.

Skrobol, C.

Stepanov, E. A.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stiel, H.

Su, L.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzuki, T.

Tanaka, K.

T. Kapfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

Thoss, A.

Tibai, Z.

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tosa, V.

K. Kovács, E. Balogh, J. Hebling, V. Toşa, and K. Varjú, “Quasi-phase-matching high-harmonic radiation using chirped THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(19), 193903 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tóth, G.

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Tóth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Uecker, R.

Varjú, K.

K. Kovács, E. Balogh, J. Hebling, V. Toşa, and K. Varjú, “Quasi-phase-matching high-harmonic radiation using chirped THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(19), 193903 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vicario, C.

Vogt, U.

Voronin, A.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voronin, A. A.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wandt, C.

Wang, Z.

J. Zhu, W. Ling, X. Zhong, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, “High energy picosecond optical parametric amplifier pumped by the second harmonic of a two-stage Ti:sapphire laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1300–1304 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z.

J. Zhu, W. Ling, X. Zhong, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, “High energy picosecond optical parametric amplifier pumped by the second harmonic of a two-stage Ti:sapphire laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1300–1304 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weisshaupt, J.

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

Woerner, M.

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zapata, L. E.

Zheltikov, A.

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheltikov, A. M.

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhong, X.

J. Zhu, W. Ling, X. Zhong, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, “High energy picosecond optical parametric amplifier pumped by the second harmonic of a two-stage Ti:sapphire laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1300–1304 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, W. Ling, X. Zhong, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, “High energy picosecond optical parametric amplifier pumped by the second harmonic of a two-stage Ti:sapphire laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1300–1304 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Siebold, S. Bock, U. Schramm, B. Xu, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Yb:CaF2 - a new old laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 327–338 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, D. Sidorov, A. Irshad, A. Baltuška, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, S. Ališauskas, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, and R. Danielius, “Spectroscopy and lasing of cryogenically cooled Yb,Na:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 339–350 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Zhu, W. Ling, X. Zhong, Z. Wang, and Z. Wei, “High energy picosecond optical parametric amplifier pumped by the second harmonic of a two-stage Ti:sapphire laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(10), 1300–1304 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, “Intense ultrashort terahertz pulses: generation and applications,” J. Phys. D 44(8), 083001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. D. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6, 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Shumakova, P. Malevich, S. Ališauskas, A. Voronin, A. M. Zheltikov, D. Faccio, D. Kartashov, A. Baltuška, and A. Pugžlys, “Multi-millijoule few-cycle mid-infrared pulses through nonlinear self-compression in bulk,” Nat. Commun. 7, 12877 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

T. Kapfrath, K. Tanaka, and K. A. Nelson, “Resonant and nonresonant control over matter and light by intense terahertz transients,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 680–690 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Weisshaupt, V. Juvé, M. Holtz, S. A. Ku, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, S. Ališauskas, A. Pugžlys, and A. Baltuška, “High-brightness table-top hard X-ray source driven by sub-100-femtosecond mid-infrared pulses,” Nat. Photonics 8(12), 927–930 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

T. Fuji and T. Suzuki, “Generation of sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3330–3332 (2007).
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S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, A. V. Ovchinnikov, S. I. Ashitkov, M. B. Agranat, V. E. Fortov, and C. P. Hauri, “Generation of 0.9-mJ THz pulses in DSTMS pumped by a Cr:Mg2SiO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(23), 6632–6635 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Korn, A. Thoss, H. Stiel, U. Vogt, M. Richardson, T. Elsaesser, and M. Faubel, “Ultrashort 1-kHz laser plasma hard x-ray source,” Opt. Lett. 27(10), 866–868 (2002).
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M. Siebold, M. Hornung, R. Boedefeld, S. Podleska, S. Klingebiel, C. Wandt, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, R. Uecker, A. Jochmann, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “Terawatt diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2770–2772 (2008).
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A. Pugžlys, G. Andriukaitis, A. Baltuška, L. Su, J. Xu, H. Li, R. Li, W. J. Lai, P. B. Phua, A. Marcinkevičius, M. E. Fermann, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and S. Ališauskas, “Multi-mJ, 200-fs, cw-pumped, cryogenically cooled, Yb,Na:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2075–2077 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kessler, M. Hornung, S. Keppler, F. Schorcht, M. Hellwing, H. Liebetrau, J. Körner, A. Sävert, M. Siebold, M. Schnepp, J. Hein, and M. C. Kaluza, “16.6 J chirped femtosecond laser pulses from a diode-pumped Yb:CaF2 amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Optica (1)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

A. Sharma, Z. Tibai, and J. Hebling, “Intense tera-hertz laser driven proton acceleration in plasmas,” Phys. Plasmas 23(6), 063111 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. Kartashov, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, A. Pugžlys, M. Schneider, A. Zheltikov, S. L Chin, and A Baltuška, “Free-space nitrogen gas laser driven by a femtosecond filament,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 033831 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. Kovács, E. Balogh, J. Hebling, V. Toşa, and K. Varjú, “Quasi-phase-matching high-harmonic radiation using chirped THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(19), 193903 (2012).
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Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams (1)

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Tóth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rev. Phys. Appl. (Paris) (1)

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Sci. Rep. (1)

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. A. Voronin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Pugžlys, E. A. Stepanov, G. Andriukaitis, T. Flöry, S. Ališauskas, A. B. Fedotov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Mid-infrared laser filaments in the atmosphere,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV x-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. Hebling, J. A. Fülöp, M. Mechler, L. Pálfalvi, C. Tőke, and G. Almási, “Optical manipulation of relativistic electron beams using THz pulses,” arXiv:1109.6852 (2011).

F. Friebel, S. Ricaud, A. Pellegrina, M. Hanna, E. Mottay, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, P. Georges, F. Druon, and D. N. Papadopoulos, “High energy and broadband Yb:CaF2 multipass amplifier using passive coherent combining,” in The Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2013, paper CA_10_4 (2013).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Layout of pumping system; L1, L2 and L3 - lenses; FM1-4 – folding mirrors; CM – curved mirrors; TFP – thin film polarizer; in the left down corner pump beam profiles before and after the aperture are shown (for details see text).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematics of the multipass amplifier. CM1-4 – curved mirrors with the radii of curvature of 200 cm; FM1, 2 – flat mirrors; DM – D-shaped mirror with the radius of curvature of 184 cm; in the circle the arrangement and relative sizes of the beams at different passes (indicated by numbers) on the curved mirror CM1 when gain is switched off, is illustrated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Influence of SPM in air on the spectrum of the amplified pulse. Left panel: input spectrum. Middle and right panels: output spectra of the MPA at output pulse energies of 50 mJ and 100 mJ, respectively ; by the shadowed area the input spectra are shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Top view of the multipass amplifier enclosed in a low-vacuum shell evacuated to the pressure of 1 mbar. IP – input port, OP – output port, PM – pick-off mirror, CM1-4 – curved mirrors, AA - aperture mask, RR – rigidity rib, FM1,2 – flat mirrors, DM – D-shaped mirror. Arrangement of pump is simplified. Detailed pump arrangement is presented in the Fig. 1. Dimensions of the multipass amplifier (marked by a dashed line) are 2.2x0.4 m2 (LxW).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Dependence of the output energy of the multipass amplifier on the input seed energy; (b) measurement of the M2 parameter, in the inset near (N) and far (F) field profiles recorded by a beam profiler.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SHG-FROG measurement of the amplified 110-mJ pulses. (a) Measured SHG-FROG trace; (b) retrieved SHG-FROG trace; (c) Temporal intensity and phase profiles (shaded with yellow – retrieved, solid black line - transform limited); (d) measured and retrieved spectral intensity profile, retrieved spectral phase profile.

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