Abstract

We report a bright photon-pair source with a coincidence counting rate per input power (cps/mW) of tens of thousands, obtained via spontaneous four-wave mixing from a Doppler-broadened atomic ensemble of the 5S1/2−5P3/2−5D5/2 transition of 87Rb. The photon-pair generation rate is enhanced by the two-photon coherence contributions from almost all the atomic velocity groups in the Doppler-broadened ladder-type atomic system. We obtained the violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by a factor of 2370 ± 150. We believe that our scheme for highly bright paired photons is important as a useful quantum light source for quantum entanglement swapping between completely autonomous sources.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  22. B. Blauensteiner, I. Herbauts, S. Bettelli, A. Poppe, and H. Hübel, “Photon bunching in parametric down-conversion with continuous-wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063846 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

A. MacRae, T. Brannan, R. Achal, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Tomography of a high-purity narrowband photon from a transient atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D.-S. Ding, Z.-Y. Zhou, B.-S. Shi, X.-B. Zou, and G.-C. Guo, “Generation of non-classical correlated photon pairs via a ladder-type atomic configuration: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11433–11444 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Transmittance signal in real ladder-type atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 85(3), 033817 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

D. Höckel, L. Koch, and O. Benson, “Direct measurement of heralded single-photon statistics from a parametric down-conversion source,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013802 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

E. Bocquillon, C. Couteau, M. Razavi, R. Laflamme, and G. Weihs, “Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 035801 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Blauensteiner, I. Herbauts, S. Bettelli, A. Poppe, and H. Hübel, “Photon bunching in parametric down-conversion with continuous-wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063846 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

C. H. R. Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, “Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory,” Phys. Rev. A 75(1), 013820 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, “Single-photon sources,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 68(5), 1129–1179 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(24), 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, “Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(8), 1063–1065 (1999).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(24), 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. D. Reid and D. F. Walls, “Violations of classical inequalities in quantum optics,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(2), 1260–1276 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1956 (1)

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, “A test of a new type of stellar interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178(4541), 1046–1048 (1956).
[Crossref]

Achal, R.

A. MacRae, T. Brannan, R. Achal, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Tomography of a high-purity narrowband photon from a transient atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balic, V.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becerra, F. E.

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
[Crossref]

Belthangady, C.

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benson, O.

D. Höckel, L. Koch, and O. Benson, “Direct measurement of heralded single-photon statistics from a parametric down-conversion source,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013802 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bettelli, S.

B. Blauensteiner, I. Herbauts, S. Bettelli, A. Poppe, and H. Hübel, “Photon bunching in parametric down-conversion with continuous-wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063846 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blauensteiner, B.

B. Blauensteiner, I. Herbauts, S. Bettelli, A. Poppe, and H. Hübel, “Photon bunching in parametric down-conversion with continuous-wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063846 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boca, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bocquillon, E.

E. Bocquillon, C. Couteau, M. Razavi, R. Laflamme, and G. Weihs, “Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 035801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boozer, A. D.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. P.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braje, D. A.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brannan, T.

A. MacRae, T. Brannan, R. Achal, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Tomography of a high-purity narrowband photon from a transient atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, R. H.

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, “A test of a new type of stellar interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178(4541), 1046–1048 (1956).
[Crossref]

Cha, M.

Chanelière, T.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chapman, M. S.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chng, B.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chou, C. W.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couteau, C.

E. Bocquillon, C. Couteau, M. Razavi, R. Laflamme, and G. Weihs, “Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 035801 (2009).
[Crossref]

de Riedmatten, H.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ding, D.-S.

Du, S.

S. Du, J. Wen, and M. H. Rubin, “Narrowband biphoton generation near atomic resonance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), C98–C108 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, L.-M.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gulati, G. K.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, G.-C.

Harris, S. E.

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herbauts, I.

B. Blauensteiner, I. Herbauts, S. Bettelli, A. Poppe, and H. Hübel, “Photon bunching in parametric down-conversion with continuous-wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063846 (2009).
[Crossref]

Höckel, D.

D. Höckel, L. Koch, and O. Benson, “Direct measurement of heralded single-photon statistics from a parametric down-conversion source,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013802 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hogue, H. H.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, “Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(8), 1063–1065 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hübel, H.

B. Blauensteiner, I. Herbauts, S. Bettelli, A. Poppe, and H. Hübel, “Photon bunching in parametric down-conversion with continuous-wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063846 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, S. D.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawahara, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(24), 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, “Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(8), 1063–1065 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kimble, H. J.

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,” Nature 453(7198), 1023–1030 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, L.

D. Höckel, L. Koch, and O. Benson, “Direct measurement of heralded single-photon statistics from a parametric down-conversion source,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013802 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kolchin, P.

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuga, T.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(24), 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurtsiefer, C.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuzmich, A.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwiat, P. G.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(24), 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laflamme, R.

E. Bocquillon, C. Couteau, M. Razavi, R. Laflamme, and G. Weihs, “Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 035801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. M.

Li, Y.

Lounis, B.

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, “Single-photon sources,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 68(5), 1129–1179 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lvovsky, A. I.

A. MacRae, T. Brannan, R. Achal, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Tomography of a high-purity narrowband photon from a transient atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacRae, A.

A. MacRae, T. Brannan, R. Achal, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Tomography of a high-purity narrowband photon from a transient atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maslennikov, G.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsukevich, D.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsukevich, D. N.

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mattle, K.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(24), 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moon, H. S.

Noh, H.-R.

Ooi, C. H. R.

C. H. R. Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, “Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory,” Phys. Rev. A 75(1), 013820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Orozco, L. A.

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
[Crossref]

Orrit, M.

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, “Single-photon sources,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 68(5), 1129–1179 (2005).
[Crossref]

Poppe, A.

B. Blauensteiner, I. Herbauts, S. Bettelli, A. Poppe, and H. Hübel, “Photon bunching in parametric down-conversion with continuous-wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063846 (2009).
[Crossref]

Razavi, M.

E. Bocquillon, C. Couteau, M. Razavi, R. Laflamme, and G. Weihs, “Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 035801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Reid, M. D.

M. D. Reid and D. F. Walls, “Violations of classical inequalities in quantum optics,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(2), 1260–1276 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rolston, S. L.

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rubin, M. H.

Sanaka, K.

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(24), 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sangouard, N.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[Crossref]

Scully, M. O.

C. H. R. Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, “Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory,” Phys. Rev. A 75(1), 013820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sergienko, A. V.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(24), 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, B.-S.

Shi, S.

Shih, Y.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(24), 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simon, C.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[Crossref]

Srivathsan, B.

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Q.

C. H. R. Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, “Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory,” Phys. Rev. A 75(1), 013820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, S.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, “Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(8), 1063–1065 (1999).
[Crossref]

Twiss, R. Q.

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, “A test of a new type of stellar interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178(4541), 1046–1048 (1956).
[Crossref]

Walls, D. F.

M. D. Reid and D. F. Walls, “Violations of classical inequalities in quantum optics,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(2), 1260–1276 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weihs, G.

E. Bocquillon, C. Couteau, M. Razavi, R. Laflamme, and G. Weihs, “Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 035801 (2009).
[Crossref]

Weinfurter, H.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(24), 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, J.

Willis, R. T.

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, “Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(8), 1063–1065 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yin, G. Y.

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeilinger, A.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(24), 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Zhou, Z.-Y.

Zoller, P.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zou, X.-B.

Zubairy, M. S.

C. H. R. Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, “Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory,” Phys. Rev. A 75(1), 013820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Takeuchi, J. Kim, Y. Yamamoto, and H. H. Hogue, “Development of a high-quantum-efficiency single-photon counting system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(8), 1063–1065 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (4)

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,” Nature 453(7198), 1023–1030 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414(6862), 413–418 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423(6941), 731–734 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, “A test of a new type of stellar interferometer on Sirius,” Nature 178(4541), 1046–1048 (1956).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (6)

R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, “Correlated photon pairs generated from a warm atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053842 (2010).
[Crossref]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Transmittance signal in real ladder-type atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 85(3), 033817 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Bocquillon, C. Couteau, M. Razavi, R. Laflamme, and G. Weihs, “Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 035801 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Höckel, L. Koch, and O. Benson, “Direct measurement of heralded single-photon statistics from a parametric down-conversion source,” Phys. Rev. A 83(1), 013802 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Blauensteiner, I. Herbauts, S. Bettelli, A. Poppe, and H. Hübel, “Photon bunching in parametric down-conversion with continuous-wave excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063846 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. H. R. Ooi, Q. Sun, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, “Correlation of photon pairs from the double Raman amplifier: Generalized analytical quantum Langevin theory,” Phys. Rev. A 75(1), 013820 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. (1)

M. D. Reid and D. F. Walls, “Violations of classical inequalities in quantum optics,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(2), 1260–1276 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

A. MacRae, T. Brannan, R. Achal, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Tomography of a high-purity narrowband photon from a transient atomic collective excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033601 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Srivathsan, G. K. Gulati, B. Chng, G. Maslennikov, D. Matsukevich, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Narrow band source of transform-limited photon pairs via four-wave mixing in a cold atomic ensemble,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(12), 123602 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Kolchin, S. Du, C. Belthangady, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of narrow-bandwidth paired photons: use of a single driving laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(11), 113602 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(18), 183601 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, M. S. Chapman, and A. Kuzmich, “Quantum telecommunication based on atomic cascade transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 093604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. Shih, “New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(24), 4337–4341 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Sanaka, K. Kawahara, and T. Kuga, “New high-efficiency source of photon pairs for engineering quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86(24), 5620–5623 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

B. Lounis and M. Orrit, “Single-photon sources,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 68(5), 1129–1179 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeater based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Cascade emission of signal and idler photons via spontaneous four-wave mixing in Doppler-broadened three-level ladder-type atomic system interacting with pump (Ωp) and coupling (ΩC) fields in the 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D5/2 transition of 87Rb atoms. (b) Experimental schematic for photon-pair generation in the atomic vapor cell of 87Rb with 780.2- and 775.8-nm ECDL for Ωp and ΩC fields, respectively (P: polarizer; H: half-wave plate; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; PD: photodiode; N: neutral density filter; M: mirror; F1-F3: filtering stages; IF: interference filter, E: solid fused-silica etalon filter; SMF: single mode fiber; FBS: fiber beam splitter; D1-−D3: single-photon detectors (SPDs); TCSPC: time-correlated single-photon counting module).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmittance spectra of pump field as functions of frequency detuning of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D5/2 transition of 87Rb atoms.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Single counting rates for signal and idler photons and coincidence counting rate of photon pairs as functions of pump power for coupling powers of 10, 20, 30, 40, and 48 mW.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measurement of temporal statistical properties of generated signal and idler photons. (a) Normalized auto-correlation function for individual signal and idler photons measured in the Hanbury Brown-Twiss experiment; the red solid lines are Gaussian fitting curves. (b) Normalized temporal cross-correlation function between signal and idler photons; the red solid curve is the result calculated using Eq. (1).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Schematic of the conditional HBT experimental setup for obtaining the second-order correlation function for the heralded single photon. (b) Temporal histogram measured in the conditional HBT experiment (the red solid curve is the numerical result). (c) Normalized second-order correlation function for heralded single photon in idler mode (the red solid curve is the numerical result). Inset: Value of g C (2) (0) as a function of pump power with 40-mW coupling power.

Equations (4)

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g SI (2) (τ)= G SI (2) (τ) N S N I ΔτT ,
G SI (2) = | Ψ v (τ)f(v)dv | 2 ,
R= [ g SI (2) (τ) ] 2 g SS (2) (τ) g II (2) (τ) 1.
g C (2) (τ)= G ¯ S I 1 I 2 (2) (τ)R(0) N ¯ S I 1 (2) (0) G ¯ S I 2 (2) (τ) .

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