Abstract

Negative curvature fibers have been gaining attention as fibers for high power infrared light. Currently, these fibers have been made of silica glass and infrared glasses solely through stack and draw. Infrared glasses’ lower softening point presents the opportunity to perform low-temperature processing methods such as direct extrusion of pre-forms. We demonstrate an infrared-glass based negative curvature fiber fabricated through extrusion. The fiber shows record low losses in 9.75 – 10.5 µm range (which overlaps with the CO2 emission bands). We show the fiber’s lowest order mode and measure the numerical aperture in the longwave infrared transmission band. The possibility to directly extrude a negative curvature fiber with no penalties in losses is a strong motivation to think beyond the limitations of stack-and-draw to novel shapes for negative curvature fibers.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (3)

2015 (3)

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, S. Dai, P. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, F. Chen, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, and G. Tao, “Fabrication and characterization of multimaterial chalcogenide glass fiber tapers with high numerical apertures,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23472–23483 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded microstructured fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(7), 578–580 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, P. Petropoulos, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, “Extruded single-mode high-index-core one-dimensional microstructured optical fiber with high index-contrast for highly nonlinear optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081110 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

D. J. Gibson and J. A. Harrington, “Extrusion of hollow waveguide preforms with a one-dimensional photonic bandgap structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 3895–3900 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Harrington, “A review of IR transmitting, hollow waveguides,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 211–227 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

D. Furniss and A. B. Seddon, “Towards monomode proportioned fibreoptic preforms by extrusion,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 232–236 (1999).
[Crossref]

Abouraddy, A. F.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alagashev, G. K.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

Astapovich, M. S.

Badding, J. V.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ballato, J.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benoit, G.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biriukov, A. S.

Chen, F.

Cheng, C.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Churbanov, M. F.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative-curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25728 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couny, F.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, S.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, S. Dai, P. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, F. Chen, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, and G. Tao, “Fabrication and characterization of multimaterial chalcogenide glass fiber tapers with high numerical apertures,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23472–23483 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danto, S.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded microstructured fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(7), 578–580 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T.-C. Foo, R. C. Moore, W. Zhang, Y. Li, T. M. Monro, A. Hemming, and D. G. Lancaster, “Fluoride glass microstructured optical fiber with large mode area and mid-infrared transmission,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2861–2863 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, P. Petropoulos, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, “Extruded single-mode high-index-core one-dimensional microstructured optical fiber with high index-contrast for highly nonlinear optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081110 (2005).
[Crossref]

Finazzi, V.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, P. Petropoulos, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, “Extruded single-mode high-index-core one-dimensional microstructured optical fiber with high index-contrast for highly nonlinear optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081110 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fink, Y.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foo, T.-C.

Frampton, K.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Furniss, D.

D. Furniss and A. B. Seddon, “Towards monomode proportioned fibreoptic preforms by extrusion,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 232–236 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gattass, R. R.

Gibson, D. J.

D. J. Gibson and J. A. Harrington, “Extrusion of hollow waveguide preforms with a one-dimensional photonic bandgap structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 3895–3900 (2004).
[Crossref]

Harrington, J.

J. Harrington, “A review of IR transmitting, hollow waveguides,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 211–227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Harrington, J. A.

D. J. Gibson and J. A. Harrington, “Extrusion of hollow waveguide preforms with a one-dimensional photonic bandgap structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 3895–3900 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hart, S. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemming, A.

Hewak, D. W.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, C.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiang, K. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Knight, J. C.

F. Yu and J. C. Knight, “Negative curvature hollow-core optical fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 146–155 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kolyadin, A. N.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kosolapov, A. F.

Kotereva, T. V.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

Lancaster, D. G.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded microstructured fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(7), 578–580 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T.-C. Foo, R. C. Moore, W. Zhang, Y. Li, T. M. Monro, A. Hemming, and D. G. Lancaster, “Fluoride glass microstructured optical fiber with large mode area and mid-infrared transmission,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2861–2863 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Light, P. S.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mishinov, S. V.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

Monro, T. M.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded microstructured fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(7), 578–580 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T.-C. Foo, R. C. Moore, W. Zhang, Y. Li, T. M. Monro, A. Hemming, and D. G. Lancaster, “Fluoride glass microstructured optical fiber with large mode area and mid-infrared transmission,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2861–2863 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, P. Petropoulos, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, “Extruded single-mode high-index-core one-dimensional microstructured optical fiber with high index-contrast for highly nonlinear optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081110 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Moore, R.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Moore, R. C.

Nie, Q.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Oermann, M. R.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded microstructured fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(7), 578–580 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ottaway, D. J.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded microstructured fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(7), 578–580 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pan, Z.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, P. Petropoulos, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, “Extruded single-mode high-index-core one-dimensional microstructured optical fiber with high index-contrast for highly nonlinear optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081110 (2005).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Pryamikov, A. D.

Raymer, M. G.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, P. Petropoulos, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, “Extruded single-mode high-index-core one-dimensional microstructured optical fiber with high index-contrast for highly nonlinear optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081110 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Roberts, P. J.

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rutt, H. N.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sanghera, J. S.

Seddon, A. B.

D. Furniss and A. B. Seddon, “Towards monomode proportioned fibreoptic preforms by extrusion,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 232–236 (1999).
[Crossref]

Semjonov, S. L.

Setti, V.

Shaw, L. B.

Shiryaev, V. S.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative-curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25728 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snopatin, G. E.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative-curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25728 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stolyarov, A. M.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

Tao, G.

Y. Sun, S. Dai, P. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, F. Chen, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, and G. Tao, “Fabrication and characterization of multimaterial chalcogenide glass fiber tapers with high numerical apertures,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23472–23483 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tucknott, J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Veitch, P. J.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded microstructured fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(7), 578–580 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vincetti, L.

Wang, R.

Wang, X.

Y. Sun, S. Dai, P. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, F. Chen, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, and G. Tao, “Fabrication and characterization of multimaterial chalcogenide glass fiber tapers with high numerical apertures,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23472–23483 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Weiblen, R. J.

Wu, Y.

Y. Sun, S. Dai, P. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, F. Chen, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, and G. Tao, “Fabrication and characterization of multimaterial chalcogenide glass fiber tapers with high numerical apertures,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23472–23483 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Yu, F.

F. Yu and J. C. Knight, “Negative curvature hollow-core optical fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 146–155 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, S. Dai, P. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, F. Chen, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, and G. Tao, “Fabrication and characterization of multimaterial chalcogenide glass fiber tapers with high numerical apertures,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23472–23483 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhu, M.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Q.

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Feng, T. M. Monro, P. Petropoulos, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, “Extruded single-mode high-index-core one-dimensional microstructured optical fiber with high index-contrast for highly nonlinear optical devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081110 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

M. Zhu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, C. Cheng, Q. Zhu, C. Jiang, Q. Nie, P. Zhang, Y. Wu, S. Dai, T. Xu, G. Tao, and X. Zhang, “Fabrication of an IR hollow-core Bragg fiber based on chalcogenide glass extrusion,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 119(2), 455–460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded singlemode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

J. Harrington, “A review of IR transmitting, hollow waveguides,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 211–227 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Yu and J. C. Knight, “Negative curvature hollow-core optical fiber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 146–155 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded microstructured fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(7), 578–580 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. J. Gibson and J. A. Harrington, “Extrusion of hollow waveguide preforms with a one-dimensional photonic bandgap structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 3895–3900 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

D. Furniss and A. B. Seddon, “Towards monomode proportioned fibreoptic preforms by extrusion,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 232–236 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. (1)

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preforms for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16, 1020–1025 (2014).

Nature (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (7)

Y. Sun, S. Dai, P. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, F. Chen, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, R. Wang, and G. Tao, “Fabrication and characterization of multimaterial chalcogenide glass fiber tapers with high numerical apertures,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23472–23483 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem and T. M. Monro, “Extrusion of complex preforms for microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15086–15092 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, A. F. Kosolapov, V. G. Plotnichenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of a waveguide regime for a silica hollow--core microstructured optical fiber with a negative curvature of the core boundary in the spectral region > 3.5 μm,” Opt. Express 19(2), 1441–1448 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Vincetti, “Empirical formulas for calculating loss in hollow core tube lattice fibers,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10313–10325 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Waveguiding mechanism in tube lattice fibers,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23133–23146 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative-curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25728 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Science (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

P. Klocek, Handbook of Infrared Optical Materials (CRC, 1991).

J. S. Sanghera and I. D. Aggarwal, eds., Infrared Fiber Optics (CRC, 1998).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Diamond saw cut extruded preform.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Drawn fiber with different inner tube pressures. (a) 0 mBar, (b) 35 mBar, (c) 40 mBar and (d) 45 mBar. At 45 mBar the eight inner tubes expand to the point of contact with each other.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Confocal microscope image of the As2S3 Negative curvature fiber cleaved end face. (b) cartoon showing the various dimensions in Table 1.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) (solid line) Transmission loss (dB/m) for the fiber shown in Fig. 3, (green dotted line) Bulk As2S3 transmission according to [23]. (b) Comparison of transmission loss for extruded fiber (solid line), bulk As2S3 transmission according to [23] (green dotted line), chalcogenide glass negative curvature fiber from [9] (red dashed line), typical GeAsSeTe solid core fiber drawn at NRL (yellow dashed line), hollow core ommniguide fiber [24] (square dot) and (black dashed-dotted line) calculated transmission.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output beam after propagation through 2-m of fiber at 9.8 µm wavelength. Image was captured with a thermo-electric camera positioned a distance of 25.4 mm from the fiber.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Average dimensions for negative curvature fiber in Fig. 3.

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