Abstract

We demonstrate polarization-resolved frequency domain cross-correlated (C2) imaging to characterize a 5m length of hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber. We produce a spectrogram of the fiber response to investigate the spatial, polarization, spectral, and temporal behavior. We then show how this temporally-resolved technique can be used to characterize multiple fiber launch conditions simultaneously by assigning each a unique time delay.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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2015 (2)

2014 (6)

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “110x110 Optical Mode Transfer Matrix inVersion,” Opt. Express 22(1), 96–101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Reconfigurable spatially-diverse optical vector network analyzer,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2706–2713 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Demas and S. Ramachandran, “Sub-second mode measurement of fibers using C2 imaging,” Opt. Express 22(19), 23043–23056 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2(5-6), 429 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

T. Kaiser, D. Flamm, S. Schröter, and M. Duparré, “Complete modal decomposition for optical fibers using CGH-based correlation filters,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9347–9356 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

Abouraddy, A. F.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argyros, A.

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2(5-6), 429 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baddela, N.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baddela, N. K.

Barankov, R. A.

Bigot, L.

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2(5-6), 429 (2013).
[Crossref]

Borchardt, J.

Bouwmans, G.

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

Carpenter, J.

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Observation of Eisenbud–Wigner–Smith states as principal modes in multimode fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 751–757 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Reconfigurable spatially-diverse optical vector network analyzer,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2706–2713 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “110x110 Optical Mode Transfer Matrix inVersion,” Opt. Express 22(1), 96–101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “First demonstration of principal modes in a multimode fibre,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014).
[Crossref]

Carrero, C. C. C.

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Cižmár, T.

T. Cižmár, K. Dholakia, T. Čižmár, and K. Dholakia, “Exploiting multimode waveguides for pure fibre-based imaging,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1027 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cižmár, K. Dholakia, T. Čižmár, and K. Dholakia, “Exploiting multimode waveguides for pure fibre-based imaging,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1027 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Waardt, H.

Demas, J.

DeSantolo, A.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dholakia, K.

T. Cižmár, K. Dholakia, T. Čižmár, and K. Dholakia, “Exploiting multimode waveguides for pure fibre-based imaging,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1027 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cižmár, K. Dholakia, T. Čižmár, and K. Dholakia, “Exploiting multimode waveguides for pure fibre-based imaging,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1027 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiMarcello, F.

DiMarcello, F. V.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dulashko, Y.

Duparré, M.

Eggleton, B. J.

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Observation of Eisenbud–Wigner–Smith states as principal modes in multimode fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 751–757 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “110x110 Optical Mode Transfer Matrix inVersion,” Opt. Express 22(1), 96–101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Reconfigurable spatially-diverse optical vector network analyzer,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2706–2713 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “First demonstration of principal modes in a multimode fibre,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014).
[Crossref]

Fercher, A. F.

Fini, J. M.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fink, Y.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flamm, D.

Fokoua, E. N.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ghalmi, S.

Gray, D. R.

D. R. Gray, S. R. Sandoghchi, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, G. T. Jasion, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate calibration of S(2) and interferometry based multimode fiber characterization techniques,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10540–10552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hassan, M.

Hayes, J. R.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jasapara, J.

Jasion, G. T.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaiser, T.

Kirk, R. W.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Le Cocq, G.

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2(5-6), 429 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lorenser, D.

Mangan, B.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McLaughlin, R. A.

Meng, L.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mengedoht, K.

Mermelstein, M. D.

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[Crossref]

Monberg, E.

Monberg, E. M.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mukasa, K.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J. W.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Okonkwo, C. M.

Ortiz, R.

Petrovich, M. N.

D. R. Gray, S. R. Sandoghchi, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, G. T. Jasion, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate calibration of S(2) and interferometry based multimode fiber characterization techniques,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10540–10552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Poletti, F.

D. R. Gray, S. R. Sandoghchi, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, G. T. Jasion, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate calibration of S(2) and interferometry based multimode fiber characterization techniques,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10540–10552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Quiquempois, Y.

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

Quirk, B. C.

Ramachandran, S.

Richardson, D. J.

D. R. Gray, S. R. Sandoghchi, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, G. T. Jasion, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate calibration of S(2) and interferometry based multimode fiber characterization techniques,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10540–10552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sampson, D. D.

Sandoghchi, S. R.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O. A.

Schröder, J.

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Observation of Eisenbud–Wigner–Smith states as principal modes in multimode fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 751–757 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Reconfigurable spatially-diverse optical vector network analyzer,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2706–2713 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “110x110 Optical Mode Transfer Matrix inVersion,” Opt. Express 22(1), 96–101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “First demonstration of principal modes in a multimode fibre,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014).
[Crossref]

Schröter, S.

Schulze, C.

Sevigny, B.

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shapira, O.

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sillard, P.

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

Valentin, C.

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

van Uden, R. G. H.

Werner, W.

Wheeler, N. V.

D. R. Gray, S. R. Sandoghchi, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, G. T. Jasion, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate calibration of S(2) and interferometry based multimode fiber characterization techniques,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10540–10552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yablon, A. D.

Yang, X.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

B. Sevigny, G. Le Cocq, C. C. C. Carrero, C. Valentin, P. Sillard, G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, and Y. Quiquempois, “Advanced S2 Imaging: Application of Multivariate Statistical Analysis to Spatially and Spectrally Resolved Datasets,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 4606–4612 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nanophotonics (1)

S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Argyros, and J. Bland-Hawthorn, “Photonic lanterns,” Nanophotonics 2(5-6), 429 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

J. M. Fini, J. W. Nicholson, B. Mangan, L. Meng, R. S. Windeler, E. M. Monberg, A. DeSantolo, F. V. DiMarcello, and K. Mukasa, “Polarization maintaining single-mode low-loss hollow-core fibres,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5085 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cižmár, K. Dholakia, T. Čižmár, and K. Dholakia, “Exploiting multimode waveguides for pure fibre-based imaging,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1027 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Observation of Eisenbud–Wigner–Smith states as principal modes in multimode fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 751–757 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. Baddela, E. N. Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre-optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. N. Schimpf, R. A. Barankov, and S. Ramachandran, “Cross-correlated (C2) imaging of fiber and waveguide modes,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13008–13019 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kaiser, D. Flamm, S. Schröter, and M. Duparré, “Complete modal decomposition for optical fibers using CGH-based correlation filters,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9347–9356 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “110x110 Optical Mode Transfer Matrix inVersion,” Opt. Express 22(1), 96–101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “Reconfigurable spatially-diverse optical vector network analyzer,” Opt. Express 22(3), 2706–2713 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Demas and S. Ramachandran, “Sub-second mode measurement of fibers using C2 imaging,” Opt. Express 22(19), 23043–23056 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Gray, S. R. Sandoghchi, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, G. T. Jasion, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, and D. J. Richardson, “Accurate calibration of S(2) and interferometry based multimode fiber characterization techniques,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10540–10552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

O. Shapira, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Complete modal decomposition for optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(14), 143902 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. Carpenter, B. J. Eggleton, and J. Schröder, “First demonstration of principal modes in a multimode fibre,” in European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2014).
[Crossref]

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, B. Guan, X. Palou, S. Randel, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “Characterization of Space-Division Multiplexing Systems using a Swept-Wavelength Interferometer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (Online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), p. OW1K.2.
[Crossref]

Supplementary Material (4)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: MP4 (999 KB)      Visualization 1
» Visualization 2: MP4 (1043 KB)      Visualization 2
» Visualization 3: MP4 (121503 KB)      Visualization 3
» Visualization 4: MP4 (11945 KB)      Visualization 4

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experimental setup. (b) Illustration of C2 imaging data set, consisting of x vs. y vs. time datacube for both output polarizations. (c-d) Examples of the spatially-dependent polarization states of two different delay times, corresponding to LP1,1 and LP2,1-like modes.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fiber impulse response including spatially and polarization resolved images for selected delays at 1530nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectrogram of fiber response. (a) Full impulse response (b) First 0.4ns of impulse response with selected lower-order modes indicated.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Time-multiplexed C2 imaging response. Two independent fiber launch conditions being obtained in the same measurement by assigning each launch a different delay. Time-axis defined relative to centre launch LP0,1 mode.

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