Abstract

We propose a promising method to fabricate controllable anisotropic morphologies in which the slit-based spatial focusing of femtosecond laser is used to create an elliptical-shaped intensity distribution at focal plane, inducing elliptical-shaped morphology with micro/nano-dual-scale structures. Our study shows that 1) by increasing slit width, minor axis increases while major axis and axial ratio decrease; 2) with fixed slit width and laser fluence above the threshold, axial ratio is independent of irradiation pulse number; and 3) when polarization direction is changed from 0° to 90°, the axial ratio of anisotropic morphology declines. As a case study, large-area periodic anisotropic hierarchical structures are fabricated with the bidirectional anisotropic wetting.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. T. Sun and G. Qing, “Biomimetic smart interface materials for biological applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(12), H57–H77 (2011).
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  4. K. Liu and L. Jiang, “Bio-inspired design of multiscale structures for function integration,” Nano Today 6(2), 155–175 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H. B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Moradi, S. Kamal, P. Englezos, and S. G. Hatzikiriakos, “Femtosecond laser irradiation of metallic surfaces: effects of laser parameters on superhydrophobicity,” Nanotechnology 24(41), 415302 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. M. Kietzig, S. G. Hatzikiriakos, and P. Englezos, “Patterned superhydrophobic metallic surfaces,” Langmuir 25(8), 4821–4827 (2009).
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  8. J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Z. Ming, L. Jian, W. Chunxia, Z. Xiaokang, and C. Lan, “Fluid drag reduction on superhydrophobic surfaces coated with carbon nanotube forests (CNTs),” Soft Matter 7(9), 4391 (2011).
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  13. Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. D. Xia, X. He, Y. B. Jiang, G. P. Lopez, and S. R. Brueck, “Tailoring anisotropic wetting properties on submicrometer-scale periodic grooved surfaces,” Langmuir 26(4), 2700–2706 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. L. Liu, A. M. Jacobi, and D. Chvedov, “A surface embossing technique to create micro-grooves on an aluminum fin stock for drainage enhancement,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 19(3), 035026 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. Zhang and H. Y. Low, “Anisotropic wettability on imprinted hierarchical structures,” Langmuir 23(14), 7793–7798 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. T. Sun, L. Feng, X. Gao, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired surfaces with special wettability,” Acc. Chem. Res. 38(8), 644–652 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. E. Mele, S. Girardo, and D. Pisignano, “Strelitzia reginae leaf as a natural template for anisotropic wetting and superhydrophobicity,” Langmuir 28(11), 5312–5317 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Y. Chung, J. P. Youngblood, and C. M. Stafford, “Anisotropic wetting on tunable micro-wrinkled surfaces,” Soft Matter 3(9), 1163 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  23. H. C. Jeon, T. Y. Jeon, and S. M. Yang, “Nanoarchitectures with controllable anisotropic features in structures and properties from simple and robust holographic lithography,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(19), 9791–9797 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. G. R. Rafael and E. Masur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  26. D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  28. E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  29. O. Van Overschelde and M. Wautelet, “Diffraction-aided laser-induced microstructuring of thin TiO2 films on glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(16), 161114 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  30. F. He, H. Xu, Y. Cheng, J. Ni, H. Xiong, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of microfluidic channels with a circular cross section using spatiotemporally focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1106–1108 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, J. Krüger, and J. Bonse, “Area dependence of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures for varying band gap materials after double pulse excitation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 7–12 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  32. P. Liu, L. Jiang, J. Hu, S. Zhang, and Y. Lu, “Self-organizing microstructures orientation control in femtosecond laser patterning on silicon surface,” Opt. Express 22(14), 16669–16675 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. J. R. Bonse and J. R. Krüger, “Pulse number dependence of laser-induced periodic surface structures for femtosecond laser irradiation of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(3), 034903 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  34. W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, Q. Wang, H. Li, and Y. Lu, “Anisotropy modulations of femtosecond laser pulse induced periodic surface structures on silicon by adjusting double pulse delay,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15820–15828 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. G. F. Almeida, R. J. Martins, A. J. Otuka, J. P. Siqueira, and C. R. Mendonca, “Laser induced periodic surface structuring on Si by temporal shaped femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27597–27605 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. Huang, F. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Origin of laser-induced near-subwavelength ripples: interference between surface plasmons and incident laser,” ACS Nano 3(12), 4062–4070 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, P. Liu, L. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Continuous modulations of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures and scanned line-widths on silicon by polarization changes,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15505–15513 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. S. He, J. J. Nivas, A. Vecchione, M. Hu, and S. Amoruso, “On the generation of grooves on crystalline silicon irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3238–3247 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).
  41. T. J. Derrien, J. Krüger, T. E. Itina, S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, and J. Bonse, “Rippled area formed by surface plasmon polaritons upon femtosecond laser double-pulse irradiation of silicon,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29643–29655 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surface to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28(8), 988–994 (1936).
    [Crossref]
  43. A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
    [Crossref]
  44. A. Marmur, “Soft contact: measurement and interpretation of contact angles,” Soft Matter 2(1), 12–17 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  45. A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Water sprints uphill on glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123512 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (2)

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. F. Almeida, R. J. Martins, A. J. Otuka, J. P. Siqueira, and C. R. Mendonca, “Laser induced periodic surface structuring on Si by temporal shaped femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27597–27605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, Q. Wang, H. Li, and Y. Lu, “Anisotropy modulations of femtosecond laser pulse induced periodic surface structures on silicon by adjusting double pulse delay,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15820–15828 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Liu, L. Jiang, J. Hu, S. Zhang, and Y. Lu, “Self-organizing microstructures orientation control in femtosecond laser patterning on silicon surface,” Opt. Express 22(14), 16669–16675 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

S. Moradi, S. Kamal, P. Englezos, and S. G. Hatzikiriakos, “Femtosecond laser irradiation of metallic surfaces: effects of laser parameters on superhydrophobicity,” Nanotechnology 24(41), 415302 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Jeon, T. Y. Jeon, and S. M. Yang, “Nanoarchitectures with controllable anisotropic features in structures and properties from simple and robust holographic lithography,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(19), 9791–9797 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, J. Krüger, and J. Bonse, “Area dependence of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures for varying band gap materials after double pulse excitation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 7–12 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, P. Liu, L. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Continuous modulations of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures and scanned line-widths on silicon by polarization changes,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15505–15513 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Derrien, J. Krüger, T. E. Itina, S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, and J. Bonse, “Rippled area formed by surface plasmon polaritons upon femtosecond laser double-pulse irradiation of silicon,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29643–29655 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Mele, S. Girardo, and D. Pisignano, “Strelitzia reginae leaf as a natural template for anisotropic wetting and superhydrophobicity,” Langmuir 28(11), 5312–5317 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H. B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Xia, L. M. Johnson, and G. P. López, “Anisotropic wetting surfaces with one-dimensional and directional structures: fabrication approaches, wetting properties and potential applications,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), 1287–1302 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

Z. Ming, L. Jian, W. Chunxia, Z. Xiaokang, and C. Lan, “Fluid drag reduction on superhydrophobic surfaces coated with carbon nanotube forests (CNTs),” Soft Matter 7(9), 4391 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sun and G. Qing, “Biomimetic smart interface materials for biological applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(12), H57–H77 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Liu and L. Jiang, “Bio-inspired design of multiscale structures for function integration,” Nano Today 6(2), 155–175 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (7)

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xia, X. He, Y. B. Jiang, G. P. Lopez, and S. R. Brueck, “Tailoring anisotropic wetting properties on submicrometer-scale periodic grooved surfaces,” Langmuir 26(4), 2700–2706 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. He, H. Xu, Y. Cheng, J. Ni, H. Xiong, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of microfluidic channels with a circular cross section using spatiotemporally focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1106–1108 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Bonse and J. R. Krüger, “Pulse number dependence of laser-induced periodic surface structures for femtosecond laser irradiation of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(3), 034903 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Water sprints uphill on glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123512 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

M. Huang, F. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Origin of laser-induced near-subwavelength ripples: interference between surface plasmons and incident laser,” ACS Nano 3(12), 4062–4070 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, A. M. Jacobi, and D. Chvedov, “A surface embossing technique to create micro-grooves on an aluminum fin stock for drainage enhancement,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 19(3), 035026 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. M. Kietzig, S. G. Hatzikiriakos, and P. Englezos, “Patterned superhydrophobic metallic surfaces,” Langmuir 25(8), 4821–4827 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

D. Xia and S. R. J. Brueck, “Strongly anisotropic wetting on one-dimensional nanopatterned surfaces,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2819–2824 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Fukagata, S. Kern, P. Chatelain, P. Koumoutsakos, and N. Kasagi, “Evolutionary optimization of an anisotropic compliant surface for turbulent friction drag reduction,” J. Turbul. 9(53), N53 (2008).

G. R. Rafael and E. Masur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. Y. Chung, J. P. Youngblood, and C. M. Stafford, “Anisotropic wetting on tunable micro-wrinkled surfaces,” Soft Matter 3(9), 1163 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang and H. Y. Low, “Anisotropic wettability on imprinted hierarchical structures,” Langmuir 23(14), 7793–7798 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

O. Van Overschelde and M. Wautelet, “Diffraction-aided laser-induced microstructuring of thin TiO2 films on glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(16), 161114 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Marmur, “Soft contact: measurement and interpretation of contact angles,” Soft Matter 2(1), 12–17 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

T. Sun, L. Feng, X. Gao, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired surfaces with special wettability,” Acc. Chem. Res. 38(8), 644–652 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

D. Riedel, J. L. Hernandez-Pozos, R. E. Palmer, and K. W. Kolasinski, “Fabrication of ordered arrays of silicon cones by optical diffraction in ultrafast laser etching with SF6,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(3), 381–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).

2002 (1)

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

1944 (1)

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

1936 (1)

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surface to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28(8), 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

Acosta-Zepeda, C.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Almeida, G. F.

Amoruso, S.

Bai, H.

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Batina, N.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Baxter, S.

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

Bonse, J.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Derrien, J. Krüger, T. E. Itina, S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, and J. Bonse, “Rippled area formed by surface plasmon polaritons upon femtosecond laser double-pulse irradiation of silicon,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29643–29655 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, J. Krüger, and J. Bonse, “Area dependence of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures for varying band gap materials after double pulse excitation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 7–12 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bonse, J. R.

J. R. Bonse and J. R. Krüger, “Pulse number dependence of laser-induced periodic surface structures for femtosecond laser irradiation of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(3), 034903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Boyle, M.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).

Brueck, S. R.

D. Xia, X. He, Y. B. Jiang, G. P. Lopez, and S. R. Brueck, “Tailoring anisotropic wetting properties on submicrometer-scale periodic grooved surfaces,” Langmuir 26(4), 2700–2706 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

D. Xia and S. R. J. Brueck, “Strongly anisotropic wetting on one-dimensional nanopatterned surfaces,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2819–2824 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cassie, A. B. D.

A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Faraday Soc. 40, 546–551 (1944).
[Crossref]

Chatelain, P.

K. Fukagata, S. Kern, P. Chatelain, P. Koumoutsakos, and N. Kasagi, “Evolutionary optimization of an anisotropic compliant surface for turbulent friction drag reduction,” J. Turbul. 9(53), N53 (2008).

Chen, F.

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.

F. He, H. Xu, Y. Cheng, J. Ni, H. Xiong, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of microfluidic channels with a circular cross section using spatiotemporally focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1106–1108 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Huang, F. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Origin of laser-induced near-subwavelength ripples: interference between surface plasmons and incident laser,” ACS Nano 3(12), 4062–4070 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, J. Y.

J. Y. Chung, J. P. Youngblood, and C. M. Stafford, “Anisotropic wetting on tunable micro-wrinkled surfaces,” Soft Matter 3(9), 1163 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chunxia, W.

Z. Ming, L. Jian, W. Chunxia, Z. Xiaokang, and C. Lan, “Fluid drag reduction on superhydrophobic surfaces coated with carbon nanotube forests (CNTs),” Soft Matter 7(9), 4391 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chvedov, D.

L. Liu, A. M. Jacobi, and D. Chvedov, “A surface embossing technique to create micro-grooves on an aluminum fin stock for drainage enhancement,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 19(3), 035026 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dai, B.

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Derrien, T. J.

Ding, Y.

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Downs, P.

H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
[Crossref]

Du, G.

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Englezos, P.

S. Moradi, S. Kamal, P. Englezos, and S. G. Hatzikiriakos, “Femtosecond laser irradiation of metallic surfaces: effects of laser parameters on superhydrophobicity,” Nanotechnology 24(41), 415302 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Kietzig, S. G. Hatzikiriakos, and P. Englezos, “Patterned superhydrophobic metallic surfaces,” Langmuir 25(8), 4821–4827 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, G.

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Farooq, U.

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, L.

T. Sun, L. Feng, X. Gao, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired surfaces with special wettability,” Acc. Chem. Res. 38(8), 644–652 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fukagata, K.

K. Fukagata, S. Kern, P. Chatelain, P. Koumoutsakos, and N. Kasagi, “Evolutionary optimization of an anisotropic compliant surface for turbulent friction drag reduction,” J. Turbul. 9(53), N53 (2008).

Gao, X.

T. Sun, L. Feng, X. Gao, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired surfaces with special wettability,” Acc. Chem. Res. 38(8), 644–652 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, P.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Girardo, S.

E. Mele, S. Girardo, and D. Pisignano, “Strelitzia reginae leaf as a natural template for anisotropic wetting and superhydrophobicity,” Langmuir 28(11), 5312–5317 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, C.

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Water sprints uphill on glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123512 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, W.

Hao, X.

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, Y.

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haro-Poniatowski, E.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hatzikiriakos, S. G.

S. Moradi, S. Kamal, P. Englezos, and S. G. Hatzikiriakos, “Femtosecond laser irradiation of metallic surfaces: effects of laser parameters on superhydrophobicity,” Nanotechnology 24(41), 415302 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Kietzig, S. G. Hatzikiriakos, and P. Englezos, “Patterned superhydrophobic metallic surfaces,” Langmuir 25(8), 4821–4827 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, F.

He, S.

He, X.

D. Xia, X. He, Y. B. Jiang, G. P. Lopez, and S. R. Brueck, “Tailoring anisotropic wetting properties on submicrometer-scale periodic grooved surfaces,” Langmuir 26(4), 2700–2706 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hernandez-Pozos, J. L.

D. Riedel, J. L. Hernandez-Pozos, R. E. Palmer, and K. W. Kolasinski, “Fabrication of ordered arrays of silicon cones by optical diffraction in ultrafast laser etching with SF6,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(3), 381–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hernández-Pozos, J. L.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hertel, I. V.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).

Höhm, S.

S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, J. Krüger, and J. Bonse, “Area dependence of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures for varying band gap materials after double pulse excitation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 7–12 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. J. Derrien, J. Krüger, T. E. Itina, S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, and J. Bonse, “Rippled area formed by surface plasmon polaritons upon femtosecond laser double-pulse irradiation of silicon,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29643–29655 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, X.

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

Hu, M.

Huang, M.

M. Huang, F. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Origin of laser-induced near-subwavelength ripples: interference between surface plasmons and incident laser,” ACS Nano 3(12), 4062–4070 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itina, T. E.

Jacobi, A. M.

L. Liu, A. M. Jacobi, and D. Chvedov, “A surface embossing technique to create micro-grooves on an aluminum fin stock for drainage enhancement,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 19(3), 035026 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jeon, H. C.

H. C. Jeon, T. Y. Jeon, and S. M. Yang, “Nanoarchitectures with controllable anisotropic features in structures and properties from simple and robust holographic lithography,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(19), 9791–9797 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeon, T. Y.

H. C. Jeon, T. Y. Jeon, and S. M. Yang, “Nanoarchitectures with controllable anisotropic features in structures and properties from simple and robust holographic lithography,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(19), 9791–9797 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jian, L.

Z. Ming, L. Jian, W. Chunxia, Z. Xiaokang, and C. Lan, “Fluid drag reduction on superhydrophobic surfaces coated with carbon nanotube forests (CNTs),” Soft Matter 7(9), 4391 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, Q. Wang, H. Li, and Y. Lu, “Anisotropy modulations of femtosecond laser pulse induced periodic surface structures on silicon by adjusting double pulse delay,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15820–15828 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Liu, L. Jiang, J. Hu, S. Zhang, and Y. Lu, “Self-organizing microstructures orientation control in femtosecond laser patterning on silicon surface,” Opt. Express 22(14), 16669–16675 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, P. Liu, L. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Continuous modulations of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures and scanned line-widths on silicon by polarization changes,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15505–15513 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Liu and L. Jiang, “Bio-inspired design of multiscale structures for function integration,” Nano Today 6(2), 155–175 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sun, L. Feng, X. Gao, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired surfaces with special wettability,” Acc. Chem. Res. 38(8), 644–652 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y. B.

D. Xia, X. He, Y. B. Jiang, G. P. Lopez, and S. R. Brueck, “Tailoring anisotropic wetting properties on submicrometer-scale periodic grooved surfaces,” Langmuir 26(4), 2700–2706 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, L. M.

D. Xia, L. M. Johnson, and G. P. López, “Anisotropic wetting surfaces with one-dimensional and directional structures: fabrication approaches, wetting properties and potential applications,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), 1287–1302 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kamal, S.

S. Moradi, S. Kamal, P. Englezos, and S. G. Hatzikiriakos, “Femtosecond laser irradiation of metallic surfaces: effects of laser parameters on superhydrophobicity,” Nanotechnology 24(41), 415302 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kasagi, N.

K. Fukagata, S. Kern, P. Chatelain, P. Koumoutsakos, and N. Kasagi, “Evolutionary optimization of an anisotropic compliant surface for turbulent friction drag reduction,” J. Turbul. 9(53), N53 (2008).

Kern, S.

K. Fukagata, S. Kern, P. Chatelain, P. Koumoutsakos, and N. Kasagi, “Evolutionary optimization of an anisotropic compliant surface for turbulent friction drag reduction,” J. Turbul. 9(53), N53 (2008).

Kietzig, A. M.

A. M. Kietzig, S. G. Hatzikiriakos, and P. Englezos, “Patterned superhydrophobic metallic surfaces,” Langmuir 25(8), 4821–4827 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, E.

Y. L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H. B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kolasinski, K. W.

D. Riedel, J. L. Hernandez-Pozos, R. E. Palmer, and K. W. Kolasinski, “Fabrication of ordered arrays of silicon cones by optical diffraction in ultrafast laser etching with SF6,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(3), 381–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Korn, G.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).

Koumoutsakos, P.

K. Fukagata, S. Kern, P. Chatelain, P. Koumoutsakos, and N. Kasagi, “Evolutionary optimization of an anisotropic compliant surface for turbulent friction drag reduction,” J. Turbul. 9(53), N53 (2008).

Krüger, J.

T. J. Derrien, J. Krüger, T. E. Itina, S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, and J. Bonse, “Rippled area formed by surface plasmon polaritons upon femtosecond laser double-pulse irradiation of silicon,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29643–29655 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, J. Krüger, and J. Bonse, “Area dependence of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures for varying band gap materials after double pulse excitation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 7–12 (2013).
[Crossref]

Krüger, J. R.

J. R. Bonse and J. R. Krüger, “Pulse number dependence of laser-induced periodic surface structures for femtosecond laser irradiation of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(3), 034903 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lan, C.

Z. Ming, L. Jian, W. Chunxia, Z. Xiaokang, and C. Lan, “Fluid drag reduction on superhydrophobic surfaces coated with carbon nanotube forests (CNTs),” Soft Matter 7(9), 4391 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, Q. Wang, H. Li, and Y. Lu, “Anisotropy modulations of femtosecond laser pulse induced periodic surface structures on silicon by adjusting double pulse delay,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15820–15828 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, Q. Wang, H. Li, and Y. Lu, “Anisotropy modulations of femtosecond laser pulse induced periodic surface structures on silicon by adjusting double pulse delay,” Opt. Express 22(13), 15820–15828 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Han, L. Jiang, X. Li, P. Liu, L. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Continuous modulations of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures and scanned line-widths on silicon by polarization changes,” Opt. Express 21(13), 15505–15513 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, D.

H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, K.

K. Liu and L. Jiang, “Bio-inspired design of multiscale structures for function integration,” Nano Today 6(2), 155–175 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, A. M. Jacobi, and D. Chvedov, “A surface embossing technique to create micro-grooves on an aluminum fin stock for drainage enhancement,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 19(3), 035026 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, P.

Lopez, G. P.

D. Xia, X. He, Y. B. Jiang, G. P. Lopez, and S. R. Brueck, “Tailoring anisotropic wetting properties on submicrometer-scale periodic grooved surfaces,” Langmuir 26(4), 2700–2706 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

López, G. P.

D. Xia, L. M. Johnson, and G. P. López, “Anisotropic wetting surfaces with one-dimensional and directional structures: fabrication approaches, wetting properties and potential applications,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), 1287–1302 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Low, H. Y.

F. Zhang and H. Y. Low, “Anisotropic wettability on imprinted hierarchical structures,” Langmuir 23(14), 7793–7798 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

Marmur, A.

A. Marmur, “Soft contact: measurement and interpretation of contact angles,” Soft Matter 2(1), 12–17 (2006).
[Crossref]

Martins, R. J.

Masur, E.

G. R. Rafael and E. Masur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mecalco, G.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mele, E.

E. Mele, S. Girardo, and D. Pisignano, “Strelitzia reginae leaf as a natural template for anisotropic wetting and superhydrophobicity,” Langmuir 28(11), 5312–5317 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mendonca, C. R.

Midorikawa, K.

Ming, Z.

Z. Ming, L. Jian, W. Chunxia, Z. Xiaokang, and C. Lan, “Fluid drag reduction on superhydrophobic surfaces coated with carbon nanotube forests (CNTs),” Soft Matter 7(9), 4391 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moradi, S.

S. Moradi, S. Kamal, P. Englezos, and S. G. Hatzikiriakos, “Femtosecond laser irradiation of metallic surfaces: effects of laser parameters on superhydrophobicity,” Nanotechnology 24(41), 415302 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morales-Reyes, I.

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ni, J.

Nie, F. Q.

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nivas, J. J.

Otuka, A. J.

Palmer, R. E.

D. Riedel, J. L. Hernandez-Pozos, R. E. Palmer, and K. W. Kolasinski, “Fabrication of ordered arrays of silicon cones by optical diffraction in ultrafast laser etching with SF6,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(3), 381–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pan, W.

H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pisignano, D.

E. Mele, S. Girardo, and D. Pisignano, “Strelitzia reginae leaf as a natural template for anisotropic wetting and superhydrophobicity,” Langmuir 28(11), 5312–5317 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiao, G.

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qing, G.

T. Sun and G. Qing, “Biomimetic smart interface materials for biological applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(12), H57–H77 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rafael, G. R.

G. R. Rafael and E. Masur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ren, Z.

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riedel, D.

D. Riedel, J. L. Hernandez-Pozos, R. E. Palmer, and K. W. Kolasinski, “Fabrication of ordered arrays of silicon cones by optical diffraction in ultrafast laser etching with SF6,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(3), 381–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rosenfeld, A.

T. J. Derrien, J. Krüger, T. E. Itina, S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, and J. Bonse, “Rippled area formed by surface plasmon polaritons upon femtosecond laser double-pulse irradiation of silicon,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29643–29655 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, J. Krüger, and J. Bonse, “Area dependence of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures for varying band gap materials after double pulse excitation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 7–12 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).

Si, J.

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Siqueira, J. P.

Song, Y.

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stafford, C. M.

J. Y. Chung, J. P. Youngblood, and C. M. Stafford, “Anisotropic wetting on tunable micro-wrinkled surfaces,” Soft Matter 3(9), 1163 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stoian, R.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).

Sugioka, K.

Sun, H. B.

Y. L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H. B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, T.

T. Sun and G. Qing, “Biomimetic smart interface materials for biological applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(12), H57–H77 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Sun, L. Feng, X. Gao, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired surfaces with special wettability,” Acc. Chem. Res. 38(8), 644–652 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
[Crossref]

Thoss, A.

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).

Tian, X.

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, H.

Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van Overschelde, O.

O. Van Overschelde and M. Wautelet, “Diffraction-aided laser-induced microstructuring of thin TiO2 films on glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(16), 161114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vecchione, A.

Vorobyev, A. Y.

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Water sprints uphill on glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123512 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wautelet, M.

O. Van Overschelde and M. Wautelet, “Diffraction-aided laser-induced microstructuring of thin TiO2 films on glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(16), 161114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wenzel, R. N.

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surface to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28(8), 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xia, D.

D. Xia, L. M. Johnson, and G. P. López, “Anisotropic wetting surfaces with one-dimensional and directional structures: fabrication approaches, wetting properties and potential applications,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), 1287–1302 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xia, X. He, Y. B. Jiang, G. P. Lopez, and S. R. Brueck, “Tailoring anisotropic wetting properties on submicrometer-scale periodic grooved surfaces,” Langmuir 26(4), 2700–2706 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xia and S. R. J. Brueck, “Strongly anisotropic wetting on one-dimensional nanopatterned surfaces,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2819–2824 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, H.

Y. L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H. B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.

Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiaokang, Z.

Z. Ming, L. Jian, W. Chunxia, Z. Xiaokang, and C. Lan, “Fluid drag reduction on superhydrophobic surfaces coated with carbon nanotube forests (CNTs),” Soft Matter 7(9), 4391 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xie, D.

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiong, H.

Xu, H.

Xu, L.

Xu, N.

M. Huang, F. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Origin of laser-induced near-subwavelength ripples: interference between surface plasmons and incident laser,” ACS Nano 3(12), 4062–4070 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

F. He, H. Xu, Y. Cheng, J. Ni, H. Xiong, Z. Xu, K. Sugioka, and K. Midorikawa, “Fabrication of microfluidic channels with a circular cross section using spatiotemporally focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35(7), 1106–1108 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Huang, F. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Origin of laser-induced near-subwavelength ripples: interference between surface plasmons and incident laser,” ACS Nano 3(12), 4062–4070 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, P.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. M.

H. C. Jeon, T. Y. Jeon, and S. M. Yang, “Nanoarchitectures with controllable anisotropic features in structures and properties from simple and robust holographic lithography,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(19), 9791–9797 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, S.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yong, J.

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

Youngblood, J. P.

J. Y. Chung, J. P. Youngblood, and C. M. Stafford, “Anisotropic wetting on tunable micro-wrinkled surfaces,” Soft Matter 3(9), 1163 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhai, J.

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang and H. Y. Low, “Anisotropic wettability on imprinted hierarchical structures,” Langmuir 23(14), 7793–7798 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

H. Wu, R. Zhang, Y. Sun, D. Lin, Z. Sun, W. Pan, and P. Downs, “Biomimetic nanofiber patterns with controlled wettability,” Soft Matter 4(12), 2429 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. L.

Y. L. Zhang, H. Xia, E. Kim, and H. B. Sun, “Recent developments in superhydrophobic surfaces with unique structural and functional properties,” Soft Matter 8(44), 11217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, F.

M. Huang, F. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Origin of laser-induced near-subwavelength ripples: interference between surface plasmons and incident laser,” ACS Nano 3(12), 4062–4070 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Zheng, H. Bai, Z. Huang, X. Tian, F. Q. Nie, Y. Zhao, J. Zhai, and L. Jiang, “Directional water collection on wetted spider silk,” Nature 463(7281), 640–643 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

T. Sun, L. Feng, X. Gao, and L. Jiang, “Bioinspired surfaces with special wettability,” Acc. Chem. Res. 38(8), 644–652 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

H. C. Jeon, T. Y. Jeon, and S. M. Yang, “Nanoarchitectures with controllable anisotropic features in structures and properties from simple and robust holographic lithography,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(19), 9791–9797 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

M. Huang, F. Zhao, Y. Cheng, N. Xu, and Z. Xu, “Origin of laser-induced near-subwavelength ripples: interference between surface plasmons and incident laser,” ACS Nano 3(12), 4062–4070 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (3)

L. Feng, S. Li, Y. Li, H. Li, L. Zhang, J. Zhai, Y. Song, B. Liu, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, “Super-hydrophobic surfaces: from natural to artificial,” Adv. Mater. 14(24), 1857–1860 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Sun and G. Qing, “Biomimetic smart interface materials for biological applications,” Adv. Mater. 23(12), H57–H77 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xia, L. M. Johnson, and G. P. López, “Anisotropic wetting surfaces with one-dimensional and directional structures: fabrication approaches, wetting properties and potential applications,” Adv. Mater. 24(10), 1287–1302 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

O. Van Overschelde and M. Wautelet, “Diffraction-aided laser-induced microstructuring of thin TiO2 films on glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(16), 161114 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (2)

R. Stoian, M. Boyle, A. Thoss, A. Rosenfeld, G. Korn, and I. V. Hertel, “Dynamic temporal pulse shaping in advanced ultrafast laser material processing,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 77(2), 265–269 (2003).

D. Riedel, J. L. Hernandez-Pozos, R. E. Palmer, and K. W. Kolasinski, “Fabrication of ordered arrays of silicon cones by optical diffraction in ultrafast laser etching with SF6,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(3), 381–385 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

S. Höhm, A. Rosenfeld, J. Krüger, and J. Bonse, “Area dependence of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures for varying band gap materials after double pulse excitation,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 7–12 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ind. Eng. Chem. (1)

R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surface to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 28(8), 988–994 (1936).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

J. R. Bonse and J. R. Krüger, “Pulse number dependence of laser-induced periodic surface structures for femtosecond laser irradiation of silicon,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(3), 034903 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Haro-Poniatowski, C. Acosta-Zepeda, G. Mecalco, J. L. Hernández-Pozos, N. Batina, I. Morales-Reyes, and J. Bonse, “Diffraction-assisted micropatterning of silicon surfaces by ns-laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(22), 224309 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Water sprints uphill on glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123512 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. (2)

J. Yong, F. Chen, Q. Yang, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “Bioinspired underwater superoleophobic surface with ultralow oil-adhesion achieved by femtosecond laser microfabrication,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(23), 8790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yong, Q. Yang, F. Chen, D. Zhang, U. Farooq, G. Du, and X. Hou, “A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces,” J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 2(15), 5499 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (2)

L. Liu, A. M. Jacobi, and D. Chvedov, “A surface embossing technique to create micro-grooves on an aluminum fin stock for drainage enhancement,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 19(3), 035026 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, F. Chen, G. Fang, Q. Yang, D. Xie, G. Qiao, W. Li, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Wetting characteristics on hierarchical structures patterned by a femtosecond laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 20(7), 075029 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Yuan, L. Jiang, X. Li, C. Wang, H. Xiao, Y. Lu, and H. Tsai, “Formation mechanisms of sub-wavelength ripples during femtosecond laser pulse train processing of dielectrics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 45(17), 175301 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Turbul. (1)

K. Fukagata, S. Kern, P. Chatelain, P. Koumoutsakos, and N. Kasagi, “Evolutionary optimization of an anisotropic compliant surface for turbulent friction drag reduction,” J. Turbul. 9(53), N53 (2008).

Langmuir (7)

S. Wang, T. Wang, P. Ge, P. Xue, S. Ye, H. Chen, Z. Li, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “Controlling flow behavior of water in microfluidics with a chemically patterned anisotropic wetting surface,” Langmuir 31(13), 4032–4039 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang and H. Y. Low, “Anisotropic wettability on imprinted hierarchical structures,” Langmuir 23(14), 7793–7798 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Xia, X. He, Y. B. Jiang, G. P. Lopez, and S. R. Brueck, “Tailoring anisotropic wetting properties on submicrometer-scale periodic grooved surfaces,” Langmuir 26(4), 2700–2706 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Kietzig, S. G. Hatzikiriakos, and P. Englezos, “Patterned superhydrophobic metallic surfaces,” Langmuir 25(8), 4821–4827 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chen, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, X. Wang, B. Dai, X. Li, X. Hao, Y. Ding, J. Si, and X. Hou, “Anisotropic wetting on microstrips surface fabricated by femtosecond laser,” Langmuir 27(1), 359–365 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Wang, X. Li, J. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, Y. Hao, Z. Ren, and B. Yang, “Elliptical silicon arrays with anisotropic optical and wetting properties,” Langmuir 26(16), 13715–13721 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Three-dimensional schematic diagram of the spatial shaping focal system using a combination of the slit and achromatic doublet for femtosecond laser micromachining. Subfigures (b)-(d) show the calculated laser intensity distributions in the transverse (XY) plane (b) before the focus and at the focus of an achromatic doublet (f = 200 mm) (c) without and (d) with a 4 mm wide slit. The cross-sectional intensity profiles in the major and minor axes are shown in (e).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Theoretically results and (b) experimental results of the dimensions and the axial ratio of the anisotropic morphology as a function of slit width. The laser power is 5 mW, and the pulse number irradiated on the sample is 100. The inserts (a)-(c) show the SEM images at the slit width of 1 mm, 3 mm and 5 mm respectively. All the SEM images have the same scale bar of 20 μm, and the magnified images have the same scale bar of 5 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Axial ratio of anisotropic morphology as a function of irradiated pulse number at given slit widths. (b) Axial ratio of anisotropic morphology as a function of polarization direction change at given slit widths. The laser power and pulse number are fixed at 5 mW and 100. The SEM images of anisotropic morphology are shown when the polarization direction is (c) 0°, (d) 30°, (e) 60° and (f) 90° at the slit width of 1 mm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) A typical SEM image of the slit-based spatial shaping femtosecond laser scanned silicon surface, the slit width is fixed at 1 mm and the pulse number is 500. Contact angles of the silicon surface before laser structuring without (b) and with (c) the additional fluoroalkysilane layer. Water droplet on the patterned surface viewed from the perpendicular (d) and parallel (e) directions.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The static wettability from parallel and perpendicular directions of the elliptical point array as a function of the pulse number at the period of 140 μm. (b) Wetting anisotropy of elliptical point array as a function of pulse number.

Equations (6)

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A 1 ( x , y ) = A 0 ( x , y ) exp ( x 2 + y 2 w 0 2 ) .
T ( x , y ) = { 1 | x | d / 2 0 | x | d / 2 .
A 2 ( x , y ) = T ( x , y ) A 1 ( x , y ) exp ( i k x 2 + y 2 2 f ) ,
A 3 ( x f , y f , z f ) = exp ( i k z f ) i λ z f x 2 + y 2 < R 2 A 2 ( x , y ) × exp [ i k ( x f x ) 2 + ( y f y ) 2 2 z f ] d x d y ,
cos θ w = r cos θ y ,
cos θ C B = f cos θ y + f 1.

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